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416 The Life and Trial of Nicholas Anthoine. people of Israel refused to admit hands, of my own motion, I had me among them, and told me, that rather have fled to the remotest I might live every where, and part of the world. among all nations, in the fear of “ Magnificent and most hoGod, without discovering my opi. noured Lords-Have a care you nions. I have endured a thou. do not draw innocent blood upon sand hardships in my way to Ve- your heads and your families and nice, and in that city, where I city, by putting me to death; for have been for some time in a very perhaps you know not the wonders miserable condition; and I came of God, ihe mighty God of Israel, away more atticted still, and more and why he has so miraculously miserable; nevertheless, I always transported me into this town. If put my trust in the Lord. I could the beginning of it has been mira. nut resolve to live among the Pa- culous, perliaps the end will be pists; for I had sworn to do it no more miraculous still. I shall more, having a great abhorrence never be ashamed, because the for their idolatry. Besides, I was Lord is my trust and refuge. Let afraid of being charged with in the holy name of the Lord, the constancy. Nay, had I been dis- great God of Israel, be for ever covered among them, they would blessed and glorified by all men, have been more cruel to me than and in all places ! your lordships use to be towards " Magnificent and most ho. those who are not accused of any noured Lords,- If you think I crime, but only prosecuted for deserve to be put to death, and religion. I have embraced the if the Lord God is pleased it should ministry, because I thought I was be so, his will be done. If you resufficiently qualified for it, because lease me, you will release an in. I was far in years, because I was nocent soul, which fears the God willing to keep house and perhaps of heaven.' I pray God with all to marry, in time; and I had no my heart, that he would be pleas. mind to discover myself at that ed 10 pour his most holy blessings time. How many are married, upon you, and to move your and perhaps have quite another hearts, if it be his good will ; be. belief than yours, and yet will not ing, magnificent and most ho. leave and forsake their children noured Lords, your most humble upon such an account? As for servant and prisoner, what is said, that I have scandal.

66 N. ANTHOINE. ized you and your city by my “ Geneva, March 12, 1632." strange proceedings, it was through On the eleventh of April, An. a disordered mind. It is not i; thoine was brought to his trial, I do not know who it was: God and besides several other things, knows it; and therefore, I think, which I have already mentioned, I deserve to be pardoned in that he declared that he was a Jew, respect, since it was not I, but a beseeching God to grant him, that terrible, dreadful, and supernatu. he might die for the Jewish reli. ral power, as the whole town may gion ; that he believed there bad witness, and nobody will be of. been such a man as Jesus Christ, fended at it. Rather than come but he knew not whether he had and surrender myself into your been crucified; that he did not

believe him to be God, nor the with the Father and the Holy Son of God, nor the Messias, Ghost, as to his essence, but dissince there is but one God, with. tinct as to his person.” His an. out any distinction of persons, and swer was: that he had been the time of the Messias was not forced to write that confession ; yet come; that he rejected the and he disowned the doctrine con. New Testament, because he found tained in it. Then the famous many contradictions in it, and passage of Josephus, conceining because it did not agree with the Christ, was alleg. d against him ; Old ; that he got himself admitted to which he made no answer, into the ministry, because the Being asked, whether he persisted Jews told him he might outwardly to renounce bis baptisin, he said, profess any religion, without en- he did. Being exhorted to con. dangering his salvation, and be. fess, whether he had frequented cause he wanted a livelihood ; that the houses of ill fame at Venice, when he took the usual oaths, it he answered, that he could make was with a mental reservation to no such confission, and prayed what was true and reasonable ; God to discover his innocrnce; that, being so far engaged, he adding, that the most beautitul could not avoid reciting the apos. woman in the world would not tle's creed and administering the have tempted him ; and then, communion; that he never pro. bending his head, he intreated nounced distinctly the articles of God to take pity on bim &c. the creed which concern our Sa. The first syndic alleged to him seviour; that he took his texts out veral passages of the Old Testa. of the Psalins and the Prophet ment concerning Christ, and then Isaiah ; that the next day, after the prisoner was re.committed. he had preached upon the second On the sixteenth of April, he Psalm, without applying it to Je. was brought again to the bar. sus Christ, he fell into a fit of His chief answers were,- That he madness, as he was singing the had never dogmalized at Geneva ; seventy-fourth Psalm; that he was that when he gave the communion mad when he came to Geneva, in his church at Divonne, be used and called Jesus Christ an idol, these words, . Remember the death &c. ; that it was true he had af. of your Saviour ; that he adıni. firmed, that the passages of the nistered baptism, as other minisOld Testament, quoted in the New, ters did ; that he was in the way were strained, far-fetched, and to salvation, and fully resolved, wretchedly applied ; that he had with God's assistance, to die for renounced his baptism and conti- the truth of his doctrine. nued to do so.

Whereupon the council con. Afterwards, they shewed him demned him, on the twentieth of a paper, written with his own hand, April, to be strangled and burnt, but not subscribed by him, which and their sentence was executed contained these words : “ I ac. on the same day. It impuits, knowledge and confess, that Jesus that Nicholas Antbuine, laying Christ crucified is the true God, aside all fear of God, was guilty Saviour and Redeemer of the whole of apostacy and high treason world, and that he is the same towards God, having opposed the

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418 Penal Laws which aggrieve the Catholics of Ireland.
boly Trinity, denied our Lord above-mentioned letter of Mo
and Saviour Jesus Christ, blas. Ferry had such an effect upon the
phrined agaiost his holy name, re. ministers of Geneva, that they
nounced bis baptism to embrace went in a body to the council and
Judaism and circumcision, and per- intreated the mayistrates to put
jured himslf. Which are great off bis execution for some time;
and hurrid crimes, &c, The but it was to no purpose.

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Penal Laws which aggrieve the ihe coinmencement of the reign

Catholics of Ireland. of William 3, viz. 1692, the Ca. [The first Part of a Work on this the lics were expelled from the subject, lately published in Dublin, has Irish parliament. A hostile phrasebeen put into our hands by a friend is a work of authority as appears from ology then appeared. “ Papists, Pothe fillowing Resolution of the last Ca- pish People," &c. are to be found tholic Aggregate Meeting, the Earl of in all statutes affecting the CathoFingal in the Chair

lics, from the 7 Will. 3. to the " Resolved. - That the most cordial 32 Geo, 3. inclusive, and even gratitude of the Catholics of Ireland is due to the Autor of the Statement of later. The 33 Geo. 3. at length, the Penal Laws, lately published—a styles them “ Papists, or persons work in which we recognize all the ac- professing the Popish or Roman curacy of great legal kno ledue, come Catholic religion." bined with the classic elegance of the scholar and the profound observation of

However, the latest statute rethe philosopher

lating to the Catholics, 43 Geo. 3. We think it may serve the cause of ch. 30, drops the harsher names, religious freedom, if we give some ac. and, by its title, denominates them count of the Irish Anti Caholic code,

“ Roman Catholics." This and this we shall do in extracts, forming

may, a summary of the “ Sacement." The therefore, be taken to be their lé. whol- title of the volume is as follows: gal description at this day. The

A Statement of the Penal Laws which ag reproachful epithets of " Papist,"
grieve the Catholics of Ireland ; with.com - Romarist,'' "
pentaries. In Two Parts. Part I Dublin.

Romish,'
H. Fitzpatrick. 1812. pp. 166. pish,” &c, are no longer applied

EDITOR.] to them by any gentleman or
CATIIOLICS.

scholar.
This appellation is used through. INTRODUCTION.
put the following Statement, for Whoever would rightly under.
the sake of brevity, not of contro- stand the actual state of Ireland,
versy: The legislature has cu. ought principally to inform him.
riously yaried in this particular, self of the peculiar condition of
Fro:n the time of the introduction its Catholic Inhabitants.
of the Protestant creed into Ire.

In every point of view, they land (Temp. Elizabeth) to that of form a most important subject of William 3d, the appellation used inquiry and of serious reflection. in the statutes appears to have Strengih, industry, energy, and all

persons 10 communion the characteristic virtues which with the Church of Rome.” In bestow value upon a people, are

Po

been

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theirs in an eminent degree. In fering for the misfortunes of their numbers they have prodigiously ancestors, yet nobly steadfast to increased ; and they are continu. ibeir venerated religion. Such ally increasing, beyond example are the people, to whom the British in any other c. untry. Already laws deny liberty of conscience. they compose the far greater part Their sole crime is that of adhering of the crading and manufacturing fondly to the religion of their interests. The agricultural class, choice-of obeying the sacred dicu so powerfuland influential through. tates of private judgment: and out Ireland, is almost universal. this, not by overturning any esta: ly Catholic. They occupy the blished system, or by turbulent inmost valuable positions, whether novations, but by preserving, pure for commercial or for military and inviolate, ihe holy doctrines purposes; the boldest coasts, must handed down to them by their navigable rivers, and most tenable forefathers, confirmed by ages of passes ; the most fertile districts, suffering and calamity, and now The richest supplies of forage, the consecrated to their live and res readiest means of attack or de. spect by an historical identity with fence. The geographical advans the honour and fair fame of Iretages of Ireland are well known, land, during nearly fourteen eens Cork, Waterford, Kerry, Galway, turies. Mayo, &c. &c. all Catholic coun. For this crime, of worshipping ties, attest the correctness of our their Creator in the form practised assertions.

throughout the greater part of Numerically, the Catholics con. Christendum, the Catholics of Irestitute full five-sixth parts of the land are the prostrate victims of a Irish population ; and, compared teazing, intolerant code of laws; with the members ofthe Established rendering them, in effect, almost Church, they are in the propor- “ Aliens" in their native land. tion of at least ten to une ; à pro STATEMENT, &e. portion, be it observed, rapidly advancing of late years. In every Of the Laws which peculiarly afa city, town and village, their num.fect the Catholic Clergy. Cathabers more or less preponderate. lic Houses of Worship, SchoolThe open country is in their al Houses, and other Charitable most exclusive occupation. The Foundations. gross population of Ireland, at 'The Catholic clergy consist of this day, is moderately estimated, 4 archbishops, 25 bishops, about by the most competent judges, at 1100 parish priests, 800 curates, five millions of inhabitants. Of and between 200 and 300 regular this number we may, without ex. clergy of various orders; amounts aggeration, state the Catholics as ing to a total number, exceeding amounting to 4,200,000; that is, 2000 clergymen, all incessantly equal to one-half of the united employed in ministering to the spi population of England and Wales. ritual wants of four millions of

In fine, the Catholics are em• people. These are the peates phatically the People of Ireland. makers throughout every districts

Such is the class of men, faith. bealing dissensions, reconciling ful, generous and deserying-sufe differences, inculcating pure mos

CHAPI.

420 Penal Laws which aggrieve the Catholics of Ireland,
rality, confirming the good, re- between any two persons, knowing
cla mirg the sinful, soothing the that they are, or either of them
soi rowtul, earnestly diffusing all is, of the Protestant religion, he
the blessings of fervent charity, shall suffer the punishment of a
and «ntorcing all the precepts of Popish regular ; (that is, to be
social affection. Their labours transported, and to remain in gaol
are incessallt, and their very exis. until transported, and punished
lence is a state of continual self, as if for high treason, if he returns
denial. No sentiment but that of to Ireland. 9 Will, 3. c. 1.)
religion, no support but the in. The next statute, enacted in
wald impulse of divine love, could 1710, adopts a singular rule of
sustain their marvellous and al- evidence, not very conformable
most super-human exertions in ful• to the dictates of ordinary justice.
filling their sacred duties. Gene. It directs, that “ Upon every
Tous, bold and indefatigable, not to prosecution of a Popish priest for
be deterred by distance, inclemen. the above-mentioned offence, it
cy of weather, utseasonable hours, shall be presumed, allowed and
dread of contagion, or any other concluded, to all intents and pur.
temporal obsiacle, the Catholic poses, that the priest, so accused,
priest flies to the bed of sickness at did celebrate such marriage, know-
a moment's call, imparts the balm ing that one or both of the parties
of hope to the dying penitent, al. was or were of the Protestant re.
leviates his anguish with the sweet. ligion.
est and most benevolent assiduity, “ Uoless he shall produce a
and piously assists in the precious certificate under the hand and
office of rendering his last moments seal of the minister of the parish
acceptable in the eyes of his Cre- where the parties resided, certify-
ator.

ing that such person was not
These are amongst the many Protestant at the time of the mar.
services of the Catholic clergy, riage."
and their claims upon the respect The third statute, enacted in
of their docks.

1750, renders this offence punishYet such are the men against able as a felony without benefit of whom the jealousy of the legisla. clergy; and, consequently, the ture is in fall vigour, and who are Catholic priest, upon conviction, only noticed by the laws, for the is to suffer death. purposes of reprehension and of And this too, although such penalty.

marriages had been already pro. I. " If a Catholic clergyman nounced to be null and poid, by happens, though inadvertently, to a statute enacted in 1746. celebrate marriage between two Such is the punishment, and Protestants, or between a Protes such the facility of convicting & tant and a Catholic (anless already Catholic priest in Ireland, at this married by a Protestant minister) day, for an offence which the most he is liable by law to suffer death.” cautious may commit (if an of

The first statute upon this sub. fence) through inadvertency or ject was enacted in the year 1708. misinformation. It directs, that " If any Popish To expoct that the Protestant priest shall celebrate matrimony minister, perhaps a son-resident,

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