Imatges de pÓgina

pretended to have recorded things of whole body of the Jewish believers, which they had been eye-witnesses. And if we make the appeal to his This pretension Luke verbally sets Gospel, we there meet with many aside as a falsehood, by saying that proofs that he wrote not what had the transactions of Jesus had been been related to bim by others, but accomplished not among them, but what he had himself seen and heard among us, meaning, by us, the people from the lips of Christ. The asserof Judea, in the midst of whom our tion, therefore, made by the author of Lord fulfilled his ministry, and of the New Trial of the Witnesses, that whom Luke makes himself one. Thus Luke is not to be believed, because he AUTOTTAI, eye-witnesses, marks the was not an eye-witness of what he apostles, who in their discourses gave wrote, falls, like a dead weight, to the a faithful narrative of Jesus to their ground. countrymen, when preaching the gos- Paul, in preaching the gospel, must pel, in opposition to the pseudo-evan- have had frequent occasion to refer to gelists who pretended to have been the sayings and miracles of Jesus; and eye-witnesses of him in Egypt. it was of high importance to be accoma

When Luke asserts that the things panied in his travels by one who had atwhich he relates respecting Christ tended his ministry, and could furnish were accomplished in the midst of us, the necessary information on the best he intimates, and that not obscurely, possible authority-his own personal that he himself was one of those who knowledge. This seems to have been had witnessed them; and this he posi- the reason which led the Apostle to tively asserts in the clause that follows: select Luke as the companion of his It seemed good to me also to write, labours. Soon after our Lord's resuras having from the very first scrupu- rection, many erroneous accounts of lously investigated every particular.” him appear to have been in circulaFor the verb zapakonsoow means, to tion; and this rendered it expedient attend at the side, closely to follow, so that Luke, as soon as possible, should as to inspect and examine what is car- compose his Gospel, and leave a copy ried on; and it implies that he was in of it, as the best security against imthe number of those who accompanied posture and misrepresentations, in every their Divine Master during the per. church_founded by him and his illusformance of the things related of him. trious Principal. Now, what we might It is observable, that it is not the pre- thus expect or infer, is fully verified sent or future participle that is here by the following passage of Paul : used, as if the author meant that he “We have sent with him our brother, was about, when going to write, to whose praise, by means of his Gospel, follow the train of events which had is throughout all the churches."* 2 been delivered to him by eye-wit- Cor. viii. 18. This brother means nesses; but the past participle, thus Luke, whom, in the next verse, he intimating that he had already accom- calls his fellow-traveller : and if in all panied the particulars which he was the churches he was praised on account going to record ; and his reason for of his Gospel, he must have left a the determination was the circum. copy of that Gospel (though yet prostance that he had so accompanied bably not published to the world at them during their accomplishment. large) with each. This, in return, en

Thus Luke sets forth his compe- deared him to the several Christian tence as an historian with unexampled societies which he had helped in formforce and precision. He had from ing. They regarded the work given the very first attended the facts and them as a treasure of high value, and sayings which he records, and investi. they unanimously praised the author; gated their nature and truth with scru- thus indirectly bearing their testimony pulous accuracy. He had heard the to his accuracy, fidelity and truth, as saine facts related to the Jewish peo- the historian of Jesus Christ. This is ple by other persons, who, as well as a most important fact; and it is surhimself, had been eye-witnesses, and prising that it should have been overofficially chosen to attend the ministry looked by learned men. We learn of Jesus ; so that he corroborates his from it that the Gospel of Luke was own testimony by a virtual appeal to extant - was deposited in all the the testimony of the apostles and the churches, within twenty years after the crucifixion of Jesus. They knew third day. 5. That he died and rose, the author personally, and they re- as it is written by Moses, in the posed the utmost confidence in bim Psalms, and in the prophets, that is, for his integrity and love of truth. according to the Scriptures. 6. That This testimony of the Apostle Paul, repentance and dismission of sins were which, from the incidental manner in to be preached in his name to the nawhich it is told, lies beyond all rea- tions. These six particulars are said sonable suspicion, dissipates into air by the Apostle nearly in the saine the falsehood again and again repeated words, and in the same order, and in by unbelievers, that the Gospels were the same narrow space. Of these unknown to the world, until, a century important events Paul was not an eyeor two afterwards, they were selected witness ; he, therefore, acknowledges, from a mass of other spurious gospels, with that candour which is always and then by the decrees of certain characteristic of truth, that he also councils were imposed as genuine pro- received or took them from some ductions on the public credulity. The other. We find them in Luke in exlearned and veracious author of the act conformity to Paul's statement; New Trial, proceeds on this ground; Paul, therefore, must_mean that he and he asserts with confidence that took them from that Evangelist. It the history of Christ was utterly un, is also to be observed, that the Aposknown to Philo, Josephus, Seneca, tle mentions“ according to the ScripTacitus, Plutarch, &c. In p. 45, he tures," twice: and the same words says, “ Read all the Epistles of Paul are twice implied in Luke. Moreover, from beginning to end, and you will it was not usual with the Apostle to not discover the least trace that any designate his Divine Master simply document then existed bearing the under the name of “Christ.”. But he name of any of the four Evangelists”!! here so designates him, and designates

If the Gospel of Luke was known him once. He is designated, and only to, and approved by, all the churches, once designated under the same name, it could not be less known to, and ap- by the Evangelist. Finally, Luke is proved by, the Apostle Paul; and we the only Evangelist who says that Jehave, in 1 Cor. xv., a striking passage sus after his resurrection appeared where the Apostle has copied the unto Simon, and that, after he appearEvangelist. I will quote the original ed unto Simon, he next appeared unto passage in Luke, and the extract made the eleven. This is said, and said in by Paul. “ And he said unto them, the same order by Paul, - that be These are the things which I said unto showed himself to Cephas, and then you while yet with you, that all things to the twelve. must be fulfilled which were written

J. JONES. in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the Psalms, concerning me. Then he opened their minds that Critical Synopsis of the Monthly Rethey might understand the Scriptures.

pository for October, 1824. Christ ought weit entfernandehus tihe GLBEBAXTERREFUORIGINAL again from the dead the third day; and SIN. Being somewhat fond of what repentance and dismission of sins must is denominated hard reading, I may be preached in his name among all be too partial a judge in forming an pations.” Luke xxiv.44–47. “For I estimate of this writer's merits. Had delivered unto you, as the chief thing, he lived in our day, I think he would what I also received (or, as it might have made an excellent plodding mebe rendered, I took): how that Christ taphysical contributor to the Monthly died for our sins according to the Repository. How few of the modern Scriptures; and that he was buried, arguments on these subjects can pre. and that he rose again the third day, tend to any thing like originality! according to the Scriptures; and that Clerke seems to have anticipated the he was seen of Cephas, then of the pith and substance of all that can twelve.” The narrative of Luke im- well be said on the topics of which plies these particulars : 1. That Christ he treats. His invention of the polye died. 2. That he was buried. 3. glot adverb quasily redounds highly That he rose. 4. That he rose the to his ingenuity. I notice one or two mistakes of the transcriber. Kan M. Chenevière in Defence of his TROCỜIKAT Meya is one word instead of Statement. Why so irritable ?' The two. I Cor. ii. 7, should be 1 Cor. Professor is probably not accustomed xi. 7.

to controversy. Or is he too much Mr. Holland's Remarks on Helon's of a Frenchman to be calm under Pilgrimage. The Quarterly Review, provocation ? or some other orthodox publication, Mr. Bakewell v. Dr. Smith. Few not long since maintained that the controversies are of so vague a descripJews expected their Messiah would tion as some of this. The disputants be God himself. I am glad, there might write on indefinitely, to the fore, that Mr. Holland has here given entertainment, but not much to the greater publicity to Mr. Kenrick's edification of their readers. It is Latin note on the subject. The re- difficult to come to a fixed point in marks on sacrifice are happy, and estimating the morals of a large comthat on Gerizim and Ebal is acute. munity. How hard to decide on the

Mr. Jevans on Romans viii. 9, is precise moral character even of an strong in his arguments to prove that individual! How much more so on the spirit of Christ in this passage that of a city! does not necessarily imply the vir- Suppose we were to grant to Dr. tuous and pious temper of Jesus Smith his favourite fancy, that the Christ. But he fails of setting in a morals of a community decline in luminous point of view the true drift proportion to the spread of Unitarianand force of Paul's meaning in intro- ism. Yet how will he account for ducing a sentence about miraculous the circumstance that Calvinism has gifts in this precise connexion. The no internal power to resist the progloss extracted from Grotius is con- gress of wicked Unitarianism? If, in sistent with the common understand- Geneva, in New England, in the Presing of the passage.

byterian Church of England, and elseDr. Evans on the Religious World where, there has been developed for Displayed, has consigned the Rev. the last century a spontaneous and Robert Adam to a pillory,

unconnected, yet mighty tendency The Suggestion to Unitarians by towards Unitarianism, and if, at the Ipoondutos meets my cordial appro- same time, Unitarianism leads to imbation. I have no doubt that the morality, pray, what is gained to the compilation which he recommends, cause of Orthodoxy by Dr. Smith's would be circulated with great zeal course of argument? There is somein America. In selecting the tracts, thing rotten, after all, at the core of and in adapting them to the purpose his religion. He can only consistently in question, I think as much as pos- boast of it, and rely upon it, when he sible ought to be omitted, which has can shew it to be efficacious against not a bearing on the pure Unitarian the instrument, as well as the substate of the question. For instance, stance of iminorality. I would as a small portion of Mr. Belsham's lief go down to Avernus by one step Summary View is Hyper-Unitarian- as by two. Mr. Bakewell is very ism, and repels many thousands of strong on some topics in the conreaders, who could not resist the in- cluding part of this letter. Auence of that admirable tract, if Reply to Difficulties in the Unitasomewhat modified, and rendered rian Scheme of Atonement. This is conformable to more general views. a neat and happy answer to the ques.

The American Edition of Griesbach tions of your former correspondent. is printed in a single volume, with no My own has just embarked on the other notes than a few lines at the ocean, and as far as it has any merit, bottom of the page, giving, in the is in a great measure anticipated by mnost general results, the manuscript the present communication. Unless authority of each important various it be gratifying and useful to observe reading

a coincidence between distant writers Critical Synopsis of the Repository on important subjects, I beg, after is again unfortunate in its grammar. the example of H. M., that in similar For instance, " The few trifling er. cases my observations may be suprors which Mr. Le Grice has pointed pressed. out hus affected neither,” &c.

Unity of the Godhead asserted. it looks as if the Archdeacon of Bath ed. I suppose the author has long were ashamed of the appellation of been an Infidel, and would have write Trinitarian, and felt sore about the ten just such a book before as after consequences pushed home upon him his “ Letters on Usury.” This hy. on account of the correspondent doc- pothesis of his decaying powers is trine, when he claims for himself and also inconsistent with some intima. his church the name of Unitarian. I tions in the next article, where it is love to trace these little symptoms of said that Gamaliel Smith has seized the growing honour and importance some points “ with great acuteness," of our cause.

&c. Correspondence betireen an Unita- Ought not the reference, p. 614, rian and a Calvinist. From the arti- bottom of 2d col., to be Gal. i. instead ficial and set arrangement of these of v.? arguments, I am again led into the Art. 2. Ben David's Reply. I surmise, whether one individual be wonder if Trinitarians will be willing not the author of this carte and tierce to acknowledge and praise all that is of theology

unquestionably excellent in this work Let me ask the Calvinist, (on the of Dr. Jones. Supposing, for insupposition of his real existence,) stance, that new Omnium Gatherum whether such a consciousness of the of Divinity, the Quarterly Theological mighty evil of sin as he has pertina- Review, should see fit to notice this ciously, pressed upon his opponent book, would the editors give a cheerthroughout the whole of this contro- ful testimony to the beautiful arguversy, would not involve in itself a ments extracted from it in this armanifest begging of the question un- ticle? der discussion. As far as I can judge, On the other hand, I must say, that the Calvinist would only be contented some of these extracts are as wild a when he could extort from the Uni- farrago of learned trash as one is ever tarian an acknowledgment that sin destined to meet with. The remotest deserves an infinite punishment. But analogy of facts, the merest and most when such a concession is made, accidental resemblance of a name, there is little room left for argument. sets the author's imagination on fire,

Mr. Munn's Conscientiousness.- and leads him through devious tracks The whole transaction here recorded where mortal else never trod. Listen is an honour to human nature.

one moment for an instance. « Ora À Southern Unitarian on Sunday. pheus in Hebrew is precisely Pharaoh, Schools holds a fair balance between if we cut off its Greek termination, two of your opposing correspondents, and read from right to left”! Have and exhibits a spirit worthy of all ing strained so much to make out praise and imitation.

this case of identity, the author after Criticism on Ephes. iv. 26. Acute, all spoils the whole by confounding and I am inclined to think, decisive. the wife of Orpheus, not with the wife

Mr. Frend on the British Critic. of Pharaoh, which, to have been con. Worthy of his cause.

sistent, he ought to have done, but Cantabrigiensis and A Psalmodist with Sarah, the wife of Abraham. must speak for themselves.

Obituary. Rev. Thomas Owen.Review. Not Paul but Jesus. “ His views were liberal and enligbtThis is a good little abstract of the ened, being a believer in philosophical argument for Paul; but I dislike the necessity, and a materialist.” I trust personal allusions with which the his views might have been liberal and article concludes. It is an invidious enlightened, on other conditions than and suspicious thing to talk of the this.

impaired mind” of an opponent. Intelligence. Southern Unitarian For my part, I would rather believe Fund, &c. Some movements hare that Mr. Bentham's intellect is still recently been made towards a general in all its vigour, and rejoice that he organization of the Unitarian cause in is able to make no more out of his this country. attack on the great apostle of the Gentiles. I see no symptoms of decayed powers in the few specimens here presented from the work review

Manchester, exclusively under the fore-mentioned Sir,

Sept. 17, 1825. auspices. And it is a fact that a few А

WRITER in your Number for reports in the Repository have as

August, (page 476,) who sub- strikingly demonstrated opinion and scribes himself Spectator, without an wishes in regard to the practice, as attempt to offer a single argument on Spectator himself. But I never heard the subject of Ordination Services, or before of the suffrages of congregato examine any of those which have tions. I believe the proper expresbeen offered, kindly undertakes forsion would have been the sufferance your readers the task of judging of of congregations. I know from perthe merits of the question. In the sonal observation that some societies absence of all argument, would it not now wish that they had given less have been as well to suffer them to countenance to the practice ; and in judge for themselves? The sentence one of the cases alluded to by Specby him pronounced is delivered in tator, I am quite at a loss to discover nearly the following words :

what part the society can be supposed The objections against the con- to have taken. tinuance [revival] of this service ap- Such is the formidable muster of pear strikingly feeble by the side of facts which have set the question at those advantages which have been rest ! Such is the terrifying array triumphantly urged in its favour." against us which inspires Spectator

Your readers will remember the with such a triumphant strain of opinion of Mr. Rutt (p. 348) con- boasting! And hence, and because cerning the merits of the question, some friends and acquaintance have and how strikingly modest it appears expressed some approbation of the by the side of this arrogant decision. revived ceremony, it is most sagaHis words are, " The question ap- ciously concluded, that the feeling in pears to me to be set at rest, as far favour of it is general. What a hapas I have any judgment of it." The py talent is boasting ! opinion here expressed, evidently re- Well, but good Mr. Spectator, is fers to the merits of the question as it not to be presumed, till we have discussed in the Repository-to the authentic inforination to the contrary, arguments of the writers; but our that those who have neither revived, sagacious Spectator applies it to the nor concurred in reviving, this unscripstate of opinion on the subject, and, tural ceremony, that all those not accordingly, musters a few facts-cu- included in your appalling enumerarious enough in some respects—which, tion, must be ranked as your oppohe says, have better " set the ques- nents in this controversy? And if the tion at rest,” than the ipse dixit of Unitarian body be not inconsiderable, Mr. Rutt.

indeed, in point of numbers, they I entertain, Sir, that favourable greatly outnumber your partisans. opinion of the understanding of inost Does Spectator forget, when he reof your readers, that I am confident quires us " to level our objections they will not think a question of this against the abuses of Ordination," nature settled by the facts which that we declared that we view the Spectator enumerates, even if they whole as an abuse? (P. 283.) Mr. were a hundred times inore numerous Baker also asserts, (p. 346,) that I than they are. I am sure they will ought not to mention the abuses of not consent to have the question de- the practice, it being the part of bicided by this kind of voting, even if goted misrepresentation so to do, Spectator should again kindly come when they are disclaimed by the parforwards to assure them that it is ties. I do not remember to hare strikingly the best way:

taxed the gentlemen with any abuse It is very true that ihe ceremony of which they disclaim, and am under the Ordination has been of late warmly necessity of observing that the charge recommenderi, chiefly by gentlemen is wholly groundless. “ The priestly connected with the Manchester Col- pretensions and doinination, the ghostlege, York. It is also true that in ly power and authority,” were not the course of the last five or six years brought forward by mne as accompania few services of the description in ments of the Bolton service; I even question have been celebrated almost expressly stated the contrary, that I

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