Imatges de pÓgina
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1. Bath and Wells.

78 2. Bangor

52 3. Bristol

59 4. Canterbury

84 5. Carlisle

49 6. Chester

352 7. Chichester

47 8. Durham :

116 9. Ely ..

22 10. Exeter

180 II. Gloucester.

46 12. Hereford

51 13. Llandaff

21 14. Lincoln

165 15. Lichfield and Coventry.. 190 16. London

187 17, Norwich

78 18. Oxford ..

50 19. Peterborough

20 20. Rochester

38 21. Salisbury

135 22. St. Asaph

49 23. Winchester

193 24. Worcester

66 25. York

221

Chapels and Meeting-houses not of the Establishment, besides many private houses used for religious worship, not enu. merated.

103 99 71 113

39 439

58 175

32 245 76 42 45 269 288 265 114 39 36

142

95 164

60 404

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N.B. The smaller parishes, not amounting to 1000 inhabitants, were not returned,

A Bill, intituled, An Act to re. ed by the King's most excellent

lieve Members of the Church of Majesty, by and with the advice England and others from sun. of the Lords spiritual and tempo. dry unjust Penalties and Dis- ral and Commons in this present abilities.

parliament assembled, and by the Whereas liberty of conscience is authority of the same, that from an unalienable right of all man- and after kind, and which ought ever to be no person shall, in any case, be held most sacred : and whereas a liable to any fine, imprisonment, man can only enjoy a thing lawfully, or other penalty, or to incur any when no man lawfully can binder disability whatsoever, or to be sued bis enjoying it: Be it therefore or prosecuted in any ecclesiastical opacted, and it is hereby enact, or other courl, on account of such

392 Annual Meeting of the Protestant Society. person attending any place of wor. any other profession or calling, ship, or otticiadny as a minister, sare only and except that of a preacher, or teacher at the same, lecturer, schoolmaster and inor on account of such persons structor, shall (in like manner as neglecting 10 ariend civine service the ministers of the established (according to the Church of En. churcii) be exempted from serving gland, or for keeping or having in upon any jury, or from holding his or her house any servant or any county, city, district or paother person who shall neglect or rochial office, or from serving in refuse to attend such divine sere the regular militia, in the local vice, or who shall be of any reli- militia or in any other military gion different from that of the corps whatsoever. Church of England, or for or on account of such persons defending Annual Meeting of the Protestant the principles of his or her reli. Suciety for the Protection of Re. gion, either by printing or by ligious Liberty. writing, or by word of month, At this meeting, which was held any statutes or laws to the con. on Saturday, May 16, at the trary hereof in any wise not. New London Tavern, Cheapside, withstanding. Provided always S. Mills, Esq. was unanimous. and be it further enacted; that ly invited to preside. The plan nothing in this present act cone of the Society having been tained shall extend, or be con. read, Mr. T. Pellatt, one of the strued to extend, to allow or to Secretarics, stated, in a perspicu. authorise

any person to disturb, or ous and interesting speech, the by printing, writing or speaking, various measures which had been or by any means whatsoever to adopted by the Society, during the excite any other person or per. preceding year, and read the corsons to disturb the peace and good respondence which had taken place order of civil society, but that between the Society's Secretaries, every person so offending shall be and Mr. Secretary Ryder, and liable to be punished according to Mr. Perceval, on various subjects the laws tben enforced for the pre. intimately connected with the servation of the peace. And be rights and welfare of Protestant it further enacted, by the autho. Dissenters, and of all persons who rity aforesaid, that every person are desirous to hear or to promul. who either shall be the minister, gate religious truth. Several docu. preacher or teacher of any sepa- ments were also read by Mr. Pelrate and distinct congregation of latt, explanatory of the proceed. Dissenters or of Non-conformists ings which had been adopted by (80 to be certified, acknowleriged the society, in the Court of King's and declared under the hands of Bench, to resist the encroacbments any

or more of attempted to be inade on the long the persons belonging to such se. existing practice under the Acts of parate and distinct congregation Toleration; and he also commu. respectively) or shall be a minister, nicated the result of two inter. preacher, or teacher of Dissenters views, which had been granted by or of Non-conformists, and which Mr. Perceval to a deputation from person shall not have or follow the Committee, and one of which

ended only two hours before his upon a return to this mandamus, death. From the papers thus sub. if they think fit so to return, to mitted to the meeting, we select an state and to explain; and in so extract from a judgment of the thinking it proper that a manda. Court of King's Bench, delivered mus should go for the

purpose

of on the 6th instant, on the motion their making such return, if they for a mandamus to the justices of shall choose so to do, the court is Gloucestersbire, to administer the not only conducted to that conoaths mentioned in the Toleration clusion, by what has been done by Act to Mr. Packer. The court their predecessors upon former oc. said :

casions, but by a regard to the “This is an application for a justice of the remedies the parties mandamus, in which the man swears may have, if they shall be abridged himself to be one of the descrip- of their rights ; because, on a retion of persons who are entitled to turn to the mandamus, if they take these caths, that he is a per- shall return, that he is not a person pretending to holy orders. The son pretending to holy orders, and refusal to admit him so to do, is that that is synonymously, accordupon the ground that he must be ing to the construction in Cater's not only a person pretending to case, pretending to possess holy holy orders, but (opon some sup- orders, if they shall return, that position, that the court have so in point of fact he is not a person decided) that he must also be a pretending to have holy orders, preacher or teacher of a congre- and that he has no orders of any gation; now if the court is not description whatever, then it will prepared to understand in that be open to the party either to copulative sense the words of move to quash that return, if they the statute descriptive of the seve. shall think it insufficient, or to ral different classes, all of whom bring an action upon it, if they are substantively entitled, if they shall think it false in fact; and come fairly and fully within the it does seem to the court, on meaning of the legislature, on a the authority of precedents of comparison of the terms applica. what their predecessors have done ble to each class, to take the respecting other clauses of this oaths, it is unnecessary for us to act, that it may be expedient with consider the question further, in- a view to justice, and to the ulteasmuch as the magistrates have rior remedy of the party, that that not denied that he bore that cha. should be done in this case, he. racter, but have refused him only cause they may, in that case, put because they thought he must have it upon the record, by bringing a conjunct character of another an action for a faise return, and sort, in order to entitle him as a then the construction of this statute person pretending to holy orders; may go by appeal to every court but the meaning of the words in Westminster Hall. The court, “pretending to holy orders,' whether therefore, make the rule absolute.” it can, in reason or in sense be un. After the recital of these docuderstood to mean any thing beyond ments, Mr. John Wilks, the other pretending to have holy orders, Secretary, congratulated the meetwill be open to the magistrates ing on the numerous attendance

VOL, VII.

3 E

394 Annual Meeting of the Protestant Society. which he beheld, and on the in- prevalence of ignorance and trie terest which was so justly dis. umph of vice, persecutions would played. Hie rejoiced that near probally arise. The Society there. six hundred congregations of dif. fore thought that the burden should fer at de nominations, Presbyte. be universally difl'used, and had rians, Independents, Baptists and liberally undertaken to defray all Methodisis, were united with this the expenses oui of their limited society; and he was convinced funds; and he was convinced that that when the measures they had such liberality the Dissenters adop! d, were universally under- throughout England, would right. ster, and the necessity for their ly appreciate and higbly applaud. exi-ionice was proportionately per. The perverseness of some clergycenter, there would not remain, men, who refused to bury such of from the mountains of Cumber. thuir parishioners who had not been land to the remotest hamlet of baptized according to the forms, Cornwall, one congregation, which and by ministers of the Established would not wish by simiiar union, Church, notwithstanding the deto promote their individual secu. cision of Sir John Nicholl, Judge rity, and the general projection of the Arches Court of Canterbury, It would be impracticable to enu. in the cause of “ Kemp against merate all the circumstances which Wickes, clerk," had required the had demonstrated the importance interposition of the Society, and of the society. But he would advert the proceedings which they threatto some of those events which ened and adopted, induced im. might be generally interesting.- mediate compliance with the law, The Riots At Wickham Mar. or promises to avoid future similar KET, in Suffolk, and which were violations. unprecedented in modern times, To the Army it had also been for their violence, duration and necessary to extend their protecsystematic arrangement, had oc- tion.--Three soldiers, belonging to curred, previous to the formation the eighth company of the Inverof this Society, and the prose- ness-shire militia, had experienced cutions which he conducted against severe punishment, for attending the rioters, before he was ap- a prayer.meeting at Fareham in pointed to be their Secretary, the county of Hants, when they were then nearly terminated, and had no military duties to perform, bad been since terminated with and when their absence from the complete success. The whole legal barracks, for any other purpose, and local expenses of that pro. would have incurred no censure. secution, amounting to near 8001. Their case, which excited much would have been defrayed by the attention in that vicinity, was com. Dissenters residing in the counties municated to the Committee; and, of Suffolk and Norfolk? But the although they perceived the deli. burden imposed on them would cacy of their interference, they have been great, and the appre- could not forget that soldiers were hensions of similar resistance and also citizens, and that the bravest expence might have deterred mi. defenders of their country had nisters from attempting to preach frequently been the most pious of in those places, where, from the men.--" They who feared God,

indeed know no o:her fear." At into bills depending in Parliament, an interview with Mr. l'ercevil, for the regulation of the LOCAL they therefore remonstrati d against Militia, and for the PRESERsuch priceedings, and obtawued VATION of Parish and OTHER his promise to prevent the recur. RFQ ISTERS, and the success which rence of a persecution which he had aliendad incir interposition. could not but disapprove.

To the efforts which has been TO INDIA also the Society had made to procure the consent of endeavoured to extend the benefits Govcinment, to a bill for the ex. of religious liberty. They had EMPTION of all places exclusively hesitated whether such an effort appropriated to RELIGIOUS WOR. was compatible with the objecis ship from PAROCHIAL ASSE69of their establishment.—But they MENT he next aliuded; and ex. could not long hesitate.-They re- pressed his hope, that although remembered the myriads of inhabi. luctance had been manifested to tan's which peopled its plains, that claim, which the recent de. their horrid superstitions, the evils cision in the case of "the King inflicted on them by European against Agar and others," had avarice, the benefits which Chris. rendered necessary, it would be tiauity had conferred on other na- eventually conceded. For when ti'ns, the arbitrary power possessed be considered that such places had by the East India Company to ex. not been charged--that if meetingciud Christian missionaries under houses and chapels were rated, the existing law, the disposition episcopal erections, tythes, pews which had been manifested to ex. rented in churches, &c. musi also eicise that power, and they soon be assessed—that the total proceeds perceived that it was their duty to of such assessments would not endeavour to obtain the insertion amount to 10,000l. per annum, of provisions in the charter of that out of the sums collected for the company when renewed, which poor, amounting annually to six should secure to suitable instruc. millions sterling-and that discon. tors, the power to evangelize the tent, litigation and numerous innailons of the east. The postpone. conveniences would result from the ment of that renewal had prevented withholdment of so small a boon; any decisive result; but he could he could not but anticipate that state that if Mr. Perceval had the liberality and prudence of survived, he would have afforded government, would induce a comto ail missionaries the same ri_hts pliance which would perpetuite of residence, and the same pro- domestic peace, and produce extection, which it was his intention tensive satisfaction. to couter on all those, who, for But the principal measures, commercial

purposes, should visit which bad occupied the at ention those distant regions of the world, of the Committee, were connected

He then communicated the pro- with the new expositions attempted ceedings which had been adopted to be introduced of the Acts OF by the Committee, to procure the TOLERATION. The effects of the amendment of certain provisions, attempt made during the last Ses. injurious to the rights and honour sion of Parliament, had survived of Dissenting ministers, introduced the defeat of that attempt: as the

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