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REVIEW.
“ Still pleased to praise, yet not afraid to blame."-Pore.

by to the

Art. I.--A Letter to the Rev. Dr. are wild and monstrous, others mis

Milner, occasioned by some Pas- placed, and most untenable. Occasages contained in his Book, enti- sionally, however, he stops to anitled, The End of Religious Con- madvert upon his quotations : and we troversy.. By the late Rev. s. shall produce one stricture of this Parr, LL.D. London: printed for kind, which is eminently marked by

Mawman. 1825. 8vo. pp. 60. pertinency and acuteness. Pp. 16, Art. II. - Dr. Milner's Parting

17. Word to Dr. Grier. With a Brief

The Vicar Apostolic having, with Notice of Dr. S. Parr's Posthu- much triumph, declared, that it is mous Letter to Dr. Milner. Lon an absurdity to talk of the Church or don: printed, &c., by Keating and Society of Protestants, because the Brown. 1825. 8vo. pp. 49.

term Protestant expresses nothing VE former of these pamphlets sociation among them,” Dr. Parr

positive, much less any union or asgrandson, the Rev. John Lynes, of tions : Elmley Lovett, near Worcester. It was originally written for the Gentle- “ Where, perhaps you will be asked man's Magazine; but “after-thoughts by some of my brethren, lies the abenlarged its dimensions, and other surdity of talking of a church, or soreasons, unnecessary to detail, pre

ciety of Protestants ? Where, permit vented its publication in that form. in the ideas or the terms ?

me to ask you, is the contradiction either

If one term The design of publishing it, however, Protestant distinctly and unequivocally was never abandoned, and three dif, expresses one idea, the protestation of ferent copies, each left more finished those who protest against the Catholic than the other, * demonstrate the au- Church, * how does it follow that anthor's zeal and his intentions."

other term, be it church or society, does Many of our readers may be aware not as unequivocally and as distinctly ex. that Dr. Milner, in his “ End of Relic press another idea, namely, the union or gious Controversy," had, more than association of those who thus protest

When you, Sir, once, taken occasion to intimnate, and among themselves ? even allege, that Bishop Hallifax died have the goodness to assist mý dullness, a Catholic. The statement naturally

I shall be ready to forgive your positiveexcited wonder among those who knew ness, and to applaud your sagacity." and valued the departed prelate. Ac- In three several pages of “ the cordingly, the main object of Dr. End of Religious Controversy," Dr. Parr's Letter is to refute the charge: Milner has spoken of Bishop Hallifax this design he has executed firmly and as dying a Catholic. At first, indeed, courteously; and if there are any in- (Part i. p. 77,) he qualifies this statedividuals whom the reasoning in his ment by the word probably. Nevertract fails to convince, we can refer theless, he repeats it afterwards withthem, without anxiety or hesitation, out any modification, a practice not to the documents in the Appendix. uncommon with some poleznics, and

Of Dr. Parr's painphlet nearly the deserving of severe reproof. With a first twenty-seven pages are little rela- moderation of temper and a correcttive to the matter in dispute. In ness of judgment which are extremely those pages he extracts from “ the admirable, Dr. Parr contents himself End of Religious Controversy," a num- with pointing out the utter improber of propositions, some of which bability of the allegation. From Bi

* It is, after all, not such as Dr. Parr + See Mosheim's account of the term, himself would have laid before the Eccl. Hist., [Maclaine,] IV. 73, 74 (ed, world.

1782),

shop Hallifax's * personal and public In a postscript to "a Parting Word character, from the prelate's writings, to the Rev. Richard Grier, D.D.," from the circumstance of Dr. Milo &c., Dr. Milner resumes the subject : ner's informant being anonymous, he now employs four pages in a nofrom the silence of near relations and tice of Dr. Parr's posthumous tract official attendants, he argues effec- and of Mr. Hallifax's second letter; tually and satisfactorily to the con- that letter he most unjustifiably declusion, that the statement is un- signates as “a fishing letter," and founded.

contents himself with again expressBut the Appendix is by far the ing what he calls his probable opinion, most valuable and inportant part of while he studiously withholds from us this pamphlet; inasmuch as we find any further means of estimating the the question of fact here disposed of measure of its probability. in a manner perfectly decisive. On Under these circumstances, we must Feb. 9, of the present year, the Rev. pronounce Dr. Parr's and Mr. HalliB. F. Hallifax, son of the former fax's victory complete, and must treat Bishop of that name, and resident at the statement in respect of the late Batchcott, near Ludlow, addressed to Bishop of St. Asaph's change of reliDr. Milner a letter, in which it is gious belief as a wanton calumoy. asked, with due respect, on what Let our readers judge for themselves, grounds the probability of the above- of Dr. Milner's conduct as a dispucited statement rests; and in which tant, a logician and an ecclesiastic. it is declared, on the authority of But we confound not the commuthose who attended the prelate during nion to which he belongs with indihis illness and at his death, that “no vidual members and ministers of it: expression escaped his lips, from we distinguish, too, between docwhich it could be inferred or sup- trines that we deem unscriptural and posed any change had taken place in civil rights, that ought, in wisdom and his mind with respect to the Church in equity, to be without delay and of England." By Dr. Milner this without reserve extended. Cordially letter was acknowledged and this in- do we adopt the words of the late quiry was answered. The Vicar Apos- venerable author of the posthumous tolic speaks of " a certain Catholic” Letter, and avow ourselves (p. 35) un. who had access to the Bishop in his feigned " well-wishers to the petiillness, and who, it seems, was made tions which English and Irish Roman the depositary of bis avowal of a Catholics have presented to Parliachange of faith. Unfortunately, ne- ment, in order to obtain relief from vertheless, “ both the parties alluded certain galling restraints and insulting to having long since quitted this world, exclusions." it is not possible to bring the matter

N. to any thing like evidence; but,” adds Dr. Milner, as I spoke of the fact ART. III.-A Treatise of Christian barely as probable, I may be allowed Doctrine, compiled from the Holy to retain my opinion on the known

Scriptures alone. By John Milton. credibility of my informants." With

(Continued from p. 692.) might wels suppose, was not satisfied : OUR whitechnis is to lay before our he wrote therefore a second letter to the Vicar Apostolic, and requested to readers his thoughts upon some other receive from him such naines and important subjects ; not that we adopt dates and other circumstantial intelli- all his opinions, but that, being his, gence as might serve either to verify they are worthy of being known. or to disprove his former allegation. Discarding the doctrine of the TriHere the correspondence of these two nity, Milton gave up of course the gentlemen ended.

popular potion concerning the Holy

Spirit. Like some of the elder UniIt is remarkable enough that in Dr. tarians, he believed in the personality Parr's Letter the names Houdly and Hal of the Spirit, and attributed to him an lifax are misspelled [Hoadley and Hali- exalted nature. “—- inasmuch as he fax).

is a minister of God, and therefore a

we

creature, was created or produced of production of saving faith. See Chap. the substance of God, not by a natural XVIII. and XX. necessity, but by the free-will of the On the economy of redemption, agent, probably before the foundations Milton is of the same mind as the of the world were laid, but later than Remonstrants of Holland. He denies, the Son, and far inferior to him.” P. as we have seen, absolute personal 171. He anticipates (p. 167) Dr. election and, of consequence, final perSamuel Clarke's interpretation of the severance. Baptismal form, Matt. xxviii. 19: He was a believer in the existence “Our eternal salvation is owing to the of a race of beings called angels, with Father, our redemption to the Son, a gradation of rauks, dignities and and our sanctification to the Spirit. offices; and also in the apostacy of a The power of the Father is inherent part of them who since their revolt in himself, that of the Son and Spirit have been known as devils. is received from the Father,” &c. He held the bold doctrine of the

The work of creation, properly so homogeneity of man, and of the excalled, is assigned by Milton to Christ. tinction of the whole man at death. He had no prepossession for the He received the fall of man in a scheme of Socinus.

he by literal sense, and though he scrupled whom all things were made both in the phrase " Original Sin," admitted heaven and earth, even the angels the universal hereditary depravity of themselves, lie who in the beginning the human race. was the Word, and God with God, His opinion on the liberty of diand although not supreme, yet the vorce for other causes than adultery first-born of every creature, must ne- was well known in his life-time, when cessarily have existed previous to his also be was suspected of inclining to incarnation, whatever subtilties may the lawfulness of polygamy, which he have been invented to evade this con. defends in this posthumous Treatise. clusion by those who contend for the A favourite point with Milton is merely human nature of Christ.” Pp. the abolition under the Gospel of the 298, 299.

whole Mosaic law: but the AntinoMilton held the doctrine of Atone- mians cannot boast that if now alive ment, nearly as it is now held by Cal- he would be a member of the church vinists. He thus defines the humilia- (late W. Huntington's) in Gray's Inn tion of the Redeemer : “ The Humi- Lane, for in the ethical part of the liation of Christ is that State in which Treatise he asserts the merit of good under his character of God-man he works. voluntarily submitted himself to the He abandons the Sabbath as a ChrisDivine Justice, as well in Life as in tian institution, and pronounces the Death, for the purpose of undergoing observation of the First Day of the all things requisite to accomplish our week to be matter of expediency only, redemption." P. 316. He considers and not to be enforced by the civil Christ to have been a proper sacrifice power. “ both in bis divine and human na- He rejects the baptism of infants, ture," and “ slain in the whole of his and inaintains the immersion of adult nature.” The following definition is believers : but he does not allot to orthodox enough on this point to sa- baptism the first place in the scale of tisfy a synod of "Westminster Di- Christian duties (see p. 463); on the vines :" "The satisfaction of Christ contrary, he seems to justify its disuse is the Complete Reparation made by in certain cases (see pp. 439 and 444), him in his two-fold capacity of God and as far as we know his religious and Man, by the fultilment of the history, his own example was conforLaw and payment of the required price mable not to the rule' but to the exfor all mankind.” P. 322. The he- ception of baptisın. resy of general redemption appears in His view of the Lord's Supper will the last clause of the quotation ; but be generally esteemed a low one : he with this doctrine, Milton united that regarded the ordinance as a rite of of the special operations of the Holy memorial and hospitality, and, glanSpirit on the minds of individuals, cing at the orthodox churches of his which he regarded as necessary to the day, writes with indignation of the “ numberless absurd speculations sume the politician, nor, unless the which have well nigh converted the description of the angelic hierarchies Supper of the Lord into a banquet of be an exception, betray the poet. cannibals." P. 442.

The Treatise is a curiosity that posteHe describes marriage as a purely rity will value: it will be a lasting civil compact, requiring neither priest memorial of the independence and innor altar.

tegrity of the author's mind, and its In church-government he agrees influence will, we calculate, be seen with the Independents; holding that in taking off the edge of the odium religion is to be protected by the civil ecclesiasticum from what is called kemagistrate, not forced upon the peo- resy, ple, that bishops and elders are the Mr. Sumner, the Translator, is ensame character in the New Testament, titled to high praise. His version is that the right of election to all offices perspicuous and easy, and his notes is in the people, and that any believer are chiefly illustrations, and those endowed with the necessary gifts is taken from Milton's acknowledged competent to act as a minister. works. A few, indeed, are of a dif

Finally, the Milton Creed embraces ferent description, and are open to the resurrection of the same hody, criticism. We smile when we find the the Millenium or Thousand Years' Prebendary of Canterbury making the personal reign of Christ upon the apology for Milton's Antitrinitarianearth, the locality of hell and the ism, that he lived before Waterland. eternity of punishment.

But, upon the whole, we admire his The form of the Treatise is too forbearance as a Churchman, and hear. scholastic to allow it to be popular, tily thank him for so faithful a fulfileven if the singularity of some of its ment of the liberal wish of the King, doctrines would not turn away the so truly honourable to His Majesty, people froin it. There is a profusion that this undoubted relic of the great of Scripture, but the succession of a Milton's should be given pure and number of texts without comment is entire to the world, and also placed tedious. Throughout the whole work by means of a translation in the hands Milton appears the grave and even of the British Public. severe divine : he does not once as

OBITUARY.

1825, July 9, SAMUEL BROADLEY, Esq., plied for the relief of poor memof The Lodge, Bradford, Yorkshire, for bers

1000 many years President of the Northern To Sion Chapel, ditto, for the Education Society, a Dissenting Acade- same purpose

500 mical Institution for Students for the Ministry. The liberality and generosity of Mr. Broadley are testified by the fol, Oct. 25, in his 77th year, after a few lowing noble legacies :

days' illness at Brighton, whither he had To the Northern Education So..

gone to attend a religious meeting, the ciety; six young men to be sup

Rev. David BOQUE, D.D., of Gosport.

£5000 ported by the proceeds ...

He had been about 50 years pastor of a

church of Protestant Dissenters at Gos. To Saperannuated Ministers and their Widows, the proceeds to

port, was one of the first promoters of be devoted to their relief under

the London Missionary Society and was the direction of the President

Tutor of the Missionary Seminary. He and Committee of the above.

was highly respected in his denominanamed Society.

5000

tion, as the list of Funeral Sermons for To the Yorkshire Itinerant So

him will sufficiently testify. He pubciety

2000

lished several theological works and To the Baptist Mission

1000

many single sermons. To the Baptist Irish Society 1000 To the first Baptist Church at

Nov. 21, at Tooting, in the 77th year Bradford; proceeds to be ap- of his age, Mr. WILLIAM BICKNELL. [Biographical particulars of this excel- her deportment in the house of prayer lent man will be given in the next Num- and her zeal in promoting its best in. ber.]

terests in every possible way, and especially in the instruction of the young

the inhabitants of this town who could Dec. 3, at Bridport, aged 51, CHAR- not but notice and admire her persevering LOTTE GUNDRY, eldest daughter of the activity in every appropriate work of late Joseph Gundry, Esq., Banker, in benevolence, the poor, the sick, the that place. It would afford a pensive aged, those whom she sought out in pleasure to review in detail the life of their abodes of want and suffering, and one so estimable, to trace minutely that to whom she delighted in administering course, which like the dawning light, instruction, sympathy and relief, -all shone more and more unto the perfect these are ready to rise up and call her day. But a brief and very imperfect blessed. The pure satisfaction arising sketch must suflice. Miss Gundry en. from the performance of these labours of joyed in early life the advantage of judi, piety and love, was for years the priucicious maternal instruction and care, and pal enjoyment which supported our friend was in early life deprived of this advan. under a deeply-rooted malady productive tage. Educated among Unitarian Dis- of frequent and intense suffering. It senters, she happily imbibed along with was the will of Heaven that this course the opinions which characterize our body, of agonizing trial and extraordinary usea deep sense of religious obligation, a fulness should at length terminate. The spirit of fervent, well-regulated piety, and strength of the frame was gradually worn a fixed habit of religious self-controul. down by the ravages of disease, and it The circumstances in which she was was appointed that the principles which placed on attaining to maturity, led her had impelled to duty, should exhibit to a free investigation of the most inte. their power to support and to cheer on resting and important topics counected the couch of debility and in the chamber with the Christian faith, and in this way of death. To the very last there was her understanding gained strength by extreme bodily suffering, but there were exercise, whilst the system which she « blessed consolations in distress.” Behad been taught by others, obtained the sides“ the memory sweet of mercies sanction of her deliberate judgment. done,” the affectionate attentions of near Nor did her subsequent life afford any relatives, and the invaluable society of countenance to the notion that specu- that earliest friend whom a merciful Prolative inquiries are vecessarily injurious vidence permitted to assume her own to the best and loftiest affections of the station in the solemn hour which severs heart. Let the friend who had the pri- earthly ties, there was the realized previlege of claimiug that title during the sence of a heavenly Parent and the humlast and best half of her days be heard in ble hope of eternal life, founded on a testimony of what she was under the sure trust in his unpurchased mercy as domestic roof: “ I have been intimate manifested to the penitent and faithful with Miss Gundry,” says that friend in by his well-beloved Son. Seldom is it a letter written since her death, “ for the privilege of surviving friends to conmore than a quarter of a ceutury, and template a character of so much excelabout one-fifth of that time she has lence. Seldom do we behold, as in this passed under my roof, either in attending instance, in united operation, vigorous the sick bed of her earliest friend during understanding with deep sensibility and many periods of great anxiety, or in ad- feminine grace, ardent private affection ministering to the comforts of the family with comprehensive active benevolence, by a mild but uniform flow of spirits, zeal for a peculiar religious system with and the most rational and useful con- complete liberality towards the supportversation. Though she disliked levity, ers of opposing systems, a generous reashe was always cheerful, and occasion. diness to enter into the schemes of the ally playful. Her temper was of uncom. benevolent with a judicious appreciation mon sweetness, and I do not recollect of their merits and their means, the for one moment to have seen it ruffled. habit of exercising reason with the culIn all her actions she was guided by a ture of devout affection in all its modifiprinciple of duty, and she has frequently cations of gratitude, humility, resignasaid to me, she hoped she should never tion and hope. Those who know what live a single day longer than she could it is to have possessed and to have lost be useful.” As to her religious proses- such a friend will not require in this sion and social virtues there is little need place a minute scrutiny as to the shades to appeal to individual testimony. The which the censorious may detect in the members of a numerous Christian so. brightest excellence. Human virtue is ciety who witnessed week after week progressive, and those who are progres

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