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With highly superior qualities of mind . There are some individuals whose and heart, which shine even through amiable manners in private life form the clouds that his less estimable ha- a marked contrast with that blind and bits threw around them, he was al- furious spirit of party, which, on cermost proverbially arrogant and con- tain subjects, distingnishes them as temptuous, grasping at every thing, writers. This, I grieve to say, is the and at universal and paramount do- the case of Dr. Southey, who ventures minion, in the world of literature, to style Neal (the Quarterly Reviewer His knowledge was indeed wonder- had used nearly the same terms) " the fully various, but not " uniformly most prejudiced and dishonest of all exact.” Among his happiest effu- historians,” and who, it is evident, sions” no scholar will class his com- has not investigated that document in ments on Shakspeare and his stric- Neal's work with a specific reference tures on Neal. He aceused the his- to which the accusation has been altorian of the Puritans of “ false facts leged.* If the Poet Laureate be really and partial representations ;” but le a lover of truth, he will, in future, bé failed in making good the charge, more obedient to the first dictates of and has injured his own reputation hy justice, nor wantonly offend the feelthe blows that he directed against ings of the living by thus calumniating a writer far more judicious than him. the memory of the dead. self.

JOHN KENTISH. Had Neal lived to witness the publication of Warburton's strictures on P. S. As strong presumptive evihim, it is probable that he would have dence of Mr. Neal's equal and imparreplied to this prelate with the same tial justice, in the composition of his ability and success with which he vin- History of the Puritans, I should dicated his History against attacks add, that he did not wholly escape from other quarters. Neal did not censure froin Nonconformisis them. claim an exemption from the infirmi- selves. There now lies upon my table ties of our common nature : yet bis “A (printed] Letter to Mr. Sn--, characteristic soundness of judgment occasioned by some injurious Reflecusually preserved him from error, in tions in the Fourth Volume of Mr. his estimates of men and of events; Neal's History of the Puritans : while his deeply-rooted sense of reli- wherein our present Liberty is opposed gious obligation saved him froin de- to the Persecutions of former Times. signed misrepresentation. The me. By a Protestant Dissenter.” It is mory of so excellent an individual, written apparently by some descendant may well be cherished by descendants of Richard Cromwell, and consists, (and such exist) whose kindred quali- for the most part, of a vindication of ties of soul enable them to appreciate his character, and of that of other the value of their ancestry, and who, branches and friends of the family, on the other hand, would account it a Whether Mr. Neal took any notice of matter of dishonour to spring from an this painpblet, does not appear. Its individual that could knowingly falsify date is 1739—the bookseller, “ Me. the facts of history.

sach Steen, (not Steers, as the name While I was employed in the exa is erroneously printed in Nichols' LAamination of Warburton's strictures terary Anecdotes, &c., t) in the Inner on the historian of the Puritans, Temple Lane. This Mr. Steen pabproofs of the calm and mild and lished Owen’s History of Serpents;' eandid good sense of the late Editor of Neal's work, constantly presented themselves to my eyes, and set be- * Neal's Hist. [Toulmin), and Book of fore me the image of a man of whom the Church, Vol. II. (1st ed.) p. 309. It I have peculiar reason to think and is not true, as Dr. Southey afirms it to speak with affectionate and grateful be, that the inquiries of the commission. esteem. Dr. Toulmin's notes on his

ers are twice limited to lawful ways and

I have shewn the contrary. author, are a fine transcript of his The limitation regards punishment, not own mind : copies of his edition of examination; with the reserve indeed, the History cannot, I learn, be easily

see paragraph the fifth, of offeuces cogni. procured ; and a republication of it zable by the ecclesiastical laws. is, in every view, desirable.

+ Vol. IX. p. 621.

means.

A , have been writer

and a note of Dr. Isaac Watts to him, 4to., published at Paris, in 1723. The dated Feb. 2, 1741-2, and regarding Second Part (about one half of the that work, is in my possession. whole) of this publication is biogra

J. K. phical, and includes most of Sandius's

facts, melted down, indeed, in a CaKennington, tholic crucible, and sent forth with a SIR,

October 8, 1825. good deal of Catholic alloy and coMr. Rutt, in your last number, but is understood to ave been written (p. 535,) relating to myself, may seemn by Lamy. It is little to be relied upon to require some notice in reply. I am as authority. Such is Bock's judgment aware that I am a defanlter with the of it, and every reader of discernment public on the score of unredeemed will, I conceive, concur in this opinion. pledges ; but my conscience does not It displays, however, considerable reaccuse me of having failed in the ful- search, and may in some cases be confilment of any promise relating to the sulted with advantage. Bibliotheca Antitrinitariorum of San- The Vita F. Socini, &c., by a " Podius. Quite satisfied I am that I have lish Knight,” is not prefixed to the never committed myself by an engage- works of Socinus in the Bibliotheca ment to attempt a translation of that Fratrum Polonorum, but is printed in very excellent work. It is true, in- the additional volume, (419,) containdeed, that a few years ago I employed ing the works of Przipcovius. The myself at intervals of leisure in writing small edition possessed by Mr. Rutt a hasty English version of it; but be- was first printed in that size in Enfore I had gone through my rough gland, in 1651, and appended to a draft I saw reason to be convinced, Latin edition of the Racovian Oatethat with the materials in my hands it chism, which was ordered by the Parwould be easy to embody in an En- liainent, in its horror of heresy, and glish history of the same kind a conin the spirit which persecuted the emisiderable mass of new and valuable nently pious Biddle, to be burnt by matter in addition to what Sandius the Sheriffs of London and Middlesex, had been able to collect. I therefore at the Exchange, and at the New Palaid the undertaking aside, with the lace, Westininster. The original printintention of inserting all the biogra- ed Vote (a single leaf) I had the graphical information contained in the tification to discover in the British Bibliotheca," in my projected His- Museum, and it is inserted as a curiotory of Unitarianism. This intention sity, sui generis, in my edition of the I have not abandoned. But when I Racovian Catechisın. shall be able to complete for the press When my translation of the Racoa work of which former experience vian Catechism was first announced as warns me that I ought not to flatter in preparation, my venerated friend myself with the hope of being reim- Dr. Toulmin informed me, that this bursed even the bare expenses of the had long been a favourite project of publication, I cannot take upon myself his own; and that he had relinquished to say. All I shall now remark is, it by the advice of his friends, who that the materials are on the anvil. thought it was not likely to answer as

I am not aware that there exists a a literary speculation. Happy should translation of Sandius's Bibliotheca I have been to have had my labours in any one of the vernacular languages anticipated by so competent a hand! of Europe. Dr. Toulmin, it is evident,

THOMAS REES. had never seen the French work to which he alludes; and his words, Sur,

October 7, 1825. strictly interpreted, seem to intimate OBSERVE that the subject of that it was a translation-not of the what are called “ Ordination SerBibliotheca Antitrinitariorum--but of vices,” continues to occupy the atthe “ Abridged History of the Soci- tention of your correspondents, and nians,” which he states it to contain. every new service seems to afford It is most likely that the French work, ground for fresh animadversion. That of which Dr. Toulmin had beard, was which took place lately at Norwich the Histoire du Socinianisme,” in having fallen under the censure of a writer who signs himself C., (pp. 550 for the services which form so proper –552,) I beg to offer a few words in and useful a part of their yearly meetexplanation of its design and intent. ings? What authority is there for It was not called an “ Ordination the manner in which public worship Service" by any person engaged in it, is conducted, and the Lord's Supper nor was it announced as such in any administered?

Nay, what express way, either publicly or privately. The command have we for the observance objection to the title, therefore, must of the Lord's-day? There is no aucease. But the Norwich congregation thority for wearing a gown, and pray chose to have a service on a particu- what authority is there for wearing a lar day and on a particular occasion. coat? Just the same for the one as Perfectly true : and I suppose any the other. I would advise your corcongregation is at liberty to do so respondent, Sir, notwithstanding the when they think proper, without ask- acuteness of his vision, once more to ing the permission of any person or

“ read the New Testament with no persons whomsoever. In this case, small attention," and he may possibly the Society in question ventured to acquire a few more correct ideas of think, that the entrance of a young what Christianity was intended, as minister upon his connexion with thein well as what it was not intended, to was a fit occasion for reininding each teach. of their respective duties. They were One thing he evidently has to learn also of opinion, that in a service of -namely, in what the reward of a this kind, it was desirable to invite Christian minister onght to consist. those who took a friendly interest in And he has also to learn that in order the welfare of both parties to unite: to form an opinion of a composition, and that it was not very inexpedient it is necessary either to hear it or to that a young man entering upon the read it. Now he_has never either discharge of his ministerial duties in heard or read Mr. Fox's Sermon: all a place in which he was a stranger, he knows is, that a sermon was preachshould see assembled around him those ed on such a subject by such a person. neighbouring ministers with whom he But assuming the mode in which the must be called upon more or less to subject inust be treated, taking for co-operate. This may appear to C. granted that, in speaking of “ the very unnecessary, very absurd,' and reward of the labourer," the preacher very superstitious. I must be allowed could only mean money, he proceeds to be of a different opinion, and if he to criticise the Sermon, to say what will trouble himself to read the ser- effect it ought to produce, and to previce at Norwich, (which will shortly dict that such effect will not be probe published, he will there see more duced. Truly, Sir, your correspoufully stated the reasons for its adop- dent is a most eagle-eyed" person. tion. I think he will find it difficult An individual so gifted, who can disto shew that such a service may not cern the meaning and intent of a be useful, and equally so that it could sermon 100 miles off, who can sit in lead to any improper notions on the judgment upon its contents, and forepart of those who heard it.

tell what effects it will produce, may But he has “ read the New Testa- justly claim to be of that privileged ment with no sinall attention,” with- class of auditors who “ go to hear out being able to discover (“ eagle- sermons, pour passer le temps," and cyed,” as he says he is) “ any autho- who “ make up their minds” before rity for a modern Ordination.” Pro- they hear what is addressed to them. digious!-and it would have been more But he should remember, that the so if he had. How many customs multitude are not so gifted, that they and practices are there in common vise are obliged to hear before they can among Christians of all denominations, understand or decide, and that there for which no positive command can still remain some old-fashioned pers be found in the New Testament; or sons who listen to a preacher in the rather, how few are the laws relating hope of deriving some “permanent to such observances which it contains! good" from his instructions. No What authority is there for the forma. doubt this will appear very foolish in tion of our various Associations, or the eyes of your correspondent C.;

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but he should remember that we Nor. not altogether without reason, on the wich people live in rather an out-of- Unitarian body.” If this is the source, the-way corner of the kingdom, and how happens it that this “ deficiency are quite a century behind him both of devotional spirit” is not common in acuteness and refinemerit. We have to all Christians, since Unitarian mi. not yet acquired the power of judging pisters do not enter upon the discharge of a sermon before we hear it, or of their duties at an earlier period learned the fashionable slang of saying than their Trinitarian brethren? I that we attend public worship, " pour used to be told, that “ like causes passer le temps.

produce like effects,” but the “ eagleBut we have committed another eye” of C. has found out, that like unpardonable sin, in the choice of a causes produce different etfects

And young man for our minister. Alas! yet this is the person who sits in judgSir, there are some men who, though ment upon the Norwich congregation. they grow old, never grow wise ; but To such an one we may well say, to whom increase of years brings only “ Friend, who made thee a judge or increase of folly and conceit. Of a an accuser?” What knows he of that young man there is hope, even if be- society, or how is he enabled to decide fore his entrance into active life he what advice it might or might not may have formed an erroneous esti- want? He has been very free in givinate of his duties and his powers. in his advice, and, whether he be as An acquaintance with the world inay willing to receive as to give or not, I correct and enlarge his views, and in- shall take the liberty to offer him a struct him both what he should do little counsel, which, for his own sake, and what he should avoid. But of a he will do well to attend to. Let him grey-headed coxcomb there is no hope. endeavour, as his pretensions to the He will never be able to teach, for he office of censor are singularly slender, has never been able to learn.

either to endeavour to qualify himself I shall not attempt to follow C. for it, or to express himself with a through the whole of his letter. In little more inodesty. truth I don't understand what he He thinks that a charge given to a means, nor do I believe that he him- young minister on the nature and imself does. Let him read the paragraph portance of his duties is " a piece of beginning “ Backed as he is,”* &c., inummery:he thinks" that the cirand then let bim tell me whether he cumstance that our congregations are means in it to justify or condemn the committed to the care of such young appointment of young ministers. If men is a very great evil :” he thinks his words have any ineaning he does “ we have sermons enough at home, both. He says,

“ How can there be without any American importations," any thing in the range of Christian though he ihinks “ they are very well duty that it can be unbecoming and in their way." Such language is the presumptuous in a young minister to joint offspring of ignorance and conadvert to? If juvenility be an evil, ceit, and is perhaps hardly worth the our churches would be lacking advice notice that has been taken of it. till their ministers were 30 or 35 years ONE OF The Norwich Conold.” Then, in the very next sentence, he says, “I own, i think the circumstance that our congregations Sir, young men, as have been lately chosen pastors, is a very great evil.” These B. (p. 536) that yayvertas, or the lonic two sentences resemble two clauses in ysvecias, is used by Herodotus in the the Athanasian Creed, where one con- sense of Elvas. Vide Wesseling, ad L. vii. tradlicts what the other affirms, only c. xi. In ch. lii. of this book we read with this additional defect, that the Tæv ou Maptus yoveab. Aristophanes, writing is as bad as the sense is ob- Pl. v. 431, uses yopeotar in the same scure. He adds, “I attribute to this sense; ουκeν υπολοιπον σοι το βαραθρον source” (i. e. the youth of our minis- Yeyvetas. I subjoin an observation of ters) “ the deficiency of devotional Valkenaer. This incomparable scliospirit, which has been charged, and lar, in commenting on Heb. i. 4, writes

GREGATION.

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as follows : yiveJai frequenter poni- The Athanasian Creed at variance tur pro kivai, frequenter et abundat. with Common Sense and Christian Nostro tamen loco virtute non caret, Charity. significans factus. Thus much in

Islington, defence of Socinus. With the inter- Sir,

October 12, 1825. pretation of the Proem of John's Good The hare been for many years a pel I do not meddle, being contented with the conviction which I feel that periodical publication devoted to the the orthodox interpretation is inad- interests of the Church of England. missible.

On some occasions it has been candid, In reading the excellent communi- but, generally speaking, decidedly hoscation of Clericus Cantabrigiensis, tile to every species of Dissenters. (pp. 552-557,). I was somewhat The Unitarians have been honoured amused to find that Dr. Copleston at- with no small share of its obloquy. tributes the admission of the Neces. But it is worthy of remark, ibat ibis sarian system in part to the pride of High Church Review las lately been the hunan mind in refusing to believe metamorphosed from a Monthly into that the foreknowledge of God may a Quarterly publication. Its first co-exist with the contingency of number has just appeared. One of its events. What obstinate perverseness articles is truly liberal, especially tonot to believe that an event can be wards Unitarians ; for they are the certain and uncertain at the same oppugners of its darling Athanasisa time! But this pride of the human Creed. It is entitled,

1 Sermons on intellect is in many cases a provoking various Subjects, by the late Rev. quality. It has an unlucky propensity Thomas Rennell, B.D., Vicar of Kento call things by their right namnes, sington, Prebendary of South Granand will not swallow a contradiction tham, and Chaplain to the late Lord though recommended under the guise Bishop of Salisbury." His predecesof an “apparent incongruity." The- sor at Kensington, though not immeologians in particular find it a trou- diate, was the amiable and erudite blesome thing to deal with. Even Jortin, and he was the son of Dr. though they call it hard names and Rennell, the present Dean of Winchesvilify it with the appellation of carnal ter. Mr. Rennell died recently in the reason, or imperiously demand of it prime of life and zenith of his usefulto humble itself before their myste- ness, deeply lamented. The Reviewer rious dogmas, it remains inflexible. thus notices and commends his sermon It will pry into secrets wbich it is on the Athanasian Creed: assured are above its comprehension, and pertinaciously refuses to admit “ This Creed, which has been the subthat two propositions which are dia- ject of much misapprehension, has also metrically opposed to each other can been, we must confess, the cause of some both be true. When will inen of sense uneasiness; aud certain it is, that if the and learning cease to deceive them- eininent divines of our church, professing selves and mislead others by the so

as they do precisely the saine belief,

should undertake to draw up a formula phistry of words ? When will they of this doctrine suitable to the preseat remember, or reason as though they day, and agreeable to the mild and toleremembered, that things will remain rant spirit of our church, they would be the same by whatever names they may content to express it in simpler terms be called ? When will theologians and to place it in fewer lights; and they especially be sensible that, unless they would either abstain altogether from the can refute the charge of maintaining damnatory clauses or express the sense absurd and contradictory propositions, of them in such a way as to prevent the to call their doctrines mysteries, is possibility of those harsh constructions only to add evasion to the disgrace of which they have been liable. The defeat? It would be more maguani- who composed it, nor yet in the Creed

fault, however, is not in the learned men mous boldly to affirm, that what ap, itself, which, recording, as it does, the pears a contradiction to the limited identity of our faith with that of the understanding of man, may neverthe- primitive Christian, is entitled to dess be true.

E. COGAN. highest respect; but in the numerons

heresies and wild opinious in the midst

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