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m Literary Memoir of Dr. Percy, might devote himself to literary
late Bishop of Dromore. composition, from motives of pru. N
Thomas Percy, the late Bish. dence, as well as inclination. This op of Drumore, was born at Bridg. inclination would be fostered, in north, in the county of Salop,
no light degree, by his early con. in 1729. Of his family we
nection with Johnson, and his have no account, except that he literary associates, of whom he
was the last survivor.
An established church, which umberland. This circumstance enjoins a cried on ber clergy, in. might have acquired for him that stead of encouraging them to
chuse their own, can offer but powerful patronage, which after. wards contributed more, proba.
slender inducements to theological bly, than even bis real merits, enquiry. A young clergyman, to bis high advancement in the provided with a liturgy for his church.
desk, and satisfied with a stile of Who'd starve upon a dog.car'd Penta- rarely yield 10, if he should teel,
moral suasion for the pulpit, will 1.
teuch : He surely knows enough who knows a the temptation of becoming wiser Duke.
than his teachers, the venerable We are as uninformed, concern. councils of former ages Nor ing Mr, Percy's course of educa. will be easily forget that unless he tion, as of the history of his fami. has the effrontery to dare think one
ly, till he entered at ChristChurch thing, and another tell, it might Z College, Oxford, where he cum
cloud bis fairest prospects, and menced Master if Arts, in 1753. darken all the colour of remaining
On leaving the University, in life, to arrive at the unwelcome M 1756, his first promotion was to discovery, that the scriptures,
a college living in Northampton. critically investigated, are at vashire, held with another, the gift riance with the creed, to which of the Earl of Sussex, These he has, er animo, subscribed bis benefices were not, probably, what assent and consent. It is therefore
are technically denominated fat no proper subject of surprise, that, #livings ; eod' our young divine notwithstanding some splendid exVOL. VII,
ceptions, so many among the are added, The Argument or highest signitaries of the Church Story of a Chinese Piay; a Cola of England, have appeared before lection of Chinese Proverbs: Frag. the public in any char. clir, ra- ments of Chinese Poetry. With ther than that of theologians. Noies, 12 mo. 4 vol. ill. Rev.
The late Bishop of Dromore xxv. 427.) was, by no means, an exception We are informed 66 that the to this remark. From the series translation was found, in manu. of his publications, of which, in script, among ilic papers of a the vialit of other matcrials, the genilemal, who bad barge cuna present memoir must almost en. cerns in the East india Company, tirely consist, it will appear that, and occasionally resided much at excepting one offering to the gy, .Canion.- As the version was the
was devoted to other work of a gentleman whose pro. objects, though poither useless vince was trade, and who probably nor unimportant. To refine the never designed it for the public, classical taste of his contempora- nothing could be expected from ries, and, at the same time, to in. bim but tidelity to the originalculcate the purest morality, ap- the Editor, therefore, was obliged pear to have been the worthy so far to revise the whole as to objects of his attention. He will render the language somewbat be found, we believe, in his nu. more grammatical and correct, merous selections, to have rigor. retaining the imagery, the allusiously rejected, however veiled in ons, the reflections, the prover. obsolete language, every expres- bial sayings, any uncommon sen. sion, which as Watts complains, timent or mode of expression, and even of the Spectator, "might as much of the Chinese idiom in raise a blush in the face of strict general, as was not utterly incon. virtue ;” a caution not always re- sistent with the purity of our own.” garded by antiquarian editors, The authenticity of this work though in their own conduci cor. as a translation, amidst not a few rectly moral,
venjal literary impostures, reIt will appear, in the course of ceived the following support from this memoir, that it became an the journalist to whom alone we early object of Mr. Percy's atten. are indebted for our account of it. tion, to trace modern literature « These four thin folios of Chi. from its rude commencements, nese paper, on which the origi. and especially to investigate the nal rough translation of this novel literary antiquities of the northern was written (the fourth in Portunations. The first publication, guese,) happened some years ago, however, ascribed to him, was a to be shewn to some of the gen. translation from the Chinese. tlemen concerned in this Review,
This publication was anony- who had then an opportunity of mous, though immediately at. perusing the work, before it had tributed to his pen. It appeared received the polish and improve. in 1761, under the following title. ments of the learned and ingeni. HAUKIOU CHOÀAN; or, The Plea- ous Editor, and so far they can sing History: a translation from bear testimony to the authentithe Chinese Language. To which city of the book; but to those who
have the pleasure of knowing this faults he proceeds to ascribe to an worthy gentleman, all s'ich testi- “ abjectness of genius in the Chi. mony will appear quite superflu.. nese, accounted for from that ous. The credit of his naine and servile submission and dread of character being suflicient to secure novelty, which enslaves their minds, the public from imposition, in re, and while it promotes the peace gard to any publication, in which and quiet of their empire, dulls he may be concernel."-" The their spirit and cramps their ima. schema:and conduct ofthe Novel," gination." is thito described by the name The Chinese Play is said to have Journalist. " A young Chinese been “ a ted at Canton, in 1719, man of quality, of great virtue fourni among the papers of the gen. and uncommon bravery, has an tleman who first translatıd'he Chiattachment to a lady every way nese Nurl, and the second speci. worthy of so accomplished a tero. mi'n. in any Európean larguage, Circunstances, however, il re ed of the talents of the Chinse for
A powerful rival, with dramatic composition ; t're Or. other great obstacles, intervene, phan of the House of Chan, puband interesting adventures and lished by Dr Halde, bring the vicissitudes follow. But love and tirst.” Ii inight bave been added, virtue at length triumph over all that the latter piece was critical. opposition."
ly analized by the late Bishop Describing the value of this Hurd, in bis Discourse on Puerical publication, as presenting “a Composition, annexed 10 his Hor. faithful picture of Chinese man. ace, 1753 ; [vol. 2d. p. 180.] ners, wherein the domestic and though, for what reason, does political economy of that vast peo, not appear, omitted in the later ple is displayed,” the editor ands editions of thai Discourse. A transe the following happy illustration. lation from Duiiald"; wang how. -" There is not a greater differs ever, in the fuilowing year, pubence between the man who is lished in a publication attributed sitting for his portrait, stiffened to Mr. Percy. * into a studied composure, with From the Collection of Chinese every feature and limb under Proverbs, the following will shew; constraint, and the same person as the reviewer expresses it, " that unreserved, acting in his common good sense is the same in all coun. sphere of life, with every passion tries." in play, and every part of him in “ Do not entertain a man who motion, than there is between a has just received a disappointment people methodically described in with an account of your own suc a formal account, and painted cess. out in the lively narrative of some so If one doth not pluck off the domestic history.” Avoiding un. branches of a tree, while they are qualified praise of his adopted yet tender, they cannot afterwards work, he acknowledges, that, be cut off, without the axe. “ examined by the laws of Euro. “ In company, set a guard upon pean criticism, he believes it your longue; in solitude, upom liable to many objections.". The your heart
66 The more haste a man makes The publication of this Chinese to unravel a skain of thread, the Novel, was followed, in 1762, by more he entangles ii.
66 Miscellaneous Pieces, relating “ The most ignorant have know. to the Chinese.” Of these, the ledge envugh to discern the faults only one original was “ a Disser. of others : the most char-sighted tation on the language and writ. are blind to their ow..!
inys of the Chinese." Among On the Fragments of Chinese the Pieces, is a translation, as we Poetry, the Editor remarks, much have mentioned from Du Halde, in the manner of Dr. Hurd, in of The Orphan of the House of the Discuurse before mentioned, Chai, with Dr. Hurd's criucism that of the only kinds of Poeiry, on that drama. that are cullivaled much among In 1763 appeared the first the Chinese, are either shorter fruils of Mr. Percy's researches pieces, resembling the pigram“, in anuiber quarter.
" This little rondeaus and madrigals of the list tract was drawn up for the press age, or else collections of mural in the year 1761.” It is entitled apothegms, which are their only " Five Pieces of Runic Poetry: essays of any length.”
Translated [in prose) from the The account of this publica. Islandic Language,” the originals ion has been extended, perhaps, being annesid,
as vouchers for excusably, from the translation the authenticity of his version." and the review of it having how “ This allempia is described as the antiquity and rareness produced “ owing to the success of the by the lapse of balf a century. Erse fragmentse,"ibe authenticity We shall conclude this part of our of which Mr. Percy is inclined to Memoir, with the foliowing spe- dispute, os till the translator of Os. cimen of Mr. Percy's versification, sian's poems thinks proper to proin a translation of verses, extracted duce his originals." from a Chinese Romance, and en- In his preface, our translator litled an Eulogium on the IVillow has the following ingenious reTree, which it seems, has among marks on the contrarieties in the the Chinese 66 a prime place in character of 6 the ancient inbatheir gardens," where it is cullie bitants of the northern parts of vated “ with as much care as the Europe.” 6 If we sometimes most delicate flower.”
revere them for that generous plan Scarce dawns the genial year : its yel- of government, which they every
where established, we cannot help The sprightly willow cloaths in robes lamenting that they raised the
of green; Blushing with shame, the gaudy. fabric upon the ruins of literature peach is seen;
and the fine arts. Yet they had She sheds her blossoms and with an amazing fundness for poetry, spleen decay.
and it will be thought a paradox, Soft harbinger of spring! what glowing rays,
that the same people, whose furiWhat colours with thy modest charms ous ravages destroyed the last poor
remains of expiring genius among No silkworm decks thy shade , nes the Romans, should cherish it
could supply The velvet down thy shining leaf dis- with all possible care, among their plays:
own countrymen." These trans.
may vie ?