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who have alopted an erroneous view he yields, and he cannot avoid yieldof Christian doctrine.
ing, a quiet submission to those dicWe know that pure Calvinism, car- tates which are written by the finger ried to its legitimate consequences- of God upon his heart. or, if any of your readers object to Happy is it for frail humanity that this declaration, I will say Antinomi- a weak head cannot always overcome anism - does encourage acts of un. the suggestions of a tender heart, and righteousness in many men, while it that the error which so easily obtains cherishes acts of virtue in none. I a seat in the mind, is not in general say we know that it does; for we have powerful enough to counteract those seen, often and often, that the doc- delightful feelings which are made the trines of election and of reprobation, basis of human excellence, and which when admitted in their full extent, do alone can make the society of mankind not fail to produce this effect in a happy upon earth. One cannot help corrupt and wicked mind--and who believing that, in order to convince shall exclude them from such a mind? man of his weakness, he is allowed to —for with such, joined to an active wander in the deepest mazes of error, imagination, they are most acceptable. and follow all the leadings of a wayBut they do not generally produce ward inind, but that a check is prothis effect; and why do they not? vided by his beneficent Creator to the There are many who hold these doc- evil that must assuredly arise from trines, in our view destructive of all his weakness, in those kind affections moral distinctions, and yet are pat- which are implanted within him, and terns of general virtue; and, while which no accumulation of falsehood their religion, teaches that all the and of bigotry can altogether deactions of their lives are equally cor, stroy, rupt, and I might say vicious; and I have seen, Sir, the remarks of that none of them, be they what they “ A Calvinist” in your last number may, have any merit in the sight of (Vol. XIX. p. 536).' He writes much God; they give a decided preference about a consistent Calvinist. This is to those which are pious and virtuous, a very equivocal term. The shades of admire them in others, and practise what is called Calvinism are varied as them themselves. There is an incon- the colours of the rainbow; and in gruity in such a line of conduct too whatever line a man may place himpalpable to escape notice. If a man self, from the tender violet to the believe from his heart that every thing flaming red, I apprehend he thinks which he does is alike corrupt, that himself consistent. With his own in the final issue of things it will make principles he perhaps is so; but le no difference in what inanner his pre- must allow us to judge, not from his sent life is passed, for that he must thoughts, which are not open to us, owe his salvation to the redemption but from the creeds of Calvinistic of the blood of Christ, or cannot oh- churches, and catechisms, and those tain it at all, therefore, that his future books which were written by the great welfare can be neither proinoted nor men who have been held to be oracles prevented by any thing or by every of the party: There is high Calvinthing he can do, why should he notism, which is proper Calvinism, and walk in the ways of his heart and in there are modifications of it, which, the sight of his eyes, in the assurance in truth, are no Calvinism at all. that for these things God will not call These modified systeins have been him into judgment?
prevalent for more than two centuIt appears to me that the subject ries among the Dissenters of England we are now upon explains to us why and in the Established Churches, in he does not. I think that while his spite of all their Articles and Confestheological system dictates to hiin one sions of Faith; and they have been thing, his heart dictates another. It held by those respectable characters seems to me there is an open war of the family in which I was born, declared between his creed and his whose Nonconformity I value, but feelings, and that while in his judg- whose theology, I must think, needed ment he bows submissively to what a purging not less efficient than that he regards the written word of God, by which the forms of the Church were purified by their virtuous ener- as one of their body. Generally they gies.
have not; but I confess for one, With respect to "the doctrine of that when I have read his Sermon Divine influence in the conversion and on the Use of Scripture Language, sanctification of souls,” is your corre- and indeed his works passim, I have spondent a stranger in our Jerusalem, been inclined to suspect that he was and does he not know that this doc- no distinct believer in the peculiar trine has also its various shades; that doctrines of his Church. He subour most respected friend and cham- scribed the Articles, I apprehend, pion at Bristol has carried it somewhat in his own sense, and as articles of farther than many of us can follow peace. His posthumous Sermons sahim (Mon. Repos. XIV. 545-550); vour more of orthodoxy” than any and that there is a sense in which we thing which he published in his lifemay all be disposed to admit it? But time; but is not the orthodoxy here suppose I do not admit it in any sense in words merely? Could not an Unishall I speak less respectfully of my tarian, of a large conscience and of a ancestors because, being men, they conciliatory temper, have said all that held some errors? Surely not. Í Paley preached to his parishioners? respect them for the virtues on ac- That Paley has been claimed by count of which I have spoken in their some Unitarians, would appear from praise; nor do I doubt that, if I knew a passage in the Memoir of the Rev. your correspondent, “A Calvinist,” Philip Chase, son of Bishop Chase, better, I should find in him much to of Ohio, who was lately in this counesteem. Already I believe that his try, inserted in the Missionary Regisheart is good; and if the admissions ter for December. This young man, of his creed are false we know he is who died March 1, 1824, aged 25 fallible-I am not sure that mine are years, was educated at Harvard Uninot so too. I esteem and love many versity. Alluding to this heterodox Calvinists ; if I did not, I should be a Transatlantic seat of learning, the most unworthy brother. I only desire, biographer says of Mr. Chase," He if I am in the right, that they were abhorred the attempt, so often made, even as I am; and, while I think my- to share in the Saviour's work; and self so, I shall offer up this prayer. made it a subject of incessant thanks.
giving to God, that he had been so P.S. In a letter just received from mercifully preserved from what he a friend, I read, - * The • Calvinist' considered the melancholy error in of the Repository seems open to an the creed of the respectable Univerassault on the ground of his bearing sity wherein he received his educathis questionable title, under the sur. tion.” mise that Le vieux Monsieur Chauvin, To this passage is subjoined the Législateur et Pasteur de Genève, fut following note : absolument infaillible. To Christ, as " Mr. Chase always expressed the an accredited plenipotentiary, we at- highest respect for many in the gotribute infallibility, and therefore pro- vernment of the College, (and partifess to follow him implicitly in faith, cularly for President Kirkland,) both hope and love. But is this follower as scholars and governors. He thought of a blind guide prepared to admit very highly also of his . Alma Mater,' that he is, to all intents and purposes, in regard to literary advantages ; but a soldier of Calvin's train bands? Is he always spoke with great warmth of he devoted to his theory of tactics in the danger to which young men of his Institute, and resigned to his or- ' talents were exposed from Unitarian ders and generalship, as under the sentiments. A classmate (who was banner of another Messiah? Is not not, however, in his division) says, this Popery at Geneva, the Rome of It was related one day after recitathe Reformation, as it has been tion, that, on one of the Tutors or called ?"
Professors inentioning to the class
that Dr. Paley was a Unitarian, Mr. SIR,
Chase modestly contradicted the asOUR Reviewer repeats, (p. 39,) sertion, and firmly stated some rea
after Mr. Wellbeloved, that the sons for his denial of the fact."" Unitarians have not claimed Dr. Paley Whatever credit be due to this an
ecdote, it is clear that by somebody aware that his Antitrinitarianism could or other Paley has been suspected not be inferred from his works. But of Unitarianizing (as the old divines perusing, many years ago, a very old would say); and indeed it is impos. church book belonging to the General sible that the out-and-out believer of Baptist Church at Barbican, one of the Thirty-nine Articles and the Three its memorandums was to this purpose: Creeds should be satisfied with (what “ Received Dr. John Gale from the Bishop Marsh calls) his generalized General Baptist Church at Deptford, Christianity, You have told us from where he had preached, but could the Quarterly, that Mr. Biddulph, the preach no longer on account of his leader of the “ Evangelical” Church unsound notions on the Trinity, Oriparty, disowns himn (p. 60); and I verily ginal Sin, &c." These are not the believe he would be disowned by all exact words, but it is the substance; sticklers for things as they are, if it and ever since I have ranked Dr. Galé were not necessary to keep him, as as no Trinitarian, though no precise Lardner is kept, in spite of his heresy, ideas can be given of his views on for his services as the advocate of the subject. The writer of the short external religion. Paley committed Memoir prefixed to his Sermons, says, two sins for which he will never be that he intended writing on Original forgiven; he denounced bigotry and Sin; but he died soon after; when he dared to reason.
this and other projected works reCANTABRIGIENSIS.
Such is the ground on which I proIslington,
ceeded, and it satisfies my own mind, SIR, January 12, 1825. though it may not be so decisive as Í
could wish on so important a subject. RECOMMENDED the case of I
The Rev. William Foot, of Bristol, I the General Baptist Church at have also stated to be an Antitrini. Dover to the liberality of the readers of your Miscellany (Vol. XIX. p. 343). doubted it; but his worthy daughter,
tarian, though some of my friends I must now beg leave to state some Mrs. Foot, has assured ine of the fact. circumstances which have transpired It may not
be generally known that respecting it, and which call for im- this divine kept an academy for many mediate attention. The Church has a debt upon it by he was on the article of the Trinity,
years at Bristol ; and, heterodox as the erection of its new Chapel, so he had the honour of having for his admired for its neatness and convenience. An old gentleman had pro- Southey, Esq., LL.D., so distinguished
pupil the present Poet-laureat, Robert mised to leave £250 for its liquida- for his loyalty and orthodoxy! This tion, provided the remaining portion of the debt could be raised by the gentleman, therefore, ought to have subscription of 100 persons, a guinea notwithstanding his zeal for the ex
some respect for Unitarians; and, each, for three succeeding years. veral subscribers have been obtained, wards this intelligent and deserving
tirpation of heretics, feel kindly toand the reinainder will, no doubt, be portion of the religious community. procured in so good a work. But this Verbum sat sapienti
. should be directly accomplished, for the £250 will be advanced without Adam asserting that these General
With respect to the Rev. Robert delay, the donor finding that he can. Baptist Ministers were sound Trinitanot, by the Mortmain Act, leave it rians,
it by no means follows that their for such a purpose. This is so gene- successors and descendants should be rously proffered, that any person dis
so too, who have seen the error of posed to come forward with his subo their forefathers, and wisely corrected scription will be so kind as to do it it. Their revolution of sentiment they immediately. He gives twice who deem an approximation to truth. This gives quickly, was a sage maxim of should be recorded, not to their disantiquity.
grace, but to their honour. We have
apostolical authority urging us on to P.S. I thank Mr. Rutt for his com- perfection. And the great and good munication respecting Dr. John Gale Dr. Isaac Watts has this declaration, (Vol. XIX. p. 7 12). With him I was which should be engraven in lasting
characters upon the mind of every pro- In the Second Epistle of Peter, i. 1, fessor, oferery denomination, through- some manuscripts, instead of Oce, read out the wide extent of Christendom : Kupie; so that this passage, allowing
“It becomes the All-wise God, and the genuineness of the Epistle, cannot mortal man, to be unchangeable. not be confidently appealed to on the It doth not belong to such poor, im- question. Your correspondent is right perfect beings as we are, to remain in considering the Common Version for ever immoveable in all the same as incorrect. I should, without hesiopinions that we have once indulged, tation, render the passage as it is ren. por to stamp every sentiment with dered in the Improved Version, and immortality.”
should extend to the word Ewrop the
remark which I made in relation to • Dr. Fordyce's stumbling at the Mar. the word Kupios, nor do I see any sufriage Service.
ficient reason why it should not be SIR,
thus extended. Indeed, when I made AM
MPLE, in relation to your limits, the remark, I conceived that if there
as is the review of the “ Me. were good reason to believe that the moir of the late Mrs. Fordyce,” (pp. canon did not hold good with respect 44-47) you have omitted' one short to ο Θεος ημων και Κυριος Ιησες Χριςος, extract which appears to me
to be it could not hold good with respect peculiarly worthy of a place in your too Θεος ημων και σωτηρ Ιησες Χριςος. Repository. It refers to the Doctor's But your correspondent asks, « if marriage, which was celebrated by Kupsos quer kæl owTmp Inces Xposos is dispensation at his brother Alexav. correctly rendered • our Lord and Sader's seat at Roehampton, and is as viour Jesus Christ,' why should not follows: “ The Dean of ** •, who ο Θεος ημων και σωτηρ Ιησες Χριςος be had been engaged to perform the cere. rendered our God and Saviour Jesus mong, began and continued to pro- Christ'?” To this question my fornounce the words with impressive mer communication will give what, I solemnity till the Doctor had to say, think, may be considered as an an
With any body I thee worship,' when swer; and if your correspondent will he substituted the words, . With my do me the favour to read it aguin, if I body I thee honour.' The Dean re- mistake not, he will perceive that, peated' worship;' the Doctor repeat- though the grammatical construction ed “honour.' Three times the Dean of the two passages is the same, yet reiterated ‘worship;' and as often when the general language of the the Doctor, in a voice which inspired apostolic writers is considered, there awe, repeated honour.' The digni- is a circumstance of difference betary paused; a momentary red suf. tween them which justifies an adhefused bis cheek: but he proceeded; rence to the canon in the former and the ceremony was concluded."- instance, and the neglect of it in the (P. 47.)
latter. It may moreover be observed, Here we see and must admire thc that when a writer can suspect no struggling of a Presbyterian consci- danger of being misunderstood, he ence; but let us admire also the can- may unconsciously fall into a condour of a Church-of-England dignitary, struction, which he would otherwise whose name ought to be known.
have avoided. I have reasoned, as A DISSENTER. your correspondent will
the supposition that Peter was the SIR,
author of the Epistle, and that he
wrote Θεo, not Κυριά. HEN I have said the little which Since I wrote my former paper, I cannot easily, amidst the pressure of Carpenter's third edition of Unitarimy occupations, turn my attention to anism the Doctrine of the Gospel; to it a second time; but as silence in which I would refer those of your some cases is liable to be misinter- readers who wish to see a full and preted, I think it proper to say a judicious discussion of the subject. word or two in reply to the observa
E. COGAN. tions of your correspondent n, pp. 29, 30.
Noriich, thodox Dissenters here know full Sir,
February 3, 1825. well: and they also know that in no VE intention of some of the Cal other hands would so fair a division
der the Unitarians, had reached me well aware that if the Baptists had it before I saw the Repository for Janu- in their hands, not a sixpence would ary (p. 56). You have spoken of that they ever receive; nor the Baptists, intention in very appropriate terms. if the Independents had it. It is That there are individuals sufficiently equally notorious here, that hundreds regardless of their characters as men of the children of orthodox parents and as Christians to make such an have enjoyed the advantages of graattempt, I am not surprised; but I tuitous education in the excellent am loth to believe that it can be coun- school which is attached to the Uni. tenanced by the body of orthodox tarian congregation here. Dissenters. They will probably think Twenty-five years ago, a Society twice before they proceed to acts of was instituted in Norfolk for the Reopen hostility against us. They will lief of aged Dissenting Ministers and consider well whether it be worth while their Widows and Orphans. To this to engage in a contest, of which the Society the members of the Unitarian benefit they expect to derive must, Chapel bere largely contributed; for, to say the very least, be exceedingly as appeared by the printed accounts, doubtful, and ivhich must inevitably within five years after the formation have the effect of depriving them of of the Society, they had given £225. the advantages which they derive by 158., while the Independent congretheir occasional union and connexion gation here had given only £87. 88.
I will mention an instance Now, from the period at which the or two. The Unitarian Chapel in this Society was formed, up to the present city was built during the ministry of moment, not a single claim has been Dr. John Taylor," for the worship" made upon it by any Unitarian con(as he expresses it in the Sermon gregation or minister, But, I would which he preached at the opening ask, is it likely, can it be imagined, of it) “ of the living and true God, if this declaration of war be followed through the one Mediator, Jesus up, that Unitarians will go on to Christ, according to the rules and exercise the same liberal and friendly spirit of genuine Christianity – that feeliug towards their orthodox bre. upon this ground the Society may be thren as they now do? Have the latquite free to search the Scriptures, to ter reckoned up all the consequences discover, correct and reform, at any which must result from the step they time, their own mistakes and defici. propose to adopt? Let them take care, encies, and at liberty to exercise com. They have as yet only proceeded to munion with any of their Christian words, but the moment the sword is brethren." During the period of his drawn, adien to all the ties which now ministry, a pious and worthy lady of bind us to them as brother Noncon. his congregation left a sum of money formists. I say nothing of the unkind in the hands of trustees, members of feeling which must be engendered that congregation, to be by them everywhere friendship and good-will now year distributed in such way and to exist; I speak merely of the gross such Dissenting Ministers as they and folly of their intentions; and I would their successors might think fit, with advise them, from mere motives of this restriction only, that they should prudence, to desist. The zealots who be resident in Norfolk or Suffolk. urged on this pillaging scheme, have Now, Sir, from that time to this, very little notion of the extent to the sum so left has been distributed which their friends throughout the among Dissenting Ministers of the kingdom will instantly suffer. There Three Denominations, without regard is yet time for the reflecting portion to their creed, the only aim of the of the Calvinists to interpose and put trustces having been to give it where
a stop to it. If they neglect to do it was most wanted. Thousands of so, be the consequences upon their pounds have been thus distributed by own heads. Unitarian trustees to Independent and
EDWARD TAYLOR. Baptist Ministers. This fact the or