Imatges de pÓgina

himself, of further illustrating the of the doctrine of the Trinity; upon Hebrew terins and idioms in question. which language (numberless pas

One of the references of Archdeacon sages'] his antagonist pertinently reWrangham, in this part of his Charge, marks, that it is “somewhat hyper“stands thus : Joseph. ap. Phot.He bolical,” and that the dignitary here will be little obliged to his acute and displays “ more of the orator than of learned opponent for not passing it in the divine.”—P. 118. silence :

As to the Baptismul formula, Mr.

Wellbeloved fairly questions the pro“ Joseph. can of course be no other than priety of Matt. xxviii. 19, being so Josephus, and Josephus ap. Phof. can be denominated; since there is not an no other than the Jewish historian, from instance on record of its having been whose works Photius has made some extracts. The term Tpas, used by Jose ever used in the apostolic age. He phus, struck' me immediately as 'not a explains the passage, as well as 2 Cor. little extraordinary;

and though I knew xiii. 14, [an apostolic benediction,] that some Christiau Fathers had tampered with sound judgment and learning, with his works, I felt persuaded from my with perspicuity and success.--Pp. 119 recollection of the passages cited by the ~123. author of the Myriobiblon, that the term The Ven. Archdeacon inquires, had not beeu foisted into any of them. Why, with more especial reference Not being wholly unacquainted with the to the second person of the Trinity, learned patriarch's work, a little search do we read that the word, which was discovered to me the real author, one made flesh, and dwelt among us, was Jobius, a monk of the sixth century, dis- God, even God over all

, blessed for tioguished by his fanciful defence of the orthodox doctrine. I will allow what, I ever?' His question is answered by fear, you would not, in similar circum- another : stances, graut to a Unitarian writer, that “ Where,” the writer of the Three this wrong reference was the consequence, Letters' also asks, “ do we read, that the not of design, but of inadvertence; but word was God over all, blessed for ever'? there is something so imposing and so Paul, from whom this last phrase is cited, misleading to an unwary reader, in the (Rom. ix, 4,) never once speaks of the connexiou of plural Hebrew terms, as word; and we Unitarians maintain, that names of God, the Trinity and Josephus, it is not even of Jesus, the preacher of a Jevrish writer known to be contemporary the word, that he here speaks ; but of with the apostles, that I could not suffer that Great Being, whom he elsewhere the error, trifling as it may perhaps be calls the God and Father of our Lord thought by some, to pass unnoticed and Jesus Christ, who is blessed for everuncorrected."-P. 114.

more, (2 Cor. xi. 31,) and to whom he We are much pleased with the fol- ascribes praise for the benefits conferred lowing reply to an ill-considered inter- the Christian, dispensation.”—Pp. 123,

first in the Jewish, and afterwards in rogation:

124. “ You go on to inquire, . Why are the

With reference to the Logos of the names, and attributes, and works, and beloved disciple, the Archdeacon of worship of the Divinity, ascribed to a cer- Cleveland speaks of the intelligible tain character, appearing upou different occasions throaghoat the Old Testament; commentary, and the brief and obvious and more particularly appropriated by the interpretation, of the Church of Enprophets, in almost every variety of appli- gland: and this interpretation, whạtcation, to the Messiah ý In answer to ever it be, for we can scarcely discern this inquiry, I must be permitted to say, it, he chooses to contrast with some Produce the passages ; prove that such varying paraphrases by Unitarian exthings as belong to the true God, are positors. Here he has to encounter ascribed to any other than to Jehovah, another awkward question : the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, and the reason shall be given."– Church of England ? for I do not find

“ Is this the interpretation of the Pp. 116, 117.

that all her sons agree in their comThe Archdeacon of Cleveland ap- ments. Are we to judge of her views peals to the Baptismal formula and respecting this passage (1 John i. 1,] to the apostolic benediction-nor to as she ,declared them by the mouth of these alone, but to numberless pas- Dr. Daniel Waterland, in the year 1719, sages in the New Testament, -as involving the irresistible conclusion

John i. 1; 1 John i. . VOL. XX.


at the Cathedral Church of St. Paul, The dignitary refers ' next to John London or as she afterwards declared v.21: - Ås the Father raiseth up the them, in the years 1764-5, at the very dead, and quickeneth them, even so same place, by the mouth of Dr. Benja- the Son quickeneth whoin he will.' nin Dawson) If we listen to her first Bat the tiventy-sixth verse of this oracle, we sball be told that “In the beginning, before there was any creature; life in himself, so hath he civen to

very chapter [' As the Father bath (consequently from all eternity) the Word existed; and the Word was no distant, the Son to have life in himself'] might separate power, estranged from God, or have taught Archdeacon Wrangham, unacquainted with Him; but he was that this bigha prerogative is conferred, with God, and himself also very God: and not essentially inherent. So, not another God, but, another person again, when we read that, as the only, of the same nature, substance and Father knew Him (Jesus Christ), even Godhead. But if we attend to the other, 80 knew he the Father,' the context we shall learn, that such is not the mean. makes it plain that it is not the pering of the evangelist, but that the Word sonal nature of the Father and of the is the gospel

. This was, John tells us, Son, which forms the subject of the from God himself ; for that in the begin speaker's observation, but the designs ring, before 11. was published to the world, i woga with God; God was the of the Father and the commission of

ward, the origjual author and giver of the Son. At the same time, the it.' Which of these are we to regard as passage [Joho x. 14) quoted by Mr. the dictate of the Church of England? Wellbeloved, effectually repels his anAs you refer to some intelligible com. tagonist's attempt at erecting on the mentary, it canto! be the first; I would basis of such phraseology the received gladly persuade myself, therefore, that tenet of the deity of Christ. you mean the latter, as this commentary, In respect of John v. 23, that all proceeding from the Metropolitan church, men should honour the Son even as is nearly the same that I have long been they honour the Father, we have it accustomed, as a Unitarian, to maint

on the Archdeacon of Cleveland's gain."Pp. 125-127.

own authority, that the word transNothing of the kind can be more lated even as frequently denotes, pertinent and conclusive than the rea- nof equality, but such an analogy (in soning which we have now transcribed. many cases far from complete) as the As an argument ad hominem, it is over- character of the things spoken of adpowering: but it has much more mits.” Here we think him indisputhan an individual application, and tably right. Yet, without laying all deserves to stand at the head of " Arti- the stress on this criticism, which, Mes designed to prevent diversities of however, it will in reason hear, we opinion concerning true Religion !” interpret the passage by what pre

To the question, Why do we read cedes and follows. Why are all men that in hiin (Jesus Christ] dwelt all to honour the Son even as they hothe fulness of the Godhead bodily.? nour_the Father? Clearly because Mr. Wellbeloveds answer is the fol- the Father hath COMMITTED to him, lowing : “ Why did the apostle pray (vér. 22,) all judgment. Then comes (Eph. ii. 19), that the disciples at the inquiry, In what consists this hoEphesus might be filled with all the nour? As evidently, in acknow-Falness of God'p"* When the Arch- ledging the perfections of the Father, deacon of Cleveland inquires, “Why and in admitting his attestations to

do we read that he bad power to for- the claiins of the Son.t [Verses 32, give sins, (and who can forgive sins 34, 37, 38, 43.] but God only?') his censorrefers him According to Archdeacon Wrangto Nurnb. xii. ll; 1 Sam. xv. 24; ham, " Jesus is the true God, and Jobin, xx. 23; and proves that he has eternal life." It was little probuble mistaken the import of our Lord’s that an affirmation so unlearned and words in Matt. ix. 2, 6; in the latter so unscholar-like, would fail of being of which verses, let it be further re- corrected by his opponent. marked, the term [eovorar] rendered power, signifies " delegated power.”.

"I deny," says the author of the Three Letters' " that we do read this, The author of the “Three Letters," as predicated of Jesus Christ. Our com- tben exposes with uncommon force mon version (1 Johu v. 20) is, 'This the gratuitous, but convenient hypois the true God and eternal life,' and the thesis of “ two natures” in Jesus pronoun • This,” refers not to the nearest: Christ, and sets in array against it is true : just as is 2nd Ep. 2, This the simplicity and clearness of the

* Mon. Repos. XI. 532, &c. 1. Mi: Wellbeloved correctly quotes + The phraseology and sentiment are Coloss, ii. To, as a parallel text.

illustrated by Luke x, 16.

Unitarian faith. is a deceiver,' refers not to Jesus Christ, the last antecedent, but to one of the

Nor does he pass unnoticed bis an, many deceivers,' at the beginning of tagonist's appeal to the Ante-Nicene of the verse. The true God, is not Jesus Fathers. Of these the Arebdeacon of Christ, but that Being whom he hath Cleveland produces no ineagre catagiven his disciples understanding to logue : among these he assures the know." John xvii. 3. Pp. 130, 131. unlearned reader, that there is a most With the same perspicuity of me- referred to, the Divinity (the Deity) of

entire concurrence, as to the point thod and expression, in the same Christ. “They are meant, however,” happy, strain of the soundest inter- adds the dignitary, “not to establish pretation, Mr. Wellbeloved compares that point, for”-and here Mr. Welltogether certain verses in the chapter beloved most cordially agrees with to which he has just referred John him,“better foundation can no unan xvü. 11, 24, (5,) 21, &c. no less than lay than what is already laid in scripthe transaction and language recorded in John v. 17, 18, explains Heb. i. 8, continues, " in opposition to vague

ture; but to shew," (the Archdeacon John X. 18, and such passages as Gal. and illiterate assertions, that the Anter vi. 18, Eph. vi. 23, &c., and then with Nicene Fathers were not Unitarians.” reason asks,

Here the author of the "Three Let " Are these the numerous and deci. ters" takes occasion to inake some sive texts, by which the cause of Trinitam pertinent observations. rianism is to be firmly established As *** Such assertions you may indeed well a counterbalance to these, you tell your call vague and illiterate; but who has made elengs, who, if they were at all acquaint. them so far from considering these ed with the works of Unitarian writers, Fathers as Vuitarlang, we charge them must have heard you with some degree (with the exception of those denominated of astonishment, that a few passages are apostolic) with being the corrupters of brought forward where Christ is repre. the Unitarian doctrine. All that we corisented as commissioned by the Father, tend for is, that they did not hold the as praying to him, and as acknowledging doctrine of the Trinity as it is now prohis superiority. A few passages ! No, fessed, that they had' no notion of three Sir, not a few passages : eyen those to co-eternal and co-equal persons, forming which you immediately refer are many, one God; but that, ahbough they spoke and besides those, we produce whole of the divinity of the Sou and of the booke the general strain and tenor of Holy Spirit, they spoke of it uniformly as the Seriptores, from Gegesis to the Apo. an inferior and subordinate divinity, decalypse. We say, and we think that we

rived from the Father, who was the can prove it, and that we do prove it, supreme and only true God, and to that it is uniformly and plainly the lan. whom alone, the highest degree of worguage of the Old Testament, that there ship is to be paid."--Pp, 142, 143, is but one God, Jehovah, the same who, in the New Testatuent, is called the God

From this statemant we cannot and Father of the Lord Jesus Christ; withholl our bumble praise; it is perand that the same doetrine is that of fectly accurate and luminous. Mr. every book of the New Testament; main- Wellbeloved goes on to offer some tained and taught by Jesus himself, and, remarks on the second epistle of Clein the most express terms, by bis “apos- inent of Rome, on the alleged epistle tles. We firma that the doctrine of the of Barnabas, on certain writings as; Trinity is not taught in any single pas. cribed to Ignatius, on the supposed sage, that it is inferred only from very doxology of Polycarp, &c. &c., which few, and that the doctrine of the deity evince his own well-digested learning, of be founder of Christianity, depends and are excellently calculated to place also upon a few scattered texts, separated from their connexion, and interpreted before his readers a fair and equitable without a just regard to idioms of speech, view of this part of the controversy. and the circumstances of the primitive Within the compass of a few pages, church." - Pp. 136, 137.

he affords to students in Theology

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highly valuable information. In a deacon of Cleveland approves of the
note* he speaks of Dr. Priestley's His- canon applied by Mr. Granville Sharp,
tory of the Corruptions of Christian- Bishop Burgess, &c., to the Greek
ity, and his History of Early Opinions article in Eph. v. 5, &c. ; that last and
concerning Jesus Christ, as works weakest subterfuge of modern Ortho-
which are not indeed wholly free doxy! .
from mistakes, but which contain
more correct and comprehensive views

“ 'The fallacy of these rules," says Mr. of the opinions of the ancient Chris- satisfactorily proved by a very acute

Wellbeloved, in reply,“ has been most tian church, and of the progress of though perhaps not sufficiently grave wrierror, than are elsewhere to be found : ter, styliug himself Gregory Blunt,* in and this sentiment we quote with the six more letters to Granville Sharp; by the greatest pleasure, because it is the Rev. Calviu Wiostanley, in'a riodication sentiment of a capable judge, and be- of certain passages in the common Eocause we conscientiously and delibe- glish version, &c., and by a critic iu the rately think that its justness will con- Monthly Review, N. S. Vol. 62 and 67, tinue to be attested, and will finally who, in his remarks on the publications be established, by time and investiga- of Bishop, Niddleton, and Mr. Veysie, tion. Before we dismiss our author's has proved himself a master in his art." reasoning on the Fathers, we shall -Pp. 151, 152. produce his comment on one or two We shall now copy the concluding clauses in Tertullian:

sentences of these "Three Letters,” “ The words of Tertullian cited by both for the true dignity of style, and Bishop Bull, in the passage given in your excellence of spirit, which they mania note, p. 46, are not, as you represent fest, and with the view of preparing them, a formúla ; and if the learned pre- our readers for those “ Additional late means by his communem fidem er. Letters, from the same pen, to which ponens ait,' to say that the Presbyter we shall next invite their attention : of Carthage designed they should be so understood, he is far from correct. Ter- ; If” says Mr. Wellbeloved, “ in vindi, tullian speaks, indeed, more than once of cating the doctrines you have so bitterly a rule of faith (regula fidei), but he means opposed, and the characters you bare so by that the substance of the faith, not wrongfully aspersed, there has been any any form of words ; nor is any such form thing in my manner needlessly harsh and to be found in his writings, or in any of offensive ; if I have been betrayed into so early a date, Little was known of any thing unbecoming a scholar and a Creeds before the council of Nice; after Christian, I here avow my sincere regret, that, not a council was held, whatever its and tender a willing apology. And if I object, or however small a number of have in any instance, misapprehended bishops assembled, but it ended with a your words, and attributed to them a new creed, graced with a due portion of meaning which they will uot bear, or anathemas. If any very ancient creed is which you did not design them to exto be found, it is one given by Paul : 'If press, or if I have fallen into errors of thou shalt confess with thy mouth the any other kind, I require only to be conLord Jesus, and believe in thine heart, vinced, in order publicly to acknowledge that God hath raised him from the dead, and correct them. In such case, only, thou shalt be saved.' This is our confeso am I disposed again to notice the subo sion ; thus we believe; and are there. jects of these letters. I have po fondness fore surely justified when we allege anti- for controversy, nor any wish to acquire, quity in our favour.”—Pp. 149, 150. by practice, polemical dexterity. The With his accustomed correctness,

character of a controversialist I have now Mr. Wellbeloved intimates, that even this declaration, scriptural, simple and

* “Who was the author of that most comprehensive as it is, was not 'em- able and convincing tract?” is a question ployed in apostolic times, as a creed. which must interest many scholars and Of that age it was the creed that Jesus theologians still more than the inquiry, is the Christ. Would that none other Who wrote the Erwy BasixmDr. had afterwards been prescribed and Wordsworth, possibly, may have heard adopted!

the conjecture, that the 'Six more LetWe must not wonder that the Arch- ters' proceeded from the pen of a late

most estimable divine of the Established

Church, who declined some of its greatest . Pp. 146, 147.

honours and emoluments."

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sustained, for the first time: I willingly you best; and then, whoever is in the lay it down, to be resunied no more.' right, must give up to the other.' P. 153.

« The right give up! That seems N.

« Not at all. She will be infinitely

the best off, after all. It is at all times, ART. II.-My Children's Diary; or, and under every circumstance, so much

the Moral of the Passing Hour. better to be right than wrong, that we 12mo. pp. 352. Harvey and Dar- can afford to give up any point such as ton; and R. Hunter. 68. 6d. this, when we are quite sure of our N reading the beginning of this give a boon

than to receive oue. Whereas ground. And surely it is far pobler to

to lose one's aim, and to be in the wroug rationality, we pronounced it dullo toom you would not wish such ill forWe say this to prevent our readers tune to an enemy !""-Pp. 319, 320. from hastily laying down a work which, on further acquaintance, we have fouod capable of strongly inte. Art. III. - The Primitive Christian resting every judicious parent or in

Faith. A Discourse, delivered in telligent child. It appears to be the the Evening Service at the Opening production of a woman of highly-cul- of the Chapel in York Street, St. tivated mind, who is an affectionate,

James's Square, London, December wise and truly Christian mother. It

the 19th, 1824: to which is prefix= offers the picture of a family consists ed, the Prayer used after the Liing of parents ever watchful to pro- turgy in the Morning Service. By mote the improvement and happiness

Lant Carpenter, LL.D., one of the of their children, and of children pos.

Ministers of Lewin's Mead, Bristol. sessing, not only all the loveliness and 8vo. pp. 38. Hunter and Eaton. endearing qualities, but all the imper

1825. fections likewise, of their period of

“ Opening of the Chapel in life. This little sketch from nature York Street" has excited not a. points out in a happy manner the little attention, and the Unitarian pubright mode and the true objects of lic are much indebted to Dr. Carpenrational education. We select one

ter for presenting to them, through short extract, which will give an idea the press, one of the Sermons which of the easy way in which the author he preached on the interesting occaconveys moral instruction to the mind: sion. From 1 Pet. iii. 15, 16, the

“Esther and Mary had formed a pretty preacher delineates “ The Primitive posegay of field flowers, such as the sea. Christian Faith,” shewing that it is son afforded ****. It was perhaps the Unitarian, and explaining how far it last bouquet of the year, and nothing but agrees with, and in what points it zeal could have made one so pretty in differs from, the prevailing theology October. It was difficult to decide who of our country. The seriousness and had the largest share in the work, but candour, as well as the scriptural reaeach had some particular reason for wishing to present it to me, singly; and sorry soning, of the Sermon, make it pecuam I to say that a little dispute arose, liarly worthy of perusal, and must such as, happily, is of very rare occur.

recommend the object near to the rence in our house, or, although it was

author's heart to every intelligent, conducted without any degree of acrimony dispassionate and pious reader. We on either side, our domestic comfort have been gratified at finding very would be seriously impaired. It does clearly stated (pp. 14, 15) the ground not require a gale to beat down the of dissent from the Established Church, plants of loveliest growth.

“ because by its very constitution it “ Ad appeal was made to Grace, and implies the right of the civil magisI was amused by hearing her decision. trate to interfere in matters of reliHappy for the world if natious and indi- gion, which we see reason to believe viduals would act upon her principle !

" Which of you is in the right said introduces worldly motives into the she.

solemn concerns of religion, and pow., "The girls looked at each other. "Why, erfully tends to make men hypocrites that is what we wanted you to tell us, or self-deceivers.”—Let the services Grace.'

of York-Street. Chapel be carried on « Nay, your own cousciences will tell in the same spirit with which this

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