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mențin the criminal law, seemed to have superior councils. It would be worth an effect on the house. The application while to have it ascertained, whether, of detih to such a nuni ing if offences in that very populous nation, uninmakes as appear in very stiange colours fluenced by the principles which we de. in fore gn nations, and we are in this rive froni revciacion, the number of cri. case a remarkable contrast to the Chi. minals h: ar any thing like the proportion nese, who are so extremely tender on to their population, that it does in our this bead that sentence is not passed supposed enlightened country. till the whole has been revised by the
The Rey. Thomas Belsham will shortly are about to put to the press, a new and publish Memoirs of the late Rev. Theo cheap edit on of Il'illiam Penn's Sandy philus Lindsey, M A. including a Re. Foundation Shaken. view of the Controversies in which Mr. An ther Tracı, by the author of Il'ilLindsey was engaged; a General Ac- liam's. Return, The Tuin Brothers, &c. coul of the Progress of the Unitarian entitled An Affectionate Address to Doʻrine in England. and America, in the Poor," is printing by the Chriscian consequence of Mr Lindsey's Wiitings; Tract Society. and many interesting Anecdores and Dr. Toulmin has in the Press, a Third Le 'crs of Eminent Persons lately de- Edition of h.s“ Manual of Prayers for ceas d.
the closet." The London Unitarian Book Society
Although our present No. has run a half-sheet beyond our usual quantity of letter-press, we find ourselves unable to introduce scieral articles that are pressing for inser ion. On the sub ect of the Toleration Act, which we stand pledged to take up, it m:y, perhaps, suffice for the present to observe, that the matter is sub judice; and that a decision will be made next Term, (in che mon.h of April,) on the iwo toliowing importan' poin's, viz. Ist. Whether ihe Acts of William and Mary, and the sth of the Kne, e tend to any but the settled ministers of separate congregations; and 2nd, Whether they wairanı niagistrates in demanding from persons, applyine to qualify, under the above mentioned statutes, certificates of their being the settled ministers of separate congregations. If the decision of the court on these points, be in favour of the Dissenters, the law as it now stands, is sufficient for their potection; if other wise, constitutional measures will doubt. less be taken to gain and secure a legal toleration. We await the determination of the court with some anxiety; and till it is knuwn shall suspeod our strictures..
In answer to an inquiry concerning the contributions to the resistance to Lord Sidmouths Bill, we can only say, that we suppose the T 0 Societies will, in duc time, publish their Reports, including statements of their funds.
ERRATA. p. 45, Col. 1, et passim, for “ Bowy” read Bouyer.
51, Col. 1, 1.3, for “ 1812" read 1811. 64, 3 lines from the bottom, dele comma after Dissenters, and
insert a colon.
Correspondence between the Rev, dressing a Catholic, would not
J. Berington and the Rev. J. use. Then why--as you profess Evans, with Remarks by the moderation -write it?' The legis. latter.
lalure, in its late acts, has relin. [Extracted from the Appendix to a Ser- quished the term, adopting that
mon, by Mr. Evans, at King's Lynn, of Roman Catholic. This last is Norfolk, Jan. 5, 1912, just published.]
our family name, come down from LETTER I
the earliest ages.
We do nut ob. To the Rev. J. Evans.
ject to the adjunct Roman, beca@se Rev. Sir,
it shews the connection we hold Having often heard your Sketch with our ecclesiastical head; otherof the Denominations of the Chrisa wise the single word Catholic ever tian World inuch spoken of, I has fully distinguished us from all lately purchased a copy of the last other Christian societies. Chrisa edition, and immediately –
-as was tiunus mihi nomen est, Catholicus natural-turned to the article vero cognomen, was said by a Papist. The word was repulsive ; Spanish bishop, arguing against but I proceeded, and having read the Novatians, as far back as the it through, I exclaimed -S, sic fourth century. omnia ; -one edition surely might • You strangely confound ina have satisfied the public curiosity, fallibility and supremacy, calling for a more loose, unsatisfactory, them a leading tenct. The first, and, in many points, a more un. as applied to the Pope, never was a fair statement of our opinions was tenet of our church. Some divines never given! And yet, can it be have maintained it, as theiropinion; thought that the religion of Fene. but do opinions, or divines, think lon, and of so many great and you; form the church? This good men, in all ages and all church alone, the assembly of all nations, did not claim a candid the faithful, we believe, from the and correct exposition?
promises of Christ, to be secured We object to the word Papist, froin error, on all essential points You know it to be a term of of doctrine. To the Roman bishops reproach, not used in good society, the first pastor, or head, of this and which you yourself, in ad. cburcb, we ascribe supremacy ;
or, perhaps more properly, prima. whereas, the plain fact is—the cy; his government being limited Jansenists, who were condemned, by, and controuled by, the canons excepted-they maintained differ. of established discipline. To re- ent opinions, as they might, ad. present this primacy, as extending hering all to the same faiib.—As in princes-because such has been you mention the council of Trent its abuse argues utter ignorance, and the creed of Pius, let me reSome divines have said it: the quest you to sketch your next church never. Your third division Papist from those repositories of of Catholics on this head, is a his doctrines. And thence you mere fancy. Every Catholic ads should have drawn your account mits the primacy of the Roman of indulgencies, and not from bishop. Our opinions are various; Robertson, whose statement a. our belief, or faith, one, Show bounds with erros. As to the me from the council of Trent, or form, you subjoin; if Tetzel, in the creed of Pope Pius, or any the extravagance of his own fancy, public acknowledged rule of Cath. proclaimed it - which I doubt olic belief, that we speak your you may be assured'it is not Caih. language, and you
will have done olic. There is no remission of soideibing. And this you should sin, nor of the consequences of do, would
sketch a true por. sin, without sincere repentance, trait, and not a caricature. Gilray The present state of our rewould beat none of you in this ligion, is to be collected—as it art.-We do not pay .divine wore always was—from our catechisms ship to the host or consecrated and books of public instruction, wafir.' The worship we pay is and not from the opinions of to Jesus Christ whom we believe any individual, such as Dr. Mil. to be really present, under the ner. We value his miracle as liuile mystic signs or forms of bread as you do. and wine.--As to your works of On the Greek church you are supererogation, I know little about no nxore correct than on ours, them, only that they serve your What can you mean in saying, purpose. Some schoolmen may that the Greeks or Russians re. have talked about it; and I be. ject images in the worship of the lieve, if a man seils what he has, Deiry,' when you cannot be igand gives it to the poor, he does norant that on the subject of more than is required from him, images, they are particularly cen. as a disciple of Christ; but if in surable; and this yourself shew this, or in any other good work, in the following page.-Consubthere be any merit, which can be stantiation, with the Lutherans, applied to himself or others, all they do not admit; but a real its value must arise from the change of the elements, as we do: superabundant merits of Ch: ist; and ihis your Greek pupil, if he by which alone the actions of knew any thing, could have taught man become good, and find ac- you.-11 always has been, and ceptance with God. - You then is notorious, to men that will sees proceed to confound points of dise that both churches, on all points cipline and belief; and speak of of faith, have thought and do different schools as so many sects; think alike; the primacy of Rome and the procession of the third imperiously to controul, but to person from the Son excepted. direct the conscience, in the choice În discipline we differ.
of what may most conduce to Both these articles are compiled eternal happiness. in the most slovenly manner; in. That through the long progress deed, I must say, without the of ages, there have been among smallest knowledge on the subject, us absurd opinions ; and in our as if, in your opinion, the Jumpers practices, superstition; and in our in Wales, and the Shakers in conduct, bigotry and intolerance, America, had a claim to more no Catholic will deny: but our attention. The minds of you all faith, throughout, has been one overflow with prejudices; you and unchanged, such as the aposo copy from one another; deign tles taught, and their successors not to look into Catholic writers, in the ministry have brought down in whom truth might be found, with them. Again, we allow that and modestly insist, that do in our discipline are many things not know what our own belief is. -such as the use of the Latin I can, therefore, with truth say, tongue, the dress of the ministers, that from the time of your boasted and many ritual ceremonies not Reformation to the present day, agreeable to modern taste and no writer, as far as I have read, manners; but we received them has been, or is free from the charge from venerable antiquity; and, of the grossest misrepresentation. therefore, we preserve them. Had
Having completed your Sketch our religion bien modern, modern of opinions, you say: 'To a would have been all its outward thoughtful mind they exhibit a garb and expression. melancholy picture of the human I make no apology for these understanding, misguided through strictures on your Sketch, nor for passion, and warped by prejudice.' their occasional asperity. It is İndeed it is so; but what then hardly possible to reprobate too must the same thoughtful mind strongly the conduct of men, who, think of that leading principle of when iruth lies open betore them, your . Reformation- from which turn aside to the sources of error, all the cvil has flowed—which in. thereby to perpetuate their own vites the most ignorant man to in. prejudices, and the prejudices of terpret the scriptures as he pleases; their readers. And by what the nce to form his own religion; casuistry, let me ask, can such and to become the teacher of conduct be here justified, which, others? To this principle we oppose on other occasions, the plain dic. the commission of Christ to his tates of bonour aud bonesly must apostles, Matt. x.xviii. 19, 20; condemn? llad I undertaken to Mark xvi. 15, 16; while reason compile such a work as yours, I and common sense tell us that should have procured, from every no rule can be so safe and so society, that statement of opinions philosophical as that of authority, which was deemed by them most resting on the promises of our correct; and then have submitted master, and the uninterrupted each article to the juspection of tradition of ages. This principle the most intelligent man in each of authority, however, is not meant society I could have found, with
a determination to abide by his even of Deism, could afford me correccions. But bad you done any resting-place. Must the this, in regard to the two articles, thoughtful man, left to himself, at least before me, I can confi. go on from Luther to Calvin, from dently tell you that not many Calvin to Muncer or Arminius, lines would have remained un. from these to George Fox, or cancelled.
Swedenborg, or Ann Lee, or I am, Rev. Sir,
Joanna Southcott, &c. &c. Your obedient
. And find no rest-in wandering and humble servant,
mazes lost' Joseph BERINGTON. and still be told that Christ came Buckland, near Farringdon, Berks, into the world to be to him the Dec. ll, 1811.
way, the truth and the life; and Let me add.-We ask you not that he who follows him walketh to approve our doctrines. Reject not in darkness ? them, refute them, as you can: • We deprive the laity,' you state them unly fairly. Do as say, p. 289,' of the scripture, by you would be done by. I often restraining its use.' For use read suspect that
your Refor. abuse, and the word will be cormation cannot be supported, but rect. On points of faith, we by misrepresenting the tenets of would have the scriptures to be the church from which you withexplained, as the church, from the drew: otherwise, why will you beginning, has explained them. thus persevere ?-I will send you Had this rule been followed, your a summary of our principles.” Sketch of Christian Denominations
would have been comprised within LETTER II.
a few pagrs. On points, not of To the Rev. J. Evans.
faith, each one is left to his liberty. Rev, Sir,
This has given, and does give, Inclosed is the Summary I men. rise to that variety of opinions, tioned, which I recommend to which you are anxious to con. your perusal.
found with variation in essential I bave now gone through your belief. This latter variation, I Sketch, for which on one account, admit, has at all times too much you have
my sincere thanks, disturbed the tranquillity of the Surely no work was ever better Catholic church.' But here lies calculated to strengthen the Cath. the difference. With us, it has olic in his belief of the necessity ever arisen from the violation of of a guide in religion. In this our principle of authority: with view, I shall recommend it to you, it is the direct and invited their perusal. But how any Pro. consequence of your principle of testant, when he seriously con private judgment. But we deny, templaus this melancholy series you add, .The sufficiency of scripof discordant opinions can approve iure. Let me ask you: What the principle of private judgment, was the rule of belief followed by an nou rather adopt universal the early Christian churches, bea scepticism, is 10 me, I own, in. fore the written word was suffici. comprehensible. Were I not a ently established and extended, to Calbyiic, nothing short of this, or become a guide ? Was it not the