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296 Extract from a Theological Correspondence. with the true spirit of Christianity, Extract from a Theological Cor. the great author of which was, in

respondence. the most respectable sense of the Sir, appellation, a reformer, to be The following extract from a ever ready to encourage and pro. correspondence between a lady mote improvements in religious and a doctor in divinity of the opinions and practices, than to be church of England, seems to me rigidly tenacious of ancient tenets to deserve a place in your excel. and forms, merely because they lent Repository, and may serve as are such: and that in the words an answer to all persons who wish of a good writer*) • It is an honest, to recommend defences of the un impartial, and unprejudiced free- and anti-scriptural word used by dom of thinking and discoursing the sectarians of Rome, England, uport all subjects whatever, con- and Scotland, in their addresses to ducted with humility, decency the Divinity. and information, which ought to " I feel myself much honoured distinguish the religion of a Chris- by your releriing me to so valua. tian from that of all the world be. ble a work, as there is no quessides. In this manner it may be tion in my mind of your's being; hoped that the friends of truth, but I must be allowed to decline virtue and religion will unite to the reference. Till I find the carry forwards the good work of word Trinity in the Bible, it is a reformation. Nor shall it be matter of indifference to me what doubted, that their united efforts any person explains the word to will produce the most glorious and mean. Its theory formed no part happy effects. Yes, I will foretel of the system of religion which my (and may it please the great Lord lord and master Christ laughi me, of Nature to fulfil the prediction), and what any person in after ages that the cloud which was once ingeniously but fancifully may 'no bigger than a man's hand,' choose to suppose that he compreshall at length spread over the bends its' explanation to be, can whole heavens, and water every be of no authority or importance region of the earth with the dews to me.” of heavenly wisdom ; that truth An ingenious writer has lately, shall at last triumph over error, I perceive, observed the improcharity over persecution, and re- propriety of using the word Trinity ligion and virtue over prophane. when an English word may be so ness and immorality; that all the much better substituted for it, and nations of the world, subjected to is a true translation of the word the laws of truth and righteous. Trinitas, namely Threeness; and ness, shall become the spiritual hence he recommends the follow. kingdom of God; and that the ing reading. “O holy, blessed, whole earth shall be one holy tem- and glorious Threeness, three perple consecrated unto the Lord. sons and one God.” Threeness Amen."

in Oneness is certainly more intel. ligible to an Englishman than

Trinity in Unity. I remaíı), Sir, * Sec Squire's Indiffereace for Religion your constant reader, Incxcusable, $ 2.

ACHOUDA.

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« Nolo Episcopari.have suffered our good to be evil SIR,

spoken of As a farther illustration of Nolo

VERBUM SAT. Episcopari, I would refer your Epitaph on Mrs. H. Williams. correspondent who made inquiry Stranger, or friend! with silent steps respecting it, to a passage in and slow, Chandler's Life of Bishop Wayne Who wanderese pensive thro' this halflete, as quoted in a late number

low'd gloom,

Muse on the fleeting date of bliss below, of the Monthly Review.-" The

And mark, with reverence due, Eliza's sub.prior and another monk were tomb. deputed to wait on Waynflete at For 'tis not pride that rears this sculpEton college, with the news of

tur'd stone, his election. From sincere reluc. To spread the honours of heraldic fame; tance, or a decent compliance Here love connubial pours the plaintive with the fashion of the times, he And dews, with bitter tears, Eliza's protested often and with tears, name. and could not be prevailed on to Herc sad remembrance fondly loves to undertake the office to which he dwell, was called, until they found him, And wrings with woc a widow'd husabout sun-set, in the church of while aye she points to the dark narrow St. Mary, when he consented,

cell, saying, He would no longer re- Where the cold ashes of Eliza rest. sist the divine will." S. P.

Stranger, or friend ! hast thou a part

ner dear?

Go, press her closer to thy aching heart :
Epitaph,

With silent wing the moment hastens

near, SIR, Oct. 1, 1811.

The dreadful moment, when ye too The following epitaph appears must part! worthy to be known beyond the circulation of the curious book to Calvinistic Doctrine of Atone. which it is annexed. It was pub

ment. lished in 1807, by Mr. Jobnes, SIR, May 5, 1812. in a dedication of "The 'Travels Your * Old Correspondent," of Bertrandon de la Brocquire,in p. 230, of the present vol, apto the memory of his sister, Mrs. pears to have been satisfied with Hanbury Willians, who died in his stage coach repartee, more 1806. Mr. J. attributes this than, in justice, he ought to have epitaph on his sister to his friend, been, I have heard many Cal. the Rev. Mr. Shepherd, of Gate- vinistic sermons, and have read

May I be allowed, with. not a few of the writings, both oul offence, to regret that the abstruse and popular, of that very ingenious author, a Christiau description of Christians; but I teacher, not unworthy of the have never met with any expres. name, should have been here con. sion of sentiment, even among tented without advancing a step the wildest and least judicious of beyond the pulvis et umbra sumus them which would justify, the of a Pagan poet. Such omissions interpretation put by your correshave been too common among us pondent on their doctrine of para rational Christians, and thus we don of sin through a meritorious VOL. VII.

9 Q

acre.

.

298

Calvinistic Doctrine of Atonement. atonement. There may be some adduce, as no slight evidence of daring Antinomians, who are ig- what I have advanced, a passage norant and vicious enough to rea. from a very respectable and able son in the manner which he justly work recently published, Dr. Wilreprobates; but it is sufficiently liams's Defence of Modern Calvin. known that all the proper Calvin. ism. ists disavow the sentiments, the “ We also maintain, that a true spirit, and the practice, of such and lively faith is productive of persons.

good works, as a good tree bringÍ am not explaining, or ado eth forth good fruit; and that its ducing evidence for, the doctrine character may be best known to in question : my only object is to us by its effects; but surely, as plead for a fair and equitable cone a cause is distinct from its effects, struction of it. Whether it be as a good tree differs from its fruits, held as stated by such authors as and a principle in the mind from Tomkins, Ritchie, Price, Fuller its operations, so a good faith is a and Magee, or in the high and different thing from good works, (in my humble apprehension) un- and therefore should neither be ienable sense of Gill and Brine, identified nor confounded. But or in any intermediate method of though Calvinists avoid this, they explication, — all dispassionate are in the constant habit of in. men must admit, that the believers sisting, that a fruitless faith is not of the doctrine of Atonement uni. saving. They urge the importance formly maintain it as a scheme of of good works ou several accounts; rectitude and mercy, to secure in. for they know that God requires violate the honour of the Divine Per- universal obedience - that they fections, and to restore sinful men are well pleasing to God-that to HOLINESS and felicity. Does Christians are justified and renew. not the 6 Old Correspondent” ed, in order that they may walk know that, according to Calvinists in them unto all pleasing-hat and those who, in this point, near. they are profitable unto menly coincide with them, faith in that Christ is the author of eternal Christ is the condition sine qua salvation to them that obey him non of pardon ; and that no faith and that they are bound, in duty is held to be efficacious but that and in gratitude, to observe all which operates in the production things whatsoever Christ has com, and preservation of righteousness manded. They reprobate with and holiness, sincere, universal, warmth a dead faith, and incul. and constant? Is it not a com. cate with earnestness charity and mon topic in their sermons and all other virtues and good deeds,'as practical writings, that, should a indispensable towards forming the man reason as your correspondent Christian character. represents them to reason, it would “They are taught by experience, indicate a state of mind destruc- as well as by scripture, that except tive of any rational hope that he they abide in Christ by faith, was a pardoned and happy cha. they cannot glorify God by bringracter ?

ing forth much fruit; yea, that If it is not trespassing too much they can do nothing,'--nothing on your pages, I beg permission to that deserves the name of Chris

tian obedience, or acceptable ser- plauded, any effort to strengthen vice. They know that without it by abuse is to be condemned; faith, it is impossible to please and I cannot avoid suspecting, God, as well as that the faith that your “Ok Correspondent" which is dead and not productive bas chosen this subject, not for the of holy obedience is unavailable purpose of vindicating the rights both for salvation hereafter and for of the Catholics, but to cast an justification in this life. Calvinists odium upon another sect of christ. are persuaded that we should be ians--the Calvinists, by misreprecareful and strenuous to maintain senting their doctrinal sentiments, good works, and to discharge all In reply to an objection, made personal and relative duties; that by a gentleman in the " stage no sin should have dominion over coach," to the Catholics being fully us, and that we should have no fel. tolerated, on the ground that their lowship with the unfruitful works priests had the power to absolve of darkness, but rather reprove them from their oaths, your “ Old them. They seek for glory, and Correspondent” remarked, “There honour, and immortality, by pa- are other professors of christianity tient continuance in well.doing.” more dangerous to society than pp. 109-111.

the Catholics, taking the matter I am, Sir,

up on your own ground; I mean Yours respectfully, those who maintain that whatever VICINUS. crimes they commit, they have

only to confess them, and to beCalvinistic Doctrine of Atonement. lieve that another person was pu

Lundon, May 9, 1812. nished in their stead, and by his SIR,

righteousness they are made per. Every friend to civil and religi. fectly righteous, and are perfectly ous liberty, must acquiesce in the safe: God will behold nu unrigh general sentiment in favour of that teousness in them,” &c. important measure,—the emanci. On perusing this passage, I con. pation of the Catholics; and it fess, sir, my curiosity was raised to will consequently give them plea. know what class of “ professors of sure to perceive the numerous ad- christianity' your correspondent vocates that have come forward in alluded to; I had not the most behalf of that injured class of the distant idea that the Calvinists community, by means of the press. were the “ mark aimed at.” My The thanks of all liberal-minded indignation was roused against persons are due to you, sir, for the these, as I imagined, new promany excellent pieces with which fessors,” which your

66 Old Cor. you have favoured the public, from respondent” had exposed. But time to time; and it is to be this was soon changed to another hoped, that at no distant period, sentiment, when I arrived at the your

endeavours, in common with conclusion of the article, where the other supporters of religious your correspondent avows that the liberty, will be crowned with suc. theological creed of the gentleman

beforementioned, was the "mark,'' But, however every attempt of at which he had “aimed” this individuals, by fair argument, to mighty “stroke.” This gentlepromote such a cause is to be ap- man, he had previously informed

cess.

300

Bark.Money. us was a Calvinist; and conse. foundation, even on the rock Christ, quently the whole body of that I entirely concur with your cor. sect was included in it.

respondent, as to the futility of Toendeavour, therefore, to resist the objection against the Catholics a wrong impression which may before-mentioned; but surely the possibly be made on some of your Catholic cause can be defended readers, respecting the religious without having recourse to misrecreed of so large a portion of pro. presentation and falsehood. fessing christians, I beg leave to ob I remain, Sir, serve, that the account, as given Your constant Reader, of it by your “ Old Correspon.

A CALVINIST. dent,” in his "

stage.coach con. versation," is false. The Calvi.

Bark Money. nists do not “ maintain that wbat. SIR, ever crimes they commit, they have Though your pages are dedica. only to confess them, and believe ted to much more important conthat another person was punished cerns, than the financial arrange. in their stead, and that by his ments of a kingdom, yet as the righteousness they are made per- nature of paper-money is, by the fectly righteous, and are perfectly circumstances of the times, forced safe.” They do, indeed, consider upon every man's consideration, their own righteousness of so little the following document relative to account, that they cannot depend it may deserve attention. The upon it for everlasting felicity; and middle bark of the mulberry tree therefore apply to the fountain served the purpose of paper in Enge open for sin and uncleanness," and land, but the difference between depend upon the righteousness of the two systems consisted in this, 6. Him who was made sin for" that the government of the country them, “ who knew no sin, that” in the East, derived all the advan. they “ might be the righteousness tage of its bark-money, whereas of God in him;" but at the same in our country the profits, and time, they are of opinion that re. immense they are, are enjoyed by pentance and an abhorrence of sin, the proprietors of the Bank, and are as absolutely necessary to sal- the bankers of country towns, by vation as faith; an

those who whom the paper money is issued. abhor sin, I should apprehend, are Should any of your readers happen not " dangerous to society.” to be in possession of any farther

Your " Old Correspondent," information respecting this bark. may, perhaps, consider himself as money, namely, as to the mode possessed of every virtue in its high- of its fabrication, the preventives est degree; though some, from the from forgery, its gradual effects specimen here given, may not have on the kingdom, and its present a very exalted idea of bis candour state; I shall be obliged to them or veracity. He may feel consci. to communicate it, through your ous of superior worth and excel. Repository, or inform me from lence, and may place his trust in what quarter I may derive it. his own righteousness. I envy him I remain not his security: I would rather

Your constant reader, mine should be placed on a firmer

PHILO.CHRYSUS.

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