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gyman who delivered it has the reputa- passed an act conferring upon him a tion of being attached to the tenets of splendid national reward. What must Socinianism, a heresy which the orthodox be this virtuous old man's feelings on allege is spreading itself widely among the witnessing the present unexampled prosPrussian theologians.”

perity of the Union, and in receiving A Tour in Germany, and some of the numberless daily acknowledgments that Southern Provinces of the Austrian Em- all this greatness and felicity is partly pires in the years 1820-1-2. Edinburgh. owing to his own disinterested exertions 1824. Vol. II. 772.

on behalf of people who had no other

claim upon bis valour, than that they UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. were oppressed and were determined to

A most pleasing scene has been exhi- be free ! What are snuff-boxes, what bited in this Republic. After many invi- are stars, garters and crosses, compared tations, the venerable patriot and cham- with this distinction ? Not all the power pion of liberty, La Fayette, has paid nor all the wealth of the Holy Alliance, a visit to the country whose independ- or of the combined kings of the earth, ence he was instrumental in establishing. could confer an honour that would not Leaving his native country France to ber appear childish beside this proud display political degradation, he breathes again of manly affection, which at once reflects the air of freedom, and is welcomed by honour on the free hearts from which the the shouts of a grateful people, as one of design emanated, and shews, by a neverthe heroes of their revolution, the com- failing sign, the immortal renown of him papion in arms of the immortal Washing- whose character has attracted the na. ton, and the contemporary and friend of tional homage. Adams and Jefferson. On this occasion, the Americans have displayed an enthu.

New York.Wo understand that the siasm which was scarcely thought conge. Dutch Reformed Church in this city have nial with their character. The voice of passed a resolution, that bereafter perparty has been h hed; all the citizens sons wishing to leave them and join the have vied with each other in testimonies Universalist church shall be dismissed and of gratitude ; LA FAYETTE's progress has recommended to it in the same manner been one continued triumphal procession; as to any other Christian Church. and the legislature have by acclamation

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Also, “ The Mosaic Mission, translated from Schiller."

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The Publishers have a Set of the MONTHLY REPOSITORY complete in Nineteen Volumes. Such of the former Volumes and Numbers as are not out of print, may also be obtained, on application to them, personally, or through the Booksellers in town or country.

ERRATA.
Vol. XIX. p. 732, 2nd col. 1. 10 from the bottom, for ' ind.' read in das.

P. 734, 2nd col. 1. 12 from the bottom, for as a question,' read a question.

Monthly Repository

No. CCXXX.]

FEBRUARY, 1825.

[Vol. XX,

Mons. Sismondi on the Political, Moral and Religious State of the British

Possessions in India.

Birmingham, are received from thence are often six Sir,

January 28, 1825. months in arriving: the communicaA kemenumber of the Revue tiens between the sinhabitants of the Paris, contains a valuable paper, writ- become rare: a long and difficult study

is ten by the celebrated Sismondi, on

necessary in order to have an idea the state of our vast possessions in of the organization of a country so India. The article is a review of two completely different from any with English publications on the same sub- which we are acquainted; and this ject, which are full of the most en

study is rendered still more difficult lightened views and important infor. from the nuinber of words and names,

draw fro mation. The following extract from

the unknown languages the review, will, I trust, be deemed of India, which we cannot succeed in worthy of a place in the Monthly pronouncing, and which we cannot Repasitory; the readers of which will easily remember. be not a little interested in learning

Many English, undoubtedly, go to what is thought by foreigners of ta- the pernicious influence of the climate;

India, but scarct one in ten escapes lent and disinterestedness on a subject which so deeply involves our national scarce one in ten returns to his native character as the friends of humanity country with a fortune bought at the and civilization. The extract closes expense of health and activity, which with a tribute of admiration to the have given place to languor and weakgreat and virtuous Rammohun Roy.

ness. These veterans of India form, Y.

however, almost the only individuals

who understand suficiently the affairs How important is it that the East of India to take a lively interest in Indies should attract the public at- them. Lastly, the India Companytention! This immense empire com- which is placed between the nation prehends the most populous and the and its subjects, which forbids all corichest part of Asia: with its subjects lonization to the English, and has and its vassals, it contains nearly eighty long prohibited all commerce, so that millions of inhabitants; and as the England has hardly any advantages English have all the advantages to be from its immense Asiatic possessions derived from superiority in the arts - has succeeded in making the Enof warfare and governinent, it may glish alınost completely uninterested perhaps extend over the rest of Asia. in the affairs of India. Nevertheless, a law which would in- Nevertheless, in spite of all these jure the interests of Bristol or Man- disadvantages, the public opinion of chester would much sooner inflame England has still a good effect upon the British nation, than if it over- India. It is a lighthouse, whose rays whelmed the whole of India. This can hardly pierce the darkness at so is not surprising : Hindostan is sepa- immense a distance; although they rated from England by the whole point out some rocks wherever they terrestrial globe. The accounts which do penetrate. The social system of

Hindostan is little better than that Two Letters to Sir C. Forbes on the of the West Indies ; but it is advanSuppression of Public Discussion in India, çing: The good which has been done &c. 1824. Richardson, Cornhill. Re-in India, has been demanded from printed in the Oriental Herald for Ang. power by public opinion: greater good -An Inquiry into the Expediency of the is and will be deinanded for it still. Colonial System for the Government of The national wishes with regard to India. 1822. Richardson,

India are still confused and feeble; K

VOL. XX.

but they will be enlightened, they will ers. Experience has sufficiently shewni be strengthened, and they will finally that both the religions professed by obtain what they have once required. the natives are hostile to the deve

India, thanks to the management lopment of moral sentiments, to the of the Company, does not enrich the progress of intellect, to the love of English. This' fact is the result of country, and to that of liberty. observation, established by M. Say But for experience, better hopes and by all who have studied the affairs might have been entertained of Islamof the Company. This will sooner isin; a religion founded upon the or later cause the dissolution of the worship of one God, a pure Spirit, Company, and the complete reunion all-powerful, all-good; which makes of the country it governs to the Bri- charity the first duty of the faithful. tish empire. But this consideration But despotism and priestcraft have is quite secondary, when compared dreadfully changed the religion of with the duty of governors. The go- Mahomet

. Wherever it is professed, vernment of a state is not a commer- a savage fanaticism is found; a hatred cial undertaking, of which the profits of all intellectual and moral improvecan be calculated by pounds, shillings ment; and external observances put and pence: it is an august task, a in the place of moral duties. The sacred duty to be fulfilled. In what- religion of Brama is still more fatal ever manner this power may have to the human species. It has so confallen into a person's hands, his duties stantly substituted ritual observances are still the same: he ought to em- for virtues, that its professors do not ploy his power solely for the good of thiuk of seeking any tie between relithe people he governs; for its good, gion and morality. A great number not only physically, but morally; for of its customs are atrocious; others its improvement, as well as its tran. are obscene; and its most constant quillity or opulence. The Company effect is to efface humane feelings is accountable to England, and En- from the heart. But, especially, it is gland to the rest of mankind, for founded upon the division of the peofrom seventy to eighty millions of ple into castes; upon the invincible human beings, of which they can, and aversion that it establishes between therefore ought, to make men. The them; upon the repugnance which it duties of England towards India will inspires between one man and another not be accomplished till these men of a different caste; upon that idea of are as virtuous, as happy, as free, as offending the Divinity which it attaches those whom she glories in having made to the progress of each individual toso at home. To raise subjects thus wards a superior state. The religion high from a state of profound degra- of Brama enchains human nature ; it dation, must undoubtedly require from rivets the irons which fix each to his the English nation time, and a great place, and which must for ever impede length of time. She will not be re- civilization. proached on this ground, if she em- The English really bear to their ploys the time well; but it is neces- Indian subjects the relation which the sary for her to advance, and to wish absolute governments of Europe preto advance, whilst the Company wishes tend to bear to theirs, when they to remain stationary. And most com- arrogate to themselves the right of monly the Government wishes it too, judging what is fit for man and what though there have been glorious ex. is not; when they speak of the people ceptions, particularly during the late as if they themselves, instead of being adininistration of the Marquis of Has- a part of the people, were angels. tings. It belongs to the English nation The English are a superior race to to wish more fervently than either, for the Indians ; they know better than the welfare and advancement of hu- the inferior race what is proper for manity.

them; they may properly aspire to The subjects of Britain in India are be the tutors, the instructors of their of two religions : the great mass of subjects ; whilst our governors, chosen the ancient inhabitants worship Bra- from among ourselves, ought to conma; the descendants of the Mogul sider themselves only as our represenconquerors are Mahometans. Other tatives. However, the English have religions are professed only by foreign- thought that the sovereign power with

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