Imatges de pÓgina

ing to thirty-nine. (iii. xxviii and tents are chiefly extracted from Xxxii.)

two eminent writers, Michaëlis This work was originally de. and Lardner. The former has dicated to the Duchess of North. displayed so much ingenuity and umberland, daughter of Lady discernment, and the latter such Hertford, the friend of Dr. Warts a depih of learning, as give the and Mrs. Rowe. The Duchess greatest advantage to such as would being dead before the appearance avail themselves of their labours." of the fourth edition, that is "con. A friend of the editor supplied a secrated to her beloved and hon. “ short account of the several oured memory.” The Editor ha-, sects and heresies that prevailed ving frequent occasion to celebrate in the times of Christ and his the ancient Percys, could not fail Apostles;" also “ A Key to the to attract the notice of the modern Prophecies contained in the Rev. possessors of their wealth and elation.” This little work has Hitles. This publication is indeed passed through several editions, understood to have procured for and been adopted in the Univer. him the appointment of domestic sities. chaplain to the Duke, and thus to In 1769, Mr. Percy preached have rendered his advancement in the “ Sermon before the Sons of tlfe church no longer problemati. the Clergy, at their annual Meetcal.-Mr. Percy, however, was ing at St. Paul's.” The same not content without shewing that year he was appointed one of the he had paid attention, amidst bis royal chaplains, and probably literary pursnits, to subjects im. now took his degree of Doctor of mediately connected with his Divinity. clerical pretensions.

In 1770, he appeared again as In this same year (1765), he an editor. The curious work published that justly popular"iule committed to his care we had ocmanual," as he names it in a casion to quote, and it is frequent. dedication to the Bishop of Dur. ly, referred to, in the last edition ham, 66 A Key to the Now of the Reliques, as the North Testament ; giving an account of umberland Household Book. It The several books, their contents, is entitled “ The Regulations and their authors, and of the times, Establishments of the Household places, and occasions on which of Henry Algernon Percy, 5th they were respectively written.” Earl of Northumberland," from In an unassuming preface, it is 1512 to 1525.

It appears that remarked that " a clear introduc. " a small impression was printed tory illustration of the several by order of the late Duke and books of the New Testament, Dutchess of Northumberland, to shewing the design of their wri. bestow in presents to their friends;" ters, the nature of their contents, but it has been since reprinted and whatever else is previously entire in the 4th volume of the necessary to their being read second edition of the Antiquarian with understanding, is a work, Repertory, 4to. In the Editor's that, if well.executed, must prove Preface, this 5th Earl is described the best of commentaries and fre. as a " nobleman of great magnifiquently supersede the want of all cence and taste, who had a just other." Of this work," the con. passion for literature, and was a


liberal patron of such genius as to have been sufficiently tenacious that age produced.” le adds, of the good opinion of the noble so the bare mention of my lord's house to which he was now or my lady's library deserves no. attached. Boswell has preserved tice, at a tine when many of the a curious proof of this, in that first nobility could hardly read, or collection of trash and treasure, ivrite their names.”

the Life of Johnson, which our During the same year, 1770, limits will not allow us 10 introwas published by Dr. P. with a duce. See Boswell, ii. 215. 4to. dedication to the Duke of North. If Dr. Percy had set his mind umberland, “ Mallett's Northern on attaining to high station in Antiquities, in his Introduction the church, the fear of disapto the History of Denmark, or a pointment soon subsided. Description of the Manners, Cus. rise was now rapid. In 1778, he toms, Religion and Laws of the became Dean of Carlisle, and in antient Danes, and other North. 1782, Bishop of Dromore. He ern Nations, including those of was no longer known to the pub. our Saxon Ancestors;

with a lic except by occasional commu. translation of the Edda, or System nications to his literary friends. of Runic Mythology, and other Mr. Nichols had been assisted by Pieces from the anteni Islandic him in his “ Select Collection of 'Tongue; translated from Monsieur Miscellaneous Poems.” He now Mallett's Introduction a l'Histoire contributed to the “ History of de Dannemare, with additional Hinkley," and, in 1786, to an Notes by the English translator, edition of the “ Tatler, with Notes, and Joruncin's Latin Version of in 6 vols.” Dr. Kippis inentions the Eddo.” Maileti's work ap- his obligations to Dr. Percy, in peared in 1763, and very early the Preface to his Ist. volume of engaged the attention of his trans: Biog, Brit. and in 1784, was in. lator, who has given a Preface of debted to him, in the 4th volume, some length, designed principally for the Life of Cleiveland, the to prove, against the opinions of bitter satirist of republicans, to bis author, " that the Teutonic whom Dr. P. was collaterally re. and Celtic nations were originally lated. This life is short and af. two distinct people.”

forded occasion for little more In 1771, the muse of Percy than judicious selection. There gratified his patrons by the pub. is one observation on the effect of lication of The Hermit of Wark. “ paying court 10 temporary pre. worth, a Northumberland Ballad, judices,” which is well worthy of in three Fits or Cantos ;” which, quotation. Cleiveland's " subexcept the beautiful song in Dods. jects and his manner of writing, ley's collection, O Nancy wilt made bim extremely popular a. thou go with me, comprizes, we mong his contemporaries, but enbelieve, the whole of his original tirely forgotten and disregarded poetry. Warkworth was one of since.—Contemporary with Milthe titles of the Duke of Norih- ton, he was in his time exceedingly umberland, and a castle of that preferred before him; and Milname, a part of his princely po. ton's own nephew tells us, he sessions. Dr. P. appears indeed was by some esteemed the best of the English poets. But Cleive- death,, he steadily maintained his land is now sunk into oblivion, habitual cheerfulness; and in his while Milton's fame is universally last painful illness he displayed ditused. Yer Milton's works ouch fortitude and strength of could with difficulty gain admis- mind, such patience and resignasion to the press, at ihe time whenit tion to the Divine will, and exwas pouring forth those of Clive. pressed such heartfelt thankfulness land in innumerable impressions. for the goodness and mercy shown But behold the difference! The to him, in the course of a long and press now continually leems with happy life', as were truly impresrepublications of the Paradise sive and worthy of that pure Chris. Lost, &c. whereas, the last edi- tian spirit in him so eminently tion of Cleiveland's works vas in conspicuous.”—G. Mag. 81. Pi. 1687.” (B. Brit. iv. 622.) 2. P. .183.

Dromore, a diocese of very It is added, in a note to one of small extent, and inhabited by several elegiac tributes to his scarcely any Roman Catholics, memory, that 6 his personal ex. afforded duties to a Protestant ertions, bis charges to his clergy, Bishop, and facilities for their his distribution of the scriptures, performance. These duties Dr, and other religious tracts, his enPercy has the reputation of hav. couragement of literary societies, ing well performed for thirty years, and above all, his encouragement in which he survived every bishop of Sunday Schools, will be long whom he found in Ireland. The remembered with gratitude in the following account of the occupa. North of Ireland.”—G. Mag. 81. tions of his life and the circum. 556. N. stances of his death, has been Bishop Percy died at the See given upon authority not to be House of Dromore, Sep. 30, 1811, fairly questioned.

in the 83d year of his age. He Ai Dromore he constantly left two daughters, having survived resided, promoting the instruction an only son, and his wite, a lady and comfort of the poor with un. vf Northamptonshire, who died remitting attention, and superin- in 1806, aged 75. The fate of tending the sacred and civil inter- his successor, formed a striking ests of the diocese with vigilance contrast to his own; for the Pro. and assiduity; revered and beloved vost of Trinity College, Dublin, for his piety, liberality, benevo. Dr. Hall, who was clected or lence and hospitality, by persons rather appointed Bishop of Dro. of every rank and religious de. more, died a few days after his nomination. Under the loss of consecration, before he could take sight, of which he was gradually possession of his See. deprived, some years before his

N. L. T.


Present Slate of Religion in Ice. in a parish; and the total pum. land.

ber of churches in the island some. [From Sir. G. S. Mackenzie's Travels what exceeds three hundred. The in Iceland. 4to. pp. 324-333.) duty of each parish devolves upon

The reformation of religion in a single prist; with the permis Iceland took place 4. D. 1551; sion, bowever, if his own circumsince wbich period the doctrines stances do not allow the full disof the Lutheran church, as it exists charge of his duties, to take an in the northern kingdoins of Ed. assistant from among the young rope, have been strictly maintam. men educated for the church, ed in the island. At the present who have not yet obtained a pertime, not a single dissentient is to manent situation in life. The be found from the established re. number of the officiating ministers ligion of the country; and the of religion is of course various, at only in-tance of the kind on re- different times, though never great. cord, is one which occurred about ly exceeding that of the parishes. the end of the 17th century ; when Immediately superior to the coin. Helgo EILFIDAS, a man who mon priests, are the provosts, or had acquired much knowledge of deacons, whose office'i: is to exGerman literature, espoused.the ercise a general superintendence Socinian doctrines, and taught over the cburches in each Syssel", them openly to his children and and who are chosen, in general, friends; till compelled by the judge from a regard to their talents and ment of the ecclesiastical court to respectability of character. There make a public renunciation of his are nineteen of these deacons in belief. Doctrinal discussion is of the island; but their number is course, little known among the included among that of the priests, Icelanders; and the contests which just mentioned, as they severally have existed in their church, relate have parishes allowed to them, of chiefly to external ordinances, and which iney discharg, all the ordi. to the situation and rights of the


duties. A smali additional clergy of the island.

stipend is attached to the office, The religious establishment of which renders their situation someIceland is formed on a more ex. what superior to that of the other tensive scale, than might have clergy. been expected from the nature of

During a period of seven cen.' the country and the condition of turics, Iceland was divided into the people. The inhabited parts two bishopricks; that of Skalholt, of the island are divided into 184 comprehending the southern, that parishes; a division which gives of Hoolum the northern, districts to each parish an average popu. of the island. The sees becoming lation of about 200 persons. vacant at the same time, they From the great extent, however, of these districts, it has been in many instances found neces.

Syssel—a term applied to the sub

divisions of Iceland. sary to erect more than one church VOL. VII.


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were united in 1797, by the order tertaining the country priests, who
of the Danish government; and come to barter their commodities
the title of Bishop of Iceland was with the merchants at this place.
conferred upon the learned and The patronage of the church in
respectable Geir Vidalin, the pre- Iceland, was formerly in the hands
sent possessor of this dignity. The of ihe people and the proprietors
duties of the office are important of land; was afterwards assumed
and extensive. The bishop super- by the bishops, as the representa.
intends the general concerns of the tives of the papal authority; and
religious establishment, and the finally, at the period of the Re.
particular affairs of each church in formation, was transferred to the
the isiand : he inspects the con• crown of Denmark. The power
duct of the priests, regulates any is now, in most cases, exercised
ecclesiastical disputes which may by the governor of the island,
occur, ordains those who are en. with the assistance and advice of
tering upon the pastoral office, the bishop. The revenues of the
and watches over the education clergy are derived in part from
and moral conduct of the people the lands annexed to the churches;
at large. It is a part of his duty partly from tithes upon the landed
also, to visit at stated periods, the property of the country. These
different districts of his diocese, tithes are paid by the farmers, in
for the purpose of personal in. a ratio determined, not by the
spection; and the farmers of the quantity of produce raised upon
country are required to assist him, each farin, but by the fixed rents
while making these journies, with of the land. To afford an idea of
every accommodation, which their the extreme scantiness of the pro-
means may afford. The appoint. vision which is thus made for the
ment of the bishop is entirely clergy, it may be sufficient to state
vested in the crown. While there the general fact, that the whole
were two bishoprics in Iceland, revenue by tithe, in 184 parishes,
the revenues of each were ex. does not exceed the sum of 6400
tremely small, and ill-adapted to specie dollars ; giving an average
support the dignity, scarcely even of 34 or 35 dollars for each parish
the necessary duties of the office. in the island. The distribution of
In consequence of the union of the the stipends is by no means equal,
sées, a considerable augmentation owing to the difference in the ex-
was made in the revenues of the tent and value of the land under
present bishop, which now amount cultivation in different districts,
to about 1600 dollars per annum ; The most valuable living in the
derived chiefly froin the public island is that of Breidè-Volstadr,
treasury of the island. Did he re, in Rangaavalle Syssel, the stipend
side in the interior of the country, of which is upwards of 180 dollars:
this sum would raise him to the the parish contains 376 people.
highest rank of opulence; but In the parish of Kröss in the same
making his abode in Reikiavik, he district, where there are two
is subject to many additional ex- churches, and a population ex-
pences, not only from the differ- ceeding 500, the stipend amounts
ent mode of life among the Danés, only to 33 dollars. In Aarnes
but also from the necessity of en. Syssel

, the parish of Torfastadir,

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