Imatges de pÓgina

according to the newspapers, nas prosess. ing the infidel to use his own arms, in ed himself to be a sincere Christian; his attack urun Christianity. The inbut a sincere Christian must bend to the formation of the Attorney General were authori'y of Christ, and though a man properly treated as bars to all free in. should cal the Chris:ian religion a fable, quiry, and his inconsistency was shewn, its author an impostor, and its teachers by his sanction of the poem of Lu retius, designing and interested villaini, (as mul- which was an attack against all religion, titudes have done, emperors, kings, whereas the book before the court was princes, priests, the great, the rich, and against only a peculiar mode of it. The the learned) the sincere Christian hears Christian charity of the judges was ap. the reproaches with sorrow for those, plied to with peculiar energy, for though from whose mouth it comes, and does the arm of the law, grasped at the thin. not retort, either by bad language, or ders of he ven, it would be impotent to what is worse, by penalties, imprison- convince, it was powerful on y to destroy. ments, fortures of death These were the bookseller was remanded to prison, the instruments of infidels against Chris- and ordered to be brought up for judg. tians: if Christians use these instru- ment in the next week, when he was senments, because they now have power in terced to eighteen months imprisonment, their hands, we say to them as Christ and to stand in the pillory. said to his erring apostles, • Ye know A circumstance of this kind would not what spirit ye are of.'

naturally produce very litele sensation. The book e ler has been brought up The object was an individual in an obfor judgment, and put in the affidavits scure situation, and the higher ranks of five re pectable persons, as to his cha- who entertain the sentiments of Hume, racter, and be himself stated, that he Gibbons, Voltaire, Dupuis, &c. &c. had no evil intention or design against were not likely to intercede for one, the public peace, in publishing his book, who was disseminating their puinciples which he did not conceive to be to the in a form not sufficiently reined. But dishonour of God-that he had errono- other events, and those of a most melanously believed ic to be the right of all choly nature, called forth all the pubpersons, to discuss the authenticity of any lic attention. Assassination is a crime, pa ssages in the holy scriptures-that he from which the English character turns was born and bred, and continued in with abhorrence, yet the instances of the Chu ch of England, and endeavoured it of late have too ofien grieved our to live in charity with all meil—that he hearts. Private wrongs, real or prewas sixty years of age, afflicied with a tended, have armed the hands of En. cough and very infirm, anu prayed the glishmen, in a manner, which has been me cy of the court, in pity to the errors long the reproach of the 1 alians : but and intrinities of human judgment in one case the individual gloried in his

Mr. Prince Smiih addressed the act, and did not attempt to escape from court in a most able manner, in mitiga. the hands of justice. In the north, the tion of punishnient, shewing the state assassins have, notwithstanding great of the world under Popish laws against rewards for their detection, escaped enquiry, and pointing out that the court hitherto undiscovered. These wretched was the guardian of the morals of the men commit murder from reveage, as people, not the keeper of their souls : some of their contederacy have been killed and the enquiry now was, how far the in their outrages against private property, public morals might be injured and the and others have been consigned to the public peace in aded by the dissemina- hands of ustice. The confederacy is of iion of the principles contained in this an abominable nature, waging, war book. Great lit. cude had fori eily veen a ainsi che improvement of machinery, allowed in discussing opinions, and at by which their districts have hitherto this sime there were upwards of forty flourished, and notwithstanding tempo. mllion's of the kings sub ects, who be- rary distress it is certain that the chief lieved Christunity to be a fable, and instituters in the tumultuous proceedings whose faith was founded on an incarna- are the le ist atiecied by it. Governtion eight hundred years older than ment has sent a very strong military Moses. He brought instances of divines force to protect the immense property usin, a great latitude of ensuiry respect. employed in manufacture, and a coma ing the prophecies, and amon, then the mission has been issued to try the infafather of the Lord Chief Justice, allow. tuated rioters.


State of Public Affairs, But the assassination, more generally for he was a very serious member of the felt from the higher rank of the suffering establishment, and in writing. His forparty, owed its origin to wrongs real or titude did not forsake him to the last, pretended, which were confined cxtirely for previous to his execution, on the to the person, who performed the act, third day after his condemnation, just and these grew out of commercial trans- before he stepped on the scaffold, he was actions in the Russian empire. A mere examined by the Lord Mayor and Shechant there, by name Bellingham, had a riffs, in the presence of a numher of perdispute relative to his business, which sons, before whom he justified the act, being refered to arbitration was given and denied the concurrence of any acagainst him, and it ended in his being complice. He looked upon death as a thrown into prison. He conceived, that haven from his troubles and was launchthe English embassador and consul ed into eternity, without betraying a were not sufficiently attentive to his symptom of reinorse, or losing at any complaints, and he came to England time his fortitude. with this idea strong in his mind, im Thus were completed the days of this pressed deeply by the indignities he had extraordinary character, which manifestsuffered and heightened by a derange- ed powers, that had they been exercised ment, to which he appears to have been in a good co.use, would have called forth subject. Here he laid his complaints all our commiseration, all our praise. before ministers, members of parliament, It shews how strangely may be combined and the bow-street officers, but no in the human mind, the feelings of reliwhere obtained that attention, to which gion and the basesc passions of ihe heart. he thought himself entitled. Hence he Little had this unhappy man attended to formed the idea of sacrificing a public the precepts of religion. • Vengeance is man to his resentment, with a confused mine, and I will repay, saith the Lord:' notion of teaching them their duty; and and how could he reconcile in his pious it fell to the lot of the first minister to re- moments, his conduct with that of our ceive the fatal blow. He was coming into Saviour, under mors trying circumstanthe lobby of the House of Commons, ces, whose charge to us to love our when he received a pistol shot, the ball enemies, to bless those who persecute us, piercing his heart: and advancing only had been exehanged for the unchristian, a step or two he fell, and expired in a and unhallowed passion of revenge. Let few minutes.

the duellist, who in a similar manner Having perpetrated the act, Belling- sends his adversary to the tribunal of his ham retired to a seat behind, where he Creator, reflect upon the danger of giving was siezed soon after, with a very un- way unto wrath; and that he frequently necessary degree of violence, for he did has not so much to say in palliation of not betray the slightest wish to escape, his crime, as the wretched man, who has nor did he make any resistance. After expiated his offence by the hand of the an examination, in which he confessed executioner. the fact, and corrected with great cool. The sudden death of Mr. Perceval, Dess, the evidence of some of the wite naturally occasioned a very great sensanesses, he was committed to Newgate, tion in all ranks of people, though in and four days after was brought to his some places the news of it was received trial. In prison, and at the bar, he ma- with joy, as he was looked upon as the nifested the same firmness of mind, re- author and supporter of these evils, jecting the plea, that had been set up for under which the manufacturers were him of insanity, complaining of the in- suffering. Yet in his private character, juries he had sustained in Russia, and of a; a father, a husband, and a friend, no the neglect of government towards him, one was more sincerely lamented. The both at home and abroad, and justifying House of Commons shewed the sense his act, in which he maintained that they entertained of his loss, by a most there was no peculiar malice against the enormous grant, no less than an annuity unhappy object, who fell a victim to the of iwo thousand a year to his widow, a neglect of goveroment in doing justice. thousand a year to his eldest son during The sentence of death he received with her life, and afterwards two thonsand a the utmost composure, which he retain- year during his own life, and tfty thoued during the trying interval to the time sand pounds to his children. We are at of execution, which was employed in a loss in looking for services, which pious conversation and acts of devotion, particularly in the present state of the

country, can justify such a grant. Re- the established sect, and on this its time spectable as he was in private life, he would be better employed, than in does not appear, in bis public character, wasting its «fforts in vain attempts to to have any great claim for public re- prevent the influence of a society, which gard. His want of liberality in matters has the noislest ends in view, the diffu. of religion and his participation in the sion of the light of the gospel, and the abuses which are as notoricus as the removal or alleviation of party differsun at noon day, would be a blot upon ences. a character that had the highest claims

The Lancasterians have also had a to respect : but however fit for a subor- meeting and a dinner, the latter graced dinate part, he was, as Marquis Welles. by the presence of two Royal Dukes, ley properly observed, totally out of his one in the chair, and a great number of element in the office of premier. the nobility. Nothing could be more

By the death of Mr. Perceval, an end pleasing to a liberal mind than to witness was put to his administration. A nego- the union of birth, talents and wealth in ciation was entered into with Marquis the promotion of this nohle scheme for Wellesley and Mr. Canning to join it, giving instruct on to the lower classes. to which they bo‘h, with great dignity The Bellians could not find any rational and propriety, refused to accede, and a ground for complaint in this meeting ; vote of the House of Commons frustrat. for their exclusive system was treated ed the attempt of the feeble remains of with great respect, and we cannot but administration to patch up a ministry by augur well for the country from the themselves, and a few feeble adherents, rivalry which prevails between the two who were willing to run the risque of parties. It will make them both more managing the state. A motion was alert in their respective departments, made for an address to the Prince to and the established sect will probably form an efficient administration, which soon discover the folly of adhering to was carried by a roajority of four against the system they have laid down, of atthe ministry, and to this address the tending so much to human formularies, Prince returned a gracious answer. At particularly that catechism of their's, this moment of writing, the arrange- which is unfit for the education of chil. ments are not completed; but it is ex- dren as it is unintelligible to the learned. pectod that Marquis Wellesley will be The established sect the premier, and Mr. Capning, Lord Hol- system of Bell against that of Lancaster ; land and Lord Erskine, the latter as but something was wanting to oppose to lord chancellor, will be received into the the Bible Society. This defect is now cabinet. Earl Moira is said to be in- to be supplied by a and tended for Ireland. A vigorous admi. Homily Society. When we read the nistration is evidently to be formed; advertisement for this meeting, we al. and, at any rate, from what we have most were led to think it intended as seen of Lord Wellesley, he is freed from a banter upon the establishment; but those narrow and bigoted views of to- the signature of a very re pectable cler. leration which disgraced the Perceval syman prevented us from looking upon administration.

it in that light; and in our next we From this melancholy subject we turn shall probably have to announce some to others, on wh:ch, if our limits al- of their proceedings. An extensive cir. lowed, we could dilate with great plea- culation of the Book of Homilies will sure. The Bible Suciety has had a meeto tend to shew the state of religious opinion ing very numerously attended, and peers at the time of what is called the Reform. and prelates vied with each other in ation, or what ought rather to be called manifestations of respect for the sacred the separation from the sect of Rome: scriptures and the propriety of diffusing for it must never be forgotten, that in as widely as possible the light of truth, the main articles of fai h, and in the The opposition excited by Dr. Marsh three creeds, the two sects agree, and has evidently produced very little effect. both stand equally in need of reforma. The Bible is triumphant; and we hope tion. that it will produce the proper effect on An event in a minor sect must not pass the Prayer-book, by giving to the latter unnoticed. A very respectable member more of consistency with that original, of the Quakers has been disowned by vis on which its claims to respect are found body for being an Unitarian, that is, ed. This, however, is the business of for 'holding the opinions, for which


State of Public Affairs. William Penn, the glory of the sect, in both houses, and the bigots have been suffered persecution, and which he bas so comple:ely defeated in argument. so o bly vindicated in his work, enti. Abroad, the chief feature is the jourtled, The Sandy Foundation Shaken. ney of Buonaparte from Paris to join his How the Quakers can permit this book armies on the Vistula. The Russians to have a place in iheir publications, are prepared to receive him, and by our and at the same time disown a member for next, some important nens of this grand being a Unitarian, we cannot reconcile conflict may be expected. The great to their principles. Where have they conqueror natur lly looks for success to formed their new creed? Whence have the number and excellence of his troops, they derived an attachment to that and apparently little hopes can be enTrinity, which William Penn has ex tertained of a v gorous resistance trom a posed in the stronze-t terms, and by feelile monarch and a feeble administhe strongest scriptur-1 arguments? tration. To what new

events this This disownment is made by a single will lead time must discover. The diet meeting, and remains to be co firmied is sitting in Sweden, and the three by the general body and we trust that courts of London, Stockholm and Pe. the aggr.eved party will bring his cause tersburgh!, are approaching to a coalibefore that body, that both they and tion. the world at large may know the princi In Spair., nothing important has ocples of their religion. When we read curred. At t'adiz a grand feast has been the work of William Penn, and know given by the Spanish to the British army, the attach'nent of the Quakers to him, but i his had no effect on the French, we were at a loss to find any justification encamped within hearing of their refor this meeting, and we cannot but joicings. The integrity of the Sp.nish cons.der this disownment as the disown- monarchy, which we have agreed to ment of Williarn Penn, and not merely maintain, has received a sad blow by the of the individual member, who has been constitution of Venezuela, which has the object of this strange proceeding, reason to boast of its liberal views reIt remains tor the body at large to de- specting civil liber.y: but we are sorry termine, wiether they will adhere to to see, that it is so little enlighiened on the ne 1-fangled heresy, or a ide by the the subject of religion. The Romish scriptural refutation so ably laid down sect is declared to be not only predomiby their great founder.

nant but the only one to be allowed in The Dissenting Ministers about Lon. the new government. don have not been inactive. They have The United S ates of America hold a nobly taken up the cause of religious menacing posture, yet still we are in liberiy, and presented petitions to both hopes, that we shall not come to blows huuses of Parliament in its support, with each other. The change of ad. This measure was carried in a very large ministration will probably lead to a meering of the three denominations, and change of measures, and to a revival of we augur well from their efforts. No trade vetween the two countries. This objection was made to the principle of would seem to be a measure worthy of the petitions ; a slight difference of the statesman, to whom the reins of opinion prevailed as to the time; but government are likely to be confided; surely no time could be better than this, and, if he secures this object, he will when uch noble declarations, in favour commence his course with justly deof liberty of conscience, have been made served popularity.

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A Letter of the late Rev. Dr. the celebrity of the preacher who

James Fordyce, to his Brother dictated it. It exhibits, indeed, in London, on the Death of an example of Christian fortitude Professor David Fordyce, with in the immediate view of death, a Biographical Notice, by Dr. that claims admiration : and it Toulmin,

affords a specimen of an elevated Birmingham, April 6, 1812. resignation, that is edifying and SIR,

pleasing. Should you, Sir, look The name of Fordyce can on it with these sentiments, you scarcely be unknown to any of will be inclined to give it to the your numerous readers; as in the public, and to preserve it in your memory of many of them, it was Repository. If you judge otherthat of several eminent men, who wise of it you will let it rest with by their talents and fame, in the yourself. different departments of medicine The title of it explains the af. and theology, gave a lustre to it. flicting event which occasioned it. The letter which offers itself, with Dr. James Fordyce, the writer, this, for a place in your miscel. and Professor David Fordyce, lany, cannot fail to be interesting, were the sons of Provost Fordyce as it came from the pen of one, of Aberdeen, and both received and refers to the death of another their education at the Marischal of those gentlemen who bore the college of that city. The Propame. He who transmits it to fessor was born in 1711: the you, was allowed, as far as he re. Doctor in 1720. In 1750 the collects, to transcribe it from a Professor, who had been elected copy in the hands of a fellow slu- in 1742, to the philosophy chair dent, at the beginning of his aca- of the Marischal college, made a demical course; when the writer tour on the continent, to examine of it had preached, on his visits to the remains of ancient art at London, with distinguished popu. Rome; on his return to his native larity, to crowded audiences: and country, in the following year, this letter was handed about, in when his talents and learning had some private circles, as a curious raised the highest expectations, morceau, deriving interest from he lost his life in a storm on the its subject and sentiments, and coast of Holland. His “ DiaVOL. VII,

9 Y

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