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366 Sketch of English Protestant Persecution.--Letter IV. our design. Nor will the reader pass, and Rogers was the first be uninterested by the following man who was burned in Queen occurrence respecting Joan of Mary's time.” Mr. Pierce conKent, of whom we have just spo- jectures, with great probability, ken. “ When the Protestant that the friend of Rogers was the bishops had resolved to put her to historian himself. death, a friend of Mr. John Ro. After this interval of a year, gers, the divinity reader in Paul's the mistaken prisoner not having church, came to him; earnestly relaxed her opinions, nor her mis. desiring him to use his interest guided persecutors relented, her with the archbishop that the poor death was determined, and, acwoman's life might be spared, and cording to Strype, "a warrant other means used to prevent the dated April 27, was issued by spreading of her opinion, which order of council in the Lord Chan. might be done in time ; urging cellor, to make out a writ to the though that the while she lived she sheriff of London for her execuinfected few with her opinion, yet tion.” Joan Bocher was burned she might bring many to think in Smithfield, May 2, 1550. Dr., well of it by suffering death for afterwards Bishop, Scory preached it: he pleaded therefore that it at his execution, and, according was better she should be kept in to Strype, “endeavoured to consome prison, without an opportu. vert her; but she said he lied, like nity of propagating her notion a rogue, and bade hinn go read the among weak people; and so she scripture.Of Bishop Scory would do no harm to others, and little I believe is known, (scept might live to repent herself. Ro- that he fled from persecution on gers on the other hand pleaded she the accession of Mary, and be. ought to be put to death. Well came a rising prelate during the then, says his friend, if you are persecuting reign of Elizabeth. resolved to put an end to her lise, Joan Bocher, from her acquaint. together with her opinion, chuse ance with the court, was likely some other kind of death, more to know the real character of this agreeable to the gentleness and priest: she might be aware that he mercy prescribed in the gospel, was merely a couri.churchman, and there being no need that such ior- that scriptural knowledge was one menting deaths should be taken of his leası altainments. Thus, up in imitation of the Papists. considering the great plainness of Rogers answered that burning alive speech then in fashion, her address was no cruel death, but easy though uncomplaisant, might be enough. His friend then hearing not unappropriate. these words, which expressed so

It may be interesting here to little regard to poor creatures' suf- preserve, verbatim, the two earliest ferings, answered him with great documents, which probably now vehemence, and striking Rogers's remain, respecting this execution. hand, which he before beld fast, The first is from King Edward's said to him, Well, it may perhaps Journal. so happen, that you yourselves 1550 “May 2d, Joan Bocher, shall bave your hands full of that otherwise called Joan of Kent, was mild burning. And so it came to burnt for holding that Christ was

not incarnate of the Virgin Mary; doomed her to the flames, it ap

being condemned the year before, pears to be rather on the score of · but kept in hope of conversion; pulicy, as affecting the character

and the 30th of April, the Bishop of of Protestants, than from a strong London and the Bishop of Eły were feeling as to the guilt of persecu. to persuade her: but she withstood tion. them, and reviled the preacher The case of the other victim of that preached at her death." English Protestant persecution

The other document is in Fa. during the reign of Edward, must bian's Chronicle, 1559,, where, ato be reserved to the next leiter. I p. 553, is this entry.

close the present with a short but " 1550. This year, the second sad instance of Synchronism, beday of May, was brent in Smith. tween Protestant and Papal perfield Jone Boucher, otherwise secution, on the same island. called Jone of Kent, for the horri. The following passage is quoted ble heresy that Christ took no from Stuart's History of the Re. flesh of the Virgin Mary, and at formation in Scotland, (1805, p. her death did preach John Scory, 89,) under the year 1550. a preacher of Canterbury, shew 66 Adam Wallace, a man of ing to the people her abominable simple manners, but of great zeal opinions, warning all men to be. for the Reformation, was accused ware of them and such like." of heresy and brought to trial in

Such was the martyrdom of the church of the Black Friars at Joan Bocher, whose station in Edinburgh. In the presence of life, from her connections, was the Regent, the Earls of Angus, probably considerable, and who, Huntley, Glencairn, and other whatever fancies she indulged re- persons of distinction and rank, specting the nature of her divine he was charged with preaching Master, appears to have been conwithout any authority of law, with scientiously observant of his pre- baptising one of his own children, cepts and erample. It is painful to and with denying the doctrine of find Fuller, in his Church History purgatory; and it was strenuously (p. 398), a century after the trans- objected to biin, that be accountaction, approving this persecution od prayers to the saints and the and declaring as to Joan Bocher dead to be an useless superstition; and "one or owo Arians,” that that he had pronounced the mass they suttered justly. Nor does to be an idolatrous service; and Burnett discover all the indigna. ibat he had affirmed that the tion which might have been ex. bread and wine in the sacrament pected, and would probably have of the altar, after the words of conbeen expressed, had he written secration, do not change their na. the History of the Reformation, ture, but continue to be bread and when his mind was more enlarged, wine. These offences were es. in his latter years. He reproaches teemed too terrible to admit of the prisoner for obstinacy, just as any pardon. The Earl of Glen. ihe Pagan pro.consul Pliny re. cairn, alone protested against his proached the Christians of his punishment. The pious sufferer province; and 'hough he cannot bore with resignation the con. fail to execrate the tyranny that tumelious insults of the clergy:

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368 Sketch of English Protestant Persecution.- Letter IV. and by his courage and patience said aci, and that all ubo absentat the stake, gave a sanction 10 ed themselves from church, and the opinions he had embraced.” did not worship God elsewhere,

R. G, S. were under the same penalties of

June 2. law as before, and ought to be puP.S. I must take the liberty of nished accordingly, be desired extending this already long letter, them to send tor their church. and of overstepping the order of wardens, and having fully instructchronology to thank you for give ,ed them in this matter, exhort ing your readers a copy of the them to do ibeir duiy herein, and Tultration Act, which bas been present at all visita ions for the so much more praised than read, future all such prophane and irre. or rather would have been seldom ligious absenters from church, in praised, had it been often read, the same manner as formerly used with due attention. There is in to be dine before this act was the life of the learned historian, made. Tbis circula, letter he sent Prideaux (p. 93), a passage wor. to London, and having gotten as thy to accompany this statule. many copies of it to be printed, as It is the following curious account there were parishes in his arch. of the effect produced in his arch. deaconry; on his next visitation, deaconry of Suffolk, by the publi- which was Michaelmas, Anno cation of ihe act, and the reluc. Domini 1692, dispersed them tance of the people to receive the anongst the ministers of the said ecclesiastical comment on the Gos, parishes, giving eacb ofibem one. pel text Compel them to come in. It was aficrwards published at the

66 After the Act of Toleration end of his Directions to Church. had passed the Royal Assent, the wardens, and underwent several first of King William and Qucen editions. This letter be found Mary, many people foolishly bad, in some measure, its intend. imagined, that they had thereby ed effect, though it could not full liberty given them, either to wholly cure this evil.” go to church or stay away, and I know not whether Dr. Pri. idly dispose of themselves else- deaux were encouraged, in this where, as they should think fit; use of carnal weapons, by the de. and accordingly the public assem- claration of Bishop Carleton at blies for divine worship on the the Synod of Dort in 1618. It Lord's day were much deserted, is thus described in a letter and ale-houses much more resort. from Jobn Hales (Remains, p. ed to than the churches. Dr. Pri- 373). “My Lord Bishop sbewed deaux, in order to put a stop to that with us in England, the mathis growing evil, drew up a cir- gistrate imposed a pecuniary, cular letter, directed to the minis. mulct upon such as did absent ters of his archdeaconry, in which themselves from divine duties; after he had informed them, that which pecuniary mulct generally the said act gave no toleration to prevailed more with our peoabsent from church but only to ple, than any pious admonitions such who dissenting from the could." established religion, worshipped Prideaux was followed, fifty God elsewhere with one of the years after, by a priest educated dissenting sects mentioned in the among the dissenters, who yet

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Last Sentiments of Mr. Farmer and Dr. Watts. , 369 would build up the church by the concerning the supposed change aid of those bungling workinen, of sentiment in Mr. Farmer and beadles and churcowardens, i Dr. Iarts, is referred to the lives mean Secker, in his Charge, when of those eminent men, where he Bishop of Oxford, in 1741. Hav. may meet with some satisfaction. ing lamented that “great bumbers in the year 1804, a work was pub. in many, if not most parishes, lished by Longman and Co. intitled omit coming to church," he adds “ Memoirs of the Life and Writthis direction:

ings of the late Rev, and learned Persons who profess them. Hugh Furmer, to which is added selves not to be of our church, if a Piece of his never before pub. persuasious will not avail, must lished, with several origina: Leto be let alone. But other absenters, ters," &c. From this work, as after due patience, must be told well as from his own publications, in the last place, that, unwilling it is evident that he was not latterly as you are, it will be your duty a Calvinist, if he ever had been; to present them, unless they re. but it does by no means appear form; and if, when this warning that he had gone into the widest hath been repeated, and full time opposite extreme. As to his last allowed for it to work, they still sentiments on the Trinitarian con. persist in their obstinacy, I beg troversy, nothing certain can be you to do it. For this will tend concluded from this publication. much to prevent the contagion His biographer observes, that on from spreading, of which there is this subject he was remarkably else great danger; and when once reserved, and inserts a Letter from you have got them, though it be 1 correspondent, well acquainted against their inclinations, within with him, who rather severely cen. reach of your pulpit, who knows sures him, for withholding his what good may follow.” Watson's sentiments from his people, and Tracts, vi. 24.

from his most intimate friends, It is remarkable that the Me. p. 30. From hence Corlo may rest thodists were rising into notice in assured that all enquiry after them 1741. Probably Hinc illæ le. will be fruitless ; or rather, that chrymæ. When priests could evan. his last views were the same as he gelize in the style of Bishop Secker, had long maintained. must not the people have been As to Dr. Watts, the case is prepared to reward with their at. different. It is well known that, tention the more spiritual efforts in some of his publications, he in. of Wesley and Whitfield to compel troduced some peculiarities of them to come in, with whatever opinion which gave the high Triniportion of scriptural knowledge tarians great oftence, particularly their zeal were accompanied ? about the pre-existence of the hu.

man soul of Christ, and Mr. Brad.

bury scrupled not to charge him Last Sentiments of Mr. Furmer with Arianism. After his death and Dr, Watts.

it was generally reported that he SIR, May 20, 1812. left some MSS which contained Your correspondent Carlo, who an explicit renunciation of his forin your last No. p. 227, enquires mer sentiments, and it was even said VOL. VII.

3B

370

Last Sentiments of Dr. Watts. that be avowed himself a Socinian. wrote to Mr. Martin Tomkins, Dr. Gibbons, who wrote the concerning bis use of ihe coinmun Life of Dr. Watts, and bail been Doxology, and the reason why he intimately acquainted with him, did not alter bis Hymn Book, of passes this matter over in total si. of which Carlo bas bad but an lence, and does not even attempt imperfect account. This work, to justity bis executors, who had which has been ascribed to Mr. been severely censured for sup- Palmer, of Hackney, was printed pressing and destroying the MSS in the year 1785, for Rivington. in question.

It carries the marks of credibility, Some time afterwards Dr. Sam, but it is said, there is subsequent Johnson, from a singular, partial. evidence of a later and much greatity to Watis, published a Life of er change in the Dr's sentiments, him in his Biographical Prefaces which will shortly appear before to the Works of the Poets, and it the public. The writer of this is doubtless a valuable and curi. wishes, as much as Carlo, that the ous performance. But it was not whole truth may come out. / to be expected that such a writer I am, Sir, should enter into the Doctor's

Yours, &c. theological opinions, or do justice

VERITATIS AMOR. to him as a dissenting minister. Another person, therefore, soon after, without giving his name,

Last Sentiments of Dr. Watts: printed a detached edition of Johnson's Life of Dr. Watts, “with Notes,

Moreton-Hampstead, containing animadversions and ad.

SIR, May 12, 1812. ditions ;” the principal object of On reading the other day the which work was to investigate the letter of Carlo, in your monthly matter respecting the Doctor's Repository, (page 227,) which last sentiments, on the doctrine of generally contains very interesting the Trinity. For such an under. information, I was induced to taking he seems to have had pecu. take some trouble to procure the liar advantage from

MS sight of a pamphlet, denominated papers, which were put into his “ A faitbful Enquiry after the hands by Mr. Parker, ihe Dr's ancient and original Docirine of amanuensis, a copy of which was the Trinity, laught by Christ and printed in an Appendix. From his Apostles, by Isaac Watts, D. D. hence it appears evident, that 1745,” Edited by Mr. Gabriel though no MS which the Dr. left Watts, of Frome, Sep. 12th, 1802, for publication contained wbat bad but now Minister of the Unitarian been reported, and that, therefore, Congregation at Crediton, Devon. his executors were fully exculpated, In the Preface, Mr. Watts says, yet that he had materially changed “The copy from which this little his opinion respecting the Athana- piece on the Trinity is taken, was sian Trinity, particularly in re- accidentally found in a collection gard to the real personality of the of old books, several years since ; Spirit. In these papers there is and it appears, from internal evi. also a copy of what the Doctor dence and collateral circumstances,

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