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rituous liquors; and, notwith- as if he had been enfeebled by the standing his philosophic selt de- co-operation of age and disease. nial in olher respects, he did not With regard to his moral and always scrupulously adhere to the religious character, he was a patrules of temperance in this parti. tern bighly worthy of imitation. cular. But this failing, wbich, He was in the strici sense of the I believe he did not often practice, phrase, integer ulit scelerisque and which never led him into any purus.
He showed a constant glaring impropriety of conduci, regard to the obligations of bonour was lost amidst the general blaze and justice: and recommended of merit and virtuis with which both by precept and example, an his character was adorned. attention to moral rectitude in all
The following remarkable cus. its ramifications. He had the tom was frequently observed by courage to reprove vice and immohim before he retired to repose, rality wherever they appeared ; He used to strip himself naked as and though he was sometimes low as the waist, and laking his treated on these occasions with constation at a pump near his rooms, tumely and insult, he bore with would completely sluice his head a moderation truly Christian, so and the upper part of his body: ill a return for his well-meant enafter which he would pump over deavours. In bis principles of his shirt, so as to make it perfectly religion he was orthodox, without wet, and putting it on in that con. being rigid. His devotion was dition, would immediately go to fervent, without making too near bed. This he jocularly termed an approach to enthusiasm or su. " an excellent cold baih.” The perstition. He was perfectly aclatter part of this ceremony, how- quainted with the religious dogmas ever, he did not practice with of every different sect, and could such frequency as the former. readily detect the respective falla.
His external appearance was as cies of each. But, however he singular as his habits of life. I might differ from these sectarists, have already mentioned those ex. he behaved to them, on all occaferior traits which struck me in sions, with great politeness and my first interview with him, and liberality, and conversed with the same peculiarities remained them on the most amicable terms with bim during the whole time of of genera! sociability. my being honoured with his ac. His abilities and understanding quaintance, and, I believe, to the were eminently conspicuous. His end of his life. He would never penetration was so great as to have suffer his hair to be strewed with the appearance of intuition. So white dust (to use his own expres. retentive was his memory that he sions), daubed with pomatum, or remembered whatever he learned'; distorted by the curling irons of and this facility of recollection, the friseur. Though under two combined with a pregnancy of and thirty years of age at his imagination and solidity of judgdeath, he walked when he ap- ment, enabled him to acquire a peared in public, with as much surprising fund of erudition and apparent caution and solemnity, argument; a fund ready at every call, and adequate to every emer
His skill in physiognomy regency.
mains to be mentioned: he spoke His learning was deep and mul. of the certainty of this science with tifarious. He was admirably skilled all the confidence of a Lavater. in ingic, erbics, metaphysics, and He constantly maintained that by sch' ta-ric theology. Duns Scotus, the mere inspection of ibe coun. Thomas Aquinas, and Burgersdi. tenance of any individual in the cius, were authors with whom he world, he was able, without hava was intimately conversant. He ing either seen or heard of the had studied the healing art with person before, to give a decisive particular atteniion, and added opinion ut his disposition and cha. to a seund iheoretic knowledge of racter. Though I an inclined 10 it, some degree of practice. His consider this as an extravagant skill in this art he rendered sub. boast, I am ready to allow that sei vient to his philanthropy ; for the characters of many persons he gratuitously atréniled the valetu. may be diecovered by such inspecdinarian poor wherever he resided, tion, and that Mr. Henderson and favoured them with medical frequently succeeded in a wonderadvice, as well as pecuniary a-sis. ful manner in his attempts of this tance. He had a comprtent know. kind. ledge of geometry, astronony, He pretended to a knowledge of and every branch of natural and the occult sciences of magic and experimental philosophy. He astrology. Whether this was, or was well acquainted with the civil was vol, a mere pretence, I leave and canon laws, and the law of to the judgment of the enlightened nature and nations. In classical reader. Suffice it to remark, that learning and the belles lettres he his library was well stored with the was by no means deficient. He magical and astrological books of was master of the Greek and Latin the last century. tongues, as well as of several mo.
I never knew any one whose dern languages. He affected not company was so universally court. elegance, either in bis Latin or ed as that of Mr. Henderson. His English style; but was happy in talents of conversation were of so a manly, perspicuous, and forci. attractive a nature, so variable ble diction, which he preferred and multiform, that he was to the empty flow of harmonious companion equally acceptable to periods. He was versed in his. the philosopher and the man of tory, grammar, and rhetoric. In the world, to the grave and the politics, he was a firm Tory, and gay, the learned and the illiterate, greatly disapproved the general ihe young and the old of both conduct of the Whig pariy. In sexes. this respect he resembled his friend
Yours, &c. C.C. Dr. Johnson.
Dr. Enfield's Sermon on the Pru. est agrs of the world. Whereas
gress of Religious Knowledge. * human nature admits of such es. Dr. ENFIELD has left the cha. sential improvement, from the racter of an elegant, accomplished coniinued lalours of individuals writer ; but there is one sermon of through a succession of genera. his, particularly, which entitles him tions, that there is not perhaps a to the higher praise of a Christian greater diference between the most Reforiner,-no discourse extant, sagacious and the most stupid ani. not excepting Dr. Priestley's on mal existing on the face of the Free Inquiry, breathing a more earth, than between the human ardent spirit of improvement, or savage, who sub-ists on the plun. more nervously and eloquently ex, der of the forest, and the ingenious pres:ing the bold speculations, the artist, or the deep-judging sage;' glowing articipations, which have, formed in the polished siate of soin all ages, animated great minds, ciety.” This sermon is 6+ On the Progress He next notices the rise of the of Religious Knowledge," and is greatest amendments in the human the first of “ Three Discourses,” condition from the smallest be. by three separate authors, (Dr. ginnings : "little did the man who Enfield, Mr. Godwin and Mr. first observed the polarity of the P. Holland,) published in one 8vo. load-stone, or be who executed volume, in the year 1780: the the first rude sketch of the art of volume is dedicated to “ Samuel printing, imagine to what valuable Shore, Esquire, of Norton Hall, purposes their respective discoDerbyshire," who (agreeably to the veries would afterwards be apprayer of the authors) still lives plied.” “ to bless his nearest connections," The author then turns to the and whose“ name and influence" proper subject of his discourse, still " support the schemes of use. the progress of religious know. fulness and benevolence,” by en- ledge ; and sketches with a beaucouraging which, in their day, he tiful pencil the history of the Di. attracted the respect of these united vine Dispensations from Adam to friends.
Moșes, from Moses to Christ, and · Dr. Enfield's text is Matt. xiii. from the establishment to the cor. 33the learen in the measures of ruption of Christianity, Here meal. The subject is introduced occurs a fine eulogium on the by some elegant remarks upon the Unitarian Reformers. difference between man and other after the first dawn of the Reform. animals in point of improvement. ation, several great men arose, who “ The bee, the ant, or the heaver possessed such strength and acute. of the present race, appears to have ness of understanding, and free. no larger portion of knowledge or dom of spirit, as to be able, at one skill, and to be capable of no effort, to separate the pure religion greater variety in its productions, of Christ from the mass of absurdi. iban the same animal in the earli. ties and superstitions, with which it had been mised; and to con. pered with moderation; and that ceive themselves, and represent they will settle into the respectato others, a system of faith so ra. ble character of rational Christional and scriptural, that all the tians.”—The pages of this work labours of modern times have done attest the preacher's sagaci. liitle to improve it. These bold. Other obstacles to the spread of innovators, however, placed theme true religion are particularizedselves on a ground so far removed in the spirit of indifference; in froin the old establishment, and slothfulness, timidity and even from the commonly received fishness. The fullowing observa. system of the reformed church, tion, found in this part of the ser. that they gained few followers, mon, is admirable: “In accomand only brought upon themselves, plishing schemes of reformation, and those who had penetration discretion should be employed to and fortitude enough to become regulate, not to restrain, the ope. their adherents, the censures and rations of courage." anathemas of those churches which The reader's heart will kindle claimed to themselves the merit of into delight at the preacher's vivid orthodoxy. By appearing at the picture of Christian ministers sus. head of a small and despised sect, taining the character of reformers. they only furnished the multitude “It is only from those who have with appellations of obloquy and established their principles on the contempt for free inquirers in firm basis of free inquiry, who succeeding ages."
are duly sensible of the importance Two causes are next specified of knowledge, particularly moral as hindering " the progress of free and religious, to the happiness of inquiry, and of its natural off. mankind--and wiio at the same spring, rational ideas on religious time possess inflexible integrity, a subjects," in later times; viz. bold and enterprising temper, and subscription to articles of faith, an invincible independence of spi. and the propensity of the vulgar rit, from whom great attempts in to mysticism and enthusiasm. the work of reformation are to be Notwithstanding these obstructions expected. Such men, instead of however, the preacher represents timidly keeping out of the way of the cause of truth as surely, though danger by insisting wholly un gegradually, advancing, and expa. neral truths, or on a nearer aptiates, with an unusual spirit of proach to the ground of contro. eloquence, upon the happy signs versy, making a cowardly retreat of the times. He prophecies of the behind a set of phrases of doubtful Methodists, that when the rage meaning, will avow and support, of novelty is over, and the heat of with all plainness and frankness, passion is abated, many who now whatever they judge to be impordespise the name of reason, will tant and seasonable truths. They listen to her still small voice;' will not think it sufficient that they that their present blind attachment barely teach no error, but will to their leaders will give way to esteem it their duty to assist their the desire of knowledge and love hearers in searching after truth, of truth; that their zeal will be and establishing rational principles directed by judgment, and tem- of religion and morals. Having
Enfield's Sermon on the Progress of Religious Knowledge. 295 dared to conceive the great idea of lung established errors ; let them reformation, they will dare to at- pursue their researches after truth tempt the execution. Fortified in with an ardent, liberal and cou. the consciousness of their upright rageous spirit.
On doubuul quesand benevolent intentions, they are tions let them suspend their judy. prepared to receive with equal in- ment, till they have passed, by difference, the cautious advice of the slow gradations of patient the timid, the ridicule of the licen- thinking, from uncertainty 10 ratious, the scorn of the vulgar, the tional conviction : and let them indignation of bigois, and the per. submit without hesiiation to the secution of tyrants. If they should authority of reason, wherever her have the misfortune to be anathe, decisions can be clearly ascertain. matized as heretics, for the very erd, even though they should be virtues for which many an orthu- obliged to surrender some of their dox martyr has been caronized, favourite opinions, and to suffer They will console ihemselves with the ordium of opprobrious appellathe reflexion, that the censures of tions. Let noi any timid appremen cannot destroy the merit of hension of the danger of innova. their character, and with the hope tion-let not a spirit of indifference that the good seed which they have under the specious disguise of sown with so much labour and moderation, induce them to prac. hazard, will not perish in the tise themselves, or to expect from ground."
their ministers, a quiet acquies. This animating representation cence in prevailing prejudices and of the duty of ministers, is fol. errors, which they judge to be lowed by a forcible appeal to the injurious to the interests of virtue laity :-" While ministers of reli- and religion. Iu full confidence gion thus strenuously exert them that truth and happiness can never selves for the propagation of truth be at variance, let them be always and religion in the world, let wise ready to allow, as well as to take, and good men of every class unite an unlimited latitude in argument, to atford them their hearty coun. and give every possible encouragetenance and steady support. ment to free inquiry.” Shaking off that lethargic spirit of The exhortation is then applied indifference to the progress of particularly to Protestant dissent. knowledge, virtue and happiness, ing congregations; and the disa which is the natural offspring of course thus concludes, maintainan uncultivated understanding and ing to the last'its title to be proa selfish temper; alike disdaining, nounced one of the best sermons tamely to submit their judgment to in the English tongue:--Finally, the authority of ecclesiasticguides, let both ministers and people hear. or blindly to follow the track tily unite their endeavours to re. marked out by their ancestors; store the original purity and simand boldly daring, under the di. plicity of Christian doctrine, and rection of reason, to advance, even to rescue Christian worship from by untrodden paths, into the re. every incumbrance or disgrace, gions of new opinions, and to draw which priestcraft or fanaticism has aside the veil of mystical sanctity, brought upon it: always rememwhich prejudioe has spread over bering that it is more consistent