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Letters to a Student.-Letter II. this point I must refer him to my apostles gave sufficient rules for Essays on Church Discipline and the regulation of the conduct Open Communion.
of Christians is fully granted ; To his fourth question I have but that either he or they laid only to say, that I conceive all down a precise plan for the who believe that Jesus is the Christ, discipline of the church in all are so far initiated as to be entitled ages is denied; those who assert to all Christian privileges. We in- that either he or they did lay vite none to the Lord's Supper, down such a plan have only to but those who believe in Christ produce it from the New Testaand are desirous of obeying him; ment, and the question is decided. but we pretend not to decide on This article is already too long, their faith or their sincerity, we to allow of my making any par. appeal to their understanding and ticular remarks on the questions conscience, and leave them to of your correspondent P., who act according to their own con- dates from Maidstone, (see p. 34.) viction and choice. Their coming to which the gentleman to whom to the Lord's Table, is an expres. I now reply, wishes to direct sion of faith and obedience to my attention : in facı I agree Christ; their motives in coming too much with P., especially we leave to God.
in his views of the utility of bapOn his last question, it may tism, for it to be eligible for me to suffice to observe, the Unitarian make any reply to his communi. church at Glasgow is not consci. Cation ; if we differ at all, it is on
deviating from the plans baptism as a term of communion ; pursued by the apostles and primi. and I am not sure P. would con tive Christians in regard to com- tend that it ought to be made & munion ;” nor can your corres- term of communion. pondent convict that or any other I remain, Sir, church of such deviation, unless
very respectfully, he can prove that any who offered
Yours, &c. to unite with the primitive churches
R. WRIGHT. in the Lord's Supper were authori. Letters to a Student. tatively excluded.
LETTER II. I certainly am not aware that Is it too flattering to my wishes those with whom I act have “a to suppose, that after having read cant about liberality and bigotry; the preceding letter, you are ready but am persuaded the most ardent with ingenuous candour 10 ask, love of truth, and the most diligent how may I conduct myself wisely examination of the scriptures, and honourably through the scenes with a view to knowing and doing before me, and on which, as you the will of God, are perfectly con. have warned me, so much desistent with the utmost liberality, pends ? Should you be disposed and most determined opposition to make this enquiry, to bigotry: it may suit some per. My first advice will be, ever sons, who wish to be thought very entertain sentiments of respect and liberal, but are bigoted on some veneration for your tutors: genparticular point, to call an habi. tlemen, whose lives have been de. . tual opposition to bigotry in every voted to literature and science; form cant. Tbat Jesus and his gentlemen, who have made the
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different parts of literature, which Consider your tutors in this it is their respective province to light; the principle of filial virtue teach, the peculiar objects of their will be strengthened in your breast; attention and pursuit; gentlemen, their opinions will weigh with you, whose attainments have secured and your attendance on their into them a considerable share of structions will be pleasant and imreputation and fame, and promise proving. It is certain that a low to add a lasting glory to their idea of the character, literary furnames; gentlemen, whose abilities niture and talents of a tutor, and acquirements have been held will have an unhappy effect upon in high estimation, and entitled the mind, and be a bar to im. them to be called up to the chairs provement under him. It ought they fill, by those who must be therefore, never to be taken up, supposed to be better acquainted but on the most indisputable evi. with their merits than your oppor. dence, nor to be entertained but tunities or discernment can be al. on the fullest conviction. Nay, lowed to render you: gentlemen if any unfavourable or unamiable coming under such recommenda- peculiarities of temper, or defitions, have a strong and indispu. ciencies in any particular branch table claim to your high respect. of knowledge should give occasion You ought to look up to them with for it, it is wise, as well as can. a veneration similar to what you did, to call in every consideration, feel, similar to what you pay tv which can be drawn from other the names of the sages of Greece parts of his character, or from his and Rome, to an Aristotle, a So- attainments in other branches of crates, a Plato, or Cicero. You his knowledge to counteract the can scarcely carry your respect depreciating estimate which some tno high, provided you endeavour particular circumstances may pro. to preserve the independence of duce. For by these means his your mind on any human autho- authority will preserve some hold rity. Their claims to your re- on the mind, which is of the ut. spect are strengthened by the ad. most importance to the student vanced years to which they have himself, to secure his obedience to attained, and by the superiority of discipline and his attention to the posts wbich they fill.
study. On every ground, reverence to Let sentiments of respect for a tutors is the first academical duty. tutor be cherished; it will have a It ranks next in obligation to filial happy and useful influence on the reverence; and will certainly be mind of the academic. He will paid by every modest, ingenuous be disposed from the expectation and virtuous mind. The tutor in- of advantage, as well as from a deed is to be considered as invest. sense of propriety and duty, to ed with a kind of parental autho. attend lectures with regularity and rity; he is in the place of a parent constancy. This is a point of and acts by a power delegated to great importance, not only on him by the parent. The regards account of the improvement, which you pay to him are testi. which may be derived from a sin. monies of respect and gratitude to gle lecture, and which by absence the parent who has transferred his would be lost; but tó form a own authority to him.
habit of regular assiduity, which
Letters to a Student.-Letter II. commencing with an attendance lessness or perverseness of servants, on public lectures, will extend its the table is liable. Your resi. influence to the whole manage- dence is but of a transient nature; ment of time and studies. Besides, and in a house, in which you are a young man cannot frequently not to take up a long abode, you and on slight pretences, absent may with more reason be expected himself from lecture without in, to exercise so much self-command ducing a suspicion of secret dis. and benevolence as, in little things, respect to the professor, or of idle. to bear and forbear. ness and of indifference to his own
I am, Your, &c. progress in knowledge. It disgraces the student himself and On Matt. xvI. 18. undermines the authority of the The Gates of Hell,(Hades) shall tutor. It is a practice disreputa- not preruil against it. “HADES, ble and mischievous; where it is here translated, Hell, is generally connived at, science and know- used to signify the invisible man. ledge can never advance. Igno. sion of departed spirits, good or miny, and, as the last remedy, ex. bad. But the ancient heathens pulsion, and not a pecuniary mulci, did not think, that all departed should be the punishment of it. souls were in Hades; three sorts
With one of your tutors, with of the dead were thought to be him who provides the commons, kept out of that mansion, viz, your connection reaches beyond the Insepulti, the Auri, and the the lecture room; and draws after Biæothanati, che souls of them that it an obligation, with respect to were after buried, till their funeral your deportmeni in his house and at rites were performed; the souls of his table. It is not enough that, such as died an untimely death, in this case, you behave with ge- until the time that their natural neral respect; the comfort of a death should come ; and the souls tutor and the harmony of the fa- of such as died a violent death for mily are much affected by an easi- their crimes, creditum est insepul. ness of disposition, with regard to tos, non ante ad inferos redigi, the accommodations of the house, quam justa perceperint, Tertullian and the articles of the table. A de Anima, c. 56. fastidious taste, on these points, is Quiere, whether this might no tbe beneath the young philosopher, one reason for inserting in the an. much more the young divine. It cient Creed, " after the article of cannot be always gratified, and our Saviour's burial, that of his must expuse those who indulge it descent into Hell, or Hades; to to perpetual uneasiness. Should signify to the heathens, who had things be not perfectly agreeable, the aforesaid apprehensions, that it may be of use in future life, to though our Lord died a violent have been inured to some instan. death, yet he descended or passed ces of self denial, and to have pre- into Hades, and was not excluded served a good temper under cir. thence, because he did not die for cumstances which ruffle some any offence of his own." minds. You will, iny friend, make Dr. CLEGG's Sermon, at the allowances, for the difficulties at- ordination of Mr. John Holland, tendant ou the arrangements of a jun. at Chesterfield, in Derby. large family, and for the accidents shire, August 11th, 1736, p. 7, 8. to which, either through the care. Note.
"Still pleased to praise, yet not afraid to blame.”
Art. 1.- Select Psalms in Verse, those, too, devotional, which give
with Critical Remarks by Bishop general satisfaction: such are the Lowth and others, illustrative of Psalms of David, from which the the Beauties of Sacred Poetry, anonymous editor of the volume London, Printed for Hatchard, before us, has made a selection 1811. Small 8vo. pp. 288, which, we think, must gratify rea.
Poetical devotion more frequent. ders in whom elegance of taste and ly pleases than Dr. Samuel John, a spirit of piety are united. We son* was willing to admit: and his propose to accompany him through reasoning against it, is founded on his Preface, his Biographical Noverbal definitions, rather than on
tices, and his Extracts from his any real discordancy in the two
favourite poets and critics. It may ideas. It must, at the same time,
be necessary to premise that as his be acknowledged, that there exists selection is obviously intended for as to the merit of several composi, have a constant view to this dis, a considerable diversity of opinion, private use, and not for social wor.
ship, our reinarks upon it will tions which claim to be devotional
tinction. poems. Nor, perhaps, can we so. well account for this variety of sen.
Being convinced that a very timent as by refering it, for the large proportion of the Psalms most part, to the difference and have never yet had justice done to the force of our early associations, the beauties of their poetry, by any Many of the habits of our child. of their numerous translators, he hood and youth, exercise a sway, had undertaken, of exhibiting a
desisted from the task, which he unperceived by ourselves, over our judgments no less than over our
coinplete metrical version of this
book. He has therefore only sen manners. Hence, probably, ari. ses the attachment of men to cer
lected such as he thought most tain poetical productions, which worthy of the public eye ; --many have little or nothing to recom
of them well known and justly admend them, on the score of intrin, mired, some taken from our older sic excellence. This fact, we con. poets, and a few from MSS in the
British Museum. From Lowth's ceive, hest explains Mr. Addison's predilectiont for the old ballad of Lectures on Sacred Poetry he proChevy Chase, and the zeal with fesses to hive made frequent quo. which Bp. Hurdt has vindicaied tations: he regrets that Dr. Geddes the unnatural chorus of the Gre.
did not live to finish his translation
of the Psalms; and he adds some There are poems,
account of the MSS which himself
has used, and offers critical obser. * Works, (Murphy's Edit.) Vol. IX.
vations which display the delicacy, 274–277 † Spectator, Nos. 70, 74.
and correctness of his judgment. Hurd's Horace, Vok, I. 129, &c. 5th ed. There follows an historical sketch
Review.--Select Psalms in Verse. of the Old Version (Sternhold's, taking, and often perceive the skill &c.) extracted from Mr. Ellis's and taste and beauty, if we do not Specimens of early English Poets. meet with the sublimity and rapIn the Cutalogue Raisonné of tures of a poet.
We have a strong “ those who have translated the objection, we confess, to any a. whole Book of Psalms,” occurs the nomalous measures in serious poe. name of Henry King, Bishop of try. it might be shewn from ex. Chichester. He was the friend of amples afforded by our versifiers, Dr. Donne; and further particu. and by writers of a yet higher lars of him, as well as more spe- rank, that they give a great facility cimens of the poetry of Dr. S. to incoherence of ideas, to the ex. Woodford, may be seen in 1. Wal. clusion of sense, and sometimes of ton's Lives, fc. and in the in. grammar, for sound.* structive notes subjoined to that The translation of the eighth work, by its learned editor. The Psalm by C. Pitt, is truly excel. contrast between Sir J. Denham's lent, though, perhaps, more para. happier productions and bis trans. phrastical than was to be wished. lation of the Psalms, was ihus de. Merrick's version of the same scribed by Watts.
Psalm, is also very meritorious, “The bard that climbed to Cowper's and would not have disgraced this hill,
selection : we prefer it to his ex. Reaching at Zion, shamed his skill."
ecution of the tenih, which has a Of Watts himself, in the cha. place in these pages. 'The thir. racter of a translator, this editor teenth is given as rendered by the has not formed the most favoura- late Dr. Cotton. Concerning this ble opinion : with few exceptions, gentleman, the world has known we subscribe to the decision, that something more, since the publi. his Psalms are commended far be. cation of Hayley's Life of Cowper. yond their real merits: we believe We are able to add that his life that the fact is owing to the early was pious, that his manners were associations of which we have be. attractive, that he had the talent fore spoken; and we agree with of engaging, in particular, the af. Mr. Cottle, who is here quoted, fection of young persons, thatall his that it is a violation of terms to writings were directed to the most call that a version which, rightly useful objects, and that he brought denominated, is no other than a up a large family, the offspring of collection of hymns, or divine two marriages, with much suc. poems, founded upon
the Psalms.” cess. His versions of the thirTo Merrick, we consider the edi. teenth and forty-second Psalms tor as in some degree unjust. It first appeared, if we mistake not, is true that this translator is ra. in a periodical work, entitled The ther elegant than furcible, that his Visitor, which was said to be edited version has too much of a classi. by Dr. Dodd. cal air and style, and that his We here meet with the nine. metres are frequently reprehensi. teenth Psalm, as might be expectble. But, though we dislike his translation of the Psalms, as a
* On this subject see Mason's Gray, whole, we regard him as singularly (1778) Vol I, 136-137, and Stewart's happy in some parts of his under- (D.) Elements, &c. 383–384 (2d. ed.).