« AnteriorContinua »
their being freed from civil dis. prive them of any of their civil qualifications on accuunt of reli. rights? You must grant them gion, would be a breach of moral their full liberty before you can duty.
convince them your religious views 3. It will render the liberty and practices are better than their of Protestants the more secure. own. Liberiy never can be so secure as
5. It is sound policy. It when it is extended equally to all will be the most effectual way to deno ninations and classes of men put an end to catholic disaffecin society: then. and not till then, tjon to a Protestant government, every party will feel interested in to terminate unchristian fouds and its preservation. If we counte- animosities between Catholics and nance the proscription or di-fran- Prviestants, to bind the Catholics chisement of one denomination to. by interest and affection to the day, we may ourselves, with as British constitution and govern. much justice, be proscribed or ment, and to unite both Catholics disfranchised 10-morrow ;
and and Protestants in the common what right shall we have to come interest. plain, if the same measure be
A PROTESTANT. meted to us as we have meted to others? 'The extension of ca. tholic liberty will not diminish the
Case of Lastley and Stevens, ere
cuted at York, 1790, for High. liberty of protestants, but further establish the foundation and che.
wuy kobbery. rish the spirit of all true liberty. "On Saturday last were exe.
4. The promotion of truth culed at York, pursuant to their requires it. Error and super. respective sentences, Thomas Leste stition cannot be eradicated by ley, John Stevens, and Edward persecution in any form, not even Williams, for high-way robberies; the most terrific. In its softer James Hartley for bouse-breakform of deprivation of civil rights ing; John Gills, alias Giles, alias and privileges it has done nothing, Best, for horse-stealing; and George and can do nothing, to diminish Moore for burglary. The behaa their influence. Liberty, the pa. viour of these unhappy men since rent of free inquiry, is the bar. their condemnation, manitested a binger of truth; liberty prepares hearty contrition for their crimes, the way for, anú free inquiry in- and a becoming resignation to their troduces, the knowledge of truth. ignominious fate."--Shetfirld ReIf the religious views and practices gister of Friday, April 23, 1790. of the catholics be erroneous and Thus were six persons, most of superstitious, the restrictions under whom, it is probable, were young which they are placed will only men, hurried out of the world at render them more tenacivus of the the conclusion of one country as. error which they think truth, and size. The particular teatures of of the superstition which they ima. the case of most of them are per. gine to be true religion, How haps now forgotten ; their offences can they bring themselves to think do not, however, appear to have truth is on the side of those who been of the highest enormity. would fasten their chains, or de. But the case of Lastly and Ste
Case of Lastley and Stevens; erecuted at York. vens, the two first names in the it, and leaving the party in pos. above list, excited a too general session of it, went home, threat. commiseration in the neighbour. ening that“ he would make them hood in which they had resided, smart for what they had done."?! to be soon forgotten : it is still With the sanse highly censura. remembered and related. The ble imprudence and impropriety writer is not unaware that caution with which they had first acted, is necessary in judging of facts they took the basket of provisions from Aoating reports and popular to a public house, and there reimpressions. He has taken some galed themselves upon its contents. pains to arrive at the truth, and Early in the next week, Whar, believes that the following short ton with great reason made & statement contains the truth, the complaint to a neighbouring mawhole truth, and nothing but the gistrale. He issued bis warrants truth; and it appears to him to for the apprehension of the whole shew the very sanguinary charac. party, and they were commitied ter of the English criminal code in to the castle at York. On their a more striking light than any fact trial Bingham was acquitted. which bas hitherto been submitted Booth was found partially guilly, to the public.
and sentenced to seven years' trans. Thomas Lastley, John Stevens, portation. The fate of Stevens John Booth, and Michael Bing, and Lastley has been already men. ham, were men employed in the ționed. Sheffield manufactures. On Sa. Wharton bad publicly declared turday evening, August 29, 1789, before the trial, ihat he would not after having received their week's appear against them; and such wages, as usual, they spent some was the general persuasion in the time together at a short distance town where they were known, from town. Returning very late that, if he did prosecute them to in the evening, they found the conviction, their lives could cot prosecutor, John Wharton, lying be placed in danger, there being extended upon one of the bridges, evidently more of frolic than of partly intoxicated, and either malignity in the transaction, bat asleep, or pretending to be so. no person appeared upon their At the distance of a few yards trial to give them a character they from bim stood a basket, which deserved, of being, on the whole, it appeared belonged to him, and steady, industrious, harmless men. contained several articles of pro. It was generally supposed that the vision he had just been purchasing. Prosecutor was induced to follow Booth very foolishly took up the up his complaint to their convicbasket, and removed with it to tion capitally by the lure of the some distance; the other three reward' beld out by the statutes roused Wharton, and some alter- 4 and 5 William and Mary, and cation ensued on his discovering 8 Geo. II. to persons prosecuting that the basket was gone. In the high-way robbers to conviction. mean time Baoth returned, bring. With the money he received Wharing with him the basket and its ton set up a small shop near Shef. contents. He presented it to field : here he was soon unboused Wharton, who refused to receive by an indignant mob. It was not,
however, a feeling confined to the lence, and feeble as my assistance lower orders, and Wharton found may be, I shall not fail to comit necessary to retire from the municate any facts within my neighbourhood.
knowlerige which may tend to the It is material to observe that promulion of your oject. the state of the country does not it has been justly rimarked, appear to have been such as to that the severity of the laws which require, at that time, a peculiarly subject men to the forfeiture of awful display of the power of the lite for minor offences affords pro. law. The question, then, upon tection to the criminal, who is al. this case is, whether the wholesome lowed to escape punishinent alto. discipline of a few months' con. gether, rather than a conscientious finement would not have wrought and reflecting man will incur the such a change in the minds and awful responsibility of depriving a habits of these unfortunate men, fellow creature of existence; and as to have rendered society per. to shew that this is not an imagi. fectly secure from any repeated nary evil, I state the followirg fact injurious attack. Nor can we which came under my immediate hesitate, on a review of the cir. observation, wherein, indeed, I cumstances, to decide that it stood precisely in this situation, would. It might not, perhaps, and however it is to be regretted be unworthy the attention of those that the character I shall describe gentlemen who are so benevolent- is again let loose on society, I ly engaged in endeavouring to in- have never yet repented having troduce a more lenient system of followed the dictates of humanity, punishments into our criminal where, as it appeared to me, the code, to consider also how far it punishment was not proportioned is desireable that the standing re- to the crime. The case 1 allude ward for the conviction of high- to was that of a bankrupt who had way robbers should continue; and embezzled the property of bis cre. whether the offering of this bounty ditors. It will be unnecessary to upon conviction ought not to be go into a history of the deliberate reserved for the detection and scheme of villainy which the inbringing to punishment of the more vestigation disclosed; the proofs atrocious and dangerous offenders were clear and decisive, and the only.
man was committed to Newgate April 7, 1812. X. by the commissioners, with a
pressing injunction to the assignees
to commence a prosecuton, urging Case of a fraudulent Banker.
the difhculty attending the detecHackney Feb. 17, 1812. tion of fraud in ca es ot back uptSIR,
cy, and the opportunity which I have real pleasure in noticing now offered of making a public your laudable endeavours to call example. The other a-signee, my the public attention to the subject colleague, being a Quaker, was of capital punishments: the cause restricted by his proiession from you have espoused demands suptaking any part in a criminal prvport: from every man who pose secution, and it consequently de. sesses the pure feelings of benevo- volved on me, either to call down VOL. VII.
the extreme vengeance of the law, those who formed that collection. or to suffer an infamous and un. It is a preface to the translation of principled man to be at full liberty a well-known classic of which to pursue his former system of Franklin was at once the Edi. fraud and plunder. I have al. tor and the Printer. ready intimated that I chose the bably very few specimens of bis latter. For many years no con- press remain, I will give the title viction had taken place under the page and preface verbatim, from act which makes this offence a ca. a copy now before me. M. T. pital felony; and the depredations Cicero's Cato Major, or His Discommitted on the trading part of course of Old Age. With Expla. the community by fraudulent natory Notes. Philadelphia : bankrupts are too well known to Printed and Sold by B. Franklin, most of your readers to need any MDCCXLIV. observation here. In a word, I “ The Printer to the Reader, was fully aware of the propriety, This version of Cicero's tract not only of punishing the man, de Senectute, was made ten years with a view to his individual re. since, by the honourable and formation, but also of making a learned Mr. Logan, of this city; public example, to deter others undertaken parıly for his own a. from similar practices ; and had musement, (being then in his 60th our criminal laws allowed a possi. year, which is said to be nearly bility of doing this by as severe a ihe age of the author when be punishment as they inflict short of wrote it,) but principally for the death, I should have felt it an entertainment of a neighbour then imperious duty to proceed in the in his grand climacteric; and the prosecution, and the ends of jus. notes were drawn up solely on that tice would not have been frus. neighbour's account, who was not trated: but such is the law and so well acquainted as himself with such are the consequences in the Roman History and language: numberless other cases, some of some other friends, however, (a. which will no doubt bé commu- mong whom I had the honour to nicated by those of your corres. be ranked) obtained copies of it pondents who feel an interest in in MS. And, as I believed it to the success of your benevolent be in itself equal at least, if not undertaking.
far preferable to any other transS. C. lation of the same piece extant in
our language, besides the advantage The Book Worm. No. II.
it has of so many valuable notes,
which al the same time they clear Sir,
April 5, 1812. up the text, are highly instructive In your first volume (pp. 137,192, and entertaining; I resolved to 255.]you inserted some letters writ- give it an impression, being confi. ten by Franklin, in his old age, and dent that the public would not which afterwards appeared in the unfavourably receive it. last collection of his works, in 3 A certain freedman of Cicero's vols. 8vo.
I now offer you a is reported to have said of a medi. short piece, comparatively juve. cinal well, discovered in his time, nile, which' escaped the notice of wonderful for the virtue of its
waters in restoring sight to the Cicero's freedmen.” The Epiaged, That it was a gift of the grain concludes with these lines, bountiful Gods to Men, to the end Nimirum locus ipse sui Ciceronis honori that all might now have the Hoc dedit, hac fontes cum patefecit ope, pleasure of reading his mas
Ut quoniam totum legitur sinc fine per ter's Il'orks. As that well, if Sint plures, oculis que medeantur, still in being, is at 100 great a dis aquæ: tance for our use, I have, gentle thus correctly rendered by Dr. Reader, as thou seest, printed this Middleton, in a style of versifica. piece of Cicero's in a large and tion less poetical than his justly fair character, that those who begin admired prose. to think on she arrival of Old Age, The place, which all its pride from (which seldom happens till their
Cicero drew, sight is somewhat impaired by its Repays this honour to his memory doc, approaches) may not, in reading, That' since his works throughout thú by the pain small letters give the
world are spread, eyes, feel the pleasure of the mind And with such eagerness by all are
read, in the least ailayed.
New springs of healing quality should I shall ad to these few lines my rise, hearty wish, that ibis first translati. To case the increase of labour to the on of a classic in ibis western world,
eyes. may be followed with many others,
The American translation of performed with equal judgment Cato was reprinted at Glasgow and success ;
and be a happy in 1758, when Mr. Logan is deomen, that Philadelphia shall lies nominated “ late President of the come the seat of the American Council at Philadelphia," but, Aluses.
unless I have strangely overlooked Philadelphia, Feb. 29th, it, is not once mentioned by Mr. 1743, 4."
Melmoth in his Cato and Lelius. The story of Cicero's well, of
VERMICULUS. which Franklin has made such in. geniouis use, is told by Pliny in
On the Term 66 Unitarian.”' bis Natural History, B. 31. S. 2. where he is speaking of medicinal 1 perceive, in your very valua. waters. The passage is quoted by able publication, that the propri. Dr. Middleton in his Cicero, iii. ety of the term Unitarian being 297. It appears that Cicero had monopolised by a certain sect of a villa at Puteoli, afterwards the Christians is called in question, imperial palace of Hadrian, where and an allusion has been made to he is supposed to have uttered that the speech of a gentleman of the address to his soul, the origin of University of Cambridge, who as. Pope's Vital Spark of heavenly serted, that the established sect flame. " Some time after Cicero's might lay claim to that title. He death, his puteolan house fell into maintains, I believe, the same the hands of Antistius Vetus, who opinion; and any one who reads repaired and improved it; when a the first article in that medley of spring of warm water, which hap- of opinions, called the thirty-nine pened to burst out in one part of articles, will see that the preten. it, gave occasion to an epigram, sions of the established sect are made by Laurea Tullius, one of not without foundation. This