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the light of an oil-lamp illumines A'monk, scarce worth his beer and bread, the page, from which he reads to And good for nothing, but himself. his family the lessons of know- With parts extinct presum'd to read, ledge, religion and virtue.-The Improv'd his head-piece not a jot,
Quite Orthodox in famous Creed, books in the possession of the Poring to know, he knew not what. lower classes are chiefly of a reli. Soured by age, by sloth niade dull, gious nature, a great number of Rusty in temper, as in gown, these works having been printed with pride, and narrow notions full, in Iceland during the last two or A peevish, stiff, pedantic clown. three centuries, and very general.
If these lines have been in print, ly circulated through the country, perhaps one of your readers can In many parishes there is a small oblige me with the name of their collection of books belonging to author or a reference to the pub. the church, from which, under the lication. QUÆRENS. superintendance of the priest, each family in the district may derive A Collection of Facts relating to some little addition to its means of
Criminal Law. instruction and improvement."
(Continued from p. 87.] By giving these extracts " It is a kind of quackery in governi place in your valuable miscellany, ment, and argues a want of solid skill, I persuade myself, you will grati- to apply the same universal remedy, the fy your numerous readers; you ficulty. It is, it must be owned, much
ultimum supplicium, to every case of difwill at least oblige your friend and easier to extirpate than to amend manconstant reader,
V. F. kind :
: yet that magistrate must be esP.S. I have just seen the Ex, teemed both a weak and a cruel surgeon, tracts on the Present State of Re. who cuts off every limb, which through ligion in Iceland which you have in- ignorance or indolence he will not at
tempt to cure.” serted in your No. just published, Blackstone, Comm. B.iv. ch. 1. p. 73.—But those, you will readi. “ The ruling principle of government ly perceive, though highly interest. in this kingdom is allowed to be liberty; ing, will not interfere with that but our criminal laws seem rather calcuwhich is now transmitted: but will lated to keep slaves in awe than to govern rather be confirmed and illustrat- notions of justice, and confound all dis
free men. They seem to contradict all ed by it.
tinctions of morality. By the ignomi.
ny they impose in many cases they bend An Epitaph.
the mind to the lowest state of servitude: Sir,
by the rigour they indiscriminately in. Feb. 9, 1812.
flict they adopt the principles of despoAmong some old MSS. I have tism and make fear the motive of obcfound, on a scrap of very dingy dience.” paper, and in an antique hand, Dagge's Consid. Crim. Law, I. ch. vii. the following stanzas, which ap. “If a reflecting and benevolent fopear to have been designed as an Book, where death is commissioned to
reigner were to examine our Statute epitaph, in no panegyrical strain. keep the fata! key' of so many cells, and Here liv'd and died a useless thing,
"to shake a dreadful dart'* in so many The dry remains of stupid life,
directions, his soul would be wrung with A drone to country, church and king, anguish: and, unless he were told that Without all judgment, wit, or wise. common sense wages a perpetual war A slave to forms from morn to bed,
with positive institutions, and that the Crown rich and proud, with college pelf,
Milton. VOL. TII.
162 A Collection of Facts relating to Criminal Law. malefactors annually executed fall very in the penal code [at Philadelphia). short of the number annually condemned, he would suspect that every accuser
prove that crimes bave diminished is a Lycurgus, ** every udge, a Cassius,t nearly half in number and that and every legislator, a Draco"
very few criminals have been con. Philopat. Varvicen. Char. C. J. Fox, ii. demned for a relapse.
66 A criminal of the most har. Proposition VI.
dened nature, who had infested The Punishment of Death, con. the environs of Philadelphia seve.
sidered as the affair of a mo- ral years before the change in the ment, is nut so powerful a re- penal code took place, being disstraint from crimes, as other missed, thus addressed one of the punishments of a visibly longer inspectors: " I thank you for the duration.
care you have taken of me ever A recent instance of this de. since I have been here, and for plorable state of mind has fallen having enabled me to fulfil a duty within
my notice. A youth of 22 I owe to society. You know what had deserted more than once--he my conduct has been, and whebetook himself to robbery. He ther it has atoned for my past of. anticipated death as the probable fences : but I am now at liberty, punishment of bis thievery or his and consequently all I could say, desertion. He neither cared, nor would be of little service to me. professed to care at what time or Pursue your plans and you will in what manner it might overtake neither have thieves nor pickhim. He despaired. He plun. pockets : with respect to myself, dered. He defied the wrath of be assured you will never see me man. He frowned at the mention here again. The man kept his of God, "He laughed at a vio- word. lent death as the affair of a mo. Dr. Louis Valentine's Report ment.'1 And without shewing to the Academy of Marseilles, and the smallest sign of shame, or Mr. Turnbull; quoted in the Phi. compunction, er terror, he under- lanthropist, No. 4, p. 350. went the sentence of the law,"
Proposition VIII. Philopat. Varvicen. ii. 394.
“When very severe punishments Proposition VII.
are denounced against numerous If the other lawful ends of punish.
offences, they cannot be in all ment may be answered along cases inflicted witho”t cruelty; with the Reformation of the and yet if they may be remitted Criminal, then that mode of
in some cases, it is necessary that punishment ought to be adopted much should be left to the Disby which the criminal will be
cretion of the Judges, which reformed: this mode 'embraces
will be variously exercised in the greatest sum of ultimate
similar cases, thus having the good; and experience has shewn
appearance of caprice, of parit to be practicable.
tiality, and of injustice. “The comparative tables, drawn 6. An unfortunalc woman was up since the last alterations made tried for stealing above the value
of five shillings, I was present at The Athenian Oratur. + The Roman Præiol.
the trial, Prom many circum| Beccaria, cap. xxviii,
stances it was obvious that it was
a first offence, and every person rendered himself to take his trial in court wished her acquitial, at the next assizes.
The next as. The jury watched the testimony sizes came; but, unfortunately very narrowly, to see if any thing ... the prisoner, it was a different could be laid hold of in her favour. judge who presided; and still Lord Kenyon told the jury, that more unfortunately, Mr. Justice they were not to take any of the Gould, who happened to be the alleviating circumstances into con- judge, though of a very mild and sideration in their verdict, what. indulgent disposition, bad observ. ever palliation they might be ; ed, or thought he had observed, and the woman was found guilty. that men who set out with steals Lord Kenyon proceeded to pass ing fowls generally end by comthe sentence of the law. When mitting the most atrocious crimes; the woman heard the sentence of and building a sort of system upon death, she shrieked and fell life. this observation, had made it a less to the ground. Lord Ken. rule to punish this offence with
endowed with great severity, and he accordingly, sensibility, instantly called out to the great astonishment of this -My good woman, I do not unhappy man, sentenced him to mean to hang you.-Will nobody be transported.
While one was per suade the poor woman that she taking his departure for Botany is not to be hanged !
Bay, the term of the other's im. “This case made a great im. prisonment had expired : and pression upon myself, as well as what must have been the notions on every one present. I have which that little public who wit. frequently heard the same noble nessed and compared these two Lord pass sentence, not on the pri. examples, formed of our system soner before him, but on the law.” of criminal jurisprudence ?"
Mr. Morris's Speech in the Sir Samuel Romilly's Speech in House of Commons on Sir Samuel the House of Commons, Feb. 9, Romilly's Bill, Reported in 1810. Flower's Pol. Review. v. ix. p. 76. “ Not many years ago, upon
On the Extract from the Eclectic
Review. the Norfolk circuit, a larceny was committed by two men in a poul. SIR, try yard, but only one of them Your extract from the Eclectic was apprehended ; the other hav. Review (pp, 92–94) brought to ing escaped into a distant part of my mind several circumstances, the country, had eluded all pur. which made a deep impression on suit. At the next assizes, the it some years back, when I was apprehended thief was tried and at the University of Cambridge, convicted, but Lord Loughborough, and when the proceedings against before whom he was tried, think. ' a noted academic' excited at that ing the offence a very slight one, place a great deal of attention. I sentenced him only to a few was then acquainted with the writ. months' imprisonment. The news er of the article, who from his of this sentence having reached mode of writing may easily be the accomplice, in his retreat, he detected as not being a member immediately returned, and sur. of the University, though, if he
164 On the Extract from the Eclectic Review.
rians, whether established by law,
and Father of our Lord Jesus Onthe appellation of Unitarian, Christ ; that the hypothesis of I am not surprised that the Eclec. (wo natures in Christ, has no foun. tics feel sore. It is a term which dation in scripture, but arises brings to their mind, a discrimi. solely from the endeavours of man nating truth, and does not allow to solve some apparent difficulties, them to enter into those person. which they could not do on any alities, in which they would de. other supposition : that Jesus light to indulge, if we had been so Christ was a man like ourselves, imprudent as to enlist under the sin only excepted, through whom, banners of a party, or to desig. by the free gift of God, they wko
are obedient to his precepts shall God. The time, it is hoped, is obtain everlasting life."
not far distant, when men will To this is subjoined the follow. cease to be called by the names of ing note:
Athanasius, Arius or Socinus.” “ As persons are frequently If this should fall in the way of led away by names, to which the writer in the Eclectic Review, they affix very opprobrious ideas, I should be glad, if he would in and this abuse prevails no where as clear a manner slate his own more than in the University, I opinions ; I am sure you would shall for the sake of the junior give them a place in your Repo. students, just delineate the leading sitory, which I trust will continue features of some sects now pre. to present to your readers both vailing in the nation. By Unita- sides of the question, for our cause rians I mean those, who believe delights in investigation, and neiGod to be one person, and all ther requires nor will ever emother persons and things to be his ploy abuse in its support. creatures : in opposition to 'Trini. I remain, Sir, tarians, who believe God to con.
Your very obedient sist of three persons in one sub
PHILO-XENOS. stance, and all creatures, persons and things to be their joint produce tion. The different opinions con. Gogmagog on the curious' Excerning the nature of Christ, may tract from the ' Eclectic Re. be briefly stated in the following view.' manner. Either Christ pre-existed, Sir, or he did not. If he pre-existed, Impotent rage is always ridicuit must have been either as God, lous: you have, indeed, amused or as a creature of God; the for. your readers by bringing forward mer is the Atbanasian, the latter a redoubtable Eclectic to play bis, the Arian opinion. If he did not frantic part on the arena of your pre-exist, his existence must have Repository. (pp. 92–94.) Wheth. commenced either naturally or er he or his brethren have been supernaturally; that is, he must equally satisfied with his being exhave been conceived by his mother hibited on such a stage, may per. in the ordinary manner, or in some haps be doubted. You have given extraordinary way, must have him rope enough, according to the been the son of Joseph and Mary, condition of the proverb, and he or of Mary alone : the former as has exemplified the consequence of it was the opinion of some early it (which I need not put down in Christians, so it is also of some words,) most notably. sensible and learned persons of our Your curious' extract enables times; the latter is the general me to answer a question which I opinion prevailing among the So. have sometimes heard concerning cinians. The author professes this company of Eclectics. The bimself to be a Unitarian, distin. true Eclectic in religion, is one guished from the Arians, by de. who picks up one grain of truth nying the pre-existence of Christ; out of this party, and another out and from the Socinians, by deny. of that, and so fills up bis inea. ing the propriety of addressing sure of wheat without chaff; but prayers to any but the one true this is evidently not the just defi.