Imatges de pàgina


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more in Judea,

sense of both clauses is the same; and the fact which they imply

Potet acetum," and the sentiment which they

Acts. xv. 29. 66 That


abstain suggest, are illustrated by Isaiah from meats offered to idols, and i. 11-18.

from blood and from ihings stran. It may be observed that paral. gled.”—The following antences in lelisms are often found in Virgil

. Tertullian's Apolog. adv. Gent. See Heyne's Comment. on Æn. 9, shew that ihis advice was rexii. 727.

garded even after the apostolic Ps. cxxxix. 18. - If I should age and beyond the limits of count them, they are

ne animalium quidem number than the sand.” So, ion sanguinem in epulis esculentis another subject, Pindar, Olymp. habemus-suffocatis et murticinis Od. xiii. (etw.: 6, sub. fin., with abstinemus, ne quo sanguine conthe scholiast's note),

ta minemur.”

--xvi. 30. “ he brought them ως μαν σαφες

out, and said, Sirs, What must I εκ αν ειδειην λεγειν do to be saved?"- from the con. πονλιαν ψαφων αριθμών.

sequences, that is of the earthJer. x. 25. compared with Ps. quake, and from the punishment Ixxix. 6. “ Pour out thy fury of a supposed neglect of duty.-upon the heathen that know thee It is nothing to allege that the not, and upon the families that gaoler was in no real danger; as call not on thy name.” In the his prisoners had not escaped. The above Ps, it is “ the kingdoms meaning and be pertinency of his that have not called upon thy question, depend upon the sense name.” Evidently, therefore, this which be entertained of his own passage cannot with propriety be situation. From the foregoing quoted in favour of family wor- verse it is evident that he was in ship; a practice, nevertheless, considerable agitation and terror: which rests on Scriptural examples and his subsequent kindness to and authorities as well as on other Paul and Silas, was, no doubt, for unanswerable arguments.

the most part, the expression of Matt, xxvii. 48. “ One of them his gratitude. ran and took a sponge and filled it -xxvi. 8. “ Why should it be with vinegar, and put it on a reed, thought a thing incredible with and gave him to drink.” Com- you ibat God should raise the mentators agree that this vinegar dead ?” They who read this ques(so our translators style ii) was tion without a reference of it to the the small, tart wine which formed context, may suppose that the the ordinary beverage of the Ro. apostle intimates the natural credi. man soldiers: and of exactly such bility of a resurrection. I he prea sort of liquor Horace appears to ceding and the following verses speak in his Satires, ii. L. iji, 116, will siew that he avverts to no. 117, where he describes an ava. thing of the kind, but teaches this ricious self tormentor, who with great doctrine on the authority of an abundance of the choicest revelation, and places it, where wines in his cellars, drinks some alone it can be fixed, on the basis of the meanest quality,

of a FACT.

maņ mind.

Rom. i. 32.-" not only do the know that an idol is nothing in same, but have pleasure in them the world,” would make so im. that do them.” “ As if,” says Bow- portant a concession ? Surely he yer,(Conject. in loc.)" to approve speaks here of reputed deities and a wicked act, implied more guilt describes the primary and seconthan 10 commit it.” But this dary gods in the language with learned man would scarcely have which the Greeks supplied him : hazarded the observation, had he surely, Le Clerc's comment should attended to the nature of the hu. have been, ut tales sunt SEO

Such approbation follob, &c.! supposes the existence of a dis- 2 Cor. v. 16.-" though we interested, that is an inveterate, have known Christ afier the flesh" habit of wickedness, a love of it --- Mr. Belsham (Calm Inquiry, for its own sake. It marks the &c. 357, 358) thus paraphrases height of depravity, a judgment the verse, “ If I had been ibe incompletely darkener, a consci. timate friend of Christ, and in the ence stupified by vice.

habit of daily personal friendship - iii, 2. Much, every way with him, I must forego all the &c." Markland (in Bowyer's delight and advantage of his so. Conject.) asks, ' how is this to be ciety, in order to fulfil the pur. reconciled with 8 TAYTWs in ver. 9?' poses of the mission to which I The answer is, l'aul speaks there am appointed ;' - However, it of practice, here of privilege. seems but reasonable to suppose Markland stands deservedly high that the phrase " after the flesh," as a classical scholar, and was has the same meaning in both characterized by urbanity and can. clauses : and this meaning is asdour as a critic* ; In his re- certained by other texts to be marks on passages of Scripture, knowing any une with reference to he is lets successful than many of his external distinctions of birth, his fellow-labourers.

country, religion, &c. 1 Cor. viii. 5.-" though there -3. 6.-" baving in a readi. be that are called Gods, whether ness to revenge all disobedience, in heaven or in earth, (as there be when your obedience is fulfilled.” gods many and lords many).” Le So far as respected the Church at Clerc (Ars Critica, 77, 2d. ed.) Corinth, the Apostle had almost thus paraphrases the last clause, effected his purpose by lenient “ut rever å sunt JEO! Toddol, Dii measures. But this being done he multi et Domini multi," and sup. would proceed to inflict punishposes that the apostle and the ment on their seducers. Paul's Jews in general occasionally and determination appears to have been seriously applied the word Gods voluntary, and not, as Whitby (in to the Gentile vanities. Paul, loc.) imagines, forced from him however, is addressing proselytes by the necessity of the case. from among

the heathens to Chris. --xi. 8.-" to do you service, tianity: and is it probable that he diaxovlay; that I might servo who had just before declared " we you in the ministry of the gospel.'

Not, as Grotius in loc.) interprets .. See his excellent dedication of his it, “ that I might help your indi. edition of the Supplices of Euripides

gent members, of which fact we

liave no evidence, and, which in the foregoing. Sec 1 Sam. ii. office belonged to the deacons. 35. Alaroyla is sometimes used speci.

xii. 16.-" or profane per. fically, in the apostle's writings, son, as Esau, —.” He is so called for the Christian ministry: and only as the effect of his despising jiş sense in this verse, is pointed his birth-right (Gen. xxv. 34.) In out by the conclusion of the this view alone the Hebrew Chris. seventh.

tians are exhorted not to follow From a conviction, I suppose, his example, i. e. not to renounce that this is a common meaning of a blessing and a hope infinitely Blazonia in the epistles to empurua more valuable. Though we may seems to have been employed as justly censure certain parts of explanatory of it, in Rom xii. 7, Esau's conduct, his general cha. in a MS. which Michaëlis no. racter, some features of which tices

were excellent, is perhaps too -20.-"ye suffer if a man harshly thought of, as the consebring you into bondage.” You al. quence of its not being understood low him to do so, i. e. says Mr. in what respect he was profane. Locke (in loc.), to his own will." Jamesi. 22–26. Beyedoers of I rather think to unwarrantable the word,"&c. We meet with a sim. opinions and practices : for grant. ilar sentiment and turn of expresing that this subjection had not sion in Demosthenes-- (Philip. iv.) yet been accomplished, the very τοσοτον χρονον σπεδαζετε, όσον αν attempt was sufficient to justify καθησθε ακέοντες,-ειτ' ατελθων Paul's selection of the word. εκαστος ύμων, 8 μονον αδες φροντιζει

Gal. iii. 27. “ as many of you areSI AUTWY, ana ode μεμνηται, as have been baptized into Christ,

-25.-"continue in therein"have put on Christ.” It may be rather continueth to look at it, as inquired, whence the phraseology, opposed to what precedes. The put on Christ? Or, what its pro. former 8705, in this vitse is somepriety in this connection: Per. what embarrassing. Erasmus prohaps the allusion is to the baptized posed to substitute 8TUS ( Bowyer's person cloathing himself again, Conject. in. loc.); a reading số when be comes out of the water. happy that I would willingly adopt The proselyte when initiated into it, could I consent to alier any the gospel, lays aside his former thing in the rest of the New Tes garment, renounces' his prejudi. tament on the authority of con. .ces, &c. whether Jewish or Hea. jecture. then, and puts on something new,

Rev, xviii. 21.-"a mighty Rom. xiii, 14.

angel took up a stone like a great Heb. xi. 26. “Esteeming the millestone, &c.” A quotation from reproach of Christ, &c." The Xenophon (Anab. L. 1. chap. v. Christ or anointed, in this verse, 65), may place the beauty and is the same with the people of God, propriety of this image in a clearer

light : ενοικBντες [τας πυλας] ονός Introd. to the N. T.(Marsh.) Vol.l. ahetas ---Els Bacuawa opovi *.7. 986.



" Still pleaseıl to praise, yet not afraid to blame."

ART. I. Practical Sermons by the ultimate happiness of mankind

Abraham Rees, D. D. F. R. S. must rest. F. L. S. Editor of the New Cy. We shall enumerate some of the clopedia. Second Edition. 2 leading topics treated on, which vols. Svo. price il. 18. Longare, the accomplishment of proman and Co. 1812.

phecy in the introduction and These sermons, which, in a short progress of Christianity :--the obspace of time, have come to a se- servance of the Sabbath :-the cond edition, might, on account object and nature of Christian of their intrinsic value, have well. worship :- the evidence and pracengaged our attention at an earlier tical influence of the resurrection period. The small portion of our of Christ :-the reasonableness of pages, however, which we can al. faith as a principle of conduct:lot to this department of our Re- mutual love, the Christian test:pository, precludes us from that on a wounded spirit:-the omni. punctuality in noticing all works presence of God :-practical Atheof real merit which we could wish ism :-the progress of vice:—the to observe. 'The author is well danger of procrastination :-reknown to the public as a popular flections on the character of Barpreacher and writer : in buih re. zillai :--the folly and danger of latio, s be has long sustained a high associating with the wicked : -- the reputation, and we may join in danger of apostacy:--the wisdom the testimony of our contempora- and duty of perseverance :- the ries that the sermons before us will credibility of a future life evinced : add, in no small degree, 10 the —the principles of Christian forfame which he has already ac, titude :-the nature and benefits quired, as an earnest, forcible and of Christian zeal :- the benefits pathetic teacher of the practical resulting from the trials of life:principles of the Christian religi- of the unequal distributions of Pro.

The title “ Practical Ser- vidence. mons” will be readily understood From this account of the subby every reader: it conveys w the jects which are discussed in the mind, at once, the idea that the volumes before us, and we havo author does not enter into any scarcely mentioned the half, our controversial points : be does not readers will perceive that they are appear before the public in vindi. of great importance, and we cation of tenets belonging to a par. can assure them that they are ticular seci, or party, but under. treated on, in such a manner as takes to plead the importance of to supply persons of all classes, those principles which must be true and of all ages, with much valua. upon every theory, because upon ble information as to the princi. them the well-being of man in ples of their holy religion, and with society depends, and, because upon many useful directions in the con. them it is generally agreed, that duct of life. These discourses are characterized for great justness of on the cross, their society was dis. thought, and for an accurate dis. solved and they retired from the play of the rules of human duty, scene in grief and despair. But expressed always in a forcible and in a few days, these same persons neal, and frequently in a very ani. rally, re-unite, and seem to be mated manner: in proof of which divested of all former passions and we should be glad to lay before feelings: to account for this the our readers a variety of extracts, preacher says, if the limits of our own work


“ Nothing could have united them:nowould allow it. We shall content thing could have inspired them with the ourselves with giving an example resolution and intrepidity, which they so or two of the Doctor's method of signally manifestednothing could have handling his subject.

supported their patience, encouraged their

perseverance and secured their success, In his sermon on " The Practical but the resurrection of Christ from the Influence of the Resurrection of dead, and those powers wh ch he impartChrist;" from the words “Because I tion of the truth of this face. Because

ed to them as an evidence and confirmalite, yc shall live also,” after an ad. he lived, they lived also. Conscious of mirably impressive introduction, he his restoration to life ; deriving supernaobserves that the words of the text tural influence from him, and anirated iimply notonly the future triumph of by the hope of finally sharing with him the disciples, to whom they were ad the fearful became valiant, the weak dressed, over death, and their feli. became strong, and the gospel approved city in a future world, tut the re. Itself the power of God to the salvacion solution and activity with which,

of them who believed." in consequence of the resurrection

Vol. I. p. 101. of their master, they would be en. We have observed that Dr. abled to propagate his religion, Rees does not enter into controverand serve the best interests of man. sial points of doctrine; there is, kind, and the glorious success that however, in this sermon, p. 109, would crown their patience and a passage ibat seems to hold much labour. And he asks, if any one stronger language with regard to can consider the surprizing change the common opinion of the atone. that was produced in the temper ment, than we could have expect. and conduct of our Lord's first ed. Speaking of Christ, he says, disciples, without deriving a strong

“ His death was a sacrifice of pro. presumptive proof that be was pitiation for the sins of men,” &c. really raised from the dead, at the We are aware, from what follows, time and in the manner which he that the whole passage may be ina had predicted? No other princi. terpreted in a more general sénse ple can account for a change so than that which a certain class of sudden and so sigtial. Before his persons will attach to it. They death, they were timid, dejected will construe the paragraph in and desponding: wben he was ap. such a way as to shew the author prehended and condemned and led is in union with them in rendering out to crucifixion, they were seen the Almighly an inexorable being, dissembling, or di nying, or afsaid who requires an atonement to be of avowing their connection with made before he can pardon the of. him: and when they saw bim dead fences of the human race: a doe


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