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ART.I. A Comparative View of Protestants, we deprecate the day
the Two New Systerns of Edu. when this " large discretionary cation for the Infant Poor; in power” shall be entrusted to a Charge delivered to the Clergy gentlemen in the commission of of the Officialty of the Dean and the peace or in holy orders. Chapter of Durham, 1811. By That Dr. Bell is “ a most rethe Rev. Ř. G. Bowyer, LL. B. spectable presbyter" of the English Prebendary of Durham, and church, we are neither ‘able por Oficial. London. Rivingtons, inclined to question. As little 8vo. pp. 18 1811.
are we disposed to conceal or Arr. II, A Vindication of Dr. colour the fact that Mr. Lancaster Bell's System of Tuition, in a
is a professed dissenter.” (8). Series of Letters. By Herbert It is not with the mer, but with Marsh, D, D, F.R.S. Mar. their comparative exertions, that garet Professor of Divinity, in
we are now concerned. Cambridge. London, Riving.
"The Madras system," says Mr. tous, 8vo. pp. 32. 1811.
Bowyer, (ib.) “was read, talked of with
wonder and praise ; but the relation of In our views of the nature and it was soon laid aside, and almost forimportance of education, we agree, gotten. The men of the world had all for the most part, with Mr. Bow of them something else to do.” yer : and we fear that numbers of And is it not strange, beyond indigent children are destitute of belief, that if the established ils blessings. We doubt, never- clergy, whom, however, he will theless, whether the evil is such as hardly include under:"the men to call for a remedy' which “must of the world," were then aware of owe its general efficacy to the sanc- the Madras system being particu. tion and supportof the legislature:" larly calculated for the service of (p:7.) nor can we approve of the the hierarchy, they did not bring intimation that the object might it into public use? Either they perhaps be best accomplished by had no such persuasion, or they
vesting a large discretionary were criminally remiss, in disrepower in the hands of persons garding their convictions. Will whose residence and employments the Official of Durham also inform give them a competent knowledge us, why, in the mean time, num. of local peculiarities and exigen. bers of “ the men of the world” cies." (ib.) To make education were eager to patronize the Lan. the business of the state, is neither castrian plan of education? requisite nor adviseable: facts
“ From this general apathy," he reshew that the efforts of individuals marks, " two or three individuals must and of voluntary societies, at the be excepted; and one of them had the same time that they are safer, are tice in England, and of exhibiting its
merit of first putting the plan in prae, likely to be far more useful; and powerful operation in a suburb of the wo confess that, a Britons 'and metropolis; on which account, and for
46 Review.--Mr. Bowyer and Dr. Marsh on Education. the additions which he made to it, he these questions receive, every claimed the e tle of nven or, and soon thing of importance in this concollected a very great number of children of both sexes, who received most troversy is involved. We suspect important benefit from his instruction.” either the sincerity or the justness (ib.)
of accusations preferred at a late The Prebendary's eulogium on and singular period ; a period Mr. Lancaster, will not be sus. when our revered Monarch, the pected of flowing from a partial generous patron of the Lancastrian pen.
Yet he ought further to plan, is unhappily, in a situation have excepted from the apathy which forbids him to hear and which he laments, the multitude silence the clamours virtually of persons, of every rank and raised against his patriotism, muname, who countenanced this nificence and discernment. most deserving man. Upon the 10, 11, 12. Some remarks
follow points originally at issue between upon
supreme moment the friends of his plan and those and necessity of communicating of Dr. Bell's, our readers will find religious instruction to the young. their advantage in consulting what Few objects are dearer to our has been written .by Sir Thomas hearts. However, if Mr. Bowyer Bernard, on the one side, and by proposes to contrast the two sys. Mr. Joseph Fox and the Edin. tems in this respect, his argument, burgh reviewers, on the other. sound as it may be in the abstract,
is needless and impertinent, Ib. and 9. “ But objections having arisen from the circumstance of his (Mr. Were we to judge of the Lan. Lancaster) being a professed dissenter, castrian system from the conversa. and from disapprobation of some of the tion or the writings of its oppo. additions which he had made to the
nents, we should infer that it does original system, Dr. Bell was at last prevailed upon to quit his retirement, and not provide for any kind or degree to organize some large schools, in strict of instruction in religion. Such conformity to his own tried plan ; and are the extent and inveteracy of from that time forward he has practic ibis prejudice, that in a well edited cally displayed its advantages, and with indefatigable zeal and unbounded gener.
diurnal print, (the Globe of Dec. osity, he has devoted his time, his la. 19th, 1811.) the Madras system bour and his fortune, to this most im- is represented as combining all portant object.”
the simplicity and economy of Mr. Bowyer will permit us to Mr. Lancaster's, while it.em. ask, what was the interval be. braces, in addition, the religious tween Dr. Bell's retiring to his principle of education." On read. benefice in Dorsetshire, and his ing such language, we are tempted quitting it, in order to organize to ask, is the Bible, or is it not, some large schools?” When was the religion of Protestants ? In his scheme first tried in England ? the Lancastrian schools, without How long was it before certain exception, the pupils are taught ministers and members of the to read from the Bible, and in church discovered, or thought some the church catechism is also they discovered, in Mr. Lancas. used. If, moreover, the value of ter's system an hostility to our religious instruction can be esti. civil and ecclesiastical establish- mated by its efficacy, we may ments? In the answers which take-high ground in gor secon
mendation of what Mr. Lancas. spicuous objection, we oppose the ter imparts ; none of the young single fact that Mr. Lancaster's persons educated in his seminaries press furnished one of the schools having been charged with a crim. in the metropolis with the church inal offence in any of our courts catechism, printed after the matha of justice.
ner of his own cards. Now, plain. 13. After observing that the ly, what is done in one instance, expence of furnishing the means may be done in all : and they who of religious instruction, is very require this catechism to be ex. trifling in the schools of Dr. Bell, clusively taught, may thus engraft Mr. Bowyer proceeds in the fol. it on th. system of Lancaster, with lowing strain,
the same iacility as on Dr. Bell's. “ This brings me to the consideration Su unfounded are Mr. Bowyer's of one of the addit.ons to, or rather fears and insinuation! lle ap. alterations of, the orig nal system upon pears inderd, to be as ignorant of which the person above alludes to, rests this part of bis subject as he is his claim to the merit of invention. And the real and unden able merit of inaccurate in another;, since to his having first presented this most use the semicircles in the Lancastrian ful method of teaching to the ocular ob- Schools he assigns a diameter of servation of this country, by his early, nine or ten feet, instead of one of laborious and extensive practice of it, gives him so fair a title to the gratitude less than half that length. and esteem of the public that I enter 1b. But contemplating Mr. with great reluctance, on a statement Lancaster as a dissenter,-and which must imply a censure on any part of his proceedings; but the danger with
“ The very head and front of his which, in my view of them, they me
offending nace our church establishment, lays me
Hath this extent, no more'under an imperious necessity of commu. 60 here," exclaims the Official, nicating to you, asits appointed guardians 66 difficulties and dangers and watchmen, the nature and cause of such my apprehensions."
arise." . Accordingly, having de
scribed the situation and duty of Irrational fear magnifies its ob. ject: persons under its influence tion of their own children, he com.
dissenters in respect of the educa. are seldom distinctin their percep. plains of those members of the tions or conclusive in their rea. sopings; and it is for his readers voluntarily send the children of
established church, who " would to say, whether this be not our
, author's situation?
the poor by hundreds to be edu. For what however is Mr.
cated by dissenters, or at least
under the effectual controul of a' Lancaster censured? Whence the
dissenter.” (10). apprehended danger? Why truly,
In his statement he is right, but the founder of the Borough Road school employs reading cards and churchmen and dissenters unite in
faulty in his conclusion. When tables, and saves the expence of binding and stitching! Therefore, without compromising their seve.
a scheme of general benevolence, " we must at once renounce ail expositions of the church cate- the children of the poor are edu
ral tenets, it is unjust to say thay ebism, and all tracts of a similar length." 14, 15.
cated by dissenters. To this novel and not very per
17. “ It seems," observes Mr. Bowyer, "We are to offer the childrça of
Dir. Bowyer and Dr. Marsh on Education,
48 parents belonging to all sects (for our establishment is only treated as one of Bell and Mr. Lancaster, has turn.
The controversy respecting Dr. them) to be admitted promiscuous
ed upon four points,- Who is the We repeat that we wish such inventor of the improved system words* as sects and sectaries to be of instruction? Which plan is predisused by Protestants. Thé ferable for simplicity, economy members of the church should and effect? Which is better appli. know, however, that if they apply cable to the uses and wants of the them to dissenters, they may be established church? and.. Does Dr. reminded by dissenters of being Bell plcad, or dues he not, for af. themselves a sect from popery. fording to the children of the poor
He, afterwards, makes particu. the means of a thoroughly useful lar mention of Unitarians. Why education? he distinguishes them, we presume
On the last of these subjects the not to conjecture; except it be Professor bere employs himself, from his persuasion that no class of Mr. Lancaster, in a letter printed Protestants are more conspicuous in a London newspaper, had for bringing their characteristic charged Dr. Bell with proscribing opinions to the test of the Bible. writing and arithmetic to the chile Perhaps, in the spirit of one of the dren of the lower classes. There orators ip the council of 'l'rent, he is certainly a sentence to this effears that in proportion as the Sa- fect in the third edition of the cred Volume is read without' the Elements of Tuition, which, bow-, Liturgy, Unitarian sentiments ever, is considerably modified in will advance.t
a subsequent impression; though So little does he himself adopt it is still very far from unexcepti. the reasoning, the principles and onable. Now Dr. Marsh heavily the spirit of Protestantism, that his complains of Mr. Lancaster for concluding observations in this pa. not quoting the amended passage. ragraph are in substance, and al-' Alas! We suspect that Mr. most verbally, the same with those Lancaster is not quite so convere of one of the ablest of the modern sant with various editions as Dr. champions of the papal claims. Marsh. No doubt, he would
This much for Mr. Bowyer. have done well to pause, and ask, We add a few words concerning whether the author of the EleProfessor Marsh's Vindication. ments, &c. retained, without any
qualification, the obnoxious senti. One of these is conventice, the ori. Bell would bardly have conceded
ment? On the other hand, Dr. ginal meaning of which may be seen in Tertullian's Apology: ch. 3. and in Bp. so much as he still does to the preTaylor's Preface to his Life of Christ, judices of some of the members $ 34; wbile the modern application of of his church, had his own better it is well cxposed in Dr. Rees's Address, &c. affixed to the second volume of his judgment and feelings been his very admirable Sermons. [M. Repos. guides. After all, the general vol. v. pp. 85, 137, 193.]
merits of the case cannot be af. + F. Paolo's Hist. Con. Trid. 263. fected by any personal altercati. (2d. ed.)
| Milner's Consecration Sermon, at Birmingham, pp. 15, 29, 34, &c. (M. The wisdom and the duty, of Repor vol. iii. p. 618, &c.]
teaching writing and arithmetic to
the poor, are excellently repre. ART. III. Conferences betueen the sented by Professor Marsh (14, Danish Christian Missionaries, 15). For the rest, there is no. resident at Tranquebur, and thing in his pamphlet that should the Heathen Natives of Hindio. detain our readers and ourselves. stan, now first rendered into It contains, indeed, like his Dis. English from the Original-Ma. course, many assertions witbout nuscript, by an Officer in the Serproof; and we perceive that he rice of the Flonourable East In. uses political rather than religious dia Company. 12no. pp212. motives to accomplish his design. Johnson and Co. 1812. The cry of danger to the state he This is a religious romance, de. repeatedly sounds. Yet Archbi. signed to explode orthodox Chrisshop Secker might have taught tianity. We doubt the moral prohim that 66 whenever religion priety of this mode of warfare, comes to be spoken of merely as which may be employel as well an instrument of policy, it will do against revealed religion itself as longer be so much as that;"* and against any corruption of it; and he might lrave learnt from obser. which in this instance, however vation that the Dissenters are designed, seems to us to militate among the most peaceable and in against the Christian faith. We dustrious subjects of the realm. cannot deny to the author or au.
The leading members of the thors of the work before us the hierarchy, bave, at length, formed praise of ingenuity, but we are re. a national society for the instruc• strained from higher commenda. tion of the children of the poor in tion by an authority to which we the principles of the established are accustomed to bow : “ If a church. Whatever we think of man also strive for masteries, yet the time, the manner and the rea. is he not crowned, excepi he sons of the unvlertaking, in the dif. strive lawfully. *"' fusion of the advantages of education we ardently rejoice. The rival systems will now be practi. Art. IV. Christian Liberty. A cally at issue: the public will Sermon, preached at St. Mary's, soon have ocular proof which is
before His Royal Ilighness the the simpler, the more economical
Duke of Gloucester (Chancellor and efficient. Zeal will be ani.
of the University) and the Uni. mated : vigilance will be increased.
versity of Cambridge, at the InBut we anticipate a still happier
stallatiin, June 30th, 1811. and more important result of the
By Sumuel Butler, D. D. Late experiment. As we believe that
Fellow of St. John's College, the Bible can make men wise unto
Cambridge, and Head Aluster salvation, so we doubt not that
of Shrewsbury School, 12mo. the religion of the Bible--the reli pp. 129. Longman and Co. gion of Christians and Protestants An able sermon we expected —will be ultimately promoted from the author and the occasion; even by measures apparently in- but we have been agreeably sur. auspicious to its interests. N. prised on finding in Dr. Butler's
* Sermons, vol. iii. p. 5. VOL. VII.
2 Tim. ii, s.