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68 The History of the last Session of Parliament, Feb.

It is very well known, that no mi- king his fortune, he married, and benister can long hoid the reins of go. became one of the moit honourable of vernment in this kingdom without a the effendis. majority of voices iš the house of I was the first and favourite off.. commons; if his measures are not spring of tiris union : and as my rather supported in that august ailembly, he took peculiar delight in my educamult foon, like another Phaeton, tum- tion, and retained a kind of natural ble from the chariot of power, and preposledion in favour of Englani, poflibly, like the son of Apollo, may and Englith manners; all my la luns perish in the fl:me which his impru-, of instruction, my ideas of whatever dence has raised in this kingdom. was great or amiable, atill reverted to As this is the case, it mult of course one and the same point-.- England... follow, that had ministers, when they the cen:er, the scene of refinement and wanted the ability of bribing, would felicity. foon be compeiled to a resignation.- With these impressions, you cannot In the preient course of things they wonder, that on the deceale of pay find it extremely difficult to reward father and mother, and the happy the various instruments who promise establishment of two filters, I fought to labour for seven years together in this valued thore, witla luch hopes, their service, and we have frequently and luci expectations, as can be much seen there instruments commencing better conceived than delcribed. patriots from the incapacity of adni- Think, fir, of a man transported mistration to comply with their de- from a land, where the most beautiful mands. Were our elections therefore part of the species are veiled, and in. triennial, the whole revenues of the accellible, dilembarking on the Brination would be insufficient to support tith coast -- yet thall I confefs to you, an arbitrary demagogue in place; his that cullom fo far prevailed, that I band of pensioners would scarcely re- was rather shocked at the bold and ceive orders to perform a fingle job, inquisitive countenances by which I before he would be reduced to a ne- was surrounded, on my arrival at a ceflity of engaging a new set, and the house of public accommodation. new let would scarcely be trained, with Communicating my diftatistaction to any Oare of generallhip, before they a friend, it was bowever foon oblitewould be wholly without authority. rated :-- ftrict decency or decorum sel

What wouid the consequence be ? dom extends to the lowest class of inwhy simply this; that bad minifters dividuals, and my.defire of converfing finding there was nothing to be got, with the more accomplished, was rao would speedily deliver up their ostites ; ther. increased than diminished by the anit such men would only he appoint- incident. ed 10 conduct the great bulineis of the When I had naturalized my dress, ftate, who could maintain their intiu- and in some degree recovered the fa. ence by the realitude of their actions. tigue of travelling, I was introduced [to be continued in our next.! to a polite private afembly at the west

end of the town. To the AUTHOR of the LONDON My father had made me a complete MAGAZINE.

master of the English language, conSIR,

fequently I was fecure from the errors F TOR a foreigner to arraign the of salle comprehenfioul, and the auk.

conduct of ine Englith ladies, wardness of imperfect pronunciation--will; I fear, be deemed the higheit but a constraint insensibly ran through prefumption : but, if you will please my whole behaviour, on discovering to peruse the charge, you will find it that wives, widows, and virgins, were dictated by reason, not prejudice, for indiscriminately addresfed by all that re'un can never approve, what decency approached them : nor to my po little inuit condemn.

aitonishment (nay, why conceal it, My father, fir, was a native of this confusion) did the married ladies becountry: but accompanying an am- tray the flighitelt tokens of difapproba. ballador to Conítantinople, and meet- tion, at the whisper of gallantry, or ing there with an opportunity of ma- the daring, though repeated liberty of

preilieg

1759.

Gentle Rebuke of the Englih Ladies.

69 prefing a band that was sacred to the occalion.--"I am too refined to aloiter.,

be happy ”—The lady's accidental Mided by the sweet vivacity of a freedoins with otlier people ought to lovely young creature, I had actually be considered by me as an innocent misskei her down for the sultana of levity, sy jeal, when a gentleman suddenly

Our characters however were ablo. accosted her, and after a flow of the lutely confounded, particularly, when fuftent profeffions, pronounced her in the language of unutterable sweetbuiband the bappiest of men.-Happy nels the consented to be mine. in what? -The temporary poffeffion Yet, sir, though made inconceivably of a finithed form, which, without happy by this consent, her frequent the idea of impropriety', could endure violations of what I considered to be the survey of a thousand audacious delicacy, soon rendered me the most eyes, and suffer the breath of unwor. miserable of mankind for the scarcethy adulation to reach her ear. ly gave me assurances of her hand,

But whatever disguit I might derive and promised to dedicate her future from the levity of the married ladies, life to my happiness, when the took the conduct of the widows was ftill freedoms with ophers that wounded me more offensive to me. The very con- to the very soul; her connexions were dition that should command tender, large, and her father's house was con, nels and respect, to be the common- tinually crouded with coinpany. Here pace jutt of every foppling, and the while I looked upon her her as my butt of rude pleasantry :-yet the wi; own, and only my own, a thousand dows, instead of hiding their blusing coxcombs were occasionally surfers teads, not only braved, but invited ed to praise her wit, and complithe grofielt inlults, and by evincing ment her person ; nay, fir, the hertheir inclination to renounce their fo- self seemed no way offended at these litary tate, too strongly evinced the palpable liberties, on the contrary, depravity that secured them from eve. They seemed to please her highly : The Ty sound.

told one with a 1mile, that be was exThat the characters I have thus at tremely obliged by his good opinion; and tacked, are the mo& peculiarly re: informed another, that bis politeness spe&able, I am sensible is the general was infinite. This was not alí, opinion-the honour of the living, Mr. Author of the London Magazine, and the memory of the dead, so in- the exprened a concern when some of tirely at the mercy of the one and these tops refused to dine, or fup, the other. But let me ask you, how with her father : and once, would you either that lionour, or that memory, believe it? actually sung a song at the can avoid reproach, when intrusted request of a distant relation ! to the care of beings, who from a de. And is this the chastity of the Eng. fed in cultura, as well as sensibility, lith manners, this the purity of the know nothing of native dignity, or English customs !--Was not my good

opinion of more importance than Mortified and disappointed by in. worlds of spectators? Was it not, I numerable violations of decoruni, at call upon you, fir, to answer? O, tir, every renewed visit, 1, nevertheless, had this lovely misjudging girl but at length formed an interesting attach- been uniformly delicate, both her fement ; youth, beauty, delicacy, all licity and mine had escaped the severelt conspired to flatter my imagination, wound. and fix my heart.

It is however past, and shall be for. Momentary delusion !--the beauty gotten. I have, 'tis true, forsaken and youth indeed remained, but the her, but let me not leave one point esential polith, the all-captivating de. liable to misconstruction. She is equal, licacy

, would not bear the test, and I according to the best informations i muft ever regret that folly which drew can obtain, to all the ladies of this me from Conftantinople.

once idolized country, in deedrum and But, fic, because the evil is not suf- delicate reserve, as it is universally conficienily insupportable, I have the rail. ceived to be no breach of the one, or lery of my friends to encounter on the other, even when a favourite lover

is

1

sative fanctity.

70
The History of Party

Feb. is hleffed with a priblic approbation. priety are more enlarged, and whose

Englishmen may, fir, befattered on timidity is inferior to his own. fuch occasions--but the more tenaci

I am, Sir, ous Turk retreats with precipitance

Your humble servant, from the female, whose notions of pro

CONSTANTINE

The HISTORY of PARTY during the PRESENT REIGN. THOUGH the administration, du- case, and the place of the successor's Jate reign, was frequently embarrased ry where entertained against him, he by parliamentary opposition, the close becaine universally obnoxious ; acciof it was, nevertlieless, remarkably dental errors were attributed to a weak diftinguished for serenity; the amaz- head or a worse heart, and even those ing success which attended our arms, fteps which appeared to be directed during the progress of the war, had by some degree of wisdom, were conspread a spirit of universal satisfaction stantiy suspected of design ; in short, through the kingdom, and nobody, where he was wrong, he was accused could possibly find fault with the con- both of ignorance and tyranny, and duct of a ministry, whose measures where he happened to be right, he was were in general fo extremely fortunate. taxed with a cunning intention of On the contrary, the number of our conciliating the affections of the kingconquests procured them an unlimited dom : Yet though the resentment of confidence, and it was no less unpo- the people might in some measure be pular, while Mr. Pitt had the manage- overstrained, it was upon the whole ment of our national affairs, to breathe but grounded too juftly; the peace à murmur against the wisdom, or in which this minifter made, though tegrity of government, than it would much better than many preceding treanow be unpopular to offer a single ties, stili was by no means fo advantage. Syllable in their defence.

ous as it might have been ; we had Such being the happy temper of the reduced the marine of France to the times at the commencement of the pre- most wretched situation, had stripped sent reign, it naturally gave general that power of all her colonies, and disatisfaction when the reins of power brought her to the very verge of an were taken from the hands of a favour. absolute bankruptcy; yet, when the fe ite minister, and trusted to those of a acquisitions were fortunately in our nobleman, who was rather speculative hands, the government was weak ly wise than practically able, and who enough to give the most valuable up; leemed more indebted to his elevation and through an absurd supposition, on account of his merits in private that we should not be able to keep life, than on account of any particu- those conquests from France in the Jar capacity which he had ever mani. ruined situation of her affairs, which fested in the business of the public. - we took from her in the zenith of her

The national mind being thus soured prosperity, we ridiculously ran into by the removal of a statelman, who the danger to avoid the apprehenfion, had presided at the helm of govern- and madly consented to lose them, for ment with the highest reputation, it fear they might be lost. was but reasonable to suppose, that The imprudence, the glaring imthe numerous friends of the discarded prudence of this conduct afforded the premier, if we may so term a person- enemies of Lord B-but too faage, who declared himself provoked vourable an occasion to find fault, to a resignation, would seize every op- and as in the number of these enemies portunity of extolling his administra. he reckoned Mr. Pitt, and many periion to the skies, and condemning the sons of the greatest reputation for in. least mistake in the conduct of his suc. Aluence and abilities, he daily lost cessor with the utmost severity of exe- ground with the nation, though he Cration; this proved to be really the was supported in parliament by a pro

digious

1769. During the Present Reign.

71 diginus majority. - Another circum- the few people who were attached to ftance, which allo tended very much to himn from gratitude, on account of the aggravate the national odium against palt favours which they had received him, was the haughtiness with which at his hands, were now in expectabe was reported to treat not only tation that his having publickly religned every officer under him in admi- his employments would quiet the minds niftration, but even the first nobility, of the people, and that the wheels of who were wholly independent of the government would roll in tranquillity government, and who consequently under the hands of a fresh miniiter. having nothing to hope, were under This supposition, however was totally no particular necessity of submitting void of foundation; the enemies of to the minutest instance of disrespect. the late premier, who pretended to see, These faults, both in his public and and possibly did see into the bottom of private character, were conveyed to that nobleman's politics, asserted, that the world through the channel of the Mr. G. G. was nothing more than the NORTH BRITON, a weekly essayist, creature of the favourite, and that the who boldly hurled defiance at minis- latter had oniy delegated his power to terial omnipotence, and, to use the the former, in order to govern the Janguage of Shakespeare, “ Constant. nation in secret with an undisturbed ly gave his thoughts in the worst of authority. This report prevailing, words." The essay here spoken of the change in office was looked upon was generally attributed to John Wilkes, as one of those state tricks by which E!q; member in the then parliament the people are sometimes deluded, and for Aylesbury, who was laid to be instead of restoring satisfaction to the closely connected with a party headed kingdom, it was attended with very by Mr. Pitt, Lord Temple, the duke different consequences; but what conof Newcastle, the duke of Devonshire, firmed the world in an opinion that and other men of great rank, fortune, the favourite, as they commonly termand consequence. This party was ed Lord B, acted privately, or in. diftinguished by the name of the Mi- tended at least to act privately behind NORITY, and gained daily recruits the curtain, was a rupture which from the side of administration; it was shortly happened between him and Mr. every where celebrated as the only G. G.-Mr. G. G. having frequently palladium of our freedom, and a mem- filled fome of the principal offices in ber of the House of Commons, who government, and thinking himself, did not enlift himself under the ban. as many besides thought him, perfectly ners of its leaders, was confidered by conversant with butiness, affected to the people as an instrument of tyran- act independently, and not thinking Dy, and a traitor to the prosperity of the duty of a minister, like that of a the kingdom. It is true, indeed, le- militia:man, could be executed by a veral writers were engaged on the side substitute, seemed determined to pro. of governmeni, who endeavoured to ceed upon a system of his own; this give the most favourable complexion was reported to Lord B-, and gave to every part of its proceedings, but him, as the Minority loudly proclaim. arguments evidently repugnant to ed, the highest offence ; let this be as it truth were universally read with dif- may, Mr. G. G. was soon after dirgust, and served much more to en- mifled from his employments, and the crease than abate the fiame of indig. idea of the favourite's influence was llation which blazed every where a. more than ever adopted by all deno, gainit it; fo that at length Lord B-, minations of the people. fnding his acting publickly in office, Hitherto there had been but two with any degree of credit, an utter parties in the present reign, the friends impossibility, he withdrew himself ap- and the enemies of the favourite, but parently from the chief direction of now a third started up, under the auaffairs, and was succeeded at the trea. spices of Mr. G. G. This gentleman, sury-board by Mr. G. G. who had fillo exceedingly irritated at the treatment ed many einployments, and was sup- he had received, declared as loudly as poled to be one of the ableft financiers any body against the measures of Lord in the kingdom.

B -; at the same time that he ape The friends of Lord B-, that is, peared to disapprove very much of the

principles

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gave birth

72
The Hifiory of Party, &c.

Feb. prirciples upon which the opposition of with whom he is not intimately con the Minority was conducted.

nected; the nation supporing that minira There was ancther reason allo which ters are in general a molt corrupt species

to this new party, the of men, adopt the sentiment readily, refentment of the Minority forvards and make a quartei, merely private, a Mr. G. G. The Minority could matter of public attention; the alteicaby no means forgive Mr. G.'s junction tion spreads, and the citief persons on with Lord B- though, in that junc. both fides are two or three noblemen, tion, Mr. G. shewed a firm relolution who are extremely offended, because to fupport his own independence; helides they are not all of the same opinion, or Mr. G. was above the conciefcenfion of because each is not allowed to inanage the acting a secondary character in the Mi. concerns of the public as he thinks pronority, and was therefore considered by per; the public, who generally conclude Mr. P. and Lord T. wlio were the ora - that every man in power must naturally cles of that party, as an impracticable be worthless, and that every man out man, with whom there was no poffibi: muit'as naturally be deserving, always lity of carrying on the oppolition hearti- profess an attachment for those who ly.Neceflity therefore on the one are discarded ; thus, thio' a passion for hand, as well as ambition on the other, pre-eminence is the grand object on both laid the basis for a third faction, which tiles, the people who are in, are most talked of the public good as vehement- commonly dilagrecable to the kingdom. ly as the Minority, and posibly with as In Nort, we do not recollect, that though much pretension to the veneration of this country may have a B, among the kingdom.

those that never pretended to patriousm, Though at this period there appeared ftill in the list of its most celebrated paonly the three parties which we haie triots it can number a Walpole who was mentioned, yet in reality there was a earl of Orforit, a Pulteney who was fourth faction, consisting of the duke of eail of Bath, and a P- who is earl of B-'s friends, who arfully seemed dif- posed to favour any side that gained an A modern author, speaking of patriascendency in the government.-- otism, has the following remarkable This faction affected independence, tho' pasage : “ In reality I know no better it generally supported the side of power, friend to the confticution of this counand talked of inoderation at the very try, was it in any danger, than imagi'moment in which it concurred with the nary patriots - they ftruggle very hearti. most arbitrary proceedings of the ininis- ly while they are at it, and the moment try. Yet making ro vehement de- they are boight off, their preferment clarations against any of the other three, inspires others with a view of toiiowing it was couried by all, and having fome their example, in order by the same of the moit opulent landholiers in the means to aitain the same ends; and thus kingdom at its head, its influence was we always find a luccession of zealous contiderable.-Yet, notwithstanding this patriots, who constantly a:Ivance the influence, a low only of the secondary good of their country, by being so very members obtained offices; the chiels were frenuous about their own." too proud to engage actually where they Notwithstanding this observation, the were not allowed an actual fuperiority; Authors of the London Magazine are but they nevertheless allowed cheir de- no partizans, and the reader must see pendents to make the most of the public from the antecedent part of the present divisions; and, it must be contened, eslay, that they are the friends of ratiothey never appeared inclined to lose the nal argument, not the advocates of a smallest opportunity.

minifterial de porili, anzi scorn as much It is impoffible in this place not to ro be the panders of authority, as to be indulge a reflection which must frequent. the faves of popular prejudice. --Their ly occur to every considerare reader.- Quixotism is of a prudent nature, and A leading man or two in either house they do not combat with giants but has been dismissed from his place, and with errors, and their intentions in this he imniediately commences patriot, that paper is to hold up no less a glass to the is, he rails against administration, be- face of ministers, than to the eyes of the cause he is out of office, and tells the hitherio milled, though well-meaning, ration, that there can never be a seruple people. of honefty amongst a set of ministers

(To be continued.] 5

Infance

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