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40 Sketch of English Protestant Persecution.- Letter I. the pope in England, could carcely sure: the one exceeding valiant be called a Protestant. Nor had and advised; the other no less he the excuse, poor as it is, of be- valiant than learned, and of ex• ing av hunist. but misguided, per. cellent hope.” secutor. W'hom he would, he slew; Thal such a "merciless prince" and whom he would, he kept alire; should baie prepared the way, for rather as unbridled passions or a ihe progress, now we crust accele.' sanguinary policy directed, rhan raring, of Christian truth and cha. as guided by an erronevus religi. rity, through this nation, must ous principle. His characier is aluays be reckoned among the ex. thus well drawn by Raleigh, in traordinary works of Providencethe Preface to his History of the From seeming evil, still educing good.. World.
Thus, as it is well expressed, in, “ If all the pictures and pat. the inscript.on on a column at terns of a merciless prince were lost Amphill, where Henry's first inin the world, they might all again jured Queen resided, be painted to ibe life, oui of the
From Catharine's wrongs, a nation's story of this king. For how
many bliss was spread ; servants did he advance in haste,
And Luther's light, from Henry's lawbut for what virtue, no man could less bed. suspect, and, with the change of
Yet “ Luther's light,” or rather his fancy, ruin again, no man the light of scriplure, was pero knowing for what oflence? To how mitted to be enjoyed only through many others of more deseri, gave lattices of a size and quality prehe abundant Auwers, from whence scribed by the civil puwer. The to gather honey, and, in the end Bible was regarded as a boon, of harvest, burnt them in the bive! graciously be stowed by itie crown. How many wives did he cut off, From such premises, the conclu. and cast off, as bis fancy and affec- sion was obvious, that for the tion changed ? How many princes use of this boon, an account of the blood, whereof some of them, should be rendered to the royal for age could hardly crawl to- donor. Thus came in that specious wards the block, with a world of pri tender, a Magistrate affecting others of all degrees, of whom the cure of souls ; till persecution, our common chronicles have kept with her furies, like Milton's Sin the account, did he execute? Yea, and Death, in the train of Satan, in his very death-bed, and, when
Following his track, such was the will he was at the point to have given of heaven, his account to God, for the abun. Pav datter him a broad and beaten way. dance of blood already spilt, he This enormily is adrvilly comimprisoned the Duke of Norfolk, pressed by Blackstone, into a short the father, and executed the Earl plausible sentence: Christianity of Surrey, the son : the one whose is part of the laws of England. deservings he knew not how to (B. iv. ch. 4.) The learned com. value, having neyer omitted any mentator knew, thi ugh it did not thing that concerned his own suit him to admit, that, let Chrishonour and the king's service; the tian or anti-christian faith, be en. other never having committed any acidin any country, while" many thing worthy of his least displea. men have many minds," persecu.
tion must be the unavoidable omnes voluntates meas, Ac. xiii. consequence.
[22.) to which answers that pro, Henry the Eighth had been en. ceeding from the king, Lucerna titled by the pope, Defender of pedibus meis Terbum tuum, Psal. the Faith, a convertible term, cxix (105.) Underneath the Alwhich, as Lord Orford observed, mighty is the king a ain , reprehas equally suited a popish or sented, sitting in his throne, with protestant, an episcopalian, or even bis arms before him at his feet, a presbyterian, prince. Henry now On his right band stand two bish. added the title of Supreme Head ops bare headed, and their mitres of the Church of England ; and on the ground, in token, as it was complimented by the Reform. should seem of iheir acknowledgeers, as a man ,a/ter God's own ment of the king's supremacy. heart, with gross flattery in a "The king gives to the foremost a moral sense, however the ex. book shut, with these wards on pression may be providentially the cover, VERBUM DE!, and correct. I refer to a curious spea these words on a label, going out cimen of picture-writing, on the of his mouth, Hæc precipe et doce, frontispiece of Cranmer's Bible, Tit. ii. (15.) The Bishop receives 1539, a splendid.copy of which it, bending his right knee. On is preserved in the British Museum. the king's left hand stand several An engraving of this frontispiece, of the Lords temporal, to one of is in Lewis's Complete History of whom he delivers a book clasped, English Translations of the Bible, with VERBUM del on the cover 1789; from whence I copy his of it, and the following words on description, as the book is not one label, A me constitutum est now common, and it may serve to et decretum ut in universo imperiu exemplify our Reformers' courtly et regno meo tremiscant et pave. notion of the Bible, as a grant ant deum viventem, Daniel vi. from the crown to the people. [26.] and on another label this
“ On the top is a representa- text, Quod justum est judicule, tion of the Almighty in the clouds ita parvum audietis ut magnum, of heaven, with both his hands Deut. primo. (17.) The nobleman stretched out, and two labels going receivis the book, bending his left from his mouth. On that going knee. Underneath the bishops, towards his right hand, are the stands archbishop Cranmer, with following words, Verbum quod his mitre on his head, and habited egredietur deme, non revertetur ad in his rochet or stole over it. Beme vacuum, sed faciet quæcunque fore him is one kueeling with a volui, Esa. ly. (11.] His left hand shaven crown, and habited in a points to the king, who is repre. surplice, to whom tbe Archbishop sented kneeling at some distance, delivers a book clasped, with the bare-headed, and his hands lifted words VERBUM Dei, on the cover up towards heaven, with his crown of it, and saying to him these on the ground before him, and a words, as they are in a label, com. label going out of his mouth. On ing out of his mouth, Pascite quod the label which comes from the in vobis est gregem Chrissi, 1 Pet. Almighty, is this text, Inveni y. [2.] Under the lord's temporal nirum juxta cormeum, qui faciet stands Lord Cromwel, the king'
42 Gleanings.- Lord Clarendon's Prophecy concerning Spain. vicegerent. His lordship is repre. and low, great and little, had, sented with his cap on, and a . and their thankfulness to the king, roll of paper in his right hand, for bis granting them this privilege and in his left, a book clasped, of having and reading the holy with VERBUM der on the cover of scriptures, in their mother-tongue. it, which he delivers 10 a noble. On the left side, are represented man, who receives it of him barë. prisoners looking out of the prison headed, with these words, on a grates, and partaking of this great Jabel going out of his mouth, Di- and common joy."- Complete verte a malo et fac bonum, inquire Hist. 2d Ed. pp. 122-124. pacem et sequere eam, Psalmo I have not been able to transxxxiiii. (14.) At the bottom, on cribe this passage, without recol. the right hand, is represented a lecting a remark, by Mrs. Macaupriest, with his square cap on, in a lay, on a later period of our his. pulpit, preaching to a pretty large tory, that “ priests were instructed auditory of persons of all ranks to teach speculative despotism, and qualities, orders, sexes and and graft on religious affections, ages, men, women, children, systems of civil tyranny.” This nobles, priests, soldiers, trades. pretended mediator between God men and countrymen, who are re. and the people, was yet caprici. presented, some standing, and ous as a Moorish Emperor, and others sitting on forms, and ex. would have burned translators and pressing themselves very thankful. readers of the Bible, or enjoined Out of the preacher's mouth goes its perusal, just according to the a label with these words, Obsecro humour of the moment. I es. igitur primum omnium fieri ob-cuse myself from following Henry secrationes orationes, postulationes, through the bloody eccentricities gratiarum actiones pro omnibus of his latter years. The Protestant hominibus, pro regibus, fc. 1 Tim. sufferers being orthodox, have had ii. [1. 2.) On the right side of the justice done to their memories by pulpit are the words vivAT REX, their pious and learned martyrand in labels coming from the ologisi; and, indeed, the proper people's and children's mouths, æra of English Protestant perseTIVAT REX, GOD SAVE THE cution, scarcely commences till KINA, to express the great and the infantile reign of Edward, universal joy and' satisfaction which shall be the subject of my which all the king's subjects, high next letter
GLEANINGS; OR, SELECTIONS AND REFLECTIONS MADE IN A
COURSE OF GENERAL READING.
this day preserved those his domi. Lord Clarendon's Prophecy con- nions from entertaining any thing cerning Spain.
that was noi before known or ge. 6 Įt cannot be denied, that nerally believed by them; but it Philip (King of Spain) by this is as true, that from that time, and means (the Inquisition) hath to only by the settling that terrible
judicatory, (which admits not the
No: CVÍ. mention of any thing that is new
Conventicle. in any other science as well as divinity, nor the natural doubts or
Contenticle means a meeting. discourses which cannot but arise house, and is so used by Blackamongst learned men,) the acute stone; but it signifies as much a ness and vigour of that nation is meeting.house for Church-men as so totally decayed and their spirits title to one of his sørmons before
for Dissenters. Latimer, in the broken, and inclinations diverted to more pernicious licences, that King Edward, calls the Chapel. too many of that class of
Royal " a meeting-place."
men, who should preserve and improve small meeting of persons ; in which
Literally, a Conventicle is a knowledge, are upon the matter become illiterate; and the spirit sense, how many parish churches and courage, which was natural may bear the denomination! To to that people, and made them as
the assembled thousands of the eminent for many noble attempts
Tabernacle, Tottenham-Court. and atchievements as any other Chapel, Spa Fields, Zion Chapel nation of the world, is niuch de. and Surry Chapel, it cannou be generated and broken. It is very applied, except by ignorance and probable, however, that since their folly. pristine appetite of honour and
A secondary sense of Contentia glory is not like to be extinguished, ele is an unlawful meeting, in which they will at some time, when it shall sense, a meeting of Peers for the please God to give them an active sake of influencing a County elec. and enterprizing King, shake off tion is a Conventicle; a meeting their modern sloth and luxury, of Country Justices for the sake of and those shackles with which the suppressing an opposition newsfaculties of their mind are re, paper is a Conventicle; a meeting
strained and imprisoned, as well of Staff Officers to address complias their bodies in perpetual danger ments to a Commauder in Chief, and captivity: and they will then degraded by the Legislature, is a discern that the true safety and Conventicle; a meeting of Rural security of a Church and State Esquires for deep gambling, 'is & consists in the wisdom, knowledge Protestant Disssenters in a building
Conventicle: but a meeting of and virtue of a people, that can discern and distinguish between registered according to law, to truth and error, and suppress the hear a minister pray and preach, one, or at least expel The poisun of
who is qualified according to law, it, by the power of the other ; sup
is not a Conventicle, but an Es. ported by laws constituted upon the
tablished Church. To such a foundation of prudence and justice, but by such as have it in their
meeting the term is never applied, more than by a stupid resignation of the anderstanding to oid dic. heart, though, thank God ! not in tates, and by a sottish affectation of their power, to disperse it. The ignorance in those things which use of it is verbal intolerance, lin. are the proper objects for the disa gual but, happily, toothless persequisition of the soul of man.”
cution; barking where the Law Religion and Policy, 8vo. 1811, prevents biting. i. 373-374.
So late as the 4th century, Ama
Gleanings.- Common Sense,” and “ Plain Truth.” mianus Marcellinus, a pagan wri. pendence, he thus answers an ob. ter, calls a Christian Church at jector to his scheme of democratic Cologne, a Conventicle (conventi. government. culum ritus Christiani). Proles. “ But where, say some, is the tant Dissenters need not therefore King of America ?
I'll tell you, to refuse this vulgar reproach ; Friend, he reigns above. —Yet their enemies may, if they please, that we may not appear to be de. enjoy the reputation of a Heathen fective even in earihly bopours, spirit.
let a day be solemnly set apart for
proclaiming the charter; let it be No. CVII.
brought forth placed on the divine “ Mahumetan Story."
law, the word of God; let a
crown be placed thereon, by which “ The Mahumetans," says the world may know that so far Bolde, (Pref. to Meditations con. we approve of monarchy, that in cerning Death,) "have a story wbich America the law is king. For as Christians may make a good use in absolute governments the king of, viz. That in the days oi Jesus, is law, so in free countries the three men in a Journey happened law ought to be king ;-- But to find a treasure, but being very best any ill use should afterwards hungry, sent one of the number arise, let the crown, at the conclu. to buy provision; he consulted sion of the ceremony, be demolish. how to get the treasure to himself, ed, and scattered among the people and determined to poison the whose right it is.” “ Com. Sense." meat: the other two agreed to Lond. 1776. p. 28. share the treasure between them, “Common Sense,' was answer and 10 kill the third man as soon ed in America by “ Plain 'Truth, as he returned : this they did, and which was republished with it here, preseutly after they died of the poi. and contains the strength of the suned meat. Jesus, passing by wish arguments against Independence. his disciples, said, This is the con- Plain Truth,” concludes with dition of this world--See what the the following political prediction, love of it bath brought these men which an age of freedom and na. to! Wo be to him that looks for tional improvement has bappily any other usage from it.”
« Volumes were insufficient to No. CVIII.
describe the horror, misery and “ Common Sense" and " Plain desolation awaiting the people at Truth."
large, in the syren form of Ameri,
can Independence. In short, I Thomas Paine, who in his“ Age affirm' that it would be the most of Reason," bas ridiculed the de. excellent policy in those who wisla scription of the Bible as the Word for true liberty, 10-submit, by an of God, appears to have had other advantageous reconciliation, to sentiments, twenty years before the authority of Great Britain. Iu his Common Sense,” pub. Independence and slavery are sy; lished at Philadelphia in 1776, and nonymous terms.”.Plain Truth." which greatly contributed to the declaration of American Inde.