Imatges de pàgina

426 Mr. Clarke on his Sketches of Sentiment.” cloathing to the naked, consolation notice I have a right to expect, it to the ažlicted, relief to the dis- is my intention to review the subtressed, who commiserates with ject more carefully, and in whatthe suffering, and, with chearful. ever points it shall appear that I ness lightens the burden of his fel. have advanced sentiments contrary low mortals ? or the creedite, who to truth, I shall have great pleaplaces his dependance on his saving sure in renouncing them. In the faith? Christians, place not your mean time, Sir, I shall, with your dependance on the doctrines even permission, make a few slight obof Christianity, but be ye careful servations relative to ibis impor. to practise its morals.

tant subject. A WAYFARING MAN.

In the review of the Sketches, which was given in your Reposi

tory, (vol. vi. p. 557.) I am Mr. Clarke, on his Sketches of considered as advancing the docSentiment."

trine of Emanuel Swedenborg, Newport, Isle of Wight, and by a cynical critic in the Sir, 5th April, 1812. Monthly Review, I stand ac

cused of “ vamping up the old The theory which I have lately scheme of Sabellius." If it could advanced, in a little work, entitled be proved, that either of these asSketches of Sentiment, appears to sertions is correct, yet does it me to have tecn very imperfectly not necessarily follow that the understood, even by those who, opinion itself is erroneous, as the have paid some atiention to it: latter writer more than implies ; so difficult is it to arrange our - but, I apprehend, a very matethoughts, and to adopt such lane rial difference subsists between my guage as will convey to the minds views, and those entertained by of others, those views with which the two learned theologians. we are ourselves impressed. It is The doctrine of Swedenborgianism, nut extraordinary that in the first upon this subject, is, that there is attempt to explain a doctrine so a Trinity in the Godhead, consistabstı use as that of the Divine na. ing of the divine origin or principle, ture, I should have employed cer. -the divine human,-- and the tain modes of expression, which divine proceeding: not as of three were not the best fitted for the distinci persons, but as we see purpose, nor is it surprising, that united and exhibited, in the body, many difficulties and objections spul and operation of man, in the should be started, which I had not one person of Jesus Christ; who sufficient foresight to anticipate, therefore is the God of heaven, As the attainment of truth is my and alone to be worslipped; being only aim, l'have really felt obliged Creator from eternity, Redeemer by animadversions, and thus pub- in time and Regeneraior to eterlicly acknowledge myself deeply nity." indebted in this respect to the au.

Sabellius taught that there is thor of a Reply to my Sketches, but one person in the Godhead, John Fullagar, Esq.

that the Word and the Holy Spirit On some future occasion, when I may be in possession of all the

* Adams's View of Religions,

are only virtues, emanations, or Deity, can never be comprehended functions of the Deity; and he also by any being but himself! held, that the Father of all things What then may be known of descended into the virgin, became God? I reply, the effects of the a child, and was born of her as a operation of the divine attributes son; and that having accomplished and perfections. In creation and the mystery of our salvation, he providence, we 6 look through diffused himself on the Apostles in nature up to nature's God.” But tongues of fire, and was then de- it has pleased God to enlighten us nominated the Holy Ghost*. still farther. By a providential

To me, there appears one grand series of cause and effect, he has and fundamental error in both instructed certain human beings these statements, as well as in in different ages of the world, and almost every other, upon this im- has endowed them with knowledge portant subject. All writers in and power to instruct others. It their descriptions of Deity, attach cannot be denied, I think, that the to bim both in thought and ex- Supreme operates upon the human pression the idea of personality. mind, and to a far greater degree Unitarians believe the Godhead to on some than on others; and, consist of one person. Trinitarians wherever, we see the exhibitions of advocate three. The term person, moral goodness, we see something however, according to all our no- of the great Source from whence tions of its meaning, never can be that goodness, originally, however properly applied to the essential remotely, flowed. nature and being of Gord; because Now if we admit that the goodit cannot be used without imply- ness, wisdom and love of God, are ing a limited outline, and a con- displayed in good men, sometimes finement to one spot.-A personal in a very high degree,—is there Deity cannot be an umnipresent, any difficulty in supposing that in omniscient Being!

Christ this took place cumpletely I hold it to be incontrovertible, and entirely. or, in other words, that a being who is in his very that the power, wisdom and love nature underived, infinite, eternal, of God were manifested in him omnipreseut, and omniscient, can without measure ? never be seen, known or understood In this view of the subject, it by any thing but itself ; because is evident that I attach no kind of these are terms which represent to divinity to the mere nature of us qualities, which can only be Jesus Christ, as the Swedenborgi. conceived of and measured by that ans seem to do ;-neither can I which is, in itself, infinite, eternal, for a moment admit with Sabellius, &c. but every existence, except that the infinite, omnipresent, and that of God, is derived, finite and eternal Father descended into the confined, both in mental and cor. Virgin, and became a child, &c. poreal powers ; therefore is it All that was exhibited of Deity in obvious, that whatever belongs to the person of Jesus Christ, 1 000 the separate essential nature of ceive to have been the actual

power, wisdom, and love of God, * Encyclopædia Brit. art. Sabellians.

and these produced in a way by


Letters to a Student.-Letter IV. no means contrary to reason or himself, the actions he performed, experience.

as those of Deity. He was a pure Thus far, I believe, I have ad. vehicle, prepared and preserved vanced nothing that will not be for the reception and display of conceded by the liberal Unitarian; the divine perfections and attri. But how do I stand with regard to butes, hut still he was only a rehi. the Trinitarian?

cle, a created medium, and when I Certainly, if my tenets are worship him, I worship not the brought to the test of the doctrine human nature, but the one God, of three persuns, I can expect no whose glorious and gracious chafavour; but so far as the Divinity racter and operations were and are of Jesus Christ, in the proper resident in it. meaning and application of the In heaven, the same form, adorn. term, is concerned, I see no rea. ed with glorious splendour, but son why we should be at issue; beaming with matchless love, will for I believe that in him was dis. be, I apprehend, the eternal me. played all that ever will be dis- dium of our future worship. Still played of Deity to his creatures! we shall not worship the resplenThe power, the wisdom and the dent glory, nor the benignant form, love of the Supreme, may, indeed, but we shall through these, adore and assuredly will, be exhibited and love an invisible and incom, in a more effulgent and glorious prehensible Being, whose perfecmanner; but the magnificent ac- tions and attributes are thus graci. companiments of ten thousand ously and condescendingly ensplendid suus, will still be only ac. shrined, in accommodation to our companiments, only the effects of the natures, and in order that our de. Divine operation, not the Divinity votional feelings may be elevated himself! And it will be the ein- to compleat ecstacy! ployment of faith, through them, For the scriptural grounds of to conceive of the wondrous per: these views, I must refer to the fections and attributes of the one work itself, and remain, invisible and incomprehensible JE.


With much respect, Under the human and created Your friend and servant, furm of Jesus Christ, I perceive

JAMES CLARKE, the Deity instructing his creatures, reconciling them to himself, and

Letters to a Student, saving them from ruin. The mind of the Saviour, Jesus Christ, I

LETTER IV. believe 10 have been gradually The preceding hints, my Eu. formed by divine agency till it was genius, have been suggested not so completely filled with the know. much by an idea of their impor. ledge and love of God himself. tance in themselves, though that Constantly preserved, (and there. be considerable, nor principally, fore entirely free,) troin any ad- as general rules of conduct; but mixture of error and sin, I re- particularly on account of their gard the precepts which fell from connection with the great object, his kips as the teachings of God to which the years you will spend


in the Academy, are to be devoted. neglect none. Some may be, as It can scarcely be asked by you, Dr. Jortin expresses it, relatively what is that object? But should dry; but that thoy are for that it be made a question by any youth, reason to be despised and passed the answer is obtained by other over, does not follow. It may be, questions, which not only point in some degree, an useful discipline, out this objeci. but intimate the to constrain the mind to bestow moment of it. Why was the semi. attention on them. This may be nary into which

you have entered laid down as a certain principle, founded? Why was it, with great that you are not qualified to judge exertions of generosity and zeal, of the utility of a science, unless raised to its present state? And you had experience of its applicawhy are your parents and friends tion and an acquaintance with its desirous that you should spend different connections with other some years of the prime of your branches of knowledge or the life within its walls? But to en. transactions of life; which your gage you and your fellow academ- years and your situation as a pupil, ics in study. Study, be it remem. imply you have not. But the utility bered, is the great design for which of a science in itself, or its appliyou enlist as a collegiate. Study cation in future life, is not the is to be the leading in a manner sole consideration by which you the sole object of your attention. should judge of its importance and It is to fill your time, to employ by which your attention to it your thoughts, to jouse your emu. should be governed. You may lation, to call forth all your powers. never, when your academical With study is the day to com- course is finished, be called on to mence; with study is it to close. carry it into practice or have any

How assiduous soever you be, occasion to apply it, yet it may be there is no possibility of exhausto highly useful to study it in the ing the subjects of enquiry before present period of your life; and you : they are so various and ex. as forming part of an academical tensive. Whatever be your pecu. course, it has a strong recommen. liar genius and turn of mind, in dation to your regard. Il may give that variety which will offer, you a peculiar exercise and play to may be certain to meet wbat will your mental powers ; strengthen, suit and gratify it. Every science, by exercise, your faculties; add indeed, calls for your attention ; to the stock of your ideas; and because every science has its pecu- enlarge your views. The historian, liar advantages and uses. Your poet and orator will furnish more tutors, it may be presumed, in pleasing reading and a constant their introductory lectures to the source of entertainment in sucsubjects of their respective depart. ceeding years : yet the mathema. ments, will lay before you a view tics, though you should never have of the utility and application of an opportunity to apply them to those particular branches of know. astronomy, architecture or navi. ledge, into which it is their pro. galion, are essential to your imvince to initiate you.

provement, to accustom you to The matter to be urged on you clearness and precision in your at present, is, that you should ideas, and to a close way of rea.


Letters to a Student.-Letter IV. soning. They are more serviceable years to it, will not exhaust the and expedient, as a present course resources of pleasure and informa. of study, now than they will be lion which it yields. You have as hereafter, because the volatility of yet only tasted of the fountain ; it youthful years, requires those sends forth a copious and constant studies which, like mathematics, stream, of which you may drink, are particularly suited to restrain without fear of drought or satiety. and correct it, and the hastiness The style which characterises every of that period demands the infid- author, and the idioms peculiar ence of those pursuits which will to every language, will ever give check it, and habituate the mind a novelty to this kind of reading. to pause, consider coolly, and wait The writers of Greece and Rome for the conclusion. A desultory are so various and numerous, that reading may be more agreeablo, there is no reason to fear that you because more easy, but it is not so will grow weary with turning over useful as the slow, regular and the same work. Nor can you be at gradual progress of mathematical a loss to meet with an author, who knowledge. The Belles Lettres may suit your peculiar genius, may be more alluring and fasci. your present humour, or the parnating, but the mathematics are ricular object of your literary pur. more necessary for you, because suits. Poels, orators, historians, they exercise those powers to which philosophers, mathematicians and you may not be inclined to give a critics pass before you, and seek full scope. The former address your acquaintance. the fancy and taste, but these, the now borrow the aid of une class reason and understanding. When to assist your deeper researches, you shall have forgotten how to and then unbend and amuse your work the rules of Algebra, or to mind, with the beautiful pages of demonstrate the theorems of Eu. another class. clid, you will still be conscious of To read English authors only, a closeness in reasoning, and of an and to converse merely with transexpectation of clearness and lations, is not to read like a scho. strength in arguing, which, were lar; por can the benefit, pleasure you to trace back to its original and honour, which is a scholar's cause, you will have little reason to portion, be the re rd, of it. The doubt, was derived from, or much neglect of originals, it is to be sus. aided by, the attention which you pected, proceeds too much from gave, in early life, to those sciences. laziness. But that laziness is pe

But among all the branches of culiarly blameable in an academic: learning that now invite your at. because his powers are in their tention, none is to be preferred, as vigour, aid is at hand to facilitate an object of unremitting study, to bis progress, and the drudgery, if classical learning. With this has any, has been surmounted at your education commenced, this school. Now the path becomes bas occupied the days spent at more pleasant, difficulties are school ; you enter into the acade- cleared away, the spirit of the au. my to renew your acquisitions thor is felt, and taste begins to and to push your improvements in relish the beauties, which were be. it; and the application of future fore unobserved. Classical learn.

You may

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