Imatges de pàgina

gave them credit, that no encroach. convinced that the thing imposed is ment on liberty is intended. (P. 283.) foreign to the pure elements of Chris. But if it be meant to be said or im- tianity, has he or they no reason to plied by such a charge, that I ought complain? Have they not the right not, in endeavouring to oppose ibe to complain, and to be heard too, revival of this practice, to bring to that the unauthorized practice imlight and exposure its ghostly preten- posed is an unchristian imposition ? sions and spiritual impostures-things What signifies it who are the persons which always were its accompani- imposing ?-the imposition is the sarde. ments, when it meant any thing, and i observe, in concluding the present things which will be, more or less, communication, which want of time its accompaniments, whenever it shall prevents me at present from extend. have acquired a sufficient degree of ing, that in answering Mr. Baker's consistence and countenance-I must defence of Ordination Services, my be allowed to say, that I care not notion of delicacy did not suffer me how many such charges are brought to conceal my real name; and that if against me. I still feel myself at per- Spectator really entertained “ feelfect liberty to put in array, in any ings” or “ prejudices similar” to mine, form I may think proper, all the he would, in a controversy, like the unchristian practices and assumptions present, either have appeared without which ever attended this unanthorized disguise, or have been still content to ceremony, ad posterorum terrorem, remain a spectator. In my next, ! or any other good and useful purpose. shall consider what have been advanced

While it affords me great pleasure on the score of utility and scriptural to bear my feeble testimony to the authority in favour of Ordinations, and propriety, strength and pertinence of hope in a moderate compass to com. the arguments and observations of prise probably all I shall ever ad. R. A. M., (pp. 280—282,) and to ex- vance on the subject. If the subject press my surprise that their striking be of sufficient importance, and your feebleness has not been in any parti- readers be not already tired of it, it is cular instance pointed out, I take time for others to shew their opinion. this opportunity to observe, that he In mine I am certainly fully confirmed, does not appear to me rightly to per- without any abatement of good-will ceive how the admission of an unautho- towards my opponent, and without a rized practice into a Christian society wish to sound my own triumph or or societies, is, in fact and operation, proclaim the feebleness of the oppoan encroachment on Christian liberty. site party's arguments : for is it not He says, “Every society has a right to fit to commit the decision of the ques. make regulations for its own govern- tion to the tribunal to which we have ment, and to adopt whatever customs appealed ? or cereinonies may seem fit to the

WILLIAM JOHNS. members of that society. * * * The yoke may be grievous, but it is self- Inscription on the Monument erected imposed, and there can be no reason

to the Memory of Mr. BARON MAof complaint.” What! has a Chris

SERES, (see Mon, Repos. XIX. 364, tian society a right to introduce cere- 425,) in the Churchyard of Reigste, monies which are not authorized by in Surrey. the Christian institute? But they are all, on all sides, agreed. Yes, all

H. S. E. agree to introduce or continue an un- RANCISCUS MASERES, Archristian ceremony, an unauthorized mig. Aul. Clar. apud Cantab. custom. And so it has been agreed olim Socius, Quinti Baronis in curia from age to age in almost all the Scaccarii, Munus, annos 50 executus churches. But surely the Unitarian est. Viri hujus egregii et amabalissimi Church will not consent to any such fides, integritas, æqualitas, liberalitasagreement. But “there can be no que omnibus, quibuscum erat versatus, reason of complaint.” Suppose there innotuêre. Eximiis his virtutibus acbe one person, or a few persons, in cedebant tanta sermouis inorumque the society, who should be wiser than snavitas, tanta comitas facilitasque, their teacher and the ós modos, who ut nihil supra. Humanitatis studiis, et agree to impose the yoke and be literis reconditioribus colendis omni



ni præconio dignissimus Exemplaria the Calvinistic, comfortable doctrine Græca et Latina quorum juvenis fue. of eternal damnation. The circularat perstudiosus, senex in deliciis ha. tion of these pamphlets has, I am bebat. Sui seculi mathematicorum happy to say, been attended with a clarissimis parem indubitanter dixeris. partial success, and some from the Multa quæ accurate, copiosè, cogi perusal of them have been induced to tatèque scripserat prelo dedit; et in renounce the errors of Polytheisin communein fructuin attulit. Articulos and to embrace the purer faith of fidei, qui dicuntur, in minimum re- Unitarianism, while to others of the reduxit. Deum Unum, ens entium, orthodox creed they have given great omnium patrem, Christo duce, sanc. offence, so much so, indeed, that the tissimè adoravit. Quam iinmortali- pulpits of both chapels now resound tatem toto pectore cupierat placida solely with abuse of the infidel Socilenique senectute, et integrå mente nians! consecutus est, Anno Domini 1824, On Sunday, Sept. 25, I attended ætat. suæ 93. Vale, Vir Optime! the afternoon service at the MeetingAmice vale carissime ! et siqua rerum house of the Independents, who have humanarum tibi sit adhuc conscientia, for some time past been without a monimentum quod in tui memoriam, regular ininister, their late pastor, the tui etiam in mortuis observantissimus Rev. Robert Aspinall, a gentleman Robertus Fellowes, ponendum curavit whom I am proud to acknowledge solitâ benevolentiâ tuearis.

as a friend, and in whose character

are united the accomplished scholar Skepton, near Craven, and the charitable Christian, having SIR,

Sept. 26, 1825. removed to Bury to take the charge SINCE I last had the honour of ad- of a congregation there. Since Mr,

dressing you from Durham,(p.474) A.'s departure, the pulpit has been I have been residing for a few weeks regularly supplied by boys from the at Grassington, in Yorkshire, a small Independent school at Idle, mining town in the district of Craven. Bradford, and on the afternoon in The inhabitants are in general either question the service was performed Wesleian Methodists or Independents, by one of the Students, whose name, and the only places of worship there out of compassion to hiinself and his are the two chapels belonging to the friends, I shall keep sub umbra. This above denominations, and till within person who spoke a Tin-Bobbin sort the last six months no doctrines have of a dialect, having no doubt the fear for some years been preached in of Mr. Finch’s heretical books before Grassingtou but those of Arminius his eyes, amused his hearers by preachand Calvin; but of late the orthodox ing & furious discourse of half-an, inhabitants have been much disturbed hour's length against the Unitarians, by the presence of Mr. Finch, a re- whom in the height of his charity he spectable individual from the neigh. denominated Socinians, and moreover bourhood of Manchester, whose zeal informed his congregation could not in the propagation of truth and in be saved ; so that by his logic wę opposing the progress of error cannot must understand that Milton, New, be too warmly applauded, who has ton, Locke, Priestley, Blackburne, occasionally paid them a visit, and Lindsey, Bishop Hoadley, &c., are in circulated amongst them a number of eternal punishment, merely because sinall pamphlets written by a notori- they could not so far renounce their ous heretic of the name of Wright, reason as to believe that three are one and which (horrid to relate !) deny and one is three ! the truth of the received opinion of Our young minister in his disthe Atonement and Deity of our Sa- course, which was very learned and viour, make very free with the Devil, most admirably adapted to the com(for whom both the Independents and prehension of miners, (after a great Methodists have an especial liking.) deal of rigmarole about Roman cni, contend that three cannot be one and perors, Peruvian mines, burning of one cannot be three, and also limit widows, alligators of the Ganges, the duration of the punishment that priests of Brama, and martyrs, ) will hereafter be inflicted on the wick- with the utmost gravity and comed, thereby aiming a deadly blow at posure told his flock, that the Uni.





tarians rejected a great part of the tended with little effect. Mr. Finch is Scriptures, and as evidence of his succeeding gloriously; and I sincerely assertion said, that they considered trust that the miners of Grassington the passages

God shall raise up a will ere long have a chapel where the prophel like unto me,” and the one in pure, unadulterated doctrines of ChrisIsaiah,

Unto us a child is born,tianity may be taught, and the hymns

spurions,” and that “ many and prayers be addressed to the only (many!) of our learned men had said God, through the Mediator between so, but that divines more learned God and men, the man Christ Jesus. than they had examined the passages,

PHILO-UNITAS. and produced a mass of evidence that could not be got over"! Now, Sir, I challenge this young man to pro

An Examination of Warburton, &c. duce a solitary work written by a (Continued from p. 318.) Unitarian wherein the two scriptural

Birmingham, Oct. 3, 18:25. quotations above are pronounced “ spurious." He cannot do it; I defy

Pensenturhim : he is aware what he said is a


HOR. falsehood, a barefaced fabrication, u

N calumny as unfounded as it was il- complete my examination of Warliberal." What pity that evil speak- burton's strictures on the historian of ing, lying and slandering, do not form the Puritans. a qualification for a bishoprick! For (35) Vol. I. 574. [492. T.] I then might this worthy disciple of the cannot lightly admit that Neal has burner of good Servetus, this mild misunderstood Hooker, or argued inenforcer of Christian principles, this consequentially from his principles, or promising youth who is worthy of the confounded the abuse with the proper patronage of Doctor Burgess himself, use of church-power. Even if he have been promoted to the see of have erred on all these points, it is an Canterbury. I once heard a notorious error of judginent, not of will. Dr. shooter with the long bow say, that Toulmin, in his note, observes, that when a man did utter a falsehood be the ceremonies, &c., of the national might as well tell a thumper at once. religious establishment were not fixed I hope our censor will pay particular by the church, but constitute part of attention to this remark, and when the statute law of the land. he next has occasion to say what is (36) 575. [492. T.] The remarks untrue respecting our tenets, to tell under the foregoing article, will apply his congregations that the infidel So- to the present. Who shall decide xcher cinians disbelieve the Bible altogether, and where the true religion may be read instead of it the Edda or the found? Is the magistrate to teach us Koran, and use a liturgy consisting of the genuine doctrine of Christ? extracts from the History of Jack the (37) Ib. [Ib. T.] This stricture Giant Killer or the Memoirs of Har- of Warburton's, is to the same effect riette Wilson. He will be about as with the two last, and admits of nearly near the truth in saying this, as be the same answer. The laws of a was when he talked about the “

spu. Christian Church should be those rious" passages.

which are either contained in the I have two reasons in writing this Christian Scriptures, or plainly agreeletter; the first is, that you and your able to the spirit of them. numerous readers may be aware of (38) 579. (496. T.] Here the the unfair means to which Trinitarians prelate's coarse language is levelled at resort in opposing our doctrines, which Fuller, whose fidelity, however, he cannot be assailed by any other mode; cannot with success impeach. and the second is, that Mr. Vint, the (39) 581. [498. T.) I am no adTheological Tutor of Idle Academy, vocate for the theology of the Puritans may know what sort of discourses of the age of Elizabeth : Neal styles some of his students make when ab. the Lambeth articles “ high proposisent from his institution.-In conclu. tions,” but does his duty in recording sion, Sir, I have real pleasure in in- them. forming you that all this beating of (40) 583. [500. T.] The annotathe “ pulpit drum ecclesiastic” is at- tor aims his ridicule at what he calls

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the Puritan principle, that “what- T.] What I had to remark on these ever was Popish was false.” Extremes articles, has been anticipated by Dr. produce extremes : yet good subjects Toulmin, who says, “ It should be and Protestants had reason to dread mentioned to the honour of Bishop both the tenets and the discipline of Warburton, who was an advocate for that system.

a test, though not a sacramental test, (41) 584. (501. T.] What evi- that to this proposal, that Dissenters dence is there that while under op- should be exempted from all pains and pression the Puritans persecuted; or, penalties for not serving their country if they did, was not persecution the in offices of trust, he gave his hearty vice of the age? The statement is al- assent, by adding in the margin, 'Most most a contradiction in terms. certainly !!

(42) Ib. [Ib. T.] Warburton's (49) History. 3. [3, 4. T.] I imagination, or rather his violent pre- transcribe Dr. Toulmin's note : judice, sets a phantom before his eyes: shop Warburton censures Mr. Neal he sees persecution in the Puritans, at for not giving here the provocation a time when it did not exist among which the King had received from them ; and he assumes without and what he styles the villainous and tyagainst evidence that they abused the rannical usage of the Kirk of Scotland articles, because they were Lambeth to him.' On this censure it may be articles. The conduct of these inen, observed, that had Mr. Neal gone into whaterer it was, Neal lays ingenuously the detail of the treatment the King before his readers.

had met with from the Scots clergy, (43) 587. [504. T.) I believe that besides the long digression into which in this case of Darrel there was delu- it would have led him, it would not sion, but no imposture. That age was have eventually saved the reputation less enlightened on the subject of dæ- of the King. For Mr. Neal must have moniacal possessions than the pre. related the causes of that behaviour. sent, which has witnessed, however, It arose from their jealousy, and their scenes nearly as disgraceful. Would fears of his disposition to crush them Darrel have needlessly exposed him- and their religion : founded on facts self to the sufferings which he under- delivered to thein by the English mi. went? Of his hypocrisy no proof nistry, and from his favouring and exists. Even since the days of War- employing known Papists. The vioburton, some divines, and those of the lation of his solenn reiterated declaChurch of England, have made pre- rations, when he became King of Entensions to exorcism.

gland, shewed how just were those (44) 589. [505. T.] The prelate suspicions, and prove him to have accuses Neal of quoting a « weak been a disseinbler. To these remarks speech.” Surely, the quotation illus- it may be added, what provocation trates the historian's fairness ! constrained him to give the public

(45) 589. [506. T.) This anno. thanks and promisc with which he left tatur takes every opportunity of deli- Scotland ?” vering it as his opinion that the Puri- (50) 19. [18. T.] Neal, it is protans wished for an establishment of bable, would have subscribed to the their own. He infers thus inuch from prelate's opinion of Egerton's speech. the slenderest premises : yet, even (51) 78. [72. T.] This stricture were his inference well supported, no regards Brightman's prophecy of the charge is brought home to Neal, but speedy overthrow of Episcopal governto the memory of those whose opinions ment. “ How,” asks · Warburton, and vicissitudes he records.

“ would the historian have us under. (46) 594. [510, T.) Neal having stand this ? As a true prophecy to be said that most of the first Reformers fulfilled, or a false prophet confuted ?” were of Erastian principles, the pre- Toulmin's reply is admirable: “Mr. late adds sume notices respecting Neal is to be understood as his author Erastus' famous book De Excommu. Fuller, from whom he quotes. Nei. nicatione : the information we receive ther meant to ascribe to Mr. Brightas correct and not uninteresting ; man a prophetic inspiration, but only though it is little relevant to Warbur. to relate his sentiments and apprehenton's main object.

sions." (47, 48) Vol. II. Preface x. xi. (xvi. (52) 101. [94. T.] Faithful to his

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obligations as an historian, Neal re- drew on him." This answer is satislates the existence of suspicions con- factory and correct. Seldon, it will cerning the cause of the untimely be recollected, placed the claim of death of Henry, Prince of Wales. The tithes on law, not on the feeble prop prelate animadverts on our author's of an imaginary divine right. language, and calls it abominable. (59) 125. [116. T.] “ There were Let Dr. Toulmin's sensible and candid two religions established hy law in note be read: he properly wishes that Bohemia.” · These are the words of Neal had expressed himself in more Rapin: but, according to Warburton, guarded terms, but shews that the in- the matter is stated erroneously; for sinuations in question did not origi- he tells us that there were not two nate with him, and that they were religions, but one only, administering sanctioned by the prevailing opinion a single rite in a different way. Toulof the times, and countenanced by the min's note deserves to be copied ; it is conduct of James I. :

as follows: (53) 107. [100. T.] In these an- “ This remark would be accurate,

(54) 1b. [Ib. T.] notations War- if the difference between the two parburton repeats opinions already deli- ties had lain only in this point : but vered by him respecting the doctrinal this could not be the case between the theology, the discipline and the views Catholics and the Hussites; the difof the Puritans. But the prelate's ference between whom extended to judgment on these things, will not many essential beads; though they affect the fidelity and credit of our were with respect to this matter dehistoriari.

nominated from one single point. But (55) 115. [107. T.] Bishop War- the Bishop asserts that the fancy of burton supplies a circumstance omit- two established religions in one state ted by Neal; I mean, the effect of is an absurdity.' But absurdities may Episcopius' defence in rendering Joba exist, and this very absurdity exists, Hales, as he himself declared, Anti- and did exist at the time his Lordship calvinistic. Nevertheless, it does not wrote, in Great Britain : in one part appear that Hates had been, at any of which Episcopacy is the established period, the friend of Calvinism. religion, and in the other (Scotland)

(56) 118. [110. T.] The prelate Presbyterianism.” takes some language of King James I. Let it be subjoined, that the Editor's aš ironical: his construction of it is conclusion admits of being strengthdoubtful, but of no importance to the ened by further reasoning and addi. present subject.

tional examples, and that such rea. (57) 120. [111. T.] Warburton soning and examples are at hand; is not willing to allow the Scots cler- though time does not suffer or the gy the praise of acting with the cau- subject require them to be produced. tion and temper ascribed to them by In pursuing the history, I transcribe the historian. The bishop,” adds a memorandum which I made a few Dr. Toulmin, “ did not consider that years ago : it is not in human nature, any more (1810, Oct. 30.) [122. T.] “They than it is consistent with wisdom and called the place of their settlement iv moderation, to proceed, though in- the name of New PLYMOUTH.” “I jured and provoked, to extremities at learn from the Rev. Mr. Harris, [Dr. first. That the Scots Presbyterian miT. M. Harris,] of Dorchester, near nisters should have great interest with Boston, N.A., that these settlers soon the people was the necessary conse. after their landing met with an Indian quence of their being sufferers for the who could speak their native langurge, principles of the kirk and the nation." and who was of great service to them

(58) 121. [112. T.] The words among his tribe. This man had been at which our prelate sneers, are, as in kidnapped to Europe, and bad lived some other instances, those of Fuller. in Great Britain, but afterwards, by - Where,” he inquires, was the

some means or other, returned to his storm, except in the fanciful author's own country.-J. K." standish?” Let us hear Neal's Editor. The narrative concerning Mr. Ro“ The storm was in the offence Mr. binson and his friends, and his valeSelden's doctrine gave the clergy, and dictory address to them, are uncomthe indigoation of the court which it monly instructive and affecting.

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