Imatges de pÓgina
PDF
EPUB

tence sfees

SIR,

Mr. Simpson, on a Quotation

is said to express future from him.

time in John viii, 58. Bath, March 7, 1812. The subject of my Ninth Essay

on the Language of Scripture, in In your number for February, the second volume, is also at para page 99, your correspondent, ticular examination of Join viii. whose signature is D. has accurate. 58. in which I have endeavoured ly quoted, from page 537, note to shew that siquis, in this text, de2. of my Internal and Presumptive notes a previous divine purpose Evidences of Christianity, the fol. and appointment of Jesus to be lowing passage :

Elles is used to the Messiah, "to erpress future time in John viji. Your Correspondent having in58. as Jesus also uses it, John genuously avowed his own change xvii. 24." But in page 15, of of sentiment respecting the signiEmendanda et Addenda to that fication of this text, I attribute book, which I printed some time his supposition, that I now retain ago, and which was given with the opinion concerning it which it, he will find the following cor was first expressed in the note rection.

above-mentioned, to his not having Page 537, note 2, lines 3, 4 seen my correction of it, or my and 5, dele thc whole of the last Ninth Essay. sentence in this note. In this sen.

JOHN SIMPSON.

BIBLICAL CRITICISM,

AND INQUIRIES AND DISQUISITIONS ON ECCLESIASTI

CAL HISTORY. Jerom, on Psalm lxxxji. 8, with most eloquent men were not able Remarks.

to do. Again, he sent out the aposPs. lxxxii. S. Arise, O God, tle Paul, and he preached the gose judge the earth: for thou shall pel from Jerusalem round about to inherit all nations.

Illyricum. (Rom. xv. 19.) Alex, “ Here Jerom, or whoever is ander the Great, king of the Mathe author of thé Breviary upon cedonians, with a :)werful ar:ný, the Psalter, in a style and man. did not conquer so many nations ner, somewhat resembling Jerom's, as they did. This Paul, who once extols the success of Peter and was a persecutor, ivho says of bim. Paul in preaching the gospel, self, that he was rude in speech, God sent Moses, Isaiah, Jere. though not in knowledge, who miah and other prophets. And made solæcisms in his speech, sub. in Judah was God known, his dued the whole world. Some one name was great in Israel, a small may say, all this was done for the tract of land only. He sent Pe. sake of gain; so says Porphyry. ter, no philosopher nor orator, Ignorant and indigent men, be. but an illiterate fisherman, who cause they had nothing, perio med went from Jerusalem 10 Rome, some signs by magical art: which and converted Rome, which thé is no great matter; for the magi

172

Jerom, on Psalm lxxxii. 8. with Remarks. cians in Egypt, and many others, Jesus, is pointed out as a a dead have wrought signs. Let it be man--a man that had been crucigranted; and as you say, the fied-.a man whom they knew to have apostles wrought sigus ihat they been dead. 6. Homine mortuomight enrich themselves with the homine crucifixo:-sciunı isti ho. treasures of rich women whom minem esse mortuum.” So steadily they perverted. But then, why had the simple language of the first did they die? Why were they Christians fixed itself in the church; crucified ? (thers have wrought though their simple doctrines were signs by magical arts, but they beginning at this period to be ex. did not dic for a dead man: they ploded. were not crucified for a man that

3. Here are some phrases which. had been crucified. They knew if found in the New Testament, him to be dead : and did they die applied to Christ, would be reck. without any reason ? Our victory oned decisive proofs of his blood is completed in the blood of the being shed to satisfy Divine Justice apostles : our faith is ratified in for the sins of mankind. Peter their blood. Let us therefore and Paul (martyrs) died and were praise God, to whom be glory for crucified for a deud, a crucified ever and ever."

man ; “pro homine, &c.” How This translation is by Lardner, readily would an orthodox divine (Works, viii. 223–5.) The pas. shew that to die for another, sage is a pleasing specimen of ra- is to dic as his substitute or ran. tional theology in the 4th century. som. He would refer us to Ains. It might have come from the pen of worth, who says, “Pro. (1) For, Lardner himself, a decided Unita- on account of, as a price, or rerian. Two or three remarks may compense. (3) Instead of.To be made upon it.

modern Christians, it would seem 1. The two apostles mentioned little less than impiety to say that in it are not designated by the su. Christ died for men in the same perstitious appellation of Saini," sense that Peter and Paul by their which is now the usual præfix to martyrdom died for Christ.their names. Peter is denomi. Again, great worth and efficacy is nated simply a fisherman ; or as it attributed to the blood of the mar. is in the original, which is not lite. tyred apostles. Our victory (says rally translated by Lardner, a rude the Christian writer) is completed fisherman, whose hand was har. in- the blood of the apostles: our dened by labour. “ Petrum pis. faith is ratified in their blood. catorem, qui dimiserat rete, qui The original is much stronger : ab opere callosam habebat ma. • Felix ergo nostra victoria, quæ num :- hominem rusticanum.” in sanguine apostolorum dicata Paul is styled merely an apostle, est. Fides nostra non probatur, once a persécutor, Paulus Apos. nisi per illorum sanguinem,” tolus-quondam persecutor." And Happy then is our victory, consum. both Peter and Paul are called mated in the blood of the apostles. pour men, “pauperes."

Our faith is not confirmed but 2. The master to whom Peter through their blood: Phrases of and Paul stood in the relations of much less force in reference to disciples and messengers, that is Christ are believed to convey the

idea that his blood was of infinite the prince of the world, be de. pacificatory and atoning power; nied, rejected and cast out by so suitably expressed in the follow. them with scorn and contempi, ing popular stanzas of Watts : as a wretch altogether too unwor“ Once 'twas a scat of dreadful wrath,

thy to live." And shot devouring flame :

To avoid the plots of the Jews Our God appear'd consuming fire, against his life, Jesus left Judea And vengeance was his name.

for a time. (John xi. 54.) On his “Rich were the drops of Jesus' blood, return to attend the Passover, he

That calm'd his frowning face, informed the twelve of his apThat sprinkled o'er the burning throne, proaching sufferings and death. And turn’d the wrath to grace."

(Luke xviii. 31-34.) On the 5th EPISCOPUS.

day before the Passover, he went

from Bethany in humble triumph On John xii. 31.

to Jerusalem, and into the very (An Extract from a Letter to a friend.) temple, and was greeted all along

as he went, as “ the king of Israel, I bave this week been led to a prince of the house of David.” consider John xii. 31, with the (Jolin xii. 12, &c.) While there, context. Neither the common in. certain Greeks (v. 20—22.) desired terpretation of that verse, nor that an interview with him, probably in the I. V. gives satisfaction to in hopes of being advanced in my mind as the true one, and his kingdom, expecting it would no commentator at hand, helps me be a temporal one. Their desire out of the great difficulty, in which being communicated to Jesus, he the passage involves me.

Priest. said aloud, (v. 23.) “ The hour ley mentions that Wakefield under. is come that the Son of man should stands Jesus as intending himself be glorified,” by exaltation in hea. by “ the prince or ruler of this ven, and the extension of his kingworld,” here and ch. xiv. 30, but dom, but he intimated, (v. 24–26.) how the latter can be understood that his death must first intervene, of Jesus himself, I am yet to and that all who would obtain learn. I much wished I had had his honor in his kingdom must be Testament to cousult. That not ready, after bis example, to sacri. being the case, all I could do fice their lives in support of his was to weigh the matter as well as I was able, and the result is

(V. 27.) Pausing to reflect on a strong conviction that the cir- his near approaching sufferings, cumstances of that part of the he was deeply affected, but in bistory of Jesus, and the connected prayer expressed full resignation import of his discourse (John xii. io his Father's disposing will, and 23, &c.) require that v. 31. should wish to be subservient to his glory. be thus taken. “ Now are the un. (27, 28.) Upon this a voice from believing Jews, (in concert with heaven testified his Father's apthe Gentiles,) about to pass an un. probation of him, which must just judgment upon me, and con. have cheered his afflicted mind, demn me to death. Now shall I, though it was uttered chiefly for

the conviction and encouragement God, the Father's. of others. (28, 30.)

cause.

174

On Heb. xiii. 7. Resigned to his lot, and favoured 13, &c. iv. 10, v. 28, &c.) and with a divine attestation, his noble actually effected upon great num. soul soars far above all suffering and bers, to the thorough conversion death-he even exults, looking to of some to Christianity (Acts ii. 37 the glorious issue of them. (v. 31, and 41.) and to the cutting mor. 33.) “ Soon is the unjust judgment tification of others. (Acts v. 33.). of this world to be passed on me! Through early, and long conSoon shall I, the prince of this tinued association, many

will world, and who have just been doubtless find a great difficulty in hailed by the public plaudit, under admitting that Jesus meant himthe character of a prince or king, self by “ the Prince of this world," be cast out with odium, denied, one so opposite having been usil. judged, condemned and put to 'ally so termed, but to me it seems an ignominious death, but although to make the plainest and best I be lifted from the earth, cruci. sense, to be most agreeable to the fied, in consequence of the unjust drift of his discourse, both in John judgment of the world against me, xii. xvi. chs.and the strict propriety yet I shall come off victorious, of the appellation to him, will and by my cross draw all men tó unquestionably be owned by all, me as my disciples.” This sense “When the kingdoms of this world appears to me to receive confir- are become the kingdoms of the mation from considering, 1. that of the Lord, and of his Christ, Jesus was actually condemned and he shall reign for ever and and put to death, under the cha. ever.” Rev. xi. 15. racter and appellation of a prince or ruler, “ The King of the Jews,"

On Heb, xiii. 7. as John particularly relates, ch. xviii. 33. &c. and was in three ral Sermon, for the Rev. Mr. Seddon, of

[From the Introduction to “ A Funclanguages declared such by the Warrington," from “ Sermons by the title on his cross,(ch. xix. 1. &c.) Rev. P. Holland, in two Voluines, 1792." 2. Jesus said, (John xvi. 8—11.) Vol. ii. pp. 197, 198.] “ When the comforter is come (the Heb. xiii. 7. Remember those promised spirit) he shall convince who have the rule over you, who the world of judgment, because have spoken unto you the word of the Prince of this world is judged.” God; whose faith follow, consider. The two preceding articles evi- ing the end of their conrersation. dently refer to Jesus, and I con These words evidently refer to clude this is to be understood, in the pastors and teachers of the relation to him. q, d.The Spirit Christian church; but the sentiin my Apostles shall convict the ments conveyed by our translation, Jews and Jewish rulers of partial are not the same with those of the and unjust judgment in condemn. original. For in the first place, ing me, an innocent person, and we should conclude from the for. ordained of God to be a Prince mer part of the verse, in the En. and Saviour, to a cruel death.” glish, that the persons spoken of And 3. this the Apostles laboured were still living, in opposition to at, in their preaching, from the the latter part, which supposes very day they received the pro. them to be dead. Besides, the mised Spirit, (Acts ii. 29–36. iii, words, "them which have the

rule over you,” will give an En. adoration, which the Kafirs, [the gish reader an idea of certain infidels, Pagans,] offer up to the powers in the pastors, either to Supreme Being. This prayer is determine the faith and duty of pronounced in a whisper; the others, or to inflict certain penalties party holding up his hands before on their disobedience; neither of his face: its purport, (as I have these notions is consistent with been assured by many different that authority in the church, which people,) is to return thanks to God our Saviour has reserved to him. for his kindness through the exist. self, or with the obligation which ence of the past moon, and to so. lie flies] upon every Christian to licit a continuance of his favour, search the scriptures, and to make during that of the new one. At the best use in his power, of the the conclusion, they spit upon their understanding which God has hands and rub them over their given bim, in order to determine faces : this seems to be nearly the what he is to believe and practise. same ceremony, which prevailed But the words of the original anong the heathens, in the days convey no such sentiment. The of Job.”--Mungo Park's Travels primary sense of the word which in Africa, 8vo. 1810. p. 406. we translate 6 rule,” is to “ lead ;" and though it may sometimes be

Jeremiah xlix. 19, and l. 44, applied to governors, yet it refers After having descended the to them only as persons chosen to outermost bank, you go about a lead or precede in any particular furlong on a level strand, before affair. And thus the words may you come to the immediate bank be rendered : “ Remember your of the river. This second bank pastors or guides, who have spoken is so beset with bushes and trees, The words of God unto you, and such as tamarisk, willows, oleanconsidering the end of their con. ders, &c. that you can see no versation, follow their faith.”' water till you have made your way

through them. In this thicket,

antiently, (and the same of it is Illustrations of Scripture,

reported at ihis day,) several sorts [From an interleaved Bible.] of wild beasts were wont to har.

Job. xxxi. 26, 27. bour themselves ; whose being « On the first appearance of washed out of the covert by the the new moon, which they look overflowings of the river, gave oc. upon to be newly created, the casion to that allusion, Jer. xlix. Pagan natives, as well as Maho- 19, &c.Maundrell's Journey, medans, say a short prayer; and 8vo. p. 110. London ed. 1810. this seems to be the only visible

« AnteriorContinua »