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« Nolo Episcopari.” fessors, and especially in the lives haviour, when I was informed, of the clergy. ; I dislike priests of that he expressed his satisfaction all professions : and what must with the conversation he had with Christians in general be', who can us the preceding day; that he cn sq throw off the bowels of hu. the morning of execution for the manity, as to rob a man of his first time desired to join the aplife for one solitary offence, which pointed religious service, and he sincerely wishes to atone for.--- that he went through the whole To-morrow, I am to be hanged for of the awful scenery to the last, forging a draught for fifty pounds; with tranquillity, resignation and strong temptation and necessity fortitude.
B. F. urged me to the deed: my life, in all other respects, will bear ex. « Nolo Episcopari." amination; had I lived, I hope SIR, and believe I should by restitution Your correspondent, A. B. (p. have atoned for this offence, but 26,) is correct in his quotation I am cut off from all hope, and from the second edition of the am to suffer as if I was a criminal Protestant Dissenter's Catechism, of the most profligate and hard. concerning the use of the words nulo ened description- Is this your episcopari, by the Bishop elect. But Christianity?" My friend and my- if he will turn to the subsequent self, allowing the justice of several editions of that work, (of which of his remarks, endeavoured to the fourteenth is just now pubrectify his general ideas of the lished) he will find an alteration in Christian system, and suggested the note referred to, which was those refeciions which we thought made by the author, (who by the suitable to his own case, impress. way, never prefixed his name to ing upon him the solemn reflec- il) in consequence of having learn. tion, that he had now nothing to ed, that the custom of thus refus-. do with the inconsistencies or even ing the episcopal office is abolish. tbe crimes of Christians, but to ed, if it had ever been in use, consider his own state towards which it should seem to have been God, and the absolute necessity from the currency of the above of his employing the few hours be Latin phrase; as also from the had to live, in the exercise of well-known fact, recorded in ec. sincere repentance towards God, clesiastical history, that in the and in cordially embracing that carly ages of the church they who mercy freely offered, through Je. were elected to the episcopate were sus Christ, to every one who did used to flee and hide themselves not obstinately reject it.--I saw under an awful sense of its rethe man executed the following sponsibility, and that some of them morning ; but could not gain ad. were invested with it by main mittance to converse with him, as force. The note, as it has long on such a morning, when seven stood in the catechism, is as fol. persons were executed, no one lows : “ the ancient custom for the was admitted to speak to the con. 'bishop elect to say nolu episcopari, victs, but the proper officers and it seems is now disused.' Various the ordinary of Newgate. I made ceremonies, however, are still resome inquiry respecting his be- tained (in making a bishop) which
it might seem invidious here to found in an Inquiry into the particularize. The reader who moral tendency of Methodism, wishes for further information &c.” by William Burns (Part. i. respecting them, is referred to 139, 140). As they appear an Nelson's Rights of the Clergy, exception to the discriminating p. 108, &c. or to Burn's Eccles, spirit by which the pamphlet is Law.”
characterised, I request your in. Nelson, whom none will suspect dulgence for a few observations on of an intention to disparage the this part of the writer's argument. clergy, gives such an account of “Some individuals, and of late the ceremonies used on the occa- some societies, have attacked the sion, as, if coming from a Dis. popular opinions concerning the senter, might have been suspected trinity and the atonement with to have been the effect of what sufficient boldness and zeal, but Mr. Christian, as quoted by A, B., then it is only to set up other tenets pronounces " a vulgar error.” respecting those subjects in their I will only observe, that he speaks stead. Yet, if it be true, as I of the person elected, as accepting think it is, that the fundamental the office after a little modest re. principles of Christian piety and fusal: which is something like virtue are quite independent of nolo cpiscopari. But it is most any system of opinions on these probable that since Nelson's time, points, and may be maintained in even this little modest refusal is consistency with either of them ; grown out of use.
if true devotion consists in a just I am, Yours, &c. esteem for the moral character of
S.P. God and of Jesus Christ, and in P.S. Observing in your 21st gratitude for those benefits which page, a reference to that scandal- we enjoy under that peculiar ous “ fraud,” of interpolating the scheme of providence and media20th article of the Church, to the torial government which Christi. truth or falsehood of which (as Dr. anity displays; if ceriain moral Furneaux* observes) the whole qualifications are necessary on our controversy with the Dissenters part, whatever may be the influ. may be reduced, I have thought ence of our Saviour's death, and it might not bé amiss to inform if these qualifications can be de. such of your readers as may not fined; then the other differences be acquainted with this curious are merely secondary matters."
fact, that some account is given of
“ Let the enlightened Christian it in the late editions of the above oppose his zeal for these fundaCatechism, page 65, 66.
mental principles against the zeal
which the Calvinist arld the So. The Zeal of Unitarians and of cinian manifest for their peculiar
Unitarian Societies not ill di tenets." rected.
Mr. Burns remarks that "some
individuals and of late some so. SIR, Jan. 31st, 1812. cieties, bave attacked the popular The following passages are opinions concerning the trinity
and the atonement with sufficient • Letters to Blackstone, p. 140.
boldness und zeal.” Not, I per.
The Zeal of Unitarians not ill directed. suade myself, with more than suf. Nay, I even grant that they are ficient ; not with zeal and bold. much more dependent on our ness beyond wbat the case requires common faith than many may be
and Christianity approves. If these able to discover or willing to con. | tenets be corruptions of the gospel, cede. However, what Mr. Burns
and whether they are, we must himsolf has said, and truly said, severally judge for ourselves, 'it concerning the moral feelings and becomes our duty to expose them views and attainments of some on with as much firmness of purpose whom he animadverts, might have as calmness and candour of dis- satisfied him that the nature of re. position.
ligious practice is not unrelated to But the author of the Inquiry, systems of opinions. Surely, for &c. complains that when the indivi- example, our " estem for the duals and societies alluded to attack moral character of God" must be these doctrines, it is “ only to set affected by the light in which we up other tenets respecting them in behold his government and attri. their stead." That is, in different butes. And it should be consider. and perhaps correcter' language, ed that those Christians whose error is combated, in order that sentiments are most remote from truth may be established: it is established and prevailing creeds, aitempted to remove the additions are not the least disposed, on to the building, for the sake of ex- principle, to recognize all as their hibiting the fabric itself in its na. fellow believers who acknowledge live strength and beauty. What the Messiahship of Jesus. is there unnatural in this process, While, therefore, the first obor censurable in these e fforts? In ject of zeal should be the diffu. the mouths of many persons, it is sion of those 6. fundamental" a complaint against those who are truths, whence" a godly, righteous said to subvert the belief of others, and sober life” immediately arises, that they have none of their own Isce not, Sir, why the enlightened In offer in its room. Mr. Burns is, Christian should be called 10 op. justly enough, of the contrary sen- pose the zeal of different classes riment: and you will wonder, Sir, of believers for what some may that admitting the fact, he makes take to be merely matters of specu. it the ground of an accusation ; the lation. For the fact ibat those
atber as the simplicity of the principles inQuence the minds and creed of those to whom he refers, ihe conduct of men, I appeal once is discerned the moment that cer. more to this very pamphlet of Mr. tain tenets by which it has been Burns'. Without dispute, howobscured, are seen to be unauthor. ever, it was particularly needless izerd appendages to the Christian for the author to enter his careat doctrine.
against what he regards as the ill. I agree with him, that the tem- directed zeal of the Socinian ; as per, the conduct, the character of I question whether there be a the gospel are every thing: and I single Socinian within his majesty's own with gratitude and pleasure dominions. that these do not belong exclu.
I am, Sir, sively to any one denomination of
Your constant reader, &c. the professors of Christianity.
Dr. Nic. Gibbon's 6 Socinian But the most curious applicaPopery."
tion of the Popery-charge is to be Sir,
found in Richard Baxter's Life of For two centuries after the Re- himself, who represents himself as formation in England, the charge discovering that strange compound, of Popery was bandied from one (lusus theologiæ,) a Socinian-Pato another, amongst our sects. pist : I extract his words as The puritans accused the high. follows:-church party of it, and they re “ While I lodged at the Lord torted it: it was a watch-word Broghill's, a certain person was with the Nonconformists in the importunate 10 speak with me, civil wars, and Dr. South wittily, Dr. Nic. Gibbun : who shuiting but somewhat malignantly, re. the doors on us that there might presents thein in alliance with Pa. be no witnesses, drew forth a pists against the monarchy and scheme of theology, and told me church of England.
how long a journey he had once taken towards me, and engaged
me to hear him patiently open to * South pursues this subject in the me his scheme, which he said ist sermon of his fith vol. on The fotal was the very thing that I had Influence of Words and Names falsely been long groping after; and con, applied. În a short passage, which it may be worth while to quote, he repre. tained the only terms and method sents the Popish and Protestant Dissent- 10 resolve all doubts, whatever ers of the 17th century, more sociable in divinity, and unite all Chris. "If these two parties are so extremely tians through the world: and there contrary, as they pretend to be, what is was none of them printed but what the cause now-a-days that none associate, he kept himself, and be commuaccompany and visit one another with that nicated them only to such as were peculiar frendliness, intimacy and familiarity with which the Romanists visit the prepared, which he thought I was, Nonconformists, and the Nonconformists because I was 1. Searching, 2. them. So that it is generally observed in Impartial, and 3. A lover of methe country, that none are so graines and thod. I thanke him and heard him so sweet upon one another as the tankest Papists and the most noted fanatics."
above an hour in silence, and Sermons vi. 29. after two or ihree days talk with It appears from Baxter, that South himself narrowly escaped being puritan- go do further, but cried, The Lord be ized. This curious circumscance is re- merciful to our infirmities, and so came corded in connection with another not down. But about a month after, they less curious, which the historian of him- were resolved yet, that Mr. S. should self has an evident pleasure in relating. preach the same sermon before the king
“ About that time, Bishop Morley and not lose his expected applause : and having preferred a young man, named preach it he did, little more than half an Mr. S--(orator of the University of hour, with no admiration at all of the Oxford, a fluent, witty satyrist, and one hearers : and for his encouragement the that was sometime motioned to me to be my sermon was printed. And when it was curate al Kidderminster ;) this man being printed, many desired to see what words household chaplain to the Lord Chan- they were that he was stopped at the first cellor, was appointed to preach before time : and they found in the printed the king; where the crowd had high copy all that he had said first, and one expectations of some vehement satyr: of the next passages which he was to but when he had preached a quarter of have delivered, was against me for my an hour, he was utterly at a loss, and so Holy Commonwealth." -Baxter's Lifé. unable to recollect himself, that he could B. I. pt, 2. § 267.
Eclectic Review on the “ Socinians." him, I found all his frame (the learning, and an actor on the contrivance of a very strong head. stage for twenty years, in such piece) was secretly and cunningly religious times, cannot have passed fitted to usher in a Socinian Po. away, one would think, without pery, or a mixture of Popery and leaving behind him some memo. half Socinianism. Bishop Usher rials of his character and opinions. bad before occasionally spoken of
I am, Sir, him in iny hearing as a Socinian,
EPISCOPUS. which caused me to hear him with suspicion, but I heard none sus. Eclectic Review on the “ Socini. pect him of popery, though I found
ans." that it was that which was the We sometimes indulge ourselves end of his design. This juggler with copying curious passages hath this twenty years and more from the publications of our cogone up and down thus secretly, temporaries. The following exand also thrust himself into places tract from the Eclectic Review of public debate; as when the will, we venture to say, be the bishops and divines disputed be greatest curiosity in our present fore the king at the Isle of Wight, volume. Nothing is farther from &c. And when we were lately our intention than to comment offering our proposals for concord upon it; an argument, we could to the king, he thrust in among have reasoned ou; a criticism we us; till I was fain plainly lo could have investigated; remon. detect bim before some of the strance or persuasion we could Lords, which enraged him, and have weighed and estimated; even he denied the words which in se a specific accusation we could cret he had spoken to me. And have met and discussed ;-but many men of parts and learning to unprovoked personal invective, are perverted by him."- Baxter's scurrility and ribaldry, we can Life, folio. B. i. p. 2. 960.
oppose only silence.
Were we Baxter was exemplarily pious to suffer ourselves to animadand strictly honest, but extremely vert upon the passage, we should , liable to be imposed upon by his not, we fear, be able to suppress passions and prejudices: some contempt for its baseness and ab. notable instances of his credulity horrence of its bigotry and ran. and in tolerance might be selected cour; but these are sentiments from his Life and Works: but I which we wish not to entertain suppose the above account may ourselves, or to provoke in others: be upon the whole relied on; we feel pity only for the writer, and the purport of my writing is and introduce him into our Re. to enquire whether any further pository for no other purpose than particulars be known of this strange to exhibit a melancholy, but not Socinian, Dr. Nic. Gibbon! I uninstructive, example of the force have met with no mention of him of prejudice, kindling into pasin my reading, which however sion, upon one who, in all cases has not been great in this way; not relating to “ Socinians,” may yet so strong-headed, so active, probably be found wanting, neither and so obnoxious á man, the in the politeness of a gentleman, proselytist of men of parts and gor in the dignity of a scholas,