Imatges de pàgina
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the Protestant reformed religion as es- of his power preserve the same, and tablished by law. I will preserve unto not admit of any alteration or modifithe bishops and clergy, &c., all such cation whatever. rights and privileges as by law do or Since, however, no such precision shall appertain to thein or any of of expression has been adopted, it is thein; and I will maintain and pre- just to conclude that the framers of serve inviolably the settlement of the the coronation oath, as men well Church of England, &c., as by law aware of what changes human affairs established.”

and human opinions are subject to, Now certainly the expression “ do purposely left the matter open, by a or shall appertain” must incontro. laxity of expression, for any future vertib.y imply the idea of some altera- king to consent, according as cireum. tion or change, either an addition to, stances might arise, to an alteration or a diminution of, what they then without violation of the oath be bad had, or had been then settled. But so solemnly taken to maintain all snch if the idea of increase alone, of addi- rights, &c., as by law do or shall aption and not of subtraction, were in. pertain, &c.; that is, as by the law as tended, they have unfortunately intro- it then was, or, as by the law as it duced an ambiguity of expression may hereafter be altered and estawhich they did not wish. They miglit blished in consequence of the consent have rendered their meaning, on that to the same of King, Lords and Comsupposition, more determinate by a mons in Parliament assembled, may small alteration of the words. Let appertain to them or to any of them. the expression run in somewhat of the As to the other two parts in which following form : “ All such, &c., as occur the expressions, “as established by law do now appertain unto them, by law,” or “ as by lair established,” and as shall hereafter be added there. I contend that they are adapted to to; nor will I admit of any diminu- admit of the same tatitude of intertion or any other alteration or wodi- pretation, and to allow the King on fication whatsoever than above speci- the throne to give his assent to any fied, under whatever circumstances or alteration proposed, provided it be still conditions may arise or be proposed.” a Protestant Reformed Religion, and If such had been their intention, this still a settlement of the Church of would have rendered their meaning England, and that such alteration has precise and clear. It would have been introduced by law, that is, as been determinately fixed that as much just now explained, by the consent of as you please may be added, but that the King, the Lords and the Comnothing may under any consideration mons assembled in Parliament. For be withdrawn; that, even if every in- the expression was established by dividual of the whole bench of bi. law," as by law established,” is shops, and the whole body of the evidently quite elliptical, and the elclergy to a man, should agree in lipsis may be supplied either “as it wishing a diminution of any part or a has been,” or

it is now,

as surrender of the whole, or any alteru. it shall hereafter be established by tion or modification of the same, the law,” or generally, “as it may be King, under the obligation of such an established by law." oath, would not be able to give bis · Thus it appears that all the exassent to the said universal wish and pressions used in the form of the general consent ;, but whatever had coronation oath, only amount to this, once been granted in the way of right that the King thereby binds himself or privilege, or once settled, must that he will never of his own will continue theirs and unalterable for alone, of his own single power and ever. For it is supposed that such authority, make any such alteration in right, privilege or settlement has been the established religion of the coungranted and fixed by law, that is, by try, in the rights and privileges of the the consent of the King, Lords and bishops and clergy, or in the settleCommons assembled in Parliament; ment of the Church of England; but and that the King, without whose that, when the other two branches of consent the law cannot be altered, the Legislature have agreed to any has sworn that he will to the utmost such alteration under the limitations

as

or

Tufacted from this work, recently

expressed above, that it is still a perintendence and guidance of the One Protestant Reformed Religion, and All-wise, All-good, All-powerful, to still a settlement of the Church of forbid that human laws, made of course England, he is free to give his assent by frail, short-sighted mortals who to the same.

cannot penetrate into futurity, should, And surely the general tenor of the like those of the Medes and Persians history of the contentions which bave of old, be unalterable. The recent in this country been maintained be- establishment of political economy as tween Royal Prerogative, Aristocratical a science, tends to make whatever Privileges, and Democratical Rights, may promote the happiness and proswill fully justify us in giving to the ex- perity of a nation, more attended to; pressions used in the coronation oath and opinions prevailing among the that explanation, that laxity and ex- people at large have much more tent of meaning, which we have endea. weight and influence than formerly, voured to establish. For, what has and must eventually induce a regard been the general aim in these conten- to the general wishi, which a wise and tions but to bind the monarch that he provident monarch, who looks to the shall not of his own free-will and un- comfort and happiness of the people limited authority exert his power to intrusted to his paternal care, would alter or settle any thing contrary to notice, and which pought in the corothe established rights of the nation, nation oath taken by British soveand to their will expressed in Parlia- reigns, as explained above, would ment, personally as to the Lords, by forbid them to consider, and, approvtheir representatives as to the People? ing, to comply with the same. When again we consider the difficul.

STEPHEN FREEMAN. ties to be contended with and the obstacles to be surmounted by the several religious, civil and political Chamber's Traditions of Edinburgh. innovators in different æras of our TVE following passages are exhistory, (to whom debted for all the advantages of our published at Edinburgh:-the full tiadmired system of polity and govern- tle is, Traditions of Edinburgh; or, ment,) and that in various instances Sketches and Anecdotes of the City they would fain have gone farther in Former Times. By Robert Chamthan they did, but that they feared

bers." lest, by outstripping the spirit of their

1. The West Bow. age and doing more than the times in which they lived would bear, they In early times, it appears, the inhamight obstruct what they had in their bitants of the West Bow were peculipower to do, and ruin what they had arly zealous in the cause of the Coveaccomplished; and that they there- nant. Pitcairne, Pennycuik, and other fore left to posterity to carry on their poets of the Cavalier or Jacobite facdesigns and proceed in the same ca- tion, distinguish the matrons of this reer of gradual improvement-it is street by satirical epithets, such as the natural to conclude that, in settling “Bowhead Saints,” the “Godly plants what they did establish, they would of the Bowhead,” &c. We also see adjust all forms in such a manner as that many of the polemical pamphlets to leave to posterity, and of course to and sermons of the Presbyterian difuture kings, the means, in aiding them vines since this period, have been pubby their assent consistently with their lislied in the Bow. oath, of making any such alterations, By far the most curious publications under the specified limitations noticed of the latter sort, were those of one already, as the circumstances of the William Mitchell, a crazy white-irontimes, the necessities of the state, or smith, who lived in a cellar at the a change in the general opinions of Bow-head, and occasionally held forth the people, might war

as an orator or preacher. What his demand. The improved and improve peculiar tenets were we do not strictly ing state of the world, the advance of know, but understand them to have civilization, the general diffusion of been founded upon the opinions held knowledge, the march of the human by the rigid party of the Church of intellect, all combine, under the sų. Scotland before the Revolution. Mr. Mitchell was altogether a strange mix- white pearl heads,-all to be sold for ture of fanaticisin, madness and hu- little or nothing." Vide A Part of mour. He published inany pamphlets the Works of that Eminent Divine and and single sheets, very full of amusing Historian, Doctor William Mitchell, nonsense, and generally adorned with Professor of Tinklarianism in the Unia wooden cut of the Mitchell arms. versity of the Bów-HEAD; Being a Some of his poetry was re-printed Syse of Divinity, Humanity, History, about twenty years ago, hy Messrs. Philosophy, Law and Physic; ComOliver and Boyd, in small parcels, and posed at various Occasions for his sold at one penny. His verses possess own Satisfaction and the World's Ilhurnour equal to that of (his contem- lumination.” In his works he does porary) Allan Ramsay's, but are de- not scruple to inake the personages based by great coarseness and obscc- whom he introduces speak of himself nity. In one of his prose pieces he as a much wiser man than the Archgives a curious account of a journey bishop of Canterbury, all the clergywhich he made into France, where, he men of his native country, and eren affirms, the “ King's Court is six the magistrates of Edinburgh! One times bigger than the King of Bri- of his last productions was a pamphlet tain's; his guards have all feathers in on the murder of Captain Porteous, their hats, and their horse-tails are to which he concludes by saying, in the their heels; and their king is one of true spirit of a Cameronian martyr, the best-favoured boys that you can "If the King and Clergy gar hang ine look upon-blythe lyke, with black for writing this, I'm content, because hair ; and all his people are better na- it is long since any man was hanged tured in general than the Scots or for religion.” But we give him little English, except the priests. Their credit for this expression; for what. women seem to be modest, for they ever may be said, there is fully as have no fardingales. The greatest much pleasure and advantage, as pain wonder I saw in France, was to see and loss, in what sectarians are pleased the braw people fall down on their to call martyrdom. knees on the clarty ground, when the The abode of this singular enthusipriest comes by carrying the cross to ast has been pointed out to us, as that give a sick person the sacrament.” low cellar on the west side of the Bois.

or even

The Tinklarian Doctor (for such head, (No. 19,) now occupied by Mrs. was his popular appellation) appears Philip, a dealer in small wares; here to have been fully acquainted with an he is said to have delivered his lecingenious expedient, which we observe tures to the élèves of the Bow-head practised by many publishers of juve. University. nile toy-books in our own day,- The profession of which the Tinknamely, that of self-recommendation. larian Doctor subscribed himself a As in certain sage little histories of member has long been predominant in Tommy and Harry, King Pepin, &c., the West Bow. We see, from a prewe are sure to find that "the good ceding extract, that it reckoned dag. boy who loved his lessons” alvvays ger-makers among its worthy denizens bought his books from “ kind, good, in the reign of James VI.; but this old Mr. J. Newbury, at the Corner of trade has long been happily extinct St. Paul's Churchyard, where the every where in Scotland; though their greatest assortment of nice books for less formidalsle brethren the whitegood boys and girls is always to be smiths, copper-smiths and pewterers, had," — 80, in the works of Mr. have continued down to our own day Mitchell, we find some sly encomiumn to keep almost unrivalled possession upon the Tinklarian Doctor constantly of the Bow. Till within these few peeping forth; and in the pamphlet years there was scarcely a shop in this from which we made the above ex. crooked street occupied by other tradestract, we have, moreover, a plentiful men; and we can easily imagine, that advertisement or puff of his profes- the noise of so many hammermen pent sional excellence as a white-smith. up in a narrow thoroughfare would be “I have,” he says, a good penny, extremely annoying. "So remarkable worth of pewter spoons, fine like sil- was it for this, that country people ver, none such made in Edinburgh, used to ask any acquaintance lately and silken pocks for wiggs, and French returned from town, if he went to hear

s the tinklers o' the Bow," -reckon. 2. Lord Kames' English Inscription ing them to form one of the most

for Smollett. remarkable curiosities of Auld Reekie. Yet, however disagreeable their clat

Dr. Anderson, in bis Life of Smoltering might seem to the inhabitants lett, speaking of the pillar erected to of the peaceful plain, we are crecibly

the novelist's memory at Bonhill, informed, that the people who lived says, at p: 137, “Lord Kames himin the West Bor became perfectly self, Dr. Moore informs us, wrote an habituated to the noise, and felt no inscription in English for this pillar, inconvenience whatever from its cease

of which the late Lieutenant-Colonel less operation upon their ears ; nay, Latin one was preferred. Though the

Smollett shewed him a copy; but the rather experienced inconvenience from its cessation, and only felt annoyed fact seems to be indisputable, yet it is when any period of rest arrived and reinarkable, that Lord Kames, neither stopped it. It was for this reason that at that time, nor any future period, they became remarkable above all the

ever mentioned this English inscriprest of the people in Edinburgh, for tion to his friend and neighbour, Mr. rising early on Sunday mornings; also mentions in his

Ramsay, of Ochtertyre.” -- Boswell which, in certain contiguous parts of

Journal,” that the town, is rather a singular virtue. Lord Kames proposed such an inscripThe truth was, that the people could tion, and that upon its being spoken of not rest in their beds after

five o'clock, to Johnson, the idea of any thing but a for want of the customary noise which Latin one met with the lexicographer's commenced at that hour on work days. contempt. No mention is made, howIt is also affirmed, that when the na: ever, of Lord Kames having written tives of the West Bow removed to the fact that he did so, has never been

an English inscription; and indeed another part of the town, beyond the reach of these dulcet sounds, which

more than conjectured by the public. so long had given music to their morn.

We can now bring the truth to light, ing dreams, sleep was entirely out of by producing a copy of the actual inthe question for some weeks, till they scription, taken verbatim from the got habituated to the quiescence of original in Lord Kaines’ hand-writing, their new neighbourhood. An old

now in the possession of a relative of gentleman once told us, that having

the novelist, who is quite capable of occasion to lodge for a short time in appreciating so curious and valuable the West Bow, he found the incessant

a document. clanking extremely disagreeable, and

“ No circumstance is trivial in the at last entered into a paction with history of eminent men! Behold, some of the workmen in his immedi

Passenger! the birth-place of Tobias ate neighbourhood, who promised to

SMOLLETT, who by nature was deslet him have another hour of quiet

tined to banish spleen, and promote sleep in the mornings, for the consi- cheerfulness, sweet balm of life! His deration of some such matter as half- grave, alas ! is in a distant country, a-crown to drink on Saturday night.

“How dismally opposite is an AlThe next day happening (out of his exander or a Louis, men destined by knowledge) to be some species of nature for depressing the spirits of Saint Monday, bis annoyers did not

their fellow-creatures, and for desolatwork at all, but such was the force ing the earth! of a habit acquired even in three or

« This Pillar, erected by. JAMES four days, that our friend awoke

SMOLLETT, of Bonbill, is not for his

precisely at the moment when the ham cousin, who possesses a more noble mers used to commence; and he was

Monument of his literary productions, glad to get his bargain cancelled as

but for thee, O Traveller! If literary soon as possible, for fear of another fame be thy ruling passion, emulation morning's want of disturbance.-Such will enliven thy genius : Indulge the a dispersion has taken place in this hope of a Monumental Pillar, and, by modern Babel, within the last few ardent application, thou mayst come years, that there are now (1824) only to merit the splendid reward." two tin-plate workers in the whole Bow.

4 F

VOL. XX.

,

Dr. J. Jones in Proof of St. Luke tion has passed through, the less being a Companion of our Lord. strength and evidence does it receive

from them.'” P. 16. Sir,

That Luke was not an eye-witness THE history of our Lord's resure of the transactions which he has reEvangelists, is attended with difficul. Irenæus in the second century, and ties, of which the enemies of Christi. received from him by modern critics, anity have availed themselves, in order though directly contradicted by Luke to invalidate its divine origin. The himself. This is a matter of high im. author of a pamphlet, entitled “ The portance, and cannot be too often New Trial of the Witnesses,” pub- brought forward, as well calculated to lished some time since, has occupied humble the triumphs of Deistical writhis ground; and I purpose, from the ters, and to illustrate the folly of imdata he assumes, and the positions he plicitly trusting to learned men, who advances, to shew how incompetent in succession adopt, without due exahe and men like him are to question mination, the opinions handed down the truth of the Christian religion. to them by their forefathers. The fol

The writer says, p. 15, “ Mark and lowing are the introductory verses of Luke are not to be considered in the Luke: “Inasmuch as many have set light of disciples or eye-witnesses. forth a perverted narrative of those Michaëlis observes, and with him things which have been accomplished Lardner, Watson and Paley, that St. among us ;-2. As they who from the Luke, being a Heathen by birth, was beginning were eye-witnesses and mineither one of the seventy disciples, nisters of the word delivered them to nor an eye-witness of Christ's works. us ;-3. It seemed good to me also, as Thus it appears,” he adds, “ that having, from the very first, scrupu. Mark and Luke were not present at lously investigated every fact, to write the ascension, nor on any of those to thee, most excellent Theophilus ; important occasions to which their –4. That thou mightest know the history refers. Now, with respect to certainty of those things in which thou the competency of these writers, let hast been instructed." us hear Mr. Locke : I think it will Luke, there will appear reason to not be amiss,' says he, to take notice believe, published his Gospel in Egypt. of a rule observed in the law of En. There certain impostors composed gland, which is, that though the at- false Gospels, in opposition to the actested copy of a record be good proof, count of Christ given by the apostles. yet the copy of a copy, ever so well These were the men to whom Luke attested, and by ever so credible wit- alludes, when he says, that “ many nesses, will not be admitted as a proof undertook to set forth a perverted in judicature: this is so generally ap- narrative of the things which have proved as reasonable, and suited to been fulfilled among us." The verb the wisdom and caution to be used in he uses is avatarsonar, which means our inquiry after material truths, that to new model, or arrange ofresh, and I never yet heard of any one that which, when applied to the history of blamed it. This practice, if it be Christ already given to the public by allowable in decisions of right and competent vouchers, with the strietest wrong, carries this observation along regard to truth, must signify to forge, with it, namely, that any testimony, feign or pervert. That their object the further off it is froin the original was to deceive by false narratives is truth, the less force and proof it bas; evident; for the Evangelist intimates a credible man, vouching his know. that, because incompetent and faith. ledge of it, is a good proof; but if less writers had attempted to mislead another, equally credible, do witness Theophilus and others, he was induced it from his report, the testimony is to publish his Gospel, to give such as weaker; and a third that attests the were misled, or doubtful, a full assuhearsay of a hearsay, is yet considera- rance of the truth. bly less; so that in traditional truths, The pseudo-evangelists taught that each remove weakens the force of the Jesus spent his early life, and was proof, and the more hands the tradi- educated, in Egypt; and hence they

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