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146 Intelligence.--Dr. Marsh's Address, on the Bible Society.
easy, if (as frequently happens) they are From this short statement it appears, members also of the other Society. But, that the former, or the ancient Society, to say nothing of the question, whether is not only a Bible Sociely, but likewise it is not more adviseable for Church. (what the other is not) a Church-of- men to adhere wholly to a Society, which, England Society. With the former it is in proportion as its numbers increase, an invariable rule, in promoting Chris- will supply their wants without the ne. tian knowledge, to keep in view the cessity of correction, the Dissenring meme doctrines, which the members of the bers have the same resource with their Society believe and maintain. Especi- brethren of the establishment, it being ally where the Church of England is equally in their power to distribute established, they consider it as their duty Bibles in company with such Religious to promote Christianity, not under any Tracts, as favour their own opinions, form, but under that particular form, and are always at hand, whenever they which, above every other they are pledg- are wanted. The principle of equality ed to support, which alone is the tenure therefore, on which the modern Bible of ecclesiastical and even of civil prefer- Society is formed, and which places
In conformity with that rule, Christians of every denomination on the the Society for promoting Christian same level, is upon the whole preserved : Knowledge (the ancient Bible Society) and in this constitutional equality there is distributes in its home circulation, as evident danger, that the pre-eminence of well the Liturgy as the Bible: for though the established religion should be graduin the spirit of true Protestantism, it ac. ally forgoten and finally lost, knowledges the Bible as the only fountain It is far from my intention to be un. of religious truth, yet, it knows froni the friendly or disrespectful toward those, experience of all ages, that the waters whose religious opinions are different of that fountain will be clear or turbid, from my own Though sincerely ataccording to the channel into which tached to the Established Church, and they are drawn. And as the members desirous of promoting its welfare by all of the Society believe (though without fair and honourable means, I fully rereproach to those whose belief is differ- cognize the natural, and in this country, ent) that the doctrines of the Liturgy legal right of private judgment in matters are correctly derived from the Bible, of religion; and I should be ever ready they consider it as their indispensable both to deplore and to oppose every duty, to unite the one with the other. effort to abridge the freedom of religious Indeed, uniformity of doctrine can never opinion, or religious worship, which is be produced without an adherence to exercised in this country by Dissente sof this rule: for every Christian party either every description. But though I respect finds, or supposes that it finds, its pecu- religious opinions in general, however liar doctrines in the Bible. But this different from my own, and respect them salutary rule, so necessary to promote because they are religious opinions, yet I uniformity, so desireable therefore by deeply lament that such diversity exists, every true Churchman, cannot be ob not only because the greater the diverserved by the modern Bible Society; for sity the more abundant is the error, but such a rule would not only be contrary to because religious dissension, in conseits present avowed object, but absolutely quence of our mixed constitution, is inadmissible from the very constitution of closely connected with political dissenthe Society. For it not only consists sion. Religious dissension therefore in of Dissenters as well as of Churchmen: this country becomes a political evil; but an equality of power and interest and as such should not be encouraged, between the two parties is the avowed though Dissenters of every description basis, on which this modern Society is should for conscience sake be tolerated. built.
This is the true line of distinction, It is true, that those members of it, which every Churchman should invawho are attached to the Church, may so riably observe ; and I am convinced that far correct the evil, that when they every candid Dissenter, so far from rekave obtained Bibles for distribution from senting this open and honest avowal,
will do justice to the purity of my inten- in other respects, cannot be well affected tions. Indeed every man, who loves to the Church, or they would not be his country, will be ready to adopt a Dissenters from it. Their interests in principle, which is calculated to promote respect to religion are different from ours, political good, without producing sc. and therefore must lead them a different ligious evil.
way: and though we know from exLet us apply this principle to the perience, that they can combine for the modern Bible Society, as far as relates purpose of opposing the Church, it would to the conduct of Churchmen : for noth- be contrary both to experience and to the ing which is here said is intended as a common principles of human action, to restraint on the conduct of those, who expect their co-operation, if the object dissent from the Established Church, in view was the interest of the Church. They have full liberty to distribute Bibles, If we apply then the principle aboveeither alone, or accompanied with such mentioned, that Churchmen should tolreligious tracts, as they may think pro. erate, but not encourage Dissenters, per: and if a Society consisting solely of we shall find in it a strong argument Dissen!ers had been formed for this pur- against the promotion of the modern pose, the members of the establishment Bible Society. For, independently of the would have had no right; either to in- reason above-stated, that Churchmen terfere, or even to complain of it. Such should unite the Liturgy with the Bible, a Society would have been perfectly and thus prevent its misapplication to consistent with those principles of toler- other doctrines, the very constitution of ation, which are happily established in the modern Bible Society gives an imthese realms. But it is certainly a ques- portance to the dissenting interest, which tion for consideration among Church- otherwise it would never have obtained, men, whether it is prudent to augment and consequently brings a fresh accession the power of such a Society, by throw- of danger to the Established Church. ing into its scale the weight of the That Churchmen by their association Establishment. If Churchmen give the with Dissenters in this modern Bible whole of their influence to the antient Society, increase both the political and Bible Society, they retain the strengih the religious importance of the latter, is of the Established Church within its own too obvious to require illustration. And channel, and thus contribute to preserve that this increase of influence may hereit. If ihey divide their influence, and after be applied in a manner not contemstill more, if they give it wholly to the placed by those, who now inadvertently modern Bible Society, they divert the promote it, is likewisc a po i ion which strength of the Establishment into a fo- cannot be controverted. But by inreign channel, where the current may creasing the influence of the ancient at least be turned against them. In Bible Society, we necessarily increase supporting the antient Bible Society, the influence of the Established Church : they have ample security, that they for the ancient Bible Society is one of are supporting at the same time the Es. its firmest bulwarks. On the one hand, tal lished Church: but in supporting the therefore, our encouragement of the modern Bible Society, they have no such ancient Society must contribute to the security, either in its constitution, or in welfare of the Established Church, while the general friendship of its members. on the other hand, our encouragement It is true, that the professed olject of the of the modern Society, not only contrimodern Bible Society is to distribute butcs nothing to it in preference to other Bibles without note or comment, and, in churches, but may contribute even to its this country, according to the author- dissolution. Now if we injure, or even ized version. But were it certain, that, neglect to support our own Church, we as the power of this Society increases, shall hardly make compensation by our the present avowed object would still own distribution of Bibles in foreign be retained, we can have no guarantce parts. If our own Church, as we have that other objects, inimical to the Church, reason to believe, professes Christianity will not in tiine be associated with the in its purest form, the downfall of such main object. The experience of only a church, would be an irreparable loss, seven years, under circumstances where not to this nation only, but to the whole circunspection has been peculiarly new world. cessary, is a poor ground of consolation. Under these circumstances, I respectThe Dissenters, however well affected fully submit the question to the consi
128 Intelligence.--Report of the Manchester New College. deration of this University, which of the made no repairs or alterations, but what' two Bible Societies is most entitled to are absolutely necessary to the accomencouragement on the part of a body, modation of the present society of stuwhose peculiar duty a duty so nobly dents ; but a considerablc number of displayed on a late occasion) is the sup- additional apartments may be fitted port of the Established Church.
up, if required, at a very reasonable ex. HERBERT MARSH,
pense. The trustees have been greatly Margaret Professor of Divinity. indebted to the unremitted attention of Cambridge, Nov. 25, 1811.
Mr. Thomas Smith, of York, who has, in the most judicious manner, and with
the utmost attention to economy, superThe Report of the Manchester intended the alterations which have this
New College, removed to York, year been made. The subscription-list at the Twenty-fifth Annual
is considerably enlarged, through the ac
tivity and zeal of the deputy-treasurers : Meeting, August 30, 1811.
and the congiegational collections a little The trustees of the Manchester New exceed the amount of the last year. This College, removed to York, have great mode of providing for the exigencies of satisfaction in being able to present to the college, appears to the trustees par. its friends so favourable a report of the ticularly desirable, as it affords an opporstate of its funds; and, which is much tunity to the several min sters, not only more essential, of its discipline, and the of extending the knowledge of this par. proficiency of the students. The rental ticular institution, but also of directing - arising from the property in Manches- the attention of our societies, and par
ter is increased; the interest also of the ticularly of the younger part of them, permanent fund increases gradually, in to the principles of religious liberty, and proportion to the additions made to it to the exercise of individual inquiry and from the benefactions. The whole of judgment. On these accounts the trusthese it has been the practice of former tees are desirous to return their thanks years to annex to the permanent fund; to those ministers who have already but, in consequence of the great addi• preached sermons for the benefit of this tional expenses incurred in the acquisi- institucion ; and they beg leave to retion of the lately purchased buildings, commend a similar measure to the attenand on other accounts, the state of the tion of other ministers and congregations general funds of the college would not throughout the kingdom.-The business admit of the appropriation, this year, of of this institution is distributed among more than one-half of their amount. three tutors. The Rev. John Kenrick, The purchase alluded to has been made M. A. gives lectures on the Greek and by the kind assistance of twenty-five Roman classics, 'on the principles of gentlemen, who have agreed to advance grammar, and on ancient and modern the purchase-money, on condition of its history, and superintends the exercises being repaid by small annual instal- of the students of the first three years in ments. Of these gentlemen, the parti- Latin and English composition, The cular thanks of the trustees are due to Rev William Turner, jun. M. A, unthe Rev. William Grindrod, of Chester, dertakes the departments of mathema. for the very liberal terms on which he tics and of natural and experimental has proposed that the sum advanced by philosophy, and also gives lectures on him should ultimately become the pro- logic, metaphysics, and ethics. The perty of the college ; and to T. B.'w. Rev. Charles Wellbeloved, theological Sanderson, Esq. of Chewbent, who has tutor and director of the Institution, ordered that his annual instalments gives lectures on the evidences of natural should be paid, as they become due, and revealed religion ; on the principles into the permament fund, together with of biblical criticism, and on ecclesiastithe interest arising therefrom.- In these cal history; instructs the divinity stubuildings, situated nearly opposite to dents, and such lay students as may de Mr. Wellbeloved's, the classical and sire it, in the languages of the original mathematical tutors, and all the students Scriptures, and of the most important are comfortably lodged They furnish, versions ; critically reads over with besides, commodious lecture and dining- them the whole of the Old and New rooms, with the several requisite conve- Testaments; and from those pure niences. The trustees have hitherto sources, encourage them, cach for him.
Intelligence. - The Report of the Manchester New Collégé, 199 self, to form his own views of the im- setelei as a m'n ter at Starid, near Man. portant doc rines of Revelation. He ches er. In order to secure, as far as iš also pays par icular attent on, during possi ile the respec abil ty of the stu: the lasi two years of their course, to the dents who shall be edu'ated for the formation of a proper style of composi- min stry in this seminary, with regard tion for the pulpit. -The trustees are both to character and literary attainhappy to say, hai the general character ments, the (rustees have resolved, given of the students by their tutors, for “ Tha', in future, ro candidate shall Orderly and exemplary conduct, s highly be admitted on its foundation, but on encruraging : and that the annual exa the recommendation of three protestant mination continue to be attended by dissenting, ministers, residing in the many triends to the institution, with neighbourhood where -he lives, who increasing pleasure and sa isfaction. At shall certify, that at the commencethe last examination, June 27 and 28, ment of his course, he will have ajo 1811, the firs: prize offered to students ta ned the full age of sixteen; that on of the first three years for diligence, re- their personal examination, his moral gulari y, and proi.ciency, was adjudged character, natural endowments, and class, to Mr. Hugh Ker, of Hull, che second sical proficiency, are such as to qualify to Mr. Thomas Crompton Holland, of hiny for becoming a student for the miManchester, and the third to Mr. Ro- nistry; and that the profession is the bert Wallace, of Dudley. The prize for object of his own voluntary choice. His the greatest progress, during the ses- ability to read Homer and Horace will sion, towards the attainment of a just be considered as essenial to his admisand natural clocution was given to Mr. sion.”-All applications must be adWilliam Hincks, of Cork - The number dressed 10 “ 'The Rev. Charles Wellbeof students during the ensuing session loved, York ;" who will lay the ru before will be twenty-one : eleven div.nity, and the annual meeting of trustces, a1 York, ten lay students. Of the fornier Messrs. on the last Wedne-day in June, at which Manley, Hutton, H. Turner, and G. meeting they will be taken into consiKenrick, wil be in the fourth year of deration, and those candidate po ferred, their course; Messrs. Lewis, Brettell, who appear, from the testimonials proAshton, and Holland, in the third ; duced, to be most eligible. Le ters on Messrs. Wallace, and Bakewell, in the the subject of this institucion n ay also second; and Mr. Benjamin Mardon, be addressed to George William Wood, jun. of Exeter, in the first. Mr. Hincks Esq treasurer, Manchester, or to the will not return during the next session, Rev. William Turner, Newcastle upon. but the trustees hope that he will rejoin Tyne, by whom, or by any of the dem his fellow students at the commence. puty treasurers, subscriptions and dona.. ment of that which will succeed ic. Mr. tions are received Arthur Dean, the only divinity student
SAMUEL SHORE, Jun. who this year completed his course, is
sd Premises in Manchester, valued before the alterations at 4000 o Expence incurred in altering the centre building
79 3 101
4792 3 107 Allow 21 per cent for depreciation .
119 16 17
4672 7 9 Permanent Fund, June, 1810
645 4 0 Addition made thereto, June 30, 1811
699 16 6 Premises in York, first instalment of Purchase-money
200 Subscriptions in Arrear
77 5 Balance in the Treasure's hands,
£5655 to 8
Obituary.-Mr, George Carter.
Smethurst at the next meeting, which
MR. GEORGE CARTER.