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Review.–Marsh and Clarke on the Bible Society. hope, that this institution would Society against its willing advera experience zealous and general sary. support. There was also reason The Margaret Professor's pamph. to apprehend that from a certain let contains nine sections. In the quarter it would meet with oppo. first he endeavours to shew the sition: and we are sorry to con. usefélness and the necessity of fess that we have, for months, churchmen's distributing the praylooked forward to its finding an er-book together with the Bible to active opponent in Dr. Marsh. church men, and, moreover, to es

Few of our readers, we pre- tablish the fact that some memsuine, are ignorant that in Decem- bers of the church justify the ber last an auxiliary Bible society omission of the liturgy in the diswas formed at Cambridge. On tribution of the Bible. The se. the design being announced, the cond section he employs in an at. Margaret Professor addressed to tempt to prove that his arguments the members of the senate a paper, against such a distribution of the in which he called upon them, as Scriptures alone by churchmen, friends of the church of England, are not inconsistent with the prin. to withhold their countenance ciples and the spirit of Protes. from any such attempt, and to tantism. In the third he examajd exclusively the well-known as- ines the question by a reference sociation in Bartlett's buildings. to the practice of the reformers Not contented with having gone and the case of the reformation. thus far, he circulated, on the eve He points out, in the fourth, the of the meeting, a hand-bill (of analogy, on the one hand, be. which he now avows himself the lween the Bible Society, and Lari. author,) sufficiently distinguished caster's system of education, on from the preceding by the circum. the other, between the association stances of its being anonymous in Bartlett's buildings and that and drawn up in the plural num. which styles itself the National ber. To the latter publication Society. The fith is a narrative alone Dr. Clarke adverted in his of some memorable facts in En. speech at the Town Hall, and, glish history, and is designed to with the most commendable deli- evince thata disregard of the liturgy cacy, refrained from alluding to will lead to the downfall of church that which bore the Professor's sig, and state. In the sixth we have nature: such was his desire of an application of these facts to the avoiding whatever might be con- present subject. A remedy, is strued into a personal attack. proposed, in the seventh, for the

In the " Inquiry, &c." on the apprehended evil: and this reme. other hand, this intelligent writer dy is stated to consist in church is animadverted on by nanie; a men transferring their patronage treatment of which he naturally from the Bible Society to that complains. The public, how. with which it has been contrasted ever, will the 'less regret it when by Dr. Marsh. In the eighth sec. they find that Dr. Clarke has lion the Professor examines Mr. hence been induced to employ his Vansitiart's objections to this meapen in a vindication of the Bible sure, and, in the ninth, details

the reasons why he would cheer. he is not inattentive to the laws fully unite with Dissenters in a of argument: while his censures society the sole object of which are delivered with an air of pleaa should be the circulation of the santry and humour, they are in. Scriptures in foreign countries. termixed with many examples of

We learn that the Inquiry, &c." sound and conclusive reasoning. made its appearance on Monday, It is saiisfactory to be informed January 27th, at four o'clock by Dr. Clarke that the Premier P. M. and that the same evening wrote to the Margaret Professor, Dr. Clarke's reply was finished, in acknowledgment of an appli. and the next morning was deliver. cation to him from that gentle. ed to the printer.

man, and declared his unequivo. He complains, in a note to the cal approbation of the new soci. advertisement, of his name hav. ety.' ing been used without his permis. As a specimen of Dr. C.'s man. sion by the Margaret Professor. ner, we transcribe a few senten. In the advertisement itself he ces from p. 9, &c. states facts and enters into reason. «Professing a zeal for the Liturgy, yon ings which shew that the members seem to disparage the Bible, urging of the imagined rival societies, arguments founded on its inability to may with perfect consistency sup. alone, it is weak, but when in company port both: and he informs his rea- strong. Where is the Protestant that ders that having " fashioned his can agree with you in such opinions ? REPLY as nearly as he could to After being accustomed from our ten. suit the complexion of the 'IN.

dereșt years to regard the Bible with

reverence, to open that sacred volume QUIRY,' it was necessary to blas with mingled sentiments of awe and of zon the pages in a similar manner gratitude, as containing all that is newith CAPITAL LETTERS and Ita- cessary for our salvation, shall a precept lics,* otherwise an insignificant of youth that the Bible, when alone, is

go forth to be inculcated in the minds observation might sometimes pass incomplete and imperfect? C ase, I be. off unheeded.”

seech you, from observations, which reIn the compass of thirteen

mind us of the “ Heresy” we have so

pages the writer of this letter has re- ing in them, will soon call for more

often sworn to renounce. Your persiste plied to whatever is of most con- powerful reprehension than mine : Voi. sequence in the Inquiry, either as ces thundering out of Sion, will proit respects the principle and ten. claim the independence and inviolability

Under this persuasion, dency of the Bible Society or any and this conviction, I have written to personal differences between the you ; but my appeal is to my country. Professor and himself. While he Although I am well aware hat every reproves his opponent for his hasty church has its Cardinals, of all men í

was least prepared to expect any thing mises, for his self-complacent and resembling them in you." self-important language, and for

Dr. C. however, has not super. some inaccuracies of composition,

seded the necessity of our noticing particular parts of the " In

quiry, &c.” On this undertak. * In this publication, as in his Sermon at St. Paul's and in his Vindication, ing we shall accordingly enter; &e. Professor M. has freely availed him. citing the obnoxious passages in self of thesc emphatics of the Press. Rev, the order in which we find them, VOL. VII.

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258 Review.--Marsh and Clarke on the Bible Society.

and hoping, in this manner, to ceive of the views of others agree. convince our readers that the ably to feelings the reality of Margaret Professor's hostility to which his own experience attests? the Bible Society, is dictated by He is guilty of a departure from political rather than by religious the rules of fair reasoning and of considerations.

liberal manners. By assuming P. 5. What better safe-guard (against that the advocates of the Bible the clelusions of false interpretation of Society are a party," he begs the Bil·lę; can we offer than the book of Common Prayer, which contains the the question, and makes a rash and doctrines of the Bible, according to its unjust estimate of their motives. true exposition ?"

In a country the majority of Now, without inquiring whether whose inhabitants are avowedly the book of Common Prayer be Christians and Protestants it is intelligible to all, we must be something new to see the friends permitted to observe that, at best, of the circulation of the Bible it can do no more than enable without note or comment repre. men to know, what are the doc. sented as a party, and especially trines of the Bible, according to when they are known to consist of the creeds &c.of the Church of Eng- almost every description of perland. The Bible itself it cannot sons in church and state. assist them to understand, because 10. “ It is not the Bible itself, it does not contain any scriptural but the perversion of it, the wrestarguments and illustrations; being ing of the Scriptures (as St. Peter a volume, partly of devotional expresses it) by the unlearned forms, partly of ecclesiastical dic and unstable,' with which (whom] rections and articles and in a very England now swarms, whence the $mall degree of elementary in danger proceeds.” And again, struction. Dr Marsh would have

11. “ Have the persons to whom Biinstanced more pertinently in the bles are gratuitously distributed either Abridgement of Pearson on the the leisure or the inclination or the abicreed, or in Secker's lectures on lity to weigh the arguments for religious the catechism. places the matter on the mere foot. Assuredly, with all our respect ing of human authority; with the for the Professor's talents and atsubstitution of the mass-book for tainments, we are astonished at the common-prayer, it is perfectly such reasonings. We believe that convertible to the service of any the generality of his Protestant Romish priest.

readers, will consider them as 7.Such are grounds (viz. the princi- more than “ savouring of popery" ples of Protestantism) on which a (8). The principle and the ten, churchman (Dr. Clarke, in his speech dency of this argument, instead of at Cambridge,) justifies the distribution « lying concealed from public with the Liturgy: and they deserve par- view” (ib.), are plain enough even ticular examination, not as being the to the unlearned,” These are sentiments of an individual

, but as the common-places of Bossuet and being the sentiments of a party.of other celebrated Romanists,

Why does the Margaret Pro. when they combat the reformed, fessor introduce a word so offen. when their aim is to evince the sive as party ? Does he con. necessity of an infallible guide and

His statement opinions p":

judge, and to justify the prohibi- advantage can the cause of Relie tion of vernacular translations of ligion derive from a nominal unia the Scriptures.

forinity? Professor Marsh has 12. “ If you ask a churchman why it done nothing more in the above is right to kneel at the altar, when he statement than renewed his conreccives the sacrament (the bread and cession that the Bible alone is inwine in the Lord's supper: for“ sacra, sufficient for conducting men to ment" is an unscriptural term), he will answer, that it is an act of reverence, an acquaintance with the doc. due fron every Christian to the institu- trines, &c. of the English hierare tor of that holy rite, at whose name, it chy. is declared in Scripture, that 'every kńce should bow.'

17. ”-it requires no examination to

discover, what Latimer and Ridley, If the answer can satisfy the what Cranmer and Hooper, what our Margaret Professor, it is well ; we great Reformers would have said, could

they have foreseen, that a Professor of believe that he has “ laboured Divinity in an English university would hard,” as he himself reminds us be publicly censured by churchmen and (9), “to promote the study of the clergymen, within the precincts of that Bible;” though in this specimen of a book which they composed, and

university, for urging the distribution of his interpretation of it he is which contains the doctrines for which sadly unsuccessful. The words they died." which he quotes, from the receive With our author's good leave, ed translation of Philipp. ii. 10, the “ Professor of Divinity” has ought to have been rendered in not been censured for simply the name of Jesus. Conformably urging the distribution” of the with the original, Ev TW ovouati, liturgy, which his clerical oppu. *.T. ho, they are so rendered in nents are as ready as himself to the Syriac, &c. To “bow the circulate among their parishionknee in the name of Jesus," is to ers, but for urging the distribution worship in his name : il is an ac. of it as necessary to accompany knowledgement that he is Media. the Bible. This is the actual tor and Lord, “ to the glory of case, on which “our great Re. God the Father.” The eleventh TORMERS,” we presume, would verse, contrasted with the phrase. have passed the same judgment as ology in Rom. xiv. 11, fixes the Dr. Clarke. Warmly as they were meaning of the clause beyond all attached to 6 a book which they reasonable doubt.

composed,” they never even ap16, 17. " Since we know by expe. the sacred volume.

peared to place it on a level with rience that the study of the Bible does not lead all men to the same conclusions, 19. “Without denying the validity. or there would not be so many Protes. (purity) of those other sources, such as tants who differ from the established tradition and the decrees of councils, church, may ic not be said without re. they could never have secured to the proach that churchmen should not con- Bible such an interpretation as they tent themselves with the distribution of themselves believed to be true. For this the Bible alone?"

purpose it was previously necessary to

divest it of the glosses, which perverted, This argument would be less its real meaning. But did they stop, glaringly inconclusive did church- here, and leave the Bible without any men agrce in one interpretation of interpretation ? No." the articles and catechism contain. A personal interpretation of the ed in the Common Prayer. What Scriptures, and an imagined expo.

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Review,-Marsh and Clarke on the Bible Society. sition of the sense of them set forth niated and highly valuable man by ecclesiastical authority, are two has 6 wandered to the de.' distinct, not to say opposite, con- vious passage where Christian. siderations: and it would have ity itself becomes lost from the been happy if our REFORMERS view." What infallibility belongs and if Dr. Marsh had discriminate to the present Margaret Professor ed between them. The history of of Divinity that he should pro. the origin, progress and establish. nounce so unhesitating and so ment of confessions of faith, is a unfavourable a decision? As the curious and very interesting topic. advocate of the Bible, Mr. LanOur limits oblige us to refer, on caster will be remembered by a this head, to that inasterly per- far distant posterity; and his Chrisformance the Confessional, which; tianity, both speculative and prac. we trust, the present disquisitions tical, may, not improbably stand of the Margaret Professor will the test of a comparison with that occasion to be more generally of his (inconsiderate, shall we say, read. The reformers in Germany or unkind?) accuser. Our author and Switzerland drew up articles does well to “ descend from”: an of their belief in consequence of “ allegory” in which Christian their adversaries reproaching them Charity “becomes lost" from his with having discarded the peculi- sight. ar doctrines of Christianity. In 29, 30. He acknowledges that England the Reformation proceed. the operations of the Bible Society ed under the jealous eye of the abroadare not only unobjectionreigning sovereigns, who, as is able, but highly laudable.” We well known, transferred to West, add, that these are its most essenminster the infallibility which they tial and useful effects, and, as denied to the see of Rome. We may easily be supposed, its cost. thus perceive that subscription to liest. The extent and magnitude creeds among protestants had its of the labours of the society in this rise in secular motives, and in field, are even such as to require human passions of not the most the united pecuniary aid of all evangelical complexion: and we classes of Christians. Its services, learn from the several controver. however, are not confined to fosies which it has produced that, reign nations. Were it inactive at scripturally, and agreeably to the home, it might be reproached, genius and principles of our sepa- plausibly enough, perhaps justly, ration from the Papal church, it with bestowing on strangers the cannot be defended.

whole of that attention a share in “ If the liturgy is not wanted, which is needed by numbers of why do churchmen now object to the re

our countrymen. ligious instruction of Mr. Lancaster? Mr. Lancaster adopts the Bible, and the Bi

32. “ Protestants of every description, ble alone."

however various and even opposite in Dr. M. is consistent with him. their opinions, claim severally for them. self in introducing the case of selves the honour of deducing from the Mr. Lancaster, on which we have Bible irrefragable and indubitable already offered, and perhaps may

consequences. again offer, an opinion. But This has the appearance of a wherefore subjoin that this calum, sneer on the part of Dr. Marsh.


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