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On the Term " Unitarian." sect, in common with the sect at tas is a compound term, como Rome, worships one God under pounded of tria, three, and unitás, the name of the Trinity, and whom unny : and it implies a modificathey address in their prayers very tion of the numbers of three and frequently, the amster and the one, in the explanation of which whole congregation using these many folios have been written. words; 6 most holy, blessed. I am not going to enter upon the and glorious Trinity, have mercy voluminous controversy which this upon us, miserable sinners;” and subject has occasioned, but shall that we may not be led astray by observe only, that the word Trithe word, they expressly say, that nitas is of the feminine gender, this Trinity is one God. Now and, of course, all the epithets or the term Unitarian implies a woró adjectives applied to it are femi. shipper of one God, whether that nine. In speaking, therefore, of God goes under the name of Tri- the Trinity, I beg to ass, whether nity, Jupiter, Baal, or Satan, or, the members of the established accorüing to us, under the name sect among us, in speaking of their of the God and Father of our Lord God, make use of the proper lan. Jesus Christ; and if a nation de- guage: I ask them, whether they clares that this Trinity, this Jupiter, should say, he, she, or it. And this Baal, this Satan, is only one again, whether thi'y can apply the God, why should we endeavour to pronoun I to this God. For exconíradict them? Let their call ample: in the scriptures our God themselves Unitarians, if they is introduced as saying, “ I am please ; and certainly it is betier Jehovah, who make all things, that they should Natter themselves stretching forth alone the heavens, even with the right to the title, and spreading abroad the earth than contradict openly the Unity by myself. I am Jehovah, and of God, by worshipping that mon. there is none else; there is no God strous fiction, a plurality of Gods, besides me.” The members of the
But it becomes the members established sect will very properly of the sects established in England say, that these words may be apand Sco land, as well as the sect plied to their God thus: I am the establisbed at Rome, who all pay Trinity, who make all things, the same worship to the Trinity, stretching forth alone the heavens, to have clear joeas of the term, and spreading abroad the earth by and they wbo do not believe in myself. I am the Trinity, and this God should at least under, there is none else, there is no God stand the term, and apply. 10 it besides me. always the proper epithets. Now They who do not worship this the address of the members of God, called the Trinity, may inthe established sect is taken deed make some objections to the from the litany of the sect es. application I have made of the tablished at Rome, which uses term in the above passages ; but the latin language in its religious my business is not now with them. services, -it addresses the Trinity li the members of the established in these words : Sanctissima, bed. sect are satisfied with the reading tissima Trinitas--Most holy, most as it stands, that is enough, and blessed Trinity. The term Trini. we may go on to some other pass
sages, making in them a similar us? Or are both expressions application of scripture to their equally proper? In the first case, God. Thus the sublime prophet the members of the established sect says, in another place, " For thus may use the prünonn I, coutem. saith Jehovah, who created the plating only the Unity, in the heavens, that formed the earth Trinity.
In the second, they and made it; he hath established use ihe pronoun we, cuntemplat. it; he made it not in vain; he ing the three persons, we are the formed it to be inhabited. I am Trinity. This in poetry will have Jehovah, and there is none else.” a fine effect, as it gives the writer Let us use, as before, the name an opportunity of varying bis of the Guj worshipped by ile ese phrases, according as it may suit tablished sect in this passage, sup; his purpose. I am not sure that posing first, that it had been trans, this thought has not been anticia lated from the bebrew into larin, pated; for in the dark ages it was and hence into English. It would customary to bring, not only the then have run thus : “ Thus saiih peryous of sacred history, but even the Trinity, who created the bea, those of the Trinity, on the stage, vens, she that formed the carth their parts being acted by men and made it: she hath established dressed up for the occasion; God it : she made it not in vaig: she the Father being an old man wiib formed it to be inhabited." If the a beard, God the Son a pale young passage had been translated insa man with a cross, God the Holy mediately from the hebrew, where Ghost having doves' wings and unfortunately there is no word to head, the Trinity having on a tri. express the Trinity, it might be angular hat, whence probably is rendered thus : “ Thus saith the derived the triangle that is seen Trinity, who created the heavens over the altar in many places of and įhe earth : he hath established worship, both of the established it, or she hath established it, or and the Romish sect. it hatb established it,” &c, Now As complaints are now pretty which of these pronouns would be general, that the belief in the Tria the most, or are all equally, ap, nity is now very much on: Ibe de. propriate?
cline, might it not be useful to I have observed, that the Tri. bring it more in sight among all nity is a compound term, com. parties, that seleet extracts should pounded of three and unity; and be published from the bible, in hence arises a similar, difficulty whichi, where God is introduced respecting the singular and plural as speaking, the term Trinity pronounse, Thus, since the Tris should be usedia as I have done in nity is declared to be the one God, the passages above quoted. It sacred proclamations respecting will then clearly appears. that the the Unity must be applicable to established: seet :is Tnui arian, this Godi; but the doubt is, how which cannot be seen from their we are to apply them. As for bibles, and perhaps it will go some example. í Are we to say, I am way towardsi determinings with the Trinity, and there is none greater precision, this right to the else, there is no God: beside me, title of Unitariano or, We are shie Trinity, and there, is s'I remain, Sir, 'yorurs, none else, there is no God besides
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April 10, 1812. tuagint translation, and scarcely I have not forgotten my propo. ever change a word in their quota. sal, of occasional communications, tions;” and especially, in the in. made at the close of your fifth stance alleged, copy this ver. volume, (pp. 635-640.] though sion” so erroneous ? Dr. C. as a I have so long delayed my re-ap. Trinitarian, must hold the omni. pearance. I now offer you what science of Jesus Christ. How to this occurred to me on reading your belief can he reconcile his opinion three uumbers for the present year, of our Lord's reference to the sto
P. 9. Dr. Leechman. May I ry of the Fall, when“ he exhorts be allowed to ask how that pious his disciples to be wise as serpents," and learned divine could commu. though the Serpent bad no con. nicate what the late Mr. Kenrick cern in the transaction? and his ingenious biographer would This critic's notion of the Na. esteem “ rational and animating chash as a creature domesticated views of God and the Christian re- with Adam and Eve “ the woman velation," and yet bear true al. no doubt baving often seen bim legiance as a beneficed minister of walk erect, talk and reason," the Church of Scotland ? That reminds me of the following pasChurch peremptorily enjoins the sage in Brown's Vulgar Errors. gloomy creed of Calvin, of which " In the picture of Paradise, as Dr. Price observes, (Sermons and delusion of our first parents, i. 52) her clergy, “ not only de. the serpent is often described with clare their belief but that they human visage ; not unlike unto will constantly adhere to it: that Cadmus and his wife in the act is, never grow wiser." I would of their metamorphosis. Which farther enquire, in behalf of Dr. is not a mere pictorial contrivance L's “ orthodox brethren," why or invention of the picturer, but their 6. violent opposition," per- an ancient tradition, and conceived haps conscientious, certainly con. reality, as it stands delivered by sisient, should be censured rather Beda and authors of some anti. than a rational Christian's accep- quity; that is, that Satan appear. tance of an orthodox “ theologi. ed not unto Eve in the naked form cal chair?"
of a serpent, but with a virgin's Pp. 11, 13. Vigilius has been, head, that thereby he might be. I believe, long known as the sig. come more acceptable, and his nature, in the Theological Repo- temptation find the casier entersitory, of the late venerable Mr. tainment. This, Dr. B. calls Turner, of Wakefield.
"a conceit not to be admitted," Pp. 17, 18. Dr, Adam Clarke, and quotes Pierius and Barcephas on the Nature of the Serpent. who thought the assumption of When this learned critic charges human shape had proved & disad
6 the Septuagiot trans. vantage to Satan; affording not lation" as to the sense of the He. only a suspicious amazement in brew original, can he believe the Ede, before the fact, in beholding plenary inspiration of the New a third humanity beside herself Testament writers, who” he ob. and Adam; but leaving some exserves, “scarcely ever quote the cuse unto the woman, which af.
terwards tbe man took up with mestic and civil policy. In the lesser reason ; that is, to have following passage, he declares a. been deceived by another like her. gainst capital punishment, even in self." V. E. B. v. Ch. iv. Who the case of murder. shall decide when doctors disagree?
• There is a positive law among It will, probably, be soon decided the Miezzaraneans not to shed bu. that critics, even those worthy of man blood voluntarily. They the name, are sometimes employed carry this fundamental law of nan mogno conatu magnas nugos dicere. ture to such a height, that they
P. 27. Sir Thomas More, &c. never put any one to death even To these should be added Bishop for murder, which very rarely hapBerkeley. In 1785, he published, pens; that is, once in several ages. in Ireland, the Querist, containing If it appears that a person has real. several Queries proposed to the ly murdered another, a thing they consideration of the public.” almost think impossible, the person Among others, on various topics convicted is shut up from all comof national industry and politi- merce of men, with provisions to cal economy, are the follow- keep him alive as long as nature ing.
allows. After his death the fact “ 53. Whether some way might is proclaimed, as it was when they not be found for making criminals shut him up, over all the Nomes. useful in public works, instead of His name is blotted out of all sending them either to America their genealogies; then bis dead or 10 the other world? 54. body is mangled just in the same Whether servitude, chains and manner as he killed the innocent, bard labour for a term of years, and afterwards burnt to ashes, would not be a more discouraging, which are carried up to the high. as well as a more adequate pu. est part of the desert, and then nishment for felons than even death tossed up into the air, to be carried itself? 392. Whether felons are not away by the winds blowing from often spared, and therefore encou. their own country : nor is he ever raged by the compassion of those more to be reckoned as one of their who should prosecute them ? 393. race, and there is a general mournWhether many that would not take ing observed throughout the kingaway the life of a thief may not ne- dom for nine days.” Pp. 173, 4. vertheless be willing to bring him Dr. Kippis (B. Brit. ii. 261.) to a more adequate punishment ?” attributed the adventures of Gau.
In 1737, was published ano. dentio di Lucca to Bishop Berkenymously, as a translation from the ley, but in the next volume de. Italian, "The Adventures of Signor clared this a mistake, on the au. Gaudentio di Lucca,” who is made thority of the Bishop's son. The to discover another Utopia far dism work has lately been ascribed by tant in the Arabian desert. Of this a writer in the Monthly Magazine discovery he gives an account to (xxxii. 220.) to “Simon Beringthe holy Fathers of the Inquisition ion, a Romish priest in Shropat Bologna. The ingenious author shire.” I remember to have seen evidently contrived his romance this work attributed to the Rev. to copvey his own sentiments on James Ridley, author of the Tales various important questions of do. of the Genii, who died in 1765,
Scraps of Information.' and who is mentioned by Mr. gospel, fulfilled by a just obedi. Duncombe, iu Haghes's Corres. ence; and a
• brand plucked pondence, iii, 139. If my recul. from the fire,”: to repentance and lection is correct, the absolutely salvation." (Defence of Gilbert soliiary confinement, in the case Wakefield, p. 104.) I cannot of murder, recommended by this quoie this passage without recol. writer, was adopted in the famous lecting the contemptuous surprise criminal code promulgated about which I witnessed, on its delivery, thirty years since by the Duke of among the vidolaters of forms Tuscany. It is not easy to dis. and precedents,” the learned gen., cern the real humanity of such a tlemen before and behind the bar. substitute for the punishment of P. 40. Luther's Light. This death. There is more of christian has been a favourite view of the benevolence in the following de protestant doctrine. I have, as a claration ty Mr. Gilbert Wakc. frontispiece to an Epitome of Ec. field, in his printed but unpub. clesiastical History, 1683, a print lished " Address to the Judges," entitled “The Reformation.” Lu. 1799.
ther is represented at one end of a « Were even a murderer com. table, surrounded by Reformers, mitted to my custody, I should whose names are over them, not end, avour to impress upon his without the licence of a few ana. mind a deep sensation of the int. chronisms. Before Luther is an justice and atrocity of his offence: open book, through which his I should labour to convince him name is written. On the table is a that exclusion from society was candle lighted, and at the bottom indispensable, not only for the a cardinal, Satan, a pope and a good of the community, but for monk, who are blowing at the the prevention also of accumu- candle, and complaining, “ The lated guilt upon his own head. candle is lighted. We cannot blow Yet I would address him in the it out." The monk is at the same kind language of expostulation time applying a short taper to and rebuke. I would regard him book in the hands of Tindal, eviwith generosity and tenderness, dently his Translation of the Bi. I would prove myself his friend by ble. This appears to be the en. every exertion of sympathetic at- graver's improvement on the oritention to his most calamitous ginal, which I happened to observe condition. I would shew that I very lately in Queen Street, Lin. loved tlie man though I abhorred cuin's Inn Fields. The painting his offence. If he were hungry, appeared to be of considerable I would feed him. thirsty, I would give himn drink. P. 49. Conferences, &c. The Nor should I depair of overcom. Reviewer of this sportive performing evil with good; of producing ance, the manner of which he remorse unfeigned and substanti. justly disapproves, seems not aware al reformation, by this lenient and of the origin of its title. The hint peaceful process.
Thus would was, no doubt, taken from an 8vo my own benevolent affections be volume, now before me, printed essentially improved, the great law in 1719, and entitled “Thirty of brotherly love, enacted in the Four Conferences between the
If he were age.