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any of the brethren who inclined discipline of the society: and that to do it, should deliver public the elders should continue in exhortations in turn, before the office for six months, when they public discourse by the minister: should either be re-elected, or the adoption of this plan helped others chosen in their stead. to prepare the brethren to carry During this year a correspondence on the public meetings after the commenced between this society death of their pastor.
and Mr. Vidler, the minister of After the death of Mr. Purves, the Unitarian chapel in Parliament the society continued to meet re- Court, Bishopsgate Street, Lon. gularly, though they had 19 mi. don, which led to the intercourse nister, several of the members which has since taken place bepraying and delivering exhorta. tween this church and the London tions alternately; four of them Unitarian Fand committee and were appointed as persons proper its missionarics. to deliver exhortations. The ser. The society, though labouring vice was conducted as follows : under great disadvantages from the clerk began with a short the time of Mr. Purves' death, in prayer, then read and sung part 1795, having no regular minister, of a psalm, then followed a prayer nor any means of obtaining assis. by one of the brethren, next por. tance from the ministers of other tions of the Old and New Testa- congregations, kept up regular ment were read, and part of a meetings, and, in the midst of a psalm sung, then prayer and a variety of changes and great dis. short discourse by one of the four couragements, endeavoured to appointed to deliver exhortations, edify themselves, and continued to then prayer and another short bear a practical testimony to what discourse by another of the four, they believed to be the truth of then the meeting closed with God, until they were visited by prayer, singing, and a benedic- Unitarian missionaries from Eng. tion.
land, till which time they were After being some time without denominated Universalists, a pastor, it was resolved that one doctrine of the universal restora. of the brethren should administer tion being their most distinguish. the Lord's supper.
ing sentiments: as to the Trinity In February 1797, it was agreed, they continued to maintain the after mature deliberation, that a Arian bypothesis. The first mis. president should be elected in the sionary who visited them was society every three months whose Mr. Lyons, in the year 1808, but business should be to superintend being able to stop but one day, their affairs as a society, and de. but little could be effected, espe. liver two discourses every Lord's cially as a heavy rain prevented day.
many persons from hearing him. In the year 1799, after much In 1809, they were visited by deliberation, it was resolved that Mr. Wright, who preached many two elders should be chosen to discourses among them. Mr. conduct the public worship, give Lyons revisited them in 1810, public instruction, administer the and much instructed and edified ordinances, and superintend the them by his conversation, and
Researches of the German Literati. several excellent discourses which the societies. A theological lihe delivered among them. In brary is established, which is sup1810 the society engaged the ported by members of both socie. Skinners' Hall Chapel, as their ties, The members of both so. place of meeting, which is a con- cieties are very anxious to obtain venient place of worship. During a regular minister, and could one the last twelve months, in conse- be obtained there is every reason quence of certain differences, a to believe they would be re.united. small secession took place, and The Unitarians at Edinburgh have the seceding members formed a derived
assistance from separate society, which meets in young gentlemen who have been a hall at the bead of the Anchor students at the college, especially Close, High Street. The former from a Mr. Good, and from Mr. society is stricily Unitarian, the J. Yates, who is now the Unita. latter Unitarian upon the low rian minister at Glasgow. These Arian hypothesis. Mr. Wright gentlemen preacbed among them has lately visited and preached very frequently during their resia number of discourses to both dence in that city.
EXTRACTS FROM NEW PUBLICATIONS.
Some Account of the Researches sense of the word, has given a new
of the German Literati on the turn to the study of the ancient Subject of Ancient Literature Hebrew authorities, and has pro. and History.
duced a learned and useful polemi. [From the Classical Journal, No. 9, cal controversy. Vol. V. p. 1.]
We shall now mention the two I. THE OLD TESTAMENT. chief antagonists of M. Eichhorn
1. Professor Jabn of Vienna, on this occasion, who has already enriched the col. 3. One of these is M. Vater, lections of the learned with seve. whose name has been already reral valuable works, and who pub- peatedly mentioned: he published lished in 1802 a Chrestomathia à very profound and solid com. Arabica, with Arabic and mentary on the Pentateuch, the Latin Lexicon, published in 1808 third and last volume of which apa" Biblia Hebraica,” in four vo- peared in 1805. He there hazards lumes, with notes variorum, &c.
some opinions different from those 2. In 1803, M. Eichhorn of of M. Eichborn as to the five Gottingen published the third books ascribed to Moses. The edition (in three volumes) of his third volume, in particular, con. celebrated “ Introduction to the tains a remarkable dissertation, Study of the Old Testameni.” which occupies more than 300 The first edition appeared in 1780, pages, “On the Origin of the and the second in 1787. This Pentateuch." M. Vater here Introduction, which may be truly employs his whole critical acumen called classical, in the striciest in order to prove that the books
of this collection are composed of tateuch; he questions its charac. fragments which were never in. ter, as being purely historical, tended to be joined together. One and regards it as the Epopea of of the German Jeurnalists who the Jewish Theocracy. In these gave an account of this commen. inquiries Nir. De Weite is powere tary, has remarked that M. Vater fully seconded by the labours of seeins to have fulfilled the wishes his predecessors Mr. Vater, Mr. of the celebrated Richard Simon, ligon, and Mr. Eichhorn himself. who atter speaking in his History We cannot mention with sufficient of the Old Tesiament) of Acar. eulogium a recent performance of banel, and of his criticism on the same author, in-erted io & some of the scriptures, adds : late number of the periodical " We have only to apply to the work of Missrs. Daub aid Pentateuch the same reasoning Creutzer, and which has for its which Acarbanel employs, to title “ Fragments on the peculiat prove that the books which bear Character of Hebraism.'s This ihe names of Joshua and Solomon, Essay is equally remarkable by the were not written by them, and we splendid elevation of the ideas and shall be convinced that the Pen- the solidity of the learning it distateuch could not be the entire plays. work of Moses."
M. De Wette in conjunction 4. The second antagonist, who with Professor Augusti of Jena, is worthy of notice as having en- whose researches in Oriental litera tered the lists against M. Eichhorn ature are well known, has also is Professor De Wette, of Heidel. announced a new translation of berg. He published at Halle, the Bible, which may be expected “ Fragments on the study of the to become extremely popular. Old Testament,” a most valuable 5. The book of Job has long collection, the second volume of occupied the attention of the Gers which appeared in 1808, and the man commentators. Michaelis, continuation is anxiously expected, Schriurrer, Hufnagel, Dathe, The first volume is enriched with Eichhorn, and Stuhlman, heve a preface from the pen of the cele. given translations and commenbraled Professor Griesbach of taries on this valuable fragment of Jena. It also contains "A the most ancient Arabic or Chal. Critical Essay on the authenticity daic literature. In 1806, M. of the Paralipomena, with Re. Rosenmuller, jun. published at flections on the History of the Leipsic a Latin translation of the Mosaic Writings and Institutions." same book, with notes. The same This Essay is intended as a supple. learned young man had already ment to the learned researches of published a similar work on the M. Vater on the Pentateucb. Psalms in three volumes, 8vo. Another still more important M. Pareau, Professor of Theowork, the first volume of which logy and Oriental literature at Mr. De Wette published in 1807, Harderwyk, has also announced a is his “ Critique on the History critical edition of the book of of the Israelites." The author Job. He published at Deventer here subjects to a voluminous and in 1807, as a specimen of his strong test, the books of the Pen- work, an octavo volume with the VOL. VII.
Researches of the German Literati. following title, “Commentatio de “Lexici in interpretes Græcos immortalitatis ac vitæ futuræ no. Vet. Testamenti, maximè Scriptitiis, ab antiquissimo Jobi scrip- tores Apocryphos, Spicilegium. tore.” It is in the 27th chapter Post Bielium et Schleusnerum." that M. Pareau thinks he has the above work appeared at Leipfound indications of the doctrine sic in 1805. of a future life; a doctrine which 8. Professor Justi of Marbourg, has generally been refused to the who published five years since author of the book in question. some observations on the national M. Pareau takes this occasion to songs of the Hebrews, is now pub. detail all the intormation which lishing in numbers, an “Antho. antiquity has furnished with re. logy of the ancient Hebrew Poetry sp ci to the opinions of the Eas- during its various stages." Every tern nations on this important fragment appears in the original point iir our religious dogmas. Hebrew, with a metrical transla.
6." Salomonis regis et sapientis tion and historical notes. quæ supersunt, ejusque esse per. 9. “ Essay towards a History hiben ur, omnia ex Ebræo Latinè of the Jews in China accompanied veilit, notasque, ubi opus esse by interesting details with respect visum est, adjicit J. Fr. Schelling;" to their sacred books in the Syna. 1 vol. 8vo. Stutgard, 1806. The gogue of Kai-fong-fu, by M. De author was induced to undertake Murr; Halle, 1806.” 'The no. the work in consequence of being tice by the Jesuit Kægler, on the appointed in translate into the Bibles of the Chinese Jews is to vulgar tongue for the use of the be found in this book, to which churches in the kingdom of Wir are subjoined, Remarks by M. temberg, the books of Pro. de Sacy and M. Tychsen of Ros, vorbs and Ecclesiastes. It forms tock, a valuable supplement to the la.
10. “ Information respecting bours of Schultens, Michaelis, Asia for the friends of Biblical Eichborn, Griesinger, Daihe, and Antiquities and Oriental Literaotheis on the books which are as. ture,'' By Dr. Hartman, Oldencribed to Solomon.
burg, 2 vols. 8vo. 1806 and 1807, 7. " Libri Jesu Siracidæ, The above are very learned and Græcè; ad fidem codicum et ver. curious researches, particularly sionum emendatus, et perpetuâ on the first chapter of Genesis, annotatione illustratus à 'Car, and on the original residence of Gouil, Bretschneider;" Ratisbon the human race. The author has 1806. 1 vol. large 8vo. This mixed a good deal of polemics work of a young and learned Pro. with his work, having undertaken fessor of the University of Wirtem, to refute the hypotheses of Hasse berg, is, without contradiction, and Butiman on the latter topic. the best that has yet appeared on The author is a teacher in the Lythe book of Ecclesiastes; and the ceum of Oldenburg, and is advan. commentary is an excellent cri. tageously known among the learn. tique. Mr. Bretschneider pro, ed on the continent, as an adept mises another on the Book of Wis. in biblical criticism. dom. He had already given a
11. “On the system of Emasplendid proof of his talents in nation and Pantheism of the Eas. this branch of learning by his tern Nations of Antiquity, and the
Writers of the Old and New Testa. M. Oberthur of Wurtzburg. The ment; Erfurt, 1806.” This is the former appeared in 1808, and the performance of a man of learning latter in 1809, at Munster. and genius, who throws a great deal of ligbt on many obscure points
II. New Testament. of the Greek, Mosaic and Oriental 1. No typographical monument philosophy. The author, who is perhaps, in Greek characters, can anonymous, promises a complete equal in beauty the New Testa. body of researches into the Theo, ment, of wbich M. Gæ:chen of retic Philosophy of the sacred wri. Leipsic has printed two diferent ters.
editions in 180+, 1805 and 1306; 12. The faculty of Theology of the one in 4 vols. small folio ; and the University of Gottingen had the other in 2 vols. 8vo. The prepared in 1802, as the subject text, which has been attended to of its annual prize, the examina. with the utmost critical industry, tion of the Gnostics, not only of was also revised by Professor the Old and New Testaments, Griesbach. His preface gives an but of the Apocryphal books, as account of the course which he well as the connection which pursued, of the copies, translations might exist between this subject and other assistance, which he and the Gnostics of the first and called in, to give his text the second centuries of the church. greatest possible purity. Accord. Dr. Horn, the present Professor ing to the above splendid edition of Theology at Dorpat, obtained of the New Testament, M. Schutt the prize. His memoir was writ. of Leipsic, has given in 1805, a tén in Latin, and was fraught a Manual, with a Latin translawith learning and originality of tion of the notes variorum. M. ideas; the author has since pub. Bæhme has translated into Latin, lished it in German, after extend the Epistle of St. Paul to the ing his subject in such a manner Romans, after the above edition as to fill three vols. The first only, by M. Griesbach: he has enriched however, appeared in 1905. Its it with a commentary and intro. title is, “Gnostics of the Bible, duction, and the whole forms a or Pragmatical Account of the very valuable volume in 8vo. It Religious Philosophy of the East; was printed at Leipsic, in 1806. intended to serve as a guide to the Dr. Ammon, formerly Professor of Holy Scriptures." This work is Theology, at Gottingen, and now likely to throw much light on the at Erlangen, bas also published in origin of the ancient doctrines, 4 vols, a new edition of the New both religious and philosophical, Ti stament, with thi excellent notes of the East, particularly in Judea of the late M. Koppe, to which he Persia, and India.
has added his own. The 4th vol. 13. Two other works have been appeared in 1806, at Gottingen. lately published, which serve to 2. On entering upon the review illustrate Biblical antiquities" ; of works connected with the these are the “ History of the He. New Testament, the first author brew Nation,” by M. Bauer; and we meet with is M. Eichhorn, who the “ Biblical Anthropology” of has been already noticed as the the learned Catholic Theologian, first in the list of those who have