Imatges de pÓgina


State of Public Affairs. power; the English confine themselves estimation, even with the favourers of to 'he preservation of Portugal or slight that species of pinish ent. The views hover:ns over the fron:iers of Spain of the parties ha e been unfolded in and one kegency at Cadiz regulates with speeches iele ring to the Princes Letter, its little senate the district of the Isla, but the silence of ihe Marquis of Wel. and receives occasional dispatches from lesley has disappointed the public. Irethe d scant colonics which are willing, land has, as usual, afforded a topic of or fiom go crnois a he are able, to com- debate, but great preparations are makmun late with it. There is every reason ing for he grand question of Catholie to believe thac Mexico is lost to the emancipativn, to come on the 17th. mother country. As to the Caraccas, The favourers of it are supposed to a. their independence is not likely to be mount to upwards of two hundred and shiken an«i Buenos Ayres is so far from fifty members, in the House of Comcoming back to its allegiance to the mons, but how many will be brought mother country, that we are more likely into the field is uncertain : at the same to hear of a war between this settlement time, it is imagined that the minister and the l'urtuguese Brasilians. This will tind great reluctance in his troops, lacrer power had the imprudence to in- for many will vote against him, and terferr in the dispute between the Spa. many will stay away. The issue of the niards on the opposite banks of La Plata, debate is thus made more interesting, v hich wili end probably in a rooted hose and it is tar from being absolutely certili y between the two governments; taim on which site it will be carried. ani tuture historians will talk of the in A trial has takes place in the Courts habitants of Buenos Ayres and the Bra- of law on a subject, which cannot casily sil- qeing formed by nature o cut each be made a matter of argument in such a others thro' es, as in these d'ys it is pre- place. We have the account of it from tented by absurd writers, 'hat such is the public papers, and if it :s properly rethe Situation of the French and English. ported we stand in the peculiar situation

At home, the great topic of conversa of differing from prosecutor, defendant, tion, and subject of sonie debates in Par. judge and vry upon this occasion. The liansent, has arisen from the Let er of Attorney Generai filed his information the l'rince and the refusal of the opposi. against the defendant for puolishing, a tion to come into power. Public writ. blasphemous and prophane libel on the ers have descended into personalties upon holy scriptures, in other vords, for dethis occasion wiich cannot be too much.nying the Christian religion-asserting reprobated, The char cter of the so- that the holy scriptures were from beginVereign is not to be br: ught into con- ning to end a fable and an imposture tempt and the c.lamity that has befal- the apostles liars and deceivers-placing len ihe na ion, might have been a lesson the history of Christ on a level with the of awe to those, i ho take such libertits legends of the heathen mythology. The with his representative. In buch houses, Attorney General is said to havcobserved, however, the minister has been triumphó that the obiect of the book was to lay ant and the stength of the parties will the axe to the very root of reli;ion, and be seen i. the approaching deiate on this mistake seems to have pervaded the Catholic question. The number of both his mind and that of the judge, votes will not however be an absolute for the author did not intend to root out cri:erlo', as many who support the mi- religion, but a peculiar mode of it, nisterial side in general, may on this oc- which he apprehended to be false. In casion exercise their own judgment and consequence of this mistake, his speech discretion, and favour the cause of a more appealed to the passions and feelings, not enlarged oleration. Ireland seems to 10 the reason of mankind

His quotabe unan mous nearly in its petition, and, tion from Judge Hale, that Christianity as the people of Great Britain do not ex- is parcel of the laws of En,land Jed also press their disapp:obation of it, we can- tu' mistake: for Christianity cannot nut conce ve that any danger, considered make part of any worldly laws; it is merely in a politic and still less in a re- founded upon love, and not one of its ligious point of view, could arise from precepts can be sanctioned by temporal Catholic emancipation

authority or temporal punishment. A In the house have been several debates, civil magistrate may be member of a and it is with pleasure we perceive that Christian community, but in that commilit ry floggings to the extent of a munity his authority ceases: all are thousand lashes, grow less' and less in brethren, held together by the law of

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love, and no one can exercise lordship stirred up the multitude against Christ over the other. The Attorney General for blasphemiz rel. zion and rivling however allowed, that the disputes of the temple : and in whar mann r did learned men

on controversial points he treat his opponents Notiy resiling were not to be included in his iist of pu. again ; but by paiently suffering whatnishable crimes, and the in'erpretations e ei they chose to inflict. And if (ur of the orthodox mighi be called in ques. Si viour coulil endure such warunery tion, withou: danger of being an imputed thrown upon him, his d se ple rust libeller on scripture The defend nt vindicate his religion by prince, by read his defence, in which he treated forbearance, by love, by ihe best argo. the scrip(ures with such little reverence, ments urged in the gentlest mann's If that the judge gave him repeated ad

the intdel reviles us, let us not revile monitions, say ng he did not s'i there to again. The jucigmenı b. lngs to God, hear the Christian religion reviled - that and the ark of the coverint cinnot be the defendant was not to defame religi sustained uy the piwers of this world. on-but at last, upon mature delibera

Another circumstance ought to be tion. gave up the point, and left the de- taken into consideration. Missionaries fendant to read what he pleased, who are now sent from this country into concluded his paper with a hope, ihat heathen lands, to convert he natives he had satisfied botis judge and jury of trom idolatry, their eita lished reli ion, the falsehood of the scripture. The to {hristianity. The conduct of the sojudge stated the defence to be from be- cieties, that subscribe for the support of ginning to end a tissue of opprobium and these missionaries and the patience and defamatory reviling on the Holy Scrip- courage, and magnan miry of the pertures, and it could not be endured, that sons sent, are matter of general ap: ru. whatever might be the practice in Ame- bation. The imprisonnent of these rica, religion should be calumniated and miss.onaries is deprecated; yet with abused. The defendant was found what justice could it be complained of? guilty, and on the icotion of the Alfor- The heathens may retort upon ney General, was committed io prison. “ You imprison those who revile the es

Differing in opinion, as we do, from tablished religion of your country; how the defendani, it cannot be imag ned, then can you expect, that we should that we would take his part as favourers treat with respect the men wl.o revile of his argument. These we hold much the established religion of our own coun.

cheaper than his prosecutor, or his try? Either permit your religion to be judge, or his jury: and if the Christian freely canvassed at home, or do not alreligion could make its way against the tempt to send your people to disturb our efforts of power, and the skill of the faith. You assert 'hat your religion is most learned, we cannot see, that it from he ven, we assere the same of ours. was likely to suffer in the least from If yours is from heaven, surely it can so trifling a publicat on. But we are not stand in need of chains and imprisorry for the prosecution, because it sonment to support it." gives occasion to the enemies of our The Lancasterian have had another faith to blaspheme. They will say, triumph in the metropolis. A meeting that we use the arm of Aesh, which is was held for the wards of Aldersgate, positively excluded by Christ, becausc, Coleman Street, and Cripwe cannot defend ourselves by argument. plegate, and for the parish of St. Luke's, Let us put the case, that the question were in which it was agreed to establish a reversed, and that an infidel Attorney school, for a thousand children, on Mr. General had brought an action against a Lancaster's plan, without regard to the Christian for writing in detence of the sect to which they may belong : the scriptures, before an intidel judgend an committee for conducting it to be se. infidel jury. The defence of his opinions lected in equal numbers trom the memwould be cons.dered by them as an ag- bers of the es ablished sect, and the disgravation of the otlence; and the attempt senters from it ; and the clergymen and to convert them, as an insult upon their dissenting huristers in the d.trict are to understandings. The arguments of the be honorary members of the institution, book, and of the defendant, require, if the children to attend that place of they are answered at all, the coolness, worship which their parents or guar. the patience, and the integrity of a trué dians assign to them. This union of Christian : and nothing is gained by an the sects cannot fail of promoting chrise appeal to the passions. The high priests tian knowledge and christian charity, and



Correspondence, it is a great satisfaction to learn, from all that “the sums wiich have been so quarters, that alıberal spirit is now perva- liberally subscribed by the original ding the con unity in gener:l. that men friends of the in titution are not likely begin to be more artached to the scrip!ures to do much more than to establish and than to the factions Ja sed upon them, maintain tho e schools, which the soand that the name of Christian begins to ciety iiself has resolved to open in the be more honourable than that of Cal- metropolis.” A more general and exvinist, Lutterali, Methodist, Church of tended support is theretore called for, England, or any o her denomination of in which they say, 66 the best interests party, which has too long torn in pieces of the established relgion and constituthe Christian Church.

tion of this country are so deeply inThe pseudo-national society for the volved," and they recommend to the education of the poor in the principles paroch al ciergy in ihe metropolis and of the established seci, has published its neighbourhood to exer: themselves. another Address to the public, fianied' We are not surprised, that the established at a meeting, at which were present two religion and constitucion are hooked toarchbishops, eleven bishops, four loris, gether in this address; but the cry will five esquires, and six clergy men. The no longer do. I night serve very well, chiet object is to shew its friends that the when the members of the established. scheme is coming into action, that everal sect lore a greater proport on to the poschools are forming, and schoolmasters pulation of the united kingdon, or when, are wanted, who are e hosted to become speaking of England and Wales, they very candidates, upon the following qualiti- much outnumbered those of a diferent

“ No one will be treated with, persuasion. But that lime is gone by. who does not bring full and satisfactory The memsers of the established sect testimonia's, from the mini ter, church have more landed, but less monied and wardens and principal inhabitants of commercial, interest than those of the their respective parishes, that they are other sects an , if we were to cigh its mem ers' of the sect established by law, influence by the class to whom the gos" and profess iis doctrines and principel was first preached, this is very slight ples; that they have been in the habit and rapidly diminishing. It is a matter of attending their par sh church, and of no consequence io the constitution are of irreproachable moral conduct.” whether a single ma r attends or not the

The subac. iptions, we have oliser ved, meetinx's of the established sect. The are very numerous and great, but trifling, only difference is that, if the secession compared ich the object ainicd at, and should be general, and each sect provide the society seems to be of the same opi for itself, ihe country would not be emnion with us. For the Addrcss staies, barrassed by their rivalships.

CORRESPONDENCE. Being frequevtly unable to bring into our pages even a very narrow list of books, we shall endeavour in future to supply the place of that as ticie, by an carly Review of all publications, which fall within the scope of our work. We request that books, of which a notice is desirad, may be sent to us, on their first appearance.

Our Coseley and Bridport correspondents, will see that the subject of their valuable communications is taken up in the present No.; and perhaps they will agree with the Editor, that this is one of the very few cases, in which serious argument would be misapplied.

A respectable correspondent from Chesterfield, solicits some account of Le Clerc, the friend of Mr. Locke.' We are disposed to entovce his request : and should, indeed, be glad to receive well-written, concise Memoirs, not only of Le Clerc, but also of those eminent contributors to Biblical learning, Erasmus and Grotius. There are, likewise, some English divines and scholars of whom we wish to give au account; Dr. Conyers Middleton, Dr. Caleb Fleming, Dr. Richard Price, Dr. Harwood, Mr. Moore, author of a pamphlet ou our Saviour's Aguny in the Garden, &c. &c. Memoirs, or bints for Memoirs, will be peculiarly acceptable.

Ali Communications for this work are requested to be addressed (post paid] to the Editor at the Publishers', Messrs. Sherwood and Co. Paternoster Row; where also Advertisements, Bills for the Wrapper and Books for Review are received

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Birmingham, June, 5, 1809.* tell a tale of a taylor of a village

in Devonshire, whose intellectual
The biographical department pursuits were not less conspicuous:
of your instructive miscellany is and though they did not, like those
not the least important, in point of the former, consist in the ac-
of utility and entertainment. But quisition of the dead languages,
I see no reason, why it should be were more calculated to enlarge
limited to the characters of minis. the mind and form the Christian
ters, as I think it has hitherto character, and were, actually,
been. The memoirs of those who united with distinguished moral
have appeared in obscure and excellence, sound judgment and
humble stations, though they useful exertions. My narrative is
may carry with them less éclat, short and consists of but few par-
will not be destitute of interest. ticulars. But the letters annexed
On the other hand, they will afford to it, will shew the man; and if
examples more adapted to general I mistake not, exhibit a portrait,
jinitation. Permit me then to drawn by his own pen, that is cal.
afford a sketch of this kind. The culated to please, to raise esteem
classical Mr. Spence, 52 years and excite emulation.
since, exhibited a detail of the I am, Sir,
learned attainments of a taylor in

Respectfully Yours, Buckinghamshiret. Allow me to

JOSHUA TOULMIN. * On reviewing the date of this inter- A Memoir and Four Letters of esting communication, we feel it neces Mr. Bartholomew Hoare, a sary to apologize to Dr. Toulmin and

Taylor, at Musbury, near Ax. our readers, for having so long kept it back. · The present enlarged size of our

minster, Devon. work will, we trust, prevent any similar The Four Letters here offered to delays, in future

Ev. + in a piece, entitled “ A PARALLEL; der a just idea of the talents, dis

the public eye, will give the rea. in the manner of PLUTARCH ; a most celebrated Man of Florence, and position and character of the ONE, scarce ever heard of, in ENGLAND, writer. By the Reverend Mr. Spence.”. First: The First affords a general view printed in 1757, and ro-published in 1761, in the d'Volume of Sucitive of the principles on which he sepa. Pisces. By several Authors. Printed rated from the Church of England. for R. and J. DODALIT.

It was written in vindication of VOL. VII.

2 E

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Memoir of Mr. Bartholomew Hoare. his conduct, to remove the im. liberal sentiments and spirit, and pressions made on the mind of a a worthy character in

every view. lady, in whose family he was em. The gentleman, to whose ordinaployed 10 work by the day, by the tion the letter refers,' was the Rev. representations of the clergyman Benjamin Kiddel, a native of of the parish, who was incensed Tiverton, in Devon, who pursued at his becoming a Dissenter. It academical studies under Mr. was addressed to the gentlewoman Moore, at Bridgwater, Somersctof Lady Drake, a person of read- shire, and was the nephew of Mr. ing and of a liberal temper, the Moole, who.gave the charge, a danghter of a minister in Switzer. respectable minister at Plymouth, land. The effect of it is not now and author of a judicious and accurately recollected ; except, liberal “ Essay on Fundamentals." that I apprehend, after a time, he Mr. Kiddel removed from Side recovered some share of the busi. mouth to Cork; and, after some ness of the faniily.

years, returned to England, and The Second Letter is a vindica. was chosen pastor, about 1770, tion of separation from the Church to the congregation of Protestant of England, on Unitarian princi. Dissenters, at Shepton-Mallet, ples; in which the point is forcibly where he finished his ministry and argued. The gentleman, to whom his days, participating in the esit was written, was a man of re. teem and attachment of his friends, flection and good sense, a great a few years

since. admirer of Dr. Foster's Devotional The Last Letter, it is remembered, Offices, a devout contemplater of was written to meet the enquiries the works of Nature, especially of a brother, in distress, who as they offer to view on the sea. hoped, by shewing some family coast. He afterwards became a connection, to recommend himself regular attendant, during my to the notice and generosity of ministry, at the dissenting meet. Hoare, Esq. of Stourhead, ing-house, in Colyton. His resi- Wilts. If recollection does not dence was at Seaton, on the coast, err, his wishes were answered. between Lyme and Sidmouth: After the writer's death, he who where he carried on, with repu. now publishes it, at the sugges. tation, an extensive trade in the tion of a worthy friend to himself

and the deceased, took the liberty The Third Letter offers the senti. of communicating a copy of it, ments of the writer on an ordina- with a representation of the state tion service, to the consideration of the writer's family, to the same of his much esteemed friend and benevolent gentleman; who, so pastor, the Rev. Samuel Slater, far from taking umbrage at the a native of Ilminster, in Somerset. freedom, returned a handsome shire, who received his academical and polite answer; and remitted education at Taunton, and died the family 101. a year. This let. minister of the congregation of ter forms a kind of interesting and Protestant Dissenters at Colyton, curious family history: entertain. March, 1761, in the vigour of ing in itself, and illustrating the life, greatly respected and beloved, genius and talents of the pen as a very acceptable preacher, of which dictated it.

grocery line.

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