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more pertinent citations having of which, he bestows a few anibeen made by former writers*. madversions on the Improved Ver

Oi modern Unitarianism Mr. sion and on Mr. Belstam's Calm D'Oyly is, in every view, deplor. Inquiry, 8c. For a particular re. ably ignorant. It is not true ply, however, to these publica. that the advocates of the belief tions, he sends his readers to Leslie's which he so denominates, regard Dialogues with a Socinian, which, the controversy between their if they are indeed “a full, detailed opponents and themselves as in. and specific answer to every main volving merely speculative tenets. and important argument on which It is not true that they employ the Unitarians are resting with so unjustifiable weapons in the con. much confidence at the present dict; eager as our author is to day” (72), might reasonably have bring the accusation, his own saved Mr. D'Oyly the trouble of note is a prooi of his inability to this Discourse. Possibly, too, he substantiate it. (c) Further, it is might have been more sparing of not true that the Unitarians invite his censures on Mr. Belsham and any (46) to a “hasty, ill.grounded others, had he known that J. D. and premature exercise of their Michaëlis, a believer in the divi. judgment;" though, on the other nity of Jesus Christ, had strong hand, they do not, like the Chris. doubts of the authenticity of the tian Advocate, recommend that introductory chapters to Matthew's men should, " for a time receive Gospel", of the Epistle to the He. truth on the authority of others," brewst and of the book of the and suspend the process of pur. Apocalypsef. suing investigation for themselves. He observes (82, 83) that“ while (47). Still we agree with him that some texts of scripture anuounce the question between the Unitarian that God will hereafter judge the and the orthodox writers, is very world by that man whom he hath far from being new: it has even ordained, (Acts xvii. 31,) all subsisted much longer than this Christians have hence derived a gentleman seems to be aware. (48, capital confirmation of the truth 49). Nor, again, do we object to that Christ really possessed, in ad. the principle (52) that “ it is by dition to his human nature, some catching the spirit of the sacred nature of a very superior cast.” writings, by viewing the texts in And what conclusion, we ask, their several bearings, by disco. can be more unwarranted? What vering their general scope, that more notorious irreverence can you scriptural truth is to be placed shew to scripture, than to draw on its true basis.”

from the very passage where Jesus The Christian Advocate, after is spoken of as a man ordained by the example of authors of greater God, a proof of his Deity,—and reputation than himself, has en- this in opposition to another (John deavoured to throw his strength v. 27), which declares that he of talents and learning into his has authority to execute judg. notes, in the last and most tedious ment because he is the son of man?"

• Introd. to N, T. (Marsh's Traus.) * The Barrister, and Dr. Qutram in Vol. I. 210. his Extracts, &c.

* Vol. IV. 268. IIb. 544.

182

Review.--Gandolphy's Sermon.. While the greatest writers in the an engine of assailment (33), of Christian Advocate's own commu. that imposing aim of confidence nion, differ considerably among which is well calculated 10 entrap themselves in the explanation of the unwary (35), and more than disp:ted texts, it ill becomes him all, of sifting the general tune of to accuse Unitarians of that mu. Scripture (51), and of a man's tual diversity of interpretation and sole and main intention (68). opinion which not even an infalli. it were easy to enlarge this list ble church can entirely prevent, of examples of Mr. D'Dyly's It is equally indecorous in him to bad taste in composition. But hazard a sneer (69) at Mr. Bel- we are called to more agreeable sham's “ rate of intellect and ac- employments. Intelligent and quirement,” and to connect with impartial readers, whitever be the Improved Version the name their religious opinions, will be of that gentleman, of whose con- disgusted with his work. His own cern in it he can know nothing but University, in particular, will blush in common with the public. As and sigh when she contrasts " the to this translation itself, we chal. Christian Advocate's publication lenge Mr. D’Oyly to disprove the for 1811” with the vigorous and assertion that it is an improved durable productions of her Medes Version : it has at least the praise and her Lightfoots, her Cudworths of exhibiting a correcter text of and her Spencers, her Bentleys the Christian Scriptures than pre- and her Clarkes, her Jortins and viously existed in our language. her Laws, her Jebbs, her Watsons

The deficiency of information, and her Paleys ! the weakness of reasoning and the absence of good manners which characterize this pamphlet, are Art. III. A Defence of the Antinot redeemed by any excellencies

ent Faith; or Five Sermons in of style. On the contrary, impro

Proof of the Christian Religion. prieties and obscurities of expres.

By the Red. Peter Gandolphy. sion occur in almost every page:

8vo. pp. 160. Keating and Co. and we discover examples of in.

Duke Street, Grosvenor Square.

1811. congruous imagery which would hardly be tolerable in a fresh man. Mr. Gandolphy is a Roman

What, for instance, shall we Catholic Priest-and it was with think of “ two opposite extremes us a matter of some curiosity on, -both pregnant with mischievous receiving this volume to see how Tisults" (1), of 6 a pregnant a preacher of his persuasion would source," being opened (3), of conduct the Defence of the An. " that insight into the methods of tient Faith.' The perusal of the the divine government which is work has we confess much morti. unfolded in Holy Writ” (7), of fied us; it has forced upon us the uncertain ignorance (18), of know. unpleasant apprehension that the ledge touching with the sweetest English Roman Catholics are yet hope the bosom of affliction (26), on the lowest steps of the ladder of views striking us with admira- of society; uninformed, credulous, tion, winning us to gratitude and bigoted. Wishing well to the obliging us to obedience (31), of Catholic body in their struggle for

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religious liberty, we should be with which the volume is con. glad to be convinced that Mr. structed.

The preacher aspires Gandolphy is below the level of to the honour of combating philo. the priests of his communion, or sophers without understanding phithat the priests are less enlightened losophy, and addresses the passia and liberal than the laity. ons of the multitude without a

The · Preface' is upon the whole single qualification for popularity. modesi, and more Catholic and The following is a favourable less Romish, than the rest of the specimen of the discourses: publication ; excepting indeed the "Malachias is the last of the prophets use of the word conventicles, in in the order of time; and with him. at connection with an allusion to mo. the distance of about 400 years before dern fanaticism, p. 7. In the evil Christ, closes that lung train of inspired

characters, who for nearly 3000 years sense of this word, a Roman successively enlightened Ísrael. From Catholic Priest should know that that period reigns an unbroken s lenco. ir has never so much venom as No prophet rises in Juda' (Judah) to when applied to a popish meeting, important moment is approaching-all

address the chosen people of God. An house. We suspect, however, that is hushed into a mysterious calm, a calm Mr. Gandolphy, whose name which even for an interval pervades the would seem to import that he is a universe. At length the angel men

tioned by the prophet, the Baptist comforeigner, does not enter into the

ing forth as he precursor of Christ, nicer shades of meaning of English procla.ms his arrival to the Jews, when words; and hence our surprise is he immediately appears, announcing somewhat abated at many inaccu. himself the Son of God, the Messiah, racies in his style and many ex- the predictions of the propheis. He is

and accomplishes in his own person all pressions which might otherwise born amongst that people a king, he lives be thought to indicate an intolerant amongst them a prophet, and he dies spirit.

amongst them a victim, a saviour and a The scrmons are on the follow. God. Agonizing, he exclaims with a loud

voice, Ad is consummated, and gives up ing subjects,— The Necessity of the ghost.* Like Sampson, he again Revelation':-The Evidence of a bursts the bonds of death, issues forth New Dispensation : - The Evi, a God from his tomb, and commands dence of the Prophets : The Evi. twelve poor friendless and dejected men

to go and establish the Christian religidence which Events offer for Chris.

on throughout the world. Go, he says, tianity :-The Divinity of Jesus persecutions shall be your bread, prisons Christ.'

your palaces, racks your thrones and It is impossible to analyze these martyrdoms your crowns. Scarcely aro

the commands received than the whole discourses; for Mr. Gandolphy world resounds with the name of Jesus does not argue, nor even declaim Christ who was crucified; their rapidity speciously: thread-bare maxiins is like to the rapidity of the torrent, and in vulgar language, quotations from their conquests like to the conquests of

a mighty conqueror.' a narrow set of writers, withoạt

Pp. 82-84. felicity of selection or pertinence ers with a variety of epithets of

Mr. Gandolphy loads unbeliev. of application, appeals to the vulgar reproach, and he warns his scriptures with an ulter ignorance hearers against social intercourse of their connection and import, with these demons incarnate.' ibe boldest figures of rhetoric with an obvious beggary of thought and (p. 95.) He is somewhat silly, language,--such are the materials

John xix. 30.'

6

We ac

184 Mr. Belsham's Funeral Sermon for Mrs. Lindsey. deplorably ignorant, and not a this hardy calumniator know any litile ridiculous in his selection of thing of the doctrine or history of objects of abuse ; be attributes, the Polish Rofirmer? for instance, every folly, vice and quit him of al such knowledge, crime 10 the following “heroes of and are disposed to believe that former ages," - Solon Neri he threw out bis slander in the Plato-Stilpo--VespasianZeno dark, trusting to the kindred igno. -Faustus-Cicero-Cato---Sene. rance and credulity of his auditors ca-- Lucien' (Lucian); and to aifd readers. the names

for more modern In England, happily, Mr. Gan. times,' of 'Shaftesbury, Hume, dolphy's sermons are out of their &c. (pp. 91, 92.) Does this Cath- proper meridian: to produce the olic Priest really believe Shaftes. effect contemplated by the preachbury and Hume to have been the er, they should be backed by the most immoral of mankind ? Dues Inquisition.

The Catholics are, he credit the monkish tables about we think, peculiarly unfortunate Dr. Faustus ? Outdoing the in such a champion at such a ino. monks of the dark ages in igno- ment; 'i! indeed, we do not err in rance, does he consider Faustus as imagining bat they will own him a Greek or Roman hero? Whom in that character, They ougiit dois he mean by the impious to know that the bigotry of well. Boyle 1' p. 13. Is it our English meaning Protestants is the obstacle philosopher and Christian, of that in their way to liberiy, and that name, or is it Mr. Gandolphy's by their own bigo!rv they will way of writing the name of Bayle, dispirit their friends and encourage the author of the Historical Dic. their enemies, and fix tliis impedi. tionary?

ment, immoveably, which would We might fill a sheet with the soon melt away of itself. blunders, we would hope not wilsul and malignant, of this redoubtable Defender of the Faith ; but Art. IV. The Christian Characwe are tired willi the disgusting

ter Exemplified, in a Discourse employment, and shall only point

occasioned by the Death of Mrs.' out one more piece of ignorance

Hannah Lindsey, and delivered or notable artifice which disgraces

at Essex Street Chapel, Jan. bis volume. In his sermon on the

26, 1812 By Thomas Belsham. Divinity of Christ, he confounds Svo. pp. 35. Johnson and Co. that tenet with the Divinity of the After some spirited remarks upChristian Religion, and considers on the character of Dorcas, de.

Socinians' and Infidels as identic scribed in the text, Acts ix. 36, cal; he confidently ascribes the Mr. Be-Islam proceeds to delineate 'disbelief of Christ's personal divi. the varied excellencies of Mrs. nity 10 pride,' impiety' and Lindsey; wbich he does with the 'unchastity' (pp. 123 and 135); pencil of one who knew her inti. and associating Socinus and Vol. mately and respected her highly. taire, Bolingbroke and Hume, he Had we not already been favoured asks, 'Have they not been in. with a full account of this distin. famous in their lives, and the apo. guished friend of truth from the pen logists for vice?' p. 123. Does of another confidential acquaint

ance, we should take the liberty to Art. VI. The Fidelity of Paul as make large use of this funeral an Apostle and Minister of the eulogy.

Word, and the subjects of his It will not we trust, be attri preaching and Doctrine; À Ser. butid to captiousness, if we ven. moni, delriered at North Gate turi to remark that we cannot Chapel, Halifar, April 28, fully admit Mr. Belsham's apolo 1811. By John Williams. gy for such Unitarians as conform Svo. pp. 20, ls. Crosby and to divine worship which they deem.

Co. idolatrous. (p. 16, 17.) With This is a bold review of a the preacher's well-known opinions course of faithful Christian preach. and history, nothing, we are fully ing; in which Mr. Williams apaware, but Christian candour, pears to have declared, according could have led him to exculpaté to his own belief, the whole counsuch as act so differently from sel of God, consisting of the dochimself; but we are not convinced trines of the Unity and placability that it is expedient in the present of God, of the humanity of Jesus times to censure those who main. Christ, and of the availableness tain a high-toned morality in rela. and necessity of a virtuous life to tion to a religious profession. Nay, eternal salvation. it appears to us that in the saine proportion that we justify such as Art: VII. Protestantism and bend their conscience to their in. Popery illustrated. Two Letterest, we disparage the high ters from a Catholic Priest, &c. merits of our Evansons, Lindseys &c. By John Erans, A. M. and Wakefields, who sacrificed 2nd edition. 8vo. ls. Crosby every interest to conscience. and Co.

This is a republication, in a seArt, V. The Christian Minister's parate form, of the Correspon

Retrospect. An Address deli. dence between the Rev. J. Beringvered at Worship Street, Fins. ton and the Rev. J. Evans,' apbury Square, Sunday Morning, pended to Mr. Evans's sermon Nov. 3, 1811, upon the Twen- preached at Lynn, and given in our tieth Anniversary of his Settle. present dumber. (pp. 1:37–144.) ment at that place. By John We notice the pamphlet only to Evans, A.M. 8vo. pp. 41. Sher, state that the author has corrected wood and Co.

and enlarged his own ‘Remarks.' Mr. Evans converts Jacob's expostulation with Laban, [Gen. ART. VIII. A Dialogue between xxxi. 38.] into a memento to his a Dutch Protestant and a Fran. congregation of their long-subsist. ciscan Friar of Dort, with Iling religious connection. The lustrations and Notes, and an " Address” consists of a Review Address to the Reader. By of the Preacher's pulpit instruc Joshua Toulmin, D.D. 2nd ed. tions; the principal topics of

24mo. pp. 34. Eaton. which have been such as eminent. We recommend this small pam. ly become a “ Christian minister,” phlet, for the sake of the monk's namely, the absolute Unity of God speeches, to our good brother, the and Universal Redemption. Eclectic Reviewer. (pp. 92-94.)

VOL. VII.

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