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State of Public Affairs, it that ye will not take advantage of these elsewhere; and the amount of the subo improvements, and give to the English scriptions to it has been very considerareader a translation worthy of the origi- ble. The committee for its management nal? Be assured that this will be an has advertised an account of some meetobject of contention wor:hy of your. ing in which the majority present were selves, n mely. to strive not merely to bi hops, and the number of persons not increase your influence by distributing in orders was very small. They elected bois, bit to hew yourselves orthy a secretary, and passed resolutions of of the Chiisia: name, by making those business, the chief of which is the esb. oks as perfect as in your power. There is tablishment of corresponding societies in po want of learning in the sect establish different parts of the kingdom This ed, and we know no man ! etter quali- latter measure is not only useful, but fiid than Dr. Marsh to co operate with absolu:ely necessary, since, as the chile other members of the two Universities, dren are to be erlucated in the doctrines whom we could easily point out, in of the established sect, there should be giving to he public a translation of the sore meth d by which it may be ascer. scriplu es, that should do honour to the tained that no other doctrines are taught. increased scriptural learning now in this Th's will be secured by a constant corcountıy.

Dr. Marsh, in his Lecter, con respondence between the primary and tinues, in his usual strain of error in the minor committees : and as in the connecting his sect with the state, and primary committee is a number of lanienring, “ that religious discussion is, bishops a sufficient degree of attention in consequence of our mixed const tu. is paid to this part of the Institution. In tion, closely connected with political a very populous place a meeting has been discussion. Religious dissention," he held, in which the in t tution has been tells us,

“ becomes, in this couniry, a approved of. At Manchester it has been, political evil,” We can tell him of a resolved to found schools on Dr. Bell's country, where no reli i us dissention plan and to concur in the views of the was allowed ; and ev.ry one, who knows institution. We trust that there is in any thing of the state of Spain, must that place a school on the Lancastrian sec, that religiou dissention is a blessing, plan, that the experiment may be fairly compared with that peace which the made, where are so many good judges tortures of the Inquisition gave to the of the subject under controversy. At sect established in that unhappy country. the same time, our friends will no: be So far from religious dissention being the inattentive to this interesting topic, but political evil that the docior esteems it endeavour to apply the merits of either to be we believe that there would not system to the educat'on of their own be the least harm whatever in it, but Children - When the judgents of God rather much good, if the state ga e no are on the earth, the people learn rightepreference to either of the contending qusness; they are led to examine more pa ties. We will never allow this false diligently their ways The education of position of Dr Mar-h to pass current, the luwis classes is of great importance ; It may do very well for the phicgm of but, in the present state of our country, the literari of Germany, who look upon there is a very large class of the commuthe scriptures as an olject of mere cri- nity to whom a sense of religion is pecuticisni, 1 ke Viig l or Horace, who bow liarly necessary;

This is the army to the religion of the sţate whatever it What an awful image does military may be, and who would, if they had lived array, without any principle, hold out in ihe i me of Christ and the Apostles, to the world! Every attempt to instil have considered them as a set of pes ilent religion among military men is praiseand seditious fellows, fit only for the coere worthy, and we read with satisfaction cion of the magistrale. In this island, the circular of the Duke of York on the owing to religious dissention, there are appointment of Chaplains, with an immany, praised be God! who more highly provement of rank and increase of duty, estinate sa red truths, and who look not. ithstanding the allusion in it to the upon them as intended nat merely to increase of sectaries, who are not of the enlighten the mind, but to purity the established sect. (M. Repos. Vol. vi. p. heart. The lost.tution for Education, 735-1 When we recollect, however, the formed by several member of the esta- nutzber of Roman Catholics, Methodists, blished sece, has received great encou. Dissenters, and members of the Scotch ragement in the two Universitics, and secus in the army, we cannot but think,

that an appropriate military servicem ght an arrangeinent, to which they have have been laid down, that should not proceeded in parliament. As to the shock either party.

Time only will mere medical opinion, it does not shew how far the new system will seem that it was of much importance, answer the intended purpo e The chap, and the opinion of the pu' lie was not lain is to have the rank of major; and at all iffected by it. For, after the length we should not be sorry to hear that he of time that the patient had been affect. katon courts martial, and attended ed, the number of attacks he had sufthe execution of every military sentence. fered, his age, and his blindness, where In his attendance on the hospitals, he will could be found a single independe t and have a good oppor i unity of witness ng disinterested man, who could hink it the effect of severe floggings, and on this safe to the kingdom, or proper for the interesting topic, his observations may individual, that he should return again be of g eat ut licy.-Several occurrences to the cares of royalty ?--The Irish are have excited in the general mind very in patient suspense for their great cause, unpleasing sensations. Some atrocious the Emancipation of the Catholics, in murders have been committed, attended which the Protestants now take a very with such horror in the execution of aciive part. All their meetings concur them, as seems enti ely foreign to the in pra sing the conduct of the general English character. The m. st dil gent committee at Dublin, and expecting from search has been made after the mur. it the best results. A strange story of a derers; but when we consider the senti. conspiracy has appeared, but it is most ments expressed on these few murders, likely to originate w the the enem es of the horror that they have excited in the Catholics. The principals of the every generous mind we are at a loss to latter body took the earliest opportunity account for the apathy on the myriads of giving inform tion to government, that fall a sacrifice to war. Would to which received theit intelligence with God, that the same horror was felt uni unaccoun'able apathyIt serves, how. versally on the slaughter of a fellow ever, to show the little credit to be paid creature, whether in he field of battle, to those inflammatory papers, attributed or by the midnight assassin. But the to the Catholics, of which, we appretime is not arrived for man to possess hend, che far greater part is to be a trithese feelings, the most honourable to buted to a very different origin. --The human nature. it will be long before Parliament was opened by a speech from the kingdom of the Prince of Peace is the Rrgent, delivered by co missioners, established.-A Fraud by a Member of in which was nothing remarkable ; and Parliament, and :he commitment to pri an echo of i? was passed in the House son and the condemnation of the culprit, of Lords, as an address, without a divihave afforded much conversation. 'We sion. In the House of Commons, the have also had a relancholy instance how usual routine did not take place ; for Sir learning may be prostuiert. In the Francis Burdett, as a true representative prologue to the .ll'estminster Play was of the peopie, o, ened the debate upon the basest adulation of the Duke of York the speech by a view of the state of the that ever met the public cye : the country, in which he pointed out a happy occurrences ishich led to his dis number of things, particularly the state giace wore represented as base a·ts, in of the represent sciol, that required cxawhich he had no concern ; and he was mination and reform. The substance of extolled as a most virtuous character. If lie speech he embodied in an address, the masters of Westninster have such which he moved to be presented to the an opinion of morality, what are we to Prince Regent . and in this he was se expect from the rising generation !- conded by his colleague, the other reThe King's illness has come to a crisis, presenta ive for Westminster Lord Co. even in the opinion of the physicians. chræne, i and his address was then read They have been examined beiore the from the chair When this had been Privy Council and the Parliament: and done, the genuenian designed by the their answers to numerous interroga- ministers to nuove an address got , tions have been published. From the and taking very little notice of what Sir answers may be gathered, that they en- Francis had said, or of his address, tertain very slight hopes of a recovery; moved, as an amendment, the address and they said enough for the Minister to that was previously prepared, and which expresa she-negessuy there now was for was, in fact, an echo of the speech. In

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State of Public Affairs. this he was seconded, as usual. by the sity of probing the wound more deeply, other gentleman fixed on for this pure of goms to the root of the end, of cnpose, A very slight debate ensued. quiring nto the causes of the increase Mr. l'hitbread would not support Sir and the atrociy of crimes, of the effects Francis, though he agreed in the greater of imprison ents n the holks, and the part of his address , and Mr. Ponsonby whole nature of our criminal laws. Mr. disapproved of the manner in which the Sheridan, also, in a strain of wit, for subjects were brought forward ; and on which he is particularly celebrated, tum a division, there appeared only one for ed into complete ridicole the poor SecreSir Francis Burdett's motion, besides the tary's speech, and the negligence of his two tellers, the mover and the secondler duty, as first offi er of the police of the of the motion. The gentleman's name kingdom. The whole House was moved is Cuthbert ; and his name ought not to by the flagrant necessity of the case and be forgotten, as to be singular in a good the impotency of the measure proposed cause is far better than to follow the by government, and it was resolved leader in the beaten track of servility. unanimously, that a committce should Nothing, indeed, can be more con- be, and a committee accordingly was, temptible than the fashion of an address appointed, to examine into the whole coming from the ministerial side of the state of the police. Sir F. Burdett, who house; and we thank Sir Francis is one of the committee, moved afterBurdett for interrupting this silly prac- wards, for an account of the police offitice, and standing up for the people, and cers and their qualifications.--The speaking the language of the people. thanks of the country are due to Lord Mr. Creevey distinguished himself in the Folkstone, for bringing a very important following nights, by his observations on subject before Parliament, the state of the Droits of the Admiralty, the four and the Ecclesiastical Courts. The immedia half per cents. in Granada, and sine- ate cause was the case of a poor ignoeure places and pensions, held by mem- rant girl, thrown into prison, under prebers of Parliament, or those who had tence of contumacy, after having been been members. But he was not suc exco. municated. The girl was a minor, cessful in his endeavours, any more than and the offence was trifling, calling a Mr. Brougham, who brought the sub- woman by a bad name. His Lordship ject of the Droits of the Admiralty be gave a history of these courts, and profore the house, in a very long and la. duced several instances of oppression boured speech, in which the whole sub under them, finishing by a motion for ject was developed, with great clearness, an enquiry into the nature of their jurisaccuracy and precision. The doctrine, diction. Sir W. Scott entered into a however, of the king's personal claim to laboured defence of them, such as might these droits, was much weakened by be expected from a judge in them, and this debate ; and it seemed to be pretty such as a grand inquisitor would plead generally recognized, that they were in support of the inquisition ; but he subject to the controul of parliament.-- expressed a wi-h, that some other senThe Establishment of the King and Prince tence might be substituted for that of Regent occasioned much less debate than excommunication. Sir S. Romilly er. the importance of the matter seemed to plained to the house what excommunirequire, and the plan was brought for. cation was, and the state of the poor ward in a very confused manner

by Mr, girl under it, who had uttered an ere Perceval. An increase of expenditüre pression, coarse indeed, but most proto the nation, not a diminution, was bably true. He was happy, however, held out. But if this minister intro to hear excommun cation so reprobated, duced but weakly this important sub- and trusted that great good would reject, anoi her was much more unfortu- sult from it, by a bill to put an end to nate, for after giving notice of a motion such a sentence. Sir S, corrected Sir. in consequence of the dreadful murders W. Scott on the power of imprisonment and horrid atrocities, committed in the in the ecclesiastical courts, since they metropolis, and expatiating on them in en oy, it med ately, though not imme glowing colours, he ended by proposing diately, the ter.poral court always ima committee to enquire into the nightly prisoning upon their application. Sir watch of the metropolis. This brought John Nichol, another spiritual judge, up Sir Samuel Romilly, who stated, in a allowed that excommunication ought to manly and energetic speech, the neces- be abolished. After a few more speeches,

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in which the ecclesiastical courts met be very successful, and to have sufficient with the reprobation they deserve, and room for exertion. Their population Sir W. Scott promising to bring in a increases rapidly, their agriculture imbill to abolish excommunication, Lord proves; and manufactures are making Folkstone withdrew his motion, and a more rapid progress than is desireable. the care of the poor woman was to be All they can wish is to let the turbu. broughe up on a future day. We trust lence of the wicked spirits in Europe go that Lord' Folkstone and Sir Samuel by, and to endure their wrong or a Romilly wili kcep their eye upon this time. rather than involve 'hemselv: in question; and realeta who w sh to know a war, which m.ls tend'o he injory of then ture of ecciesiastical courts sh uld their morals and hi feedo.n. --Their consult the narrat ve of the perse u neizbbcurs, ile Mericans, are far from tion of Hippolyto Joseph da Costa Pereira tr .nquillity. The po pous :anguage of Furtado de Menemua wth the bye-laws is v ceroy does no secure peace in the of the Inquillion a Libon just pub- interior, and nisbow ed success has done lished. Ii teaches us, tha: the Inquisi- lit ie mure than give him :ne cutr ulover tion is far from hn, abolished in Por he api a', in which he is almos besiegeda tugal, as the case took pl ce wi bin T Me cans are followill be plan these ten ye rs, and a comparsane

of he "paillards in the mother country, tween the laws of the inquisir oa and and furming guerillas or war-bands in those of our courts, wi: shew the cu- every pari, which render extremely difrious manner, in which P:otestantism: noul ali intercourse between the viceroy has steered its vessel erween the hor. and the e tremity of the province. Every rid tortures of St. Donini k on the one thing wears the appearance of final inhand, and true Christian liberiy on the dependence; and in the Caraccas and other.--- Abroad, the state of affairs has Buenos Ayres, it is almost all but acnor much varied. Reports are strong of knowledged. In short, Spanish America approaching peace between the Turks is more and more likely to withdraw and Russians. The misfortunes of the itself from the European yoke. As to vizir have had a serious effect upon the Spain and Portugal, they go on in nearpolitics of the falling empire, and the ly the same state. The English are at abominable wickedness of the govern- their ease in Portugal--the guerillas ment, in the horrible massacre of the are harrassing the French in Spain Mamlucks at Cairo, has far from pro- the Cortez at Cadiz is doing nothingduced the effects its contrivers expected. difficulties have arisen between the The expedition against the Wachabites English and the government there; moves on slowly; so that the Turks, there is a perfect want of a command exposed to inroads in three quarters of ing energy; and the French are contitheir dominions, are little likely to free nuaily increasing their influence and ter. themselves from the difficulties of their ritory. Valentia is however not yet situation. The United States of America taken. It is invested on all sides, and hold a language far from pleasing to :he very little prospect appears of its being lovers of peace, but we prefer this lan- relieved. - In India, the British arms guage to the horrors of war. It is bet- have been very successful. The island ter that the malignant passions should of Java, as far as it was possessed by çvaporate in the war of words, than in the French, has submitted, and the the actions of Cain. They speak with troops were made prisoners of war. Bagreat severity, and too much truth, on tavia is a rich prize, and the French are the conduct of the contending parties in now excluded from every port, co the Europe, but we hoped, that the follics east of the Cape of Good Hope. In and wickednes; of inc Old, would be a such a situation, it becomes us more and warning to the New World, not to pur- more to read the prophecies on Tyre, ia sue the same crooked train of policy. In the Old Testaa ent, that we may not other respects, the United States seem to fall into the same condemnation.

NOTICES.

A Proclamation has appeared, di- nesday, the 5th of February, and in Scotrecting the observance of a GENERAL land, on Thursday the sixth. FAST in England and licland, on Wedla

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Correspondence. Mr, NIGHTINGALE, Author of known or supposed author, and the time the “Portraiture of Methodism,” is pre- and the occasion of its being written paring for the tress, A Portraiture of the Roman Catholic Religion. (See the lt Tape The HULSEAN PRIZF, in the per.,

University of Cambridge, for the last

year, has been adjudged to Francis Cun. The Rrv. THEOPHILUS BROWNF, nin ham, Esq. Fellow Comoner of Editor of the “ Selections from the Old Queen's College.-SubjectA Disand New Test ments," is preparing, as a sertation on the Books of Origen against Sequel to the abuve a work which will Celsus, with a view to illustrate the comprise every part of ihe Apocryphal argui ent, and to point out the evidence U ratings, the meaning of which is in- they afford to the iruth of Christianity." structive and important, with such cor. The following is the su'ject for the rections of the common Version as the Hulscan prize for the present year: Greek and Latin origin. Is wilt authorise, “ An Inquiry in o ibe Religious Knowaccompanied with Notes,cxplanatory and ledge which the Heathen hilosophers pract:cal, and an account of each book, its derived from the Jewish Scriptores

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CORRESPONDENCE.

We are sorry that in the first Number of our present Volume, we have to an. nounce the death of Mrs. LINDS+ ), the widow of the late reverend and venerable Theophilus Lindsev, of Essex Street. Of this interesting and excellent

woman, some account may have been looked for in our preceding pages : we had prepared for insertion in them a shout obituary, chiefly taken from ihe Morning :- Chronicle which however, we have found ourselves unable to bring within our

prescribed limits: the omission will, we trustbe amply supplied in our ensuing Number.

Various other articles (of Review, Obituary and Intelligence, ) have been ex. cluded trom the present No. from the same san.e cause. We par:icularly segret our inaiiy to report the proceedings of the ROMAN CATHoLic: in IRELAND, especially at the Dinner which they gave in Dublin to the Friends of Religious Liverty, where, by nobles and gentlemen, soldiers and lawyers, Catholics and

Protestants, Presbyterians and Quakers, there were asserted the most enlarged - and generous seniments in the Kights of Conscience, worthy of the most en. lightened assembly in the mo e liberal ace and country of the world. We may, perhaps, hereafter, recur to this subject; but in the mean time, we have great pleasure in referring our readers to the DISSENTER, a Weekly Newspaper, which seems to make a point of recording all proceedings, bearing upon the question of Religious Liber y: we can with the more propriety recommend this well-written and promising paper, as we are totally una quainted with its projectors, pro-, prietors and conductors : we were not amongst those who augured well of the publication from its title, but wbile it perseveres in the course which it has begun, we deem it fairly entitled to the support of the friends of Christian freedom.

We acknowledge, as desired, the recept of the following subscriptions to the UNITARIAN FUND :

1. Mrs. A. Hughes, Hanwood, near Shrershury, ann. 3 3 Mrs. Warter, Cruck Meole, near Shrewsbury, ana.

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Jan. 30.-On arriving at the conclusion of our present Number, we find ourselves obliged to exclude more of the articles prepared for it. than we had apprehended : we regret particularly, the omission of a paper on the Toleration Act ; a sub ect which some recent proceedings of the interior courts, and some d:cisions of the higher, have rendered of fearful importance to Protestant Dissenter, we pledge ourselves to take it up in the next Number, and to pursue it, if necessary, through the Volume.

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