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532
Junius's Refleations on rescuing

06. would rush upon the recollection, dalh fation. My books and my fons are : the luxurious cup of bliss with poison, my comfort; with them I fometimer and condemn me up to heaven, as a taste of real felicity; but refledion monster, who punished others for his speedily obtrudes, overturns the pile own offences; and was no less dead of momentary happinels, and doubly to the sentiments of justice, than the distresses me in the alteration of the dictates of humanity,

scene. From my example, thereFrom this declaration, fir, you will fore, sir, let your male readers be easily understand, that I found myself warned against entering into clandes. wholly unable to comply with the views tine connexions; they may Hatter of my family, from a total inability to themselves it will be always in their part with my Nancy and her poor chil. power to take off fuch engagements ; dren. The consequence was an im- but let them not trust this fattery too mediate breach between the former much: I thought as they think ; they, and me, which has sublisted for seve- like me, may feel the voice of Nature, ral years, and will probably never and the calls of Humanity, too powerbe made up.

My sons are now ad- ful for the restrictions of an unrelaxing vancing into maturity, and if the propriety, and the general practice of partiality of a doating father may be an upbraiding world. credited, bid fair, like Cælar, to con- I am, tir, ceal their blemish with a wreath of

Your constant reader, laurel. But, fir, happy as I am ren

A Lamerting Libertine dered by their opening merits, my hours are very seldom unembittered To the PRINTER. with anxiety and regret.--My eltate SIR, must go to another branch; my co

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T is not wonderful that the great ronet must not descend to grace the line of my posterity; there, however, gaged, hould have roured and en. are comparatively trifles; but, with grolled the whole attention of the peo. what propriety, can I think to give ple. I rather admire the generous them lectures of discretion, when they spirit with which they feel and affert themselves are the fruits of my own their interest in this important question errors ? and with what face can I de- than blame them for their indifference fire them to avoid a guilty commerce about any other. Wuen the conftitu. with the other sex, when I am myielt tion is openly invaded, when ine firt living before their faces in a state of original right of the people, iron criminal familiarity with their mother? which all laws derive their authority Had Nancy's ruin been occafioned by is directly attacked, inferior grievanco me, I should not hefitate, fimpleton naturally lose their force, and are jut! as she is ;- but I cannot marry the fered to pats by without punithment a mistress of another man; there is a oblervation. The present ministry ar: scorpion in the bare idea, and itings as fingularly marked by their fortuns : my imagination into madnels.

as by their crimes. Instead of aton Fifteen years are now elapsed, fir, ing for their former conduct by any since my declared avowal of never re- wife or popular measure, they have linquishing this fatal connexion ; dur. found, in the enormity of ing which I have lived, metaphorically a cover and defence for a series of 1peaking, a total stranger to the world. measures, which must have been fatal The people whom I could wish to see to any other adminitration. I fear me will not visit at my house ; or degrade are too remiss in obierving the wh.cole themselves into an equality with a prof- of their proceedings. Struck with the titute profilled. It'I visit them, they principal figure, we do not fuficiently teize me with documenis of what they mark in what manner the canvas call morality, or insult me with admá filled up. Yet surely it is not a leis nitions of what they think wision. crime, nor less fatai in its consequences, Those who would be intimate with me, to encourage a Magrant breach of the the designing and the abandonedl, i law by a military force, than to make look upon with scorn ; and I might as use of the forms of parliament to de well talk to the statue in my ball, as stroy the constitution. The nirillre apply to Nancy for a fenfiüle conver- leem determined to give us a choice

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1769. A Military Officer from the Hands of the Civil. 533 of difficulties, and, if possible, to per. will not enlarge upon the various cirplex us with the multitude of their of. cumstances, which attended this atro. fences. The expedient is well worthy cious proceeding. The personal inof the duke of G~ But though jury, received by the officers of the he has preserved â gradation and va. law in the execution of their duty, riety in his measures, we should remem. may perhaps be atoned for by some ber that the principle is uniform. Dic. private compensation. I consider tated by the same spirit, they deserve nothing but the wound, which has the same attention. The following been given to the law itself, to which fact, though of the most alarming na. no remedy has been applied, no sature, has not yet been clearly itated tisfaction made. Neither is it my deto the public, nor have the conse. sign to dwell upon the misconduct of quences of it been sufficiently under the parties concerned, any farther than food. Had I taken it up at an earlier is necessary to thew the behaviour of period, I should have been accused of the ministry in its true light. I would an uncandid, malignant precipitation, make every compassionate allowance as if I watched for an unfair advantage for the infatuation of the prisoner, against the ministry, and would not al. the falle and criminal discretion of low them a reasonable time to do their one officer, and the madness of another. duty. They now land without ex. I would leave the ignorant soldiers cuse. Instead of employing the lei. entirely out of the question. They sure they have had in a Itrict exami. are certainly the least guilty, though nation of the offence, and punishing they are the only persons who have the offenders, they seem to have con- yet suffered, even in the appearance lidered that indulgence, as a security of punishment. The fact itself, howto them, that with a little time and ever atrocious, is not the principal management the whole affair might be point to be considered. It might have buried in silence and utterly forgotten. happened under a more regular go

A major general of the army is ar- vernment, and with guards better dir. refted by the sheriff's officers for a ciplined than ours. The main quefconsiderable debt. He persuades them tion is, in what manner have the mic to conduct him to the Tilt-Yard in niftry acted on this extraordinary oc. St. James's Park, under some pretence cafion? A general officer calls upon of business, which it imported him to the king's own guard, then actually settle before he was confined. He ap: on doty, to rescue him from the laws plies to a serjeant, not immediately in of his country; yet at this moment duty, to aiit with some of his compa. he is in a lituation no worse, than if nies in favouring his escape.

Jie bad not committed an offence, tempts it. A bustle ensues. The equally enormous in a civil and mibailiffs claim their prisoner. An of. litary view.-- A lieutenant upon duty ficer of the guards, not then on duty, delighedly quits his guard, and suffer's takes part in the affair, applies to the it to be drawn out by another officer, lieutenant commanding the Tilt-Yard for a purpole which he well knew (as guard, and urges him to turn out bis we may collect from an appearance of guard to relieve a general officer. caution which only makes his bebaThe lieutenant declines interfering in viour the more criminal) to be in the person, but stands at a dittance, and highest degree illegal. Has chis genfoffers the buiness to be done. The tleman been called to a court inartial other officer takes upon hiinself to or. to answer for his conduct ? No. Has der out the guard. In a moment they it been censured ? No, Hias it been in are in arms, quit their guard, march, any hape enquired into ? No. Anorescue the general, and drive away ther lieutenant, not upon duty, nor the theriff's officers, who in vain re. even in his regimentals, is daring present their right to the prisoner and enough to order out the king's guard, The nature of the arrest. The soldiers over which he had properly no corfirst conduct the general into their mand, and engages them in a viclarion guard-room, then escort him to a place of the laws of his country, naib upis of safety, with bayonets fixed, and in the most lingular and extravagant that all the forms of military triumph. I ever was attempted. Whit parsih

October, 1769

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Junius's Reflections on rescuing

Od. ment has be suffered ? Literally none. dwelling longer upon a moft invidious Supposing he should be prosecuted at subject, I hall leave it to military men, cominon law for the rescue, will that who have leen a service more a&tive circumstance, from which the ministry than the parade, to determine whecan derive no merit, excuse or justify ther or no I speak truth. their suffering so fagrant a breach of How far this dangerous spirit has military discipline to pass by unpu- been encouraged by government, and nilhed and unnoticed? Are they aware to what pernicious purposes it may be of the outrage offered to their sove- applied hereafter, well deserves our reign, when his own proper guard is moft serious confideration. I know ordered out, to stop, by main force, indeed, that, when this affair hapthe execution of his laws ? What are pened, an affectation of alarm run we to conclude from lo scandalous a through the ministry. Something must neglect of their duty, but that they be done to save appearances. The have other views, which can only be case was too flagrant to be passed by answered by securing the attachment absolutely without notice. But how of the guards? The minister would bave they acted ? Instead of ordering hardly be so cautious of offending the officers concerned, and who, ftri&ta them, if he did not mean, in due ly speaking, are alone guilty, to be time, to call for their aflistance. put under arrest and brought to a

With respect to the parties them. trial, they would bave it understood, selves, let it be observed that these that they did their duty completely, gentlemen are neither young officers, in confining a serjeant and four prinor very young men. Had they be vate soldiers until they fhould be delonged to the unfédged race of en- manded by the civil power : fo chat, signs, who infelt our streets and ditho. while the officers, who ordered or nour our public places, it might per• perunitted the thing to be done, el. haps be fufficient to send them back cape without censure, the poor men, to that discipline, from which their who obeyed those orders, who in a parents, judging lightly from the ma. military view are no way responsible turity of their vices, had removed for what they did, and who for that them too soon. In this case, I am lor reason have been discharged by the ry to see, not so much the folly of civil magistrate, are the only objects youth, as the spirit of the corps, and whom the ministry have thought the connivance of government. I do proper to expose to punishment. They not question that there are many did not venture to bring even these brave and worthy oflicers in the regi- men to a court martial; because inents of guards. But considering them they knew their evidence would be faas a corps, I fear it will be found tal to some persons, whom they were that they are neither good soldiers nor determined to protect. Otherwise, I good subjects. Far be it from me to doubt not, the lives of these unhappy, insinuate the most distant reflection friendless soldiers, would long since upon the army. On the contrary, I have been sacrificed, without fcruple, honour and esteem the profession ; and

to the security of their guilty officers, if these gentlemen were better soldiers, I have been accused of endeavour. I am sure they would be better sub- ing to inflame the paffions of the peojects. It is not that there is any in- ple. Let me now appeal to their un. iernal vice or defect in the profession derstanding. If there be any tool of itself, as regulated in this country, administration daring enough to deny but that it is the spirit of this parti. these facts, or lhameless enough to de. cular corps to despise their profession, fend the conduct of the miniitry, let and that, while they vainly assume the bim come forward. I care not un. lead of the army, they make it maiter der what title he appears. He mall of impertinent comparison and tri. find me ready to maintain the truth of umph over the bravest troops in the. my narrative, and the justice of my world (I mean our marching regis observations upon it, at the hazard inents) that they indeed Itand upon of my utmost credit with the public. bigher ground, and are privileged to Under the most arbitrary governneglect the laburious forms of mili. ments, the common adminiftration of lary discipline and duty. Without justice is fuffered to take its course.

The

1769. A Military Oficer from the Hands of the Civil.

535 The subject, though robbed of his to their discretion. I hould persuade share in the legillature, is ftill pro. them to banish from their minds all tected by the laws. The political free. memory of what we were ; I should dom of the English constitution was tell them this is not a time to rememonce the pride and honour of an Eng- ber that we were Englishmen; and Jithman. The civil equality of the give it as my last advice, :o make laws preserved the property, and de- fome early agreement with the mifended the fafety of the subject. Are nifter, that fince it has pleased him to these glorious privileges the birth. rob us of those political rights, which right of the people, or are we only te- once diftinguished the inhabitants of nants at the will of the ministry ?- a country, where honour was happi: But that I know there is a spirit of ness, he would leave us at lealt the relistance in the hearts of my country humble, obedient security of citizens, men, that they value life, not by its and graciously condescend to protect conveniences, but by the independance us in our submißion, and dignity of their condition, I

JUNIUS. í fhould, at this moment, appeal only

An IMPARTIAL REVIE W of NEW PUBLICATIONS. ARTICLE J.

confined himself closely to the sense, and SERMONS" on ebe Duties of the Great;" never departs from the spirit of his author,

translated from obe French of M. Masfillon, unless in those paffages where Mallillon Bisbop of Clermont : preached before Louis ibe takes occasion to branch out into encomiums svib, during bis Minoriry, and inforibed to bis on the superiority of the Romish religion. Royal Highness George, Prince of Wales. -- By Here, indeed, the docter either omits the William Dodd, LL. D. Chaplain in Ordi- panegyric, or reminds the reader, that a nary to bis Majesty. 8vo. I vol.'Law. popith bishop is preaching to a popish con

The first ten discourses in the prefent gregation. Upon the whole, however, the collection, were not only delivered before

arucle before us is well entitled to the en. the present king of France, as most of the couragement of every man of sense, and other voluines of Mafillon's sermons had every lover of rational piety. At this been, before his celebrated predeceffor, time, particularly, the great will find Louis the xivth. but they were preached it highly worth their most serious perufal, only for the king and court, in the chaped and as it is fashionable to study even the of the castle of the Thuilleries, and after. trifling works of our polite neighbours, the wards presented in manuscript to his maje. French, with much application, it is to be fry. They constitute, adds the translator, hoped we shall not neglect them, only on a body of morality for princes and great

those subjects in which they can be read men, in which the duties of their station with the utmost utility, are set forth, by a detail, equally noble JI. A Lefiription of ite Antiquities and Cuand interesting, and subjoins an eleventh riofities of Wilton-House. Illuflrated witb discourse on the virtues and vices of the twenty-five Engravings of some of ibe Capital great, because of its affinity to the general Statues, Buftos and Relieves. 4to. R. Horf, subject."

field. It is with no little pleasure we observe We have such an opinion of the entersuch a liberality of disposition gaining ground tainment, as well as the knowledge, in poamong the divines of our own persuasion,

lite science to be acquired from this article, can publicly bear testimony to the merit that in the early part of our Magazine, of rival churches, and even introduce to the page 505, we have given a long specimen eye of their own flock, whatever these ri. of the author's manner, and purpose to revals have advanced in support of general peat our extract, till we have furnished our religion, and universal morality. Pere readers with a competent idea of his eleMaffillon was the most diftinguished orator gant performance. of his times; be preached at Paris, or in II. Another Traveller ! or cursory Remarks, the court, for twenty years together, with

and tritii al Observations, made upon a Journey constant, and with equal success; his great brough Part of ibe Netherlands in sbe latter fortè lay in rousing up the pafions to the End of the Year 1766. By Coriat Junior, service of virtue, and in addresfing himself 2 volumes. vol. 2d. part ift. to the beart upon practical subjects, instead In a former review, we pronounced an of applying to their faith, in behalf of opinion on the preceding volume of this points which were impoffible to be proved, little work. The present part of the seand yet were no way controverted.

cond is, in our judgement, much inferior to Dr. Dodd, in the present translation, has that, though po.libly the following descrip

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THE IMPARTIAL REVIEW

O&. tion of a Dutch Diligence-driver, will be He has his regular houses of call-at allowed to possess a tolerable portion of the each of which he is presented with a humorous.

dram and a fresh pipe ready charged with “ We left Breda about seven in the morn- tobacco.--He takes the glass from the ating.- Nothing remarkable occurred in this tendant, drinks one half of its contents short journey of eight hours -- and such and returns it :-he next takes the pipe was the fallenness of our driver, that it in one hand and the fire-pan in the other was with the uímost difficulty we could get he is sure to have his pipe well lighted an answer from him to any question.

then swallows the remainder of his This humour in the lower Dutch is liquor. truly characteristicai-a Dutchman is al. Between whiles, he takee from his pocways wrape up in himielt, whatever chances ket' a parcel 'neatly wrapped up-he begins to be his contition.

to unfold it-you perceive several clear He is sm king his pipe--and you di- paper wrappers-and begin to wonder fturb him :--He is meditating upon his what they are they are so diftinct as own businets and you interrupt bim.- as not to interfere with each other:'Tis true, you hired his chaise at a certain In one you have bread, in another cheese, fate, to transport you from this place to in another ham, or hung beef, or it may that, which he will faithfully perform in be a pickle herring, and lastly in a small the usual time--there ende your contract:- pot, or faucer) butter,--He spreads his but you did not hire him to be your gazet- butter upon his bread, lays his frata of teer and interpreter.

hung-beef and cheese; and claps on the Idle curiosity is sure to be baffled by farinaceouis cover :--these he eats with great Such fellows.--He will either be deaf composure, driving his horses accordingly. to the question, or furly, if repeated, or His meal finished, he bethinks bimself ignorant touching the matter questioned, or a little walk: may not be be amiss-fo unsatisfactory in his aniwer.

dismounts as before, by way of aiding diHow many leagues, honest friend! do gestion. you count it to Gorcum:- Ugh!' says The ere& animal called a Flemijo Myn Heer--How many did you say?' - driver, described in a former chapter, is Ugh! ugh! ugh!'-Which is as much as of the same species with the Dutch one to say, you might have enquired that before above-mentioned; agreeing exa&tly in the you let out.

conftituent parts of head, teeth, hands, scet, Shall we be there by dinner-time, think nails, &c. - but in their nature, there is you?--' Ik verfisa u niet ! I don't know what as much diffimilarity, as between the Chayou mean.' -- - What fine caftle is that? nuine s civilized monkey, and an OURANG

'r gaat my niet aan !-that's no bread and butter of mine,' says the Dutchman. IV. A Refutation of a falje Asperbe fofo

You may make use of your eyes, and ibrown out upur Samuel Vaughan, Ejq; iarbe welcome, thinks he--but the Devil may Public Ledg=r of tbe 23d of Augutt, 1769. be your decipherer for me!

wirb an Inient to injure bim in ite Eye of tbe He takes upon him the whole command, Publii. 6d. Dilly. and is to all appearance no less the master In a nota bene to the advertisement for than the driver.—No man, he thinks, has this pamphlet Mr. Vaughan informs us that any right to interrupt, or direct him in his it would not have yet appeared, if at all, had busineis, which he knows and will exe- not the affair been revived by a late resolucute upon the mere principle of duty. tion of the bill of rights ; not withitanding

He sits in the front of the carriage under this information, we are apprehensive that the the awning-confequenily intercepts your present publica'ion will rather encrease than prospet: he lights his pipe and fumigates remove the obliquy cast upon the reputation his pafengers at pleasure ; without ever of Mr. Vaughan. It was not a privaie transconfulting whether such incense be grate action, in his capacity of a merchant, that fu! to them, especially tesore breakfast:- the world understood was neceflary to be If the like it, io much the better--if they cleared up, but an imputed turpitode in his dinike it, they will not have a whiff the character of a patriot;i the pamphlet before Jers.

us, therefore, will, we doubt nos, be confiHis perfcct serenity and total disregard dered as a pitifal evasion, and excite the inof the company is fuch, that you would be dignation, instead of regaining the confidence 1 almoft ; ersuaded to think, he was recreating of the intelligeot. him.If, rather than accommodating them. V. Almeyila, or the Rival King', - Traga.

When be is tired with fitting, he dy. 8vo. 15. 60. Robinson and Roberts, stops the horses and dismounts - walks them The fable of this tragedy is borrowed from leisurely, and marches by their fide. Dr. Hawkelworth's Almoran and Hame! ; When he has walked suficiently, he stops it is written by a M. Howard, a gentleman them again, remounts and resumes the of the law in Dublin, but is little calcusrius.

lated to extend the reputation of its author.

VI. The

OUTANG

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