Imatges de pÓgina
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lations shew, as the translator ob- the following, the last of them,
serves that the poetry of the especially, not very cogent :--
Scalds chiefly displays itself in “ That this finc eastern pastoral
imag"s of terror.” In a note to was designed for a vehicle of re-
the Duing Ode of Regnar Lod. ligious truths, is an opinion hand.
brog, attributed to the 9th cen. ed down from the earliest antiquity.
tury, the translator, in the expres. That it may be so, has been clearly
sion of " a mass of weapons," de. proved by one of the best critics
tecis “ a snrer on the Christian of the age (Dr. Lowth): and that
religion,” which they considered as it is so, may be strongly presumed,
the religion of cowards, because not only from that ancient and
it would have corrected their universal opinion, but from its
savage manners," or rather be being preserved in a book, all
cause they had not witnessed the whose other contents are of a di-
Crusades into the East, or the vine religious nature.”
wars for " religion and social Wbile the New Translation
order" in Christian Europe.

was in the press, 66 appeared a In 1764, was published, in one new edition of the Prælectiones, small volume, 12mo. The Sung with notes, by Michaëlis,” who, of Solomon, newly translated from according to our translator's postthe original Hebrew, with a Com. script, (p. 103) differs from Lowth, mentary and Annotalions. This as to the Song of Solomon “ being translation has been long ascribed a sacred allegory, and is inclined to Mr. Percy, and we apprehend, to look no furiher than the literal nay be now contidently regard- meaning. Yet allows it to be a ed as the production of his pen. production not unworthy the ceThe translator describes his work lestial muse, and thinks it was

an atttempt to rescue one of inserted in the great code of sathe most beautiful pastorals in cred and moral truths, to shew the world, as well as the most that wedded love has the express ancient,' from that obscurity and approbation of the Deity.” It is confusion, in which it has been surprising that the learned profesinvolved by the injudicious prac. sor could discover any recommentice of former cornmentators. The dation of marriage, in the story generality of these,” he complains, of an amorous prince, possessed " have been so busily employed already of “threescore queens in opening and unfolding its alle. and fourscore concubines, yet gorical meaning, as wholly to neg. inclined, like a modern grand lect that literal sense, which ought seignior, to add another bride to to be

the basis of their dis. his seraglio. It is yet more to coveries." On the contrary, it is be admired that our translator bis “ sole design to establish and could conjecture (p. 103), “ that illustrate the literal sense;" pro. this elegant description of conposing, “ in a future attempt, to jugal love is, after all, only a enquire, what sublime truhs are veil to shadow that divine and concealed under it.” The trans. tender regard which subsists belator's reasons for expecting to dis. tween the Redeemer and the souls cover 6 sublime truihs,” conceal- of men; a subject,” he adds, “ of ed in the Song of Solomon, are so much importance as to deserve


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a particular and distinct inquiry, lator regrets as "the assistant and ani therefore reserved for a su- companion of his studies, the in. ture undertaking."

structor of hiyould, and the cor. Dr. Waits has hinted at the responent of his riper age." progress of good sense and sober

In 176%, appeared ': 'The Out. inindedness as to the religious use lines of a New Commentary on of the Song of Songs. In a later Solomon's Song, drawn by help edition of the Pri face to his Lyric of Instructions from the East.” Poems, first pullished in 1709, The au bor, the late Mr. Harmer, he has this nole:-“ Solomon's since well known by his * ObserSong was much more

use vativns on Disnes passages of amongst preachers and writers of Scripture," cominents as the learn. divinity, when these poems were ing, the candour and i he elegance written, than it is now, 1736." displayed in the Niu Iranslation." Whiston, about this time, in a Of this he makes large alte', it in. Discourse on the subject, bad deed his own work were not oc. called in question, not only the casioned by its publication. He . diviniy, but the moral decorum of bowever, differs from Bossuet and the book, alledging the general ine translator, and contends, in character of vanity and dissolute. opposinon tu tbe laiter, that the ness, which reigns through the Song | Songs was occasioned by Canticles, in which there is not Sulomon's marriage with Platavb's one thought that leads the mind daughter, introriucing morg the toward religion, but all is worldly characters a former vite degraded and carnal, to say no worse.” At on occasion of that marriage. the date of the “ New Transla- This work of Vr. Hurmer being, tion," it had become quite safe for we believe, lidie known, in com. a clergyman, without incurring parison with bis ** Observations," scandal, to consider the Canticles .we subjoin trom his preface the merely as a work of human genius, following explanation of his plan. prudently reserving the point of a 66 That two wives of Solomon, spiritual sense. In thus consider- the one just married, and anotber ing it, the translator adopted the whose jealousy was greatly awakscheme of Bussuet, who divides the ened by that event, are referred book into seven parts, each com- 10, and indeed introduced as prehending one day of the nup- speakers, which is th ground-work tial festivities.

of the whole of what I have ofierThe 66 Annotations," annexed ed, and, for auglit I know, a to the New Translation, discover thought perfectly new, is a point a critical acquainiance with the about wbich I have very little customs and phraseology of the doubtfulness in my own mind, Hebrews, and are interspersed with though perhaps I may not be so apposite quotations from the Greek happy as to have the generality of and Roman Classics. In the my readers adopt the sentiment. preface, the notes marked B. are - When I speak of my sketching ascribed to “ the Rev. Mr. Binnel, vut the interpretation of this vene. of Newport, in Shropshire,” who rable Song, I would be under. died 66 while the sheets were stood to mean, as to the literal printing off," and whom the trans. sense of it, the giving of which the

author of the New Translation, with an Introduction, containing very judiciously observes, is the some remarks on a late New first duly of an expositor, without Translation of ihis Sacred Poem: ubich it is impossible to discover also a Commentary and Notes, whut utner truths are couched Critical and Practical. Written under it, though it has been tere in the year 1709.” This work is ribly neglecied.”

dedicated to Bishop Lowth, and in. Mr. Harmer communicates his troduced hy a letter to an unnam. plan in bemark xii. and xil. of ed reverend friend, in which the ibe Outimun. Dr. Priestley re- writer acknowledges his obligations marks on this poen, (Noies ij. to the New Translation, but pro92.) that every attempt made to ceeds to shew, that it is, in his give a spiritual meaning to it, apprehension, both defective has only served to throw ridicule and faulty, in several respects.” on those who have undertaken it.” This commentator is certainly Yet Nir. Hariner found the gos. more at home, in the sprinal pel-state axiumbrated in the Sung sense of the Canticles, than his of Songs, adducing the likeness precursor, a disposition likely to be we may observe between Solo. encouraged by “ Dr. Gill's Ex.' mon's marrying a Gentile princess, plairation of the Divine Song," and making her equal in honour which he had just met with, as and privileges with his former 'well as Harmer's Outlines. To Jewish queen, and in hır being both works he frequently refers. frequently mentioned afterwards in He not only speaks “ of Christ history, while ibe other is passed the heavenly bridegrom, whom over in totul silence; and the Solomon, in this poem is certainly conduct of the Visszah towurds meant to represent,” but his fancy the Gentile und Jewish churches." runs riot upon this notion, till be This lamed Biblicist was sull presently adds, “ The author of further satisfied with his plan, ihe book of Canticks, (for Solobecause the universal church is mon, as the rest of the prophets, spohrn of under the notion of a

was only the instrument,) the au-, bride, and the Messiah as her bus. thor, I say, was not a man, but band, Ej bes. v. He sound also be who judges right; not from support in “ Si. Paui's method of appearances, nor from any irregu. explaining the history of Sarah lar motion in his own breast, as and Agar," and at length arrived man dors, but who knows the inat all the determinatıness that can most thoughts of his frail imper. be expected, in a matter that has tect creatures." The "three. been so perplexed by the learned, score queens and fourscore con. and," as he added, unlike a fierce cubines," are considered as a sort polemic, “ of no greater conse. of herr looms, descended to Solo. quence to our salvation."

moni, * the spoils of war in his The New Translation gave oc- father's time, the purchase of his casion to another work which own treasure, or fallen to him as appeared some years after. It was his regal inheritance.” Having published anonymously at Edin- thus disposed of these bosom slaves, burgh, in 1775; and entitled • The Whom castern tyrants from the light of Song of Solomon, Paraphrased,

heaven Seclude

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our commentator can bring him. sometimes in a pleasing transport self to believe that“ however crim. agitate the whole frame. If you inal Solomon became in his old love me, keep my commandments, age,” this early purchaser, if not saith our blessed Saviour. And inheritòr, of queens and concubines, an excellent role it is, u bereby to t• still retained the simplicity and judge of the reality of our affecinnocency of his youth, at the time rions. But then on the other side, this poem was wrote.” He can,' let us not fancy we do this where however, express himself in a man. there are no affections al all." ner more credilable to a sriber Mr. Percy, as we have seen, projudgment. Having 'maintained posed to follow his New Transla. that " a mind untainted by vice, tion, by a search after “sublime will find in the Song of Solomon, iruths," concealed in the Song of solid instruction," he adds:- Solomon, This he reserved for a

6. If we examine the lives of future undertaking. Mr. Har such as have been noted tor en. mer, expressed a wish to see thusiastic flights, we shall find, “ what allegorical sense he would that, if they have not lived in the put on this antient poem," and in practice of vice, (though too many ihe Commentary, published at of them have,) yet have they Edinburgh, hopes were entertained, bein persons of wild and wanton " of seeing such a work performed dispositions, careless of their con- by him." Mr. Percy, however, duct, and more careless of their to the credii of his maturer jurigconversation and studies, such as ment, appeared not to have purhave had strong passions, and sued the subject further. It he been only kept from indulging ever addressed himself to the them by the restraints of consci. particular and distinct inquiry" ence, fear, regard for reputation, he had proposed, he probably soon or by having met with cruel dis. found it a labour more herculean appointments. Such persons, when than he had expected, to assimi. they take a turn to devotion, love late the sensual Solomon to the God with the same sensual affec. pure and holy Jesus. 'I heir chations they were wont to feel for an racters would no more amalmagate human object, and find their own than " the iron and the clay,” in warm ideas in places of scripture, the image presented w the imagi. where no such are really to be nation of the king of Babylon. found. And though in all this Our industrious scholar sonn at. they may not be absolutely crim. tempted another subject, to his inal, yet are they too apt to de. successful prosecution of which ceive themselves and others

. The he was principally indebted for love of God is not a sensible pas. 'that reputation he has acquired sion, nor to be judged of by the among the writers of his time. seeming pious affections which

[To be continued.) possess the imagination, and which

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Memoir of Samuel Kerrick, Esq: Died, October 5th, at Bewd. stitutions and numbers, with those bey in Worcestershire, SAMUEL of his own day, of which he reKENRICK, Esq. This excel- lained a most accurate remem: Jent man was the third son of the brance. It was at college that Rev. John Kenrick, Minister of his acquaintance began with Dr. the Dissenting Congregation at Wodrow, who was also studying Wrexham in Denbighshire, and under Dr. Leechman, and who was born at Wynnehall, in the has given so interesting an account same county, in the year 1728. of bis master, in the Memoir pre. Having received his preparatory fixed to his Posthumous Sermons. education in that neighbourhood, Similarity of temper and pursuits he was sent, in the year 1743, to soon ripened their acquaintance the University of Glasgow. This into the closest friendship, which circumstance gave a colour to all only the death of Dr. Wodrow the events of bis succeeding life: interrupted. (See M. R. vol. vi. p. and he always regarded it as most 122), They were accustomed to kindly ordered for him by Provi. meet after the hour of lecture, to dence. Having passed through compare and correct the notes the classes of languages and phi. which they had taken, and to pur. losophy, he entered the Divinity sue the ideas which their teacher Hall, and attended the lectures of had suggested. Mr. Kenrick the celebrated Dr. Leechman, never spoke of Dr. Leechman but who had been recently elected to with enthusiastic affection; re. the theological chair, after violent garding himself as indebted to him opposition from his orthodox for those rational and animating brethren. Time past lightly on views of God and of the Christian with Mr. K. while he pursued his Revelation, which he early emstudies. The period of academical braced and cherished to the end education and the place where it of life. His vacations were spent has been carried on, seldom fail to with his near relation, the Rev. be remembered with regret and Rob. Millar, minister of the Abbey affection by an ingenuous mind,- Church, Paisley, the learned au. being endeared by two of the 'thor of the History of the Propa. highest pleasures which a human gation of Christianity. being can enjoy, the acquisition of Mr. K. continued at Glasgow knowledge and the formation of till the year 1750, when he was friendship. In the mind of Mr. engaged as Tutor to the two sons K. these feelings were peculiarly of James Milliken, Esq. of Millia strong---being heightened, perhaps, ken, in Renfrewshire. With the by the contrast between the stu. elder of these young men he set dies of his youth and the business out in the spring of 1760, to make to which his later years were de. a tour on the Continent. At the voted. Even when be was on the Hague, he became acquainted with verge of eighty, accident having the learned translator of Mosheim, renewed his connection with the who gave him much valuable in. University, his affection for his formation respecting the route Alma Mater revived with una. wbich he was to pursue.

Frona bated strength ; and he was de. Holland (as we were at war with lighted to compare its present in- France) they past through part of



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