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The fact and the right, neverthe- the dissentions which followed, less are such as he describes. It is would either have been prevented characteristic of a real Protestant or considerably mitigated. Those to make and exercise this claim, feuds arose, in truth, from another Nor are we ignorant of the use to cause and from the opposite quarwhich Catholics apply it: more ter. Have we now a treacherous consistent than the Margaret Pro. prince or a tyrannizing primate? fessor, they hence infer the necess. Or where shall we discover in ity of a living, infallible interpre- these united kingdoms the courts ter.

of Star Chamber and High Coma 33. “Men become so enamoured of mission ? the Protestant in the abstract, that they In confirmation of his opinion, abstract themselves from the Protestant- Dr. M. makes an extract from ism by law established.

Bishop Beveridge's Sermon* on An unexpected specimen this the excellency and usefulness of the figure paranomasia! Our of the Common Prayer. But if author's play on the noun abstract episcopal names can weigh any and the verb abstráct, may be thing in this discussion, those of edifying enough to some student Tillotson and Secker are assuredly in composition. As to the mat- important. Now our author conter of this sentence, surely, if it be cedes (note, p. 46) that these apthe essence of Protestantism to de. parently justify the practice of the duce its conclusions immediately modern Bible Society: and he had from the Bible, its establishment before admitted (8) that the argu. by law is something extrinsic from ments for the distribution of the its nature. Science and Protes. Bible alone are apparently in the tantism and Religion, are Science, spirit of true Protestantism. Protestantism and Religion still, To illustrate the assertion that whether they bave or have not the sectaries under the Common. this establishment.

wealth were as numerous as the 33. The history which Dr. interpretations of the Bible were Marsh judges proper to give of various, the writer of the Inquiry the abolition of the liturgy, dur. adduces a passage from Dryden's, ing the civil wars in the last cen. Religio Laici, Dryden was a con tury but one, he may possibly vert to popery. In his Hind and have inserted in consequence of Panther, says Johnson," he rehis own fears; at any rate, it is proaches the reformers with want not ill calculated to alarm some of unity; but is weak' enough to classes of his readers. But whatever he may imagine,

This sermon " had passed through or wish others to imagine, there the twenty-eighth edition in 1738." The is a most important difference be- Bishop's “ writings were numerous, tween the state of parties, both rather weak.” We quote from Noble's political and religious, under the

continuation of Granger, vol. ii. 92, 93.

An anecdote is there given of which wei Stewarts and their situation at the leave the application to our readers. present day: and if in the reign of “ When Dr. Beveridge, whilst PrebenCharles I. the same zeal had been dary of Canterbury, objected to reading. employed for diffusing the Bible the Rubric," Tillotson replied, ' Charity

a brief in the cathedral, as contrary to wbich exists in that of George III. is above Rulrics.'

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202 Review.Marsh and Clarke on the Bible Society.
ask, wliy, since we see without Charles the First. We think that
knowing bow, we may not have he exaggerates the evil. But,
an infallible judge without know. certainly, the opponents of Dr.
ing where?" "Our readers will not Marsh and Dr. Marsh himself
overlook the fact that such an will do well to imitate the style
author is gravely quoted upon the and temper of Mr. Vansittart's
subject of the Bible Society by a Letter.
Professor of Divinity in an English 50–53. In the growth of the
university.

Bible Society and in Mr. White 47. Professor Marsh perceives bread's Speech at Bedford, the features of resemblance between Margaret Professor beholds a prethe Bible Society and the Assem- paration for the repeal of the 'Test bly of Divines; one of them he Act. Here therefore he avows represents in the following sen- a political motive of his opposi. tence:

tion: for no man will pretend “ When the Assembly of Divines that the Test laws are religious ina was instituted for the express purpose of stitutions. If Dr. M. be, in good advancing the cause of religion, it was earnest, alarmed for their repeal, honoured with the names of three bish- his judgment is in a state which ops and two heads of houses in Cam. bridge.”

no argument of our's can affect.

55--63. This writer argues upHe adds, in a note,

on the mistaken principle that in “ I must not, however, neglect to the Bible Society no sacrifice is mention that the Margaret Professor was a member of this assembly."

made, no accommodation shewn, For such a man as cur author, Yet we believe that the Scotch

except on the part of churchmen. this is, really, very puerile. But Presbyterians and many of our he proceeds to say of the assem- English Dissenters, in becoming bly,

members of this association, virtu. 48. " It consisted chiefly of Calvin- ally agree to make similar sacrifi. ists: and the Calvinistic clergy of the ces, with the view of better pro. church of England are generally members of the modern society. Now a

moting the distribution of the man who adopts the doctrines of Calvin Scriptures: they likewise have canno: be zealously attached to our En. their confessions and their cate. glish Liturgy."

chisms, to which, we can assure Are the Calvinistic members the Professor, they are sufficiently and ministers then of the church attached. Where then is the truth of England less attached to the of his statements or the justness of Common Prayer book and more his reasonings? Will he say that attached to the Bible than their the Bible, when read without note Arminian brethren of the same or comment, is less favourable to communion ?

episcopacy than to nonconformity 49. He complains of the into. and Presbyterianism? lerant and persecuting spirit fre. 62. - the church is undermined: quently displayed in the writings while the conventicle remains entire." and speeches of the advocates of Our preceding observations are the modern society: and here, a reply to this assertion. Dr. again, he discovers a correspond Marsh's reiterated use of the word ence with the language holden by conventicle, which he cannot but the Calvinists in the reign of know to be glaringly. incorrect,

will not weaken the suspicion of to the dissenter, popularity to the his being actuated by political and churchman, and interest to the politi

cian, which is useful at all times, and party views.

especially at the approach of a general 70, 71. _" there are many church- election." men, who are aware of the dangers of This concluding sentence, little this (the Bible] society, and who would short of a libel on the Bible soci. not have become members of it when first established, yet are of opinion that ety, fully developes the object of it is now the best policy to join it.”

the Margaret Professor. Yet, in They are governed, we persuade the name of common charity and ourselves, by a higher motive. We

common sense, what power does are ill satisfied to hear of policy,

the society give to the dissenter where the religivus duty of circu. except that of doing good on an lating the Bible is concerned. Dr. extended scale? What popularity Marsh's language, however, is un.

to the churchman if, for joining equivocal, and clearly informs us

this association, he is accused of which of these ideas is predomi- the Sprys and the Marshes of the

disaffection by the Wordsworths, nant in his mind.

day? Or what interest to the pn73. _“the remedy now applied in the litician, even on the eve of " a co-operation of churchmen with Dise senters though it is considered as effec. general election,” while it is alike tual, is really worse than the disease.” patronized by ministerialists and

Surely, if, as this writer is hy oppositionists, by Mr. Perce. pleased to intimate, the Bible So. val and Mr. Whitbread? ciety may be converted into a po.

N. litical engine, the direction and and the use of it must, in his judg. Art. IV.-The Ameliorated Con. ment, be rendered safe by a pre

dition of the Poor, one Benefit ponderance of churchimen among

derived to the World from Chrisits members.

tianity.Considered in 4 Dis. 76, 77. "Were it necessary, I

course delivered at the Chapel, could appeal to dissenting families in

in Trim Street, Bath, on Sun. this town, (Cambridge] who them day, Dec. 23, 1810.

By Joselves would bear witness that so far seph Hunter,

8vo. pp. 25, from dreading a contagion from their

1s. 6d. Bath printed and sold. intercourse, I freely communicate the contributions which I can spare, with

On the day on which this serout the smallest regard to religious dis- mon was preached it appears that tinction."

collections are made at the several We doubt not the sincerity and places of worship throughout the justness of this appeal, and shall city of Bath, for the support of not the greater gift of " the word the General Hospital. This fact of life” be communicated to "dis. furnishes Mr. Hunter with an il. senting families” by the hands of lustration of the philanthropic geDr. Marsh? Shall not his charity nius and mercifui tendency of the be the bond of perfectness? Christian religion, which he presses

80. “The society, in its present form, both as an argument of its truth, has advantages which not every member and as a motive to charity in the will abandon. Though its splendour is breasts of its professors. The ser. derived from the operations abroad, its mon deserves to be circulated bea influence depends on the operations at home. It there provides for temporal as yond the limits to which the au. well as spirilual wants. It gives power thor has modestly confined it.

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( 256 ) INTELLIGENCE.

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Unitarianism in America. A is greatly lamented by very many
Letter to the Rev. Mr. Grundy. serious, intelligent and rational

[Concluded from p. 199.] Christians among us, who are at I fear, that I have already wea. the same time no less opposed to ried you, but, my dear Sir, you other extremes of Unitarianism. must permit me to say, that your I really cannot imagine, what account of the progress of Unita- your friend could mean by bis rianism in our Northern and Convention of Massachusetts and Southern States is altogether in. Connecticut ministers, in which on correct. In our own neighbour. å single day, one hundred minis. hood, with the exception of those ters declared themselves converts I have mentioned, and, perhaps, to the " new doctrine" !!! As you one clergyman about forty miles candidly acknowledge the doctrine from Boston, I know of vo one, to be new, so, I am sure, must whom you could call an Unitari- have been the convention that an. In the western parts of Mas, adopted it. The ministers of Con. sachusetts they are almost altoge. necticul, as far as I know, never ther Calvinists, or, as they term meet in Convention with those of themselves, Hopkinsian Calvinists, Massachusetts. They are memwho carry their system to great bers of a different state ; the conextremes, and are dissatisfied with stitution of their churches very every thing that falls below their different ;---that of Connecticut, standard. This is a sect, formed almost as rigidly Presbyterian as

the system of the ce. the Kirk of Scotland, and that lebrated Dr. Edwards, and they of Massachusetts, Independant. are named from Dr. Hopkins, If ever such a convention took once a minister of Newport, who place, it could only have been first published the system. They with the Calvinists of Connecticut compose a

class of and their no less Calvinistic Christians in Rhode Island, New neighbours of the western parts of Hampshire and Vermont, and our state. But if such a body as are thought by many to be in- this, who, before, would hardly creasing.

acknowledge that man to be a As for Connecticut, nothing Christian, who did not fully unite else but Calvinism, in a greater or in all their articles of faith, could less degree, can Aourish there, in ONE DAY, become converts to You may see an example of this Unitarianism, then surely the age in a pamphlet, which Mr. - of miracles has not ceased; a new was also kind enough to lend day of Pentecost has been granted me, respecting the dismission of us, and the “ new doctrine," after an able, pious and intelligent mi- the establishment of Christianity, nister, (Mr. Abbot) from his peo, for more than eighteen hundred ple, on account of some differences years, has by a sudden contersion, of opinion. The intolerant spirit, at last made progress*. that prevails in this, as well as in some other parts of New England, * This convention of the Connecticut

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I might mention other parts of facts, without, as I hope, any America, in which I think it will colouring or exaggeration, be found that your friend's ac. such, as a friend of truth, I think count is very incorrect. In New, you cannot object. I only wished York, and especially in the city, to show, as I trust I have done, where there are several distinguish. without offence, that in Boston, ed ministers, there is a great at, in New England and in America tachment to Calvinism; and this, at large, we are not, and permit though I am not so well acquaint. me to add, as long as we study the ed with particulars, is the general scriptures, I believe, we SHALL spirit of

Southern not, become converts to your churches. Indeed in the Caroli. new doctrine," nas, in Tenessee, in Georgia, Me. I am, dear Sir, with respect, thodism very much prevails; and yours,

F, P. in the Presbyterian churches of any note, the ministers, as far as I know, are most decided Calvi. Report of the Progress of the nists. In Philadelphia, where Dr.

Lancasterian System in Ireland. Priestley used to preach to a very, (From the Freeman's Journal, Dublin.

March 25, 1812.] few hearers, there is an Unitarian church. But this is really the Early in November, Mr. Lancas. only one, that I know of; and in ter arrived at Shrewsbury on his general I would say, that multi- way to Ireland, and lectured in iudes, who reject the doctrines of that town. He exerted himself it Calvinism, are cqually opposed to appears with much success, for those of Unitarianism.

after the lecture the Mayor took But I really beg pardon, my, the chair, and not only proposed dear Sir, for this very long letter, the establishment of a school aca From a stranger I feel that it needs cording to the plan he heard set apology. But I have only stated down and explained, but liberally

offered ground for the building. and Massachusett's clergy, is so very im- Some persons who were enemies probable, that I think your friend must to the system(and whose hostility have referred to the Annual Convention of Massachusett's congregational minis

no doubt derived its birth from the ters, which takes place in Boston, the liberality of Mr. Lancaster's views last week of every May. It is composed on religious topics) disapproved of ministers of very various and opposite of the proposition, and manifested sentiments. They are, however, united much dissatisfaction; they were fund, for the relief of poor widows of however soon put out of counte. their deceased brethren, very much in nance, and thy even retirer leav. the same manner, as the three different ing the philarthropist enjoying the dissenting denominations in London, acclamations of the entire assemBut when you consider that it is formed of men of such varieties of opinion, that bly. The Mayor's proposition many are Hopkinsians and many are was of course carried' nem. dis. Calvinists, you will think that such a and thus the, invaluable benefits conversion to Unitarianism, as your of education were secured to the friend and yourself seem so much to rejoice in, is quite as improbable as poor children of Shrewsbury, by would be the same conversion among an adventitious effort of our indea the United Presbyterians, Independanis fatigable traveller, in whose very and Ba plists in London, VOL. VII,

2 M

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