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his father, in these words :-" My own; for, from the reports of propeace I leave you, my peace I give ceedings which, on a foriner occasion, you.” To the establishment or pre- took place between you and thein, it servation of this peace, the disputa- appears that they maintained errors tion mentioned would, in itself and the most opposite one to the otber; in its effects, be directly opposed. and that, being invited to produce a
Second, St. Paul says, If any one common formula of faith, they were be contentious or fond of disputes, unable to do so. It also appears, that, we have no such custom, nor the though some of these inen nominally church of God.” We would, there. belong to the Established Church, fore, deviate from the principles of they disregard her discipline and auGod's church and the custom of the thority as it is laid down in the ordisaints, as well as prove ourselves un- nance of the King, prefixed to the mindful of the Apostle's suggestion, “ Articles of Religion,” as it is exif we became fond of disputes. pressed or implied in the Articles
Thirdly, because all experience has themselves, and as it is recorded in proved the justice and truth of Ter. the words of many of their Prelates ; tullian's remarks, in his book on they do so by advocating an unlimited “Prescription," wherein he says, that right for themselves and others to disputes with heretics weary the judge in all matters of religion, reweak, create anxiety in the mind of gardless of all authority. With such others, and that the only thing we men there can be no common princi. obtain by them is, to have our anger ples to which they could be bound to excited by their blasphemy. The rea. adhere; or, if there were any, they son assigned by bim for this opinion could be departed from by them as is quite obvious ; it is, that beretics soon as their opinions underwent à despise authority which alone can de change, but in no case would such termine disputes; that they disregard principles express a form of religious tradition, without which it is impos- belief binding upon others than those sible to understand rightly that part who might subscribe to them. Yon of revelation which is written ; and who are Catholics, professing a clearly because they appeal to the Scriptures, defined faith, can never meet men which are mute, and cannot therefore who are thus tossed by every wind of decide. In quibus (seripturis) incerta doctrine, upon a footing of equality; est victoria aut par incerta.
they may be worsted in argument, Fourthly, because no general prin- convicted of error, confounded at the ciple, to which the questions to be exposure of their own contradictions discussed could be finally referred, can or folly, but they alone can suffer be agreed upon between the parties; no one is responsible for their errors, for this reason, that the members of no person need blush at their confu the Bible Society do not adınit our sion, no man is a partner in their creed, nor have they any creed of their shame; not so with you. If through own. They do not admit our creed, error, mistake, ignorance or forgetfulfor they accuse the Church of having ness, you leave an objection unrefuted, decreed error, and of having been or an aspersion not wiped away, such sunk in idolatry, for upwards of eight objection or aspersion stands recorded hundred years : see the “ Book of against your church, and the chaste Homilies. They also have long mis- spouse of Christ suffers in your perunderstood that universal article of son from the blasphemy of her apos the Christian faith, as expressed in tate children. the Nicene Creed, amplified in the Fifthly, you are to avoid these disFirst Council of Constantinople, and putes, because by entering into them which says, “I believe in one Holy you appear to call in question those Catholic and Apostolic Church;" nay, truths which are already defined by there is reason to apprehend that they the Holy Ghost and by us ; that is, have latterly endeavoured, though un- by the Bishops, the successors of the conciously, to dissolve the entire te Apostles. You agree, as it were, to ligion of Christ into a system of Lati- impannel a jury, öf I know not what tudinarianism, approaching to utter description of persons, to try the quesinfidelity. They have no creed of their tion whether Christ is with us teach
ing all days, even to the end of the classes of truths are immovably and world; whether the Holy Ghost has, definitively settled; God or his church, or has not, taught our fathers all or rather both, have spoken; and as truth ;-whether we be placed by him St. Augustine said to the Pelagians, to rule the church of God; whether" The cause is concluded, I wish the this church be, or be not, the pillar error would at length cease," causa and ground of truth ;-whether those finita est, utinam aliquando finiretur whom we leave bound on earth be error. There can be no new hearing, bound in heaven, or whether the gates no new trial. The Church at Trent of hell have, or can prevail against the invited the heretics of the 16th cenchurch; whether, again, this church tury (those who broached or renewed has been buried in idolatry for eight the errors which are now revived) to hundred years; whether, in fine, those plead their own cause before the Counwho refuse to hear her, and who there. cil; these blind and obstinate men by despise Christ and the Father who refused to do so, but their cause was sent him, are, or are not, as heathens examined fully and dispassionatelyand publicans before God. The truths, sentence at length was passed, and Rev. Brethren, wbich would be thus the matter set at rest for ever. Causa subjected, as it were, to trial, are finita est. It can never be revived : clear and incontestible ; you your- it hath seemed good to the Holy sel have enforced them by much Ghost and to our fathers so to deter. argument and eloquence; and it is mine : there can be no rehearing of because they are immovable, and be- the case; there is no higher tribunal cause your arguments in support of constituted by God, no one or many them are able, convincing and unan- to whom a new issue could be directed swerable, that the members of the for trial; " Whosoever does not hear Biblc Society wish, by inviting you to the Church, let him
be as an heathen a renewed discussion, to turn public and a publican." Those who are cut attention from the palpable folly of off on account of their obstinacy may their proceedings-from the unspeak- complain, but there is no remedy for able evils which the principles they them but in submission; the Church advocate have entailed upon society; may soothe, may explain; she may from the frauds and impositions prac- relax or alter her discipline to favour tised by persons connected with them; their weakness or to assist them to but, above all, from the conteinpla- return; but the one faith she cannot tion of that worst of all evils, the in alter ; it is as simple, as immutable, troduction and justification of Socini. as God himself! You, Rev. Brethren, anism or infidelity; evils which flow bave often and well proved these immediately and necessarily from the truths; one argument alone is suffirecognition of an unlimited right in cient, “ Going,” says the Redeemer all persons to discard authority, and to his Apostles, and, in their persons, to abide in religious matters by the to those who lawfully succeed to them, single opinion of their own mind. No! “Going, teach all nations, baptizing Brethren, you have supplied to society them in the name of the Father, and at large, ample materials for serious of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, and deep reflection; suffer men to commanding them to observe whatdigest them, to reflect upon them, and soever I have given you in command, should error or heresy approach again and lo! I am with you till the end of to our borders, you will know how, the world.” It is the worst of heresy, and where, and when to repel it, lest and a virtual apostacy from the Chrisit should creep like a cancer among tian religion, to assert that there ever our people.
was, or will be wanting, a body of men Sixthly, you should not dispute assisted immediately by Christ, and with these men in the manner pro- employed without interruption or inposed, because there is no tribunal on terinission in administering the Sathe earth competent to try the issue craments of God, teaching his combetween you. The errors maintained mandinents, and ruling throughout by the members of the Bible Society the world his one holy Catholic and regard either the primary articles of Apostolic Church. It is the worst of the Christian faith or truths already heresy, and a virtual apostacy from dcfined by the Church. Both these the Christian religion, to assert that the gates of hell have ever prevailed tlemen, but to one of the highest against this Church, that is, that the states in the realm, a proposal for pastors and people who compose it seeking to bind up that which has have ever, at any period, even for a been broken; to heal that which is single hour, professed error! You, infirm, and to bring back that which therefore, cannot enter into a dispu- has strayed; but the spirit which was tation which would seem to imply that once sent to seduce Achab, has been the opposite of what is here stated is permitted to seduce many in this emeven remotely possible!
pire, and the term of his seduction has Lastly, you should not contend, as not yet expired; perhaps it will yet it is proposed, with men, over whoin terminate; if it should, the means of a triumph could be productive of no conciliation and peace are at hand; if permanent advantage; as individuals not, it is our duty to adore the counsels they may be learned and respectable, of that God, whose judgments are inbut as religionists they are deserving scrutable, and whose ways cannot be only of your unmixed pity. They investigated. profess to be seeking for truth-this Praying the Almighty God, Rer. can only be found in the Catholic Brethren, that he may keep our minds Church; and the faith that believes and hearts united in his love, and in in it, as there propounded, is a gift of the love of one another, God-to be obtained, not by disputa- I remain your truly affectionate and tion, but by humility, alms-deeds and humble servant in Jesus Christ. prayer. The judgment of man is too
+ J. DOYLE. slow, and too unsettled--the objects of its investigation are too mysterious tion, this 28th day of August, 1825.
Given at Edenderry, on my Visita. and too far removed-it may reason interminably and dispute, but it can never determine ; authority alone can
Stockton-on-Tees, decide.“ By the sun alone of the Sir,
Sept. 8, 1825. Church,” as Jerome observes, “all
T gives me and my friends in this the streams or rivulets of error can be place great pleasure to learn, froin dried up.” To ascertain the existence the last number of the Repository, of this Church-for the infidel, signs that an Unitarian interest is on the and tongues may be necessary; for a eve of being established in a neigbour. Christian the grace of his baptism, ing town. There are but two Uniand the creed which he has learned tarian congregations in the county of at his mother's breast, is quite suffi- Durham, one at Stockton, and the cient: and to such at least as are other at Sunderland, both of which born and educated in these countries, are small. The members of the it must be quite obvious, if they be former (and especially one who is humble, pious, dispassionate, and not now no more, but whose praise is, maddened with enthusiasm, that no and will long remain, in the church sect or denomination of Christians ex. in which he was a very distinguished isting in it (the Catholics alone ex- ornament) have often regretted that cepted) have not separated themselves circumstances have hitherto been unfrom the one Holy Catholic and Apos- favourable to the introduction of Unitolic Church at a certain time, and for tarianism into other towns in the causes but too well ascertained; and coupty. as to the consequences of such a sepa- We are a little surprised that your ration, it is not mine, whilst address- Durham correspondent, and his Uniing you, to state them, or to give ex- tarian friends, after long regretting pression to that deep affliction which that some place has not bitherto been the consideration of them excites with- appropriated to Unitarian worship, in me. I once was moved by such should not have sought the co-operareflections, and by the love I bear to tion of the Unitarians at Stockton, or my brethren who are in error, (for at least of that very judicious advocate whom like the Apostle, I would wil- of our cause, the Rev. Mr. Turner, of lingly, for a time, be even an Anathe- Newcastle. If Philo-Unitas is earnma, or separated from Christ,) to sug- estly desirous of seeing his wishes gest, through an eminent individual, accomplished, I beg to offer my hum.. not to a society, not to ladies and gen- ble services, and to assure him, that
every assistance in my power, will be on several points, respecting which cheerfully given ; and I do not doubt our information could only rest upon that he may look with confidence for private assertion. I am gratified at the best advice and most efficient finding that many of my former reassistance from my friend Mr. Turner. flections, suggested by a perusal of
If the room can be procured which Mr. Smith's letters, coincide with the your correspondent mentions, I hope remarks here made by so calm, and, there will be no great difficulty of I presume, respectable an observer. obtaining supplies for a time. I be- Dr. Smith's Reply to Chenevière, lieve I may venture to say, that my &c. Rambling. What kind of a “reflock will, now and then, spare me á ply' to M. C. are the two columns sabbath, for the purpose of visiting entitled M. Curtat? As I have proDurham, if my services should be ac- ceeded along through this spontaneceptable.
ous defence, I have been more and As the mind is not easily roused more amazed at its weakness. Can from the torpor of indifference, Philo. this Dr. Smith be the man, whose atUnitas would do well to procure some
tacks your English Unitarians think two or three sermons of the Rev. R. it worth while formally to rebut ? Cree's of Preston, and circulate them After arriving at the last word of this amongst his friends, the title
of which series, I cannot say that I have any is, " Indifference to the Cause of materially different impressions of the Truth worse than Infidelity.” This whole case, from those with which I discourse is moderate, sensible, and concluded the perusal of M, Chenejudicious; and is well calculated to vière's defence. awaken from the sleep of indifference. Notes on Passuges of Scripture. I shall be very glad however to learn, In general excellent. Perhaps rather that no stimulus of this kind is needed; too refined in the remarks about an. but that the Durham Unitarians have ger. I imagine St. Paul only referred already " counted the cost," and find to different degrees of that emotion. that they have sufficient decision, zeal, There is an innocent, (not to say neand perseverance, to build themselves nessary and useful,) and there is a up “together for a habitation of God” sinful degree it. To the former I the Father," through the spirit.”. suppose the Apostle alluded, when he
Philo-Unitas, at the close of his bade the Ephesians to be angry and communication, speaks rather un- sin not, and to let not the sun go courteously of extempore prayer, and down upon their wrath. Afterwards, for no other reason, that I can dis- in enumerating and prohibiting several cover, than that he has had bad speci- of the highly malignant passions, he mens of it from orthodox preachers, says, Let all bitterness, and wrath, soine of whom, in their public devo- and anger, and clamour, and evil tions, it must be confessed, are in the speaking, be put away from you, with habit of making long and rambling all malice. That is, such a violent digressions. But before he indulges and unrestrained indulgence of anger, in reflections upon extempore prayer as may well be classed among those in general, let him first hear how other evils and affections. Our anno. public prayer is conducted by Unita- tator's criticisms on Hallet's remark rian ministers, who, if he leave them respecting the word anger in the New to adopt their own plan, will probably Testament, are loose and little to the not often offend him by extempore point. One word more. Several of prayer, as they mostly use precom. his conclusions have a decided squintposed prayers.
ing at controversy, notwithstanding J. C. MEEKE. the disclaimer in his luscious motto
Brevis--and I may add, et Suavis. Critical Synopsis of the Monthly Re. Do I not recognise in this pithy, earpository for September, 1824.
nest, yet occasionally playful contri[R. BAKEWELL IN REPLY butor, my old friend " Unitarian" of bably, did Dr. Smith expect an anta- not stick to terms He is strictly gonist of this description. We have an Universalist, rather than an Unitahere a counter-authority to his own rian.
. ? "
Mr. E. Cogan on Bishop Burgess's nuity, contrive to explain away its Uncharitableness. Exactly to the offensive peculiarities. No. There is point.
something congenial with the CalvinG. B. W. on the Papers of Phila- istic system in the sterner literal no. delphus. An acute and sensible wri- tion of moral inability, which its advoter.
How will the logical skill of cates at large inculcate. It is of a Philadelphus enable him to elude the piece with all those other huge, uncorner into which his mild opponent natural, astounding doctrines, at which has here fastened him with several reason stands aghast, but which the pins ? The high, solemn and rational general desire after “ aliquid immenstrain, which marks the last half of suin et infinitum,” causes to be quietly this communication, expresses, though swallowed down by a childish faith in a far better manner, several senti- and a dazzled imagination. Like the ments, which I have occasionally tried doctrines of the Trinity and orthodox to urge upon your letter-writer, “ The atonement, there is an imposing mys. Unitarian.”
tery and magnitude in the thing. Ancient Use of the Word Worship. There is a sweet consciousness of disA good point of criticism is here made tinction, and a sweeter sense of sancto bear on a subject, which, as much titied merit, in being able to prevail as any other that can be named, con. upon one's mind to yield assent to tributes to retaining the belief of the impossible propositions, which the Trinity in the popular mind. Let world in general refuse to receive. worship be exchanged in our transla- Disinclination, forsooth! If all evantion for reverence, Lord for Sir or gelical preachers would but use this Master, and a few more such terms very smooth, soft and inoffensive term, be replaced in a similar manner, and would only tell their sinful hearwhenever it is strictly and grammati- ers, that they have no inclination to cally proper so to do, and what a serve God, &c., wherein would they mighty subsidiary aid would be torn differ from Arminians and Unitarians? away from the imaginations of the If Dr. J. P. Smith's authority is to be vulgar in favour of orthodoxy, to relied on, it was by such conceivable, which she has now no sort of right, such insidious explanations, that the even if she be identical with the truth Ostervalds and the later Turretins itself! A vast majority, I fear, even frittered away the whole rough forin of the most candid Trinitarians, who of ancient Calvinism, and reduced the possess learning and intelligence, are centre of Europe to a hideous inoral guilty of no little subterfuge, in slily darkness exactly proportioned to the permitting the accidental influence of clearness with which religious subjects such mistranslations to exert an un- are contemplated. warrantable effect over their ignorant Εξετασης on the Unitarian Scheme followers.
of Atonement. I will contribute my A Calvinist has my full sympathy feeble answers to this Inquirer acin his remarks on the Satiric Frag- cording to the order of his interrogament. But without pretending to the tories. adequate character of that “ equitable 1. Unitarians regard the death of censor,” who, a Calvinist says, is Christ as an evil, ordained or permitwanting in the pages of the Reposi- ted to bring about, by its indirect tory, I must aver, that his exposiula- effects, an infinitely greater good. tions with Mr. Worsley do not appear Hence, there is no “ injustice” in to be well-founded. If moral inability this disposition of Providence, on the signify nothing more than disinclina. long scale, particularly when we retion, why persist in using a term so member the “joy which was set beconstantly liable to be misapprehended fore" Christ, and the vast preponand misused by carping adversaries ?. derating rewards which he himself Be assured, this Calvinist deceives obtained for his obedience. Whereas, himself. A great portion of his party this writer allows, and with propriety mean much more by moral inability too, that the orthodox view of Christ's than disinclination, notwithstanding a death is “ directly opposed to all few of them, when pushed up to con- ideas of justice.” Moreover, is there sequences, or desirous of defending a not a difference, not only in “ defavourite system by mere verbal inge- gree,” but in essence, between God's