Imatges de pàgina


regard will be then had to qual fications strenuous reformer. No name is better for future happiness, arising from a de- known among the advocates of parliatestation of vice, a love of piety and vir- mentary, reform, than that of Dr. Jebb: tue, and sincere endeavours to do one's the active energy of Mrs. Jebb is also duty, according to the abilities which well known: being an invalid, she lived God has bestowed, the humble subject a retired life : but her zeal rose to the of this Obituary, will be in a much full level of her husband's—she saw with more eligible condition than thousands the same quickness, glowed with the who now stand high in tame. It is an same ardour, and wrote occasionally with equitable rule of the divine government, the same spirit. But Mrs. Jebb was not that as ou the one hand, proportional im- more distinguished for the vigour of her provement is demanded of superior ad- mind, than the qualities of her heart. vantages, so on the other, " to whom She was a Christian, without bigotry ; little is given, of them is little required.” a moralist, without severity ; a politician, Bridport, Jan. 11, 1812. 'T. H. without self-interest or ambition ; a sin

cere friend, without disguise and without 1812. Jan. 21, In London, aged 76,

With considerable powers of ANN, the relict of JOAN JEBB, M. D. mind, she possessed all the amiable soft“ Mrs. Jebb was the eldest daughter of ness of the female character. With as the late Rev. James Torkington, Rector few failings as could well fall to the loc of Little Stukely, in Huntingdonshire, of humanity, she exercised an unlimited and of Lady

Dorothy Sherard, daughter candour in judging those of others. Canof Philip, second Earl of Harborough. dour and benignity were the prominent She was married to Dr. Jebb in 1764, features of her character. Her friends, when he was in the height of his literary therefore, were numerous, and she could reputation at Cambridge. The Dr.

not have a single enemy:--These superiit is well known, engaged in some very lodged in a body of the most delicate MONTHLY RETROSPECT OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS;

or qualities of mind and heart were serious controversies with the Univer: sity, particularly on abolishing sub

texture. The frame of Mrs. Jebb was scription to the 39 articles at the time extremely feeble, her countenance always of taking degrees and on public annual languid and wan. She used to recline examinations of under-graduates. These on a sofa, and had not been out of her disputes found exercise for the first ta- room above once or twice these 20 years lents at that time in the University, and she seemed the shadow of a shade, or raMrs. Jebb was not content with being a ther all soul and intellect, like one dropsilent observer; she became the active ped from another sphere. For her af. opponent of Dr. Powell, the master of dour and patriotic nirmness, mixed with St. John's College, who conducted the urbanity and gentleness, and occasionally other side of the controversy, and who brightening with innocent playfulness felt as sensibly the point of Mrs. Jebbis gave that to her countenance, which the pen, in the public prints, as he did of mere bloom of health cannot bestow, the learned Doctor's. It was in reference nor the pen describe; it gave a singular to the force of argument contained in a interest to her character : it can only be smart pamphlet, written by Mrs. Jebb felt, and will be lastingly remembered, on the same subject, under the signa- by her surviving friends. fure of “ Priscilla,” that the late Dr. M. Chron. Jan. 27, 1812. Paley said, at the time, · The Lord had sold Sisera into the hands of a woman.' When Dr. Jebb, having embraced some Lately, Mr. MILFORD WINDEATT, speculative opinions, which he thought, Jun. of Toines, Devon : of this pious made it necessary for him to resign his young man, we shall be glad to receive preferment, and leave the church, settled some account from any one of our corresin London, he became a physician, and a pondents acquainted with him.


The Christian's Survey of the Political World.

The falsely called National Society, tion, with greater force will it go afterfor the education of the poor, has taken

waids in the contrary direction, when into consideration the plan of union of the mind is left to its on e.crtions. their diocesan and district committees,

Our sentiments on this National Soand have made such resolutions as natu- ciecy, or as it is more properly called, and Fally arise from the connection between

we shall hereafter give it that name, the correspond ng societ es It is a very The Anti-national Society, have received judicious plan as thus a constant com

great support by a debaie, and the result munication will be kept up berween the of it, in the court of Common Council members of the established sect


of the metropolis. A motion was the whole see. vis to have been formed made to giant five hundred pounds to upon the system of those correspond ng the society, and the argument on which societies, which a few years back were it was founded was-; became the city the object o: the vigilince of govern to encourage an establishment for the ment. One regulation only respecting benefit of the estar lished sect. The the children toe educated clams our

mot:on was opf- sed by Alderman Good attention :-- It is in the following words: behere, who considered the society not

* It is required that all the children to be national, not formed to unite and received into the schools be without increase universal harmony, but to disexception instructed in the liturgy join man from man The great merit and catechisni, and that in conformity of Lancaster's plan was ts comprchenwith the directions in hat liturey, the siveness, but the exclusion of this new children of each school do constanıly at- soc.ety, appeared to him unworthy of tend divine service in the r parish church, support. Mr. Quin disapproved equally or other place of public wor: hip under of the title assumed by his new society, the establishment, wherever the same is whose propriety he called in question, practicable, on the Lord's day, unless because the members of the establish such reason for their non attendance ment in England and Wales did not form be assigned, as shall be satisfactory to one half of the population of those the persons having the direction of that countries, nor one fourth of the popula. school, and that no religious tracts be tion of the United Kingdom. He then admitted into any school, but which are entered into a comparison of the merits or shall be conrained in the catalogue of of the Lancasterian and the Bellian the Society for promoting , Christian schools, giving to the former, indepen.. Knowledge."

dently of its enlarged liberality, a veciThe members of the established sect sive preference over the latter in eyery, have thus taken due pains to instil such thing relative to educativn He ins anced notions into the children, as may, it is the state of education in China, where to be frecurred, preserve them from im- every child was educated in reading, bibing the principles of any other sects. writing and cyphering, without any reAnd this would le a great point, if the gard as all to religion, as in that country established sect had a great ma,ority was no established sect ro don neer over over the other sects.

But as it is, hap: the others ; and to that and to the atpily, in a minority all these pains will tention paid to education might be af. be to very littl purpose Their child tributed the peace and tranquillity of ren will mix with other children, and that extensive empire. It was too much the defects of he liturgy and catechism, for this nes socie:y to say. That it would will sooner or later be pointed out. The be fatal to the state as well as their own farther the falsely calied National So- sect, if the poor were educared in any ciety proceeds, the less danger do we principles but theirs. principles of so apprehend to the cause of liberal.ty, re- spalla part of the community. He saw lig.on and truth; and the more pains the rising of a spirit in this are taken to bend the tree in one direc- business, which he hoped the Dissenters would resist, or they would be crushed and talent were generally excluded by it. Mr. Dixon' declared, that the the regul r churches, and ther fore reoEstablishment was a most tender mother ple went elsewhere to hear bert -r preachto all descriptions of people, and he ing and it the careless and sl venly 'onwould defy any one to shey hat it had duct of the ministers of the eab shed ever ev need a persecuting :pint. The sect in re sed the number of Disse nters, speaker forgot' ihe persons burned in they had no right to atrac men for the reigns of Edward the Six:h, con- dissenting. On taking the votes, the demned to the stake in the reign of nun:bers were for granting five hundred Queen Elizabeth. burred in the reign pounds to the Anti-national Socie:y, of James the First, and the punishments forty-seven, against the grant fifty-three, inflicted on nonconformists in the reigns and' it must afford sati fac ion to every of Charles I. and II Mr Blundell as liberal mind, that the pew scheme of astonished at the insensibility of the illiberality has been hus deleated. clergy of the es.ablishment to the edu- The established sect has met with Cation of the poor, and did not know of any more defeats. The vi cory obtained at shin; done by the new society, e: cepc Cambridge, by the Balve Society, has raising subscriptions : whereas Lancas been followed up by imilar inumphs in ter had educated thirty thousand child. other places Meeting, have been called ren, before he applied for assistance, and numerously attended ai HuntingMr. Pearsall read a letter from Newport, don, Buckingham, Be foid, Hertford, stating that the children of Dissenters -at hich ihe principal ne biliry and at the Bellian school there, were not gentry of she coun:ies attended, and in perm tied to accompany their parents all the same sp rit of linisalty was io the places of religious worship of their manifes*ed. duviliary Bible Societies own persuasion Alderman Birch ex. were founded and he members of the pressed his surprise at the question : different sects, whether es ablished or What was the national religion? The not, concurred in the grea de-i:n of constitution of the country had inter. prunering, to the uim ise of their power, woven the established secı with the state, the diffusion of the scriptures. not :hat the sect should he political, but joice in seeing the hearty concurrence that ihe state should be religious. The of all parties in this holy objet, and court therefore ought not to assist in the trust that it will produce cre b reficial education of the poor of any sect, ex- consequence of love to each other and cept that which is established by law, a firm union in the principles of the reand he begged the members of tha court ligion of love. to consider, that they sa in the corpo. Bu, the Dissenters have cause of al’rm ration as members of the established sect, from another qurures, and the Toberation Mr Il aithman considered the new plan Act will be ot li tle use t i en if the to have originated in no other motive interpretation that has been veneia'ly than opposi.ion to Lancaster, and the acted upon for the lat hundred years, cry of the chu ch being in danger, was should be sup rected by one, which raised to assist this grand cause. If al er th.s generation, will leave them chey succeeded in beating down Joseph entirely without ministers. It is now Lancaster, he did not know, what would advanced hue a inin scer, pre iously to become of the funds: but he believed the receiving of his licence, shjuld have the country would hear little more about a certificate sig ied hy cestam Members the National Soc ety. Churchmen saw of a cou-segation, si that he is no d nger in universal ignorance, but their approved nun's er. but a cording were quite alarmed at any education, to the system of Dissenters, and a very except in heir own religious doctrines. proper system it is, a man i not sertled Every man in the community was en- a mi nister till he has teen approved of titled to his fair chance of risina by his by the conzeration, Ho then cap the merit, but this chance was withheld, if con regation approve of hiin uniess the firs: rudiments of education were they hear h ni and if they sign this denied to him. The number of Dissenters approbatio .. the bear witness, th the was owing to the carelessness of ihe has preached w.choata ivenc,that s, has clergy, for who would risk an ague in a offended the law, on wh ch these licences cold church, to be set asleep by the are founded. The qies ion will be are drowsy discourse of a preacher without gued in this and other cases and judgsnergy or talent? Preachers of snergy ment given Dext term, at which tiine

We re

the Dissenters will know the ground and bring them to a better temper in this they stand on, and we should suppose great question. Mr. Kirwan, on the cause take such measures as the case requires, being given against him, was not appreand the liberality of the times will not hended, but permitted to be at large, think inexpedient. The established sect and, when brought up for judgment, a disavows persecution; of course they can. trifling fine was imposed upon him, and not countenance a measure, that would he was released. The judges in passing deprive their brethren of other sects of sentence spoke with great asperity: but teachers. This would be a refinement the main point is settled, and as governof persecution, which has escaped the ment has withdrawn all the other prosesagacity of former times, land would cutions, and the Catholics are still at render toleration nugato:y: and the more liberty to present petitions from their we think of it, the more are we impressed several districts, we do not see why with the solemn words of our Saviour, they may not continue their exertions *My kingdom is not of this world;' it within the limits allowed to them; and cannot be upheld by its rules of politics, the cause of liberality has not lost any nor destroyed by its censures or perse. thing by this conflict. Indeed, as one cution.

verdict was for them, and one against But difficulties arise, it seems, in the them, ncither party has cause of triumph Establishment, and recourse is had to tem- over the other: if they wish to triumph, poral jurisdictions on the subject of their let' tbem do it, by shewing which can ministers. A gentlemar., supposed to give up the most to the other, which can be of the evangelical persuasion, has' most prove themselves to be Christians, been elected into a lectureship, to which by possessing most of that temper, which it seems the confirmation of the bishop was in Christ, our common Lord and is necessary. In this case it has been Saviour. denied, the prelate declaring, that he The Regent is now without restrictions. cannot conscientiously approve of him, The situation in which he was to be and the object of the motion was to com- placed, occasioned much discussion, and pel the bishop to give satisfactory rea. the great question was, Is there to be a sons for this refusal. With this the change of ministry? Time has proved court would not comply, and the elected the conjectures of the Opposirion, as they minister has one resource left in laying are called, to be fallacious ; and Mr. his complaint before the archbishop. Perceval is still prime minister. A sort A court of law would indeed be curiously of negotiation was entered into, through employed in sisting the merits of a knot the mediation of the Duke of York, bety point of divinity, in which the bishop tween the Prince and the lords Grey and the priest chance to disagree. But and Grenville, and the letter of the much is to be said on both sides of this Prince to the Duke, and that of the lords singular case. The bishop is to look to to him in reply, have been published. the edification of his flock, and though The lords conceived, that they could preaching, in his opinion erroneous, may not take part in the administration, un. be approved of by a congregation, his der or with the present minister, and the pious cares will be employed, that they Prince's letter manifested such sentishould have better instruction. As the ments with respect to Ireland and Spain, making of priests and deacons rests with as rendered it not very expedient for the bishops, their superintending care these lords to be in the cabinet. Marquis seems çqually requisite after they are Wellesley has however resigned, but there made : but such difficulties could not seems to be little likelihood of a change occur in a community, framed on the of measures. plan of thc gospel, where the idea of The Prince had scarcely taken his ingoing to law on the nature of their own dependent seat in the council, when there officers would scem as strange as did to was a rumour of peace with Sweden, and Paul the application to Pagan tribunals overtures were said to have arrived to on differences between Christians. this purpose. Such a proposition was

The Catholic Question is at rest for a not unlikely to come at the time it did, time in Ireland. The government has as it might suit the purpose of the great gained its point, in the conviction of one Ruler of the Continent, to make an apperson under the Convention Act, and plication, when a change in the councils has used its superiority in a manner, of the sovereign was to be expected. which we hope will conciliate all partics, The quarter, from which it comes, may Keite an apprehension of insincerity: sentiments of freedom, for which our yet peace is so delightful a sound, that country has been distinguished. the very naming of it affords joyful ex- In Sicily, the British interest has prepectations. What will posterity think vailed, and discoveries have been made, of these long and bloody wars, in an age which will prevent the island from fallpretending to be enlightened! Could ing into the hands of the French, and the prince give peace on a solid founda- secure such an authority to the country tion, what an honour to the regency! party as ensures a much better govem

Spain has been doomed to present, ment for the future. The Turks and besides the various acts of marauding Russians carry on the war more lanparties, two splendid achievements. In guidly. French troops are increasing in the one, the French ; in the other, the the North of Europe, and rumours conEnglish, were victorious. The latter tinue on float of a rupture between took a town, the former subdued a king- France and Russia, but the foundation dom. Valencia is one of the most beauti- on which they rest grows more and ful and fertile provinces in Spain. Its in- more precarious. In the United States, dependence rested on the preservation of as far as words go, the aspect of affairs its capital, but the defeat of the Spanish is not pleasant, but still an bsolute army, under Blake, left it without any state of war is remote, though apprehenother resource, but what was within its sions of rupture increase !

How happy own walls. No army arriving to relieve would it be for the world, if, in the nethe place, it was compelled to capitulate, gociations of states, the maxim of doing and the French obtained there an im- to each other as they would wish to be mense booty, and took a vast number done by, could be more generally apof prisoners. Such an acquisition gives plied. In the Spanish Colonies every them incalculable advantages, which are thing wears more and more the appeare feebly balanced by the prowess of the ance of independence. We do not speak British woops, in the taking by storm this of one, but of all: and Mexico, in of the city of Rodrigo. By all accounts, which the power of the mother country this was a most gallant action; but its is the strongest, will probably, before effects on the war cannot be great, un- the end of the summer, shew itself far less Lord Wellington could, from that from having been subdued by the late quarter, force an entrance into Spain. defeats of the insurgents. The capture of the place has, however, In Parliament, the chief debate was added new dignities to the general. By on the subject of Ireland, which occuthe English Regent he has been created pied several days, and gave opportunities an Earl, and by the Spanish Regency a for a declaration of sentiments in both Grandee of Spain, and Duke of the city houses. In the upper house, a division of Rodrigo

in the cabinet was perceived by the A change has taken place in Cadiz, avowal of Marquis Wellesley of favour and a new regency has been appointed, to the catholics, and, in the other house, in which the Duke of Infantado, the the general current of opinion ran on ambassador here, has a place. It has their side. Their opponents supported addressed the nation with great energy; themselves by very fecble arguments, but its language will not be heard in and every thing wears an appearance of many places. The common people do increased toleration; and, if it is true, pot seem to require much addressing, as recently reported, that it is no longer but the Cortez has not yet shewn men to be a cabinet question, we cannot by whom a falling country may be pre. doubt, that religious differences will served. If we had seen a manly edict, cause less confusion, in future, in the declaring the fall of the Inquisition, some united kingdom. The minister tri. hopes might be entertained of them ; umphed completely in all his arrangebut it is a melancholy reflection, that ments for the regency, and has found no our arms may be a means of restoring difficulty in those relative to finance. The that iniquicous power, which, wherever discurbances at Nottinghamı occasioned the French appear, ceases to exist. In some debates, in which, notwithstandPortugal also, the edict ori censorship ing the severity of the measures progives little encouragement to expeci, posed, on account of the urgency of the that our intercourse with thai unhappy case, the arguments used by Sir Samuel nation has tended to introduce the manly Romilly on the necessity of improve

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