Imatges de pÓgina


Deity of the Holy Spirit. we find, Acts i. 8. that the Holy that they have not followed cunGheist was to come upon them. ningly devised tables, those who J: verse 16, Peter, quoring a paso call ihemselves Unitarians must sape from the Psalms, says he not wonder, 11 those called TrinitaHily Ghost by the m utb of Da. rians will nul, upon thir mere ipse vid spake it Acts 11. 4. We read, dirit, believe one half the New that the Apostle's were filled with Testament to be figure and the the Holy Ghost, which produced other half fable. miraculous ettects upon them. A bint more, and I conclude. Acis Xiii 2. The Holy Ghost Will M. H. say why the writers of said, separate me Bas nabas and the New Testament, so uniformly, Saul to ihe work whereunto I have when speaking generally of the called them: and Acts v. 3 and Divine Being, call him God; and 4, of Ananias and Sapphira, it is when speaking of Jesus Christ, in said, that they lied to the Holy connection with him, they use the Ghost, and that ihey had not lied relative term Father, or God the to men but unto God, Now who Father : and if Christ and the is this great person who is thus Holy Ghost are not God, why is highly spoken of in scripture, and baptism administered in the names to whose influence such miracu. of the Father, Son and Holy lous powers are ascribed ? And, Ghost, and not in the names of let it be remembered, this is a God and Christ and the Holy great person sent by Christ, alier Ghost ; and why does the Apostle his ascension, and that he was Paul, in the close of his Second somebody distinctirom the Father; Epistle to the Corinthians, cluse as the Apostles were sent forth to with the grace of the Lord Jesus baptise persons on their embracing Christ, and the love of God, and the gospel, in the name of the Fa. the communion of the Holy Ghost, thur and of the Sun and of the dic.? Why does Peter, Isi Epistle, Holy Ghost ?

chap. i. verse 2. mention God the Ji then, those who are called Father, the Spirit and Jesus Christ Trinitarians and worship one God, as distinct persons all uniting in in the Father, Son and Holy Gbost, blessing the elect? happen 10 lake the scriptures of

H. M the New Testament as being plain matters of tact, related by plain honest men, miraculously inspired Sketch of English Protestant by the Holy Ghost, and should

Persecution. Letter V. understand them in that light Sir, June 21, 1812. which the language in common I ought to have mentioned in acceptation conveys, and literally my last

letter how the reformer of as it is wiitien; how can they be Geneva, not long before the pro. to blame? and whu is to prove ceedings against Juan Bocher, had that the New Testament does not contributed to increase the ardour mean literally what is written in of English Protestant persecution, it? We have been taught that the under the influence of that antitruths of religion are so plain, christian spirit wbich al length that a man that runs may read urged him to the atrocious deed and understand i and when the against Serdetus,

Among the Apostles have solemnly declared, epistles of Calvin is one to the

Protector Somerset, dated Octo the Hesh. Divers of them were ber 22, 1548. He tells the Duke taken up and found sureties for that he has been infirmed respect. their appearance, and were at ing two sorts of troublesome peo. leng: h brought into the ecclesias. ple in England. One called Gos. tical court pellers: the other party smitten Strype adds, (p. 237) “Be. with the old superstition. He re- sides these sectariis, there was in. contends to the Protector that formation sent to the court in June buih feel the weight of a severe this year of another sort in E-sex, correction and have the magis. but they as it seems, more barm. trate's sword drawn upon them. less, namely certain inat came Gladio ultore coerceri quem tibi together on other day, beside Sune tradidit Dominus.

days and holidays to bear serCalvio had no occasion thus to mons, who had preachers that spur the speedy. The year 1550, then preached to them, and that, memorable in the history of the for all i perceive, was all their English Protestant Church for fault; for I do not find any false the burning of Joan Bocher, was doctrine or sedition laid to their also employed in the infiction of charge." more tidious, though probably, I know not whether in such a conin many instances, not less fatal necujon This iistance of mere reli. severities, on the score of religion. giou restra'ni may be thought wos

Sirype (Ecc. Mem. ii. 236) re- thy of notice. Though it woulu now lates, from the manuscripts of Fox, be very justly called persecution, that “ sectaries appeared now in yet probably it never excited Kent and Essex,"chi. Ay at Bocking even a question among cur Protesand Feversbam, who 6 held the o- tant reformers, amidst the san. pinions ofthe Anabaptists and Pela. guinary projects which enga.ed gians." Those in kent went over to their aitenuion.

The fllowing pao thur brethren in Essex " to instruct per, issued by the council, in conand join with them.” Strype names sequence of ile Informatun men. eleven of their principal tioned by Strype, may however be and four of their teachers, one of worthy of preservatii n, as a teswhom was Humphrey Middleton, timony to that desire of religious whose story will soon engage our instruction which had been excit. attention. Among their “ sayings ed by the events and ibi preacbers and teneis" were the following : of thai age in a populace of bin

“ That the doctrine of Predes. scarcly any were able to read the tination was meeter for devils than scriprures for themsrlves. I bis for Christian men : that children paper I copy from Wilkins' Cuniwere not born in original sin : that cil Mag. Bri. iv. 62. there was no man so chosen but 66 The council's letter to the he might damn himself, neither bishop of London against weekly any man so reprobale but that he lectures, with the bishop at Li na might keep God's commandments don's letter for the execution of it and be saved : that learned men to the Archaeacon of Colchester. were the cause of great errors : Ex. Reg. Booner. Fl. 281. that to play at any manner oi game - Alter our righe brarty comfor money is sin and the work of mendations unto your lordship.

438 Sketch of English Protestant Persecution.-Letter V.
Being advertised from the Lord 251.) This commission is dated
Chancellor, that divers preachers Jan. 18, 1551. Its title and ge-
within your diocese in the county neral terms are like the former;
of Essex, do preach, as well the both, as a well informed friend
work days as the holy days, where. lately remarked to me, being co-
as some inconveniences may grow. pied from the judicial fornis of
Thinking not convenient that the the English Papal Church. The
preachers should have liberty so variations of this second commis.
to do, because at this present it sion consist in the notice of some
may increase the people's idleness, probably new heresies called liber.
who of themselves are so much tinorum errores, and a special in-
disposed to it, as all the ways that junction to the commissioners to
may be devised are little enough reclaim or punish certain impug-
to draw them to work. We there- ners of the established service thus
fore pray you to take order that described. Librum nostrum vulgo
they preach the holy days only, appellatum, The Booke of the
as they have been accustomed to Common Prayer and Administra.
do. And the work days to use tion of the Sacraments and other
those prayers that are prescribed Rites and Ceremonies of the
unto them. Thus we bid your Church after the use of the Church
good Lordship most heartily fare of England, aut divina officia in
well. From Greenwich, the 23d eodem expressa et inserta contem.
of June 1550, your loving friends, nentes, spernentes, adversantes,
E. Somerset, &c.”

sive obloquentes. To the former
There follows a letter from Rid. Commissioners is added Sir John
ley to the Archdeacon of Colches. Cheke, described as the King's
ter signed Nicol. London, dated Tutor.
25th of June, 1550, charging the These commissioners were not
preachers in the king's highness's idle. They soon found another

from henceforth victim to follow Joan Bocher to they do not preach but only upon the stake, though on an opposite Sundays and holy days, and none ground of heresy. Fox (Com. p. other days, except it be at any 202) describes their reputed errors burial or marriage!"

as directly contrasted. Germa. We now return to contemplate nus de divina Christi essentia ; al. persecution in its proper form, un- tera de humanitate. The story of disguised by any pretences of po- this second and the last recorded litical expediency.

martyrdom, during the reign of The friend who rainly expostu. Edward, so far as I have been lated with Rogers (p. 366) had able to collect it, is as follows. conjectured that the attention Strype, (Ec. Mem. ii. 78) excited by the execution of a he- places at the year 1547, the “Be. retic was calculated to increase ginning of the Stranger's Church beresy

Such now appears to at Canterbury.” About that time have been the case. The Council arrived in England Peter Martyr, deemed it necessary at the com. and among other learned divines mencement of the following year accompanying him, Bernardinus to issue a new commission which Ochinus, 'an Antitrinitarian ac. is found in Rymer's Federa. (xv. cording to Sandius, though pro

name, that

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bably then on the reserve as to his at the holy communion, contrary un-orthodox opinions. It ap- to the laudable usage and express pears also from Rymer's Fæd. direction of the Church of Eng. (xv. 242) that the Church of the land.” Augustine Friars in London was This church of the strangers, granted, 24 July, 1550, to the zealous against a heresy which Germans, John a Lasco, a Polish they had not themselves entertain. nobleman, being the first minister ed, perhaps grateful for the license and superintendant. Such were, allowed them, but certainly for. no doubt, the persons designed by getful of those claims to christian Strype, (Cran. p. 234) who “ led liberty under which they had over hither to escape the persecu. sought a refuge in England, now tions that were in those times very proceeded to excommunicate one violently set on foot in their re. of their number. That this per. spective countries, and to enjoy secuted church presently became the liberty of their consciences abettors of persecution, and perand the free profession of their formed the first act of the tragedy religion.” The King's Letters we are about to witness, appears Patent to Juhn a Lasco and the clearly from the following entry German Congregation, as pre. in King Edward's Journal. "1551, served by Burnett, (ii. Rec. 185) April 7. A certain Arrian, of not only express compassion for the strangers, a Dutch Man, expatriated foreigners, but declare being excommunicated by the his zeal to preserve in its original congregation of his countrymen, liberty the church which he had was, after long disputation, concontributed to deliver from the demned to the fire." tyranny of the Pope.

This Unitarian, here called an To these foreigners a consider- Arian, more probably agreed in rable latitude was permitted as to sentiment with L. Socinus, who, as forms. This appears from a com- appears by your volume V.p. 170, plaint of Burnett, (ii. 146) that was also about this time in England. 7. A Lasco did not carry himself The stranger's name, was George with that decency which became Van Parris, a native or inhabitant a stranger who was so kindly re. of Mentz, called by Fox a Gerceived; for he wrote against the man, (Germanus Moguntinus) orders of this church, both in the which was then synonimous with matter of the habits, and about Dutchman. Fox also hints at his the posture in the sacrament, being having been one of John a Lasco's for sitting rather than kneeling.” congregation. In the present age A later historian, Mr. Carte, (ii. it would scarcely deserve praise, 254) is larger upon this point. He but be only an avoidance of just says, “ John a Lasco had been edu- reproach, to do justice to the cated in Poland, a country overran moral character of a theological with Arians and Socinians, who, opponent. Yet in the age of Fox denying the divinity of our Savi. it was singularly liberal to comour, treated him in a manner as memorate the virtues of a man their equal by sitting with him at whose principles he must have his table, and publishing a book, abhorred. of George Van Parris, maintained the practice of sitting Fox declares that his countrymen

rune 28.

440 Sketch of English Protestant Persecution.-Letter V. had nothing of which to accuse among others, above the rank of him but his opinions. They ad. mere labourers. “It was declared mitted that bis lite was pure and that the said strangers, being bablameless. He adds, I wish such kers, brewers, chirurgeons, and a man had not embraced such scrivi Ders, were excinpied from an opinion, or thai bis lito might certain pinal statutes, and not have been sparel and he had taken to be handicrafts-men.” been left to the divine mercy, had Through his interpreter, the priit so pleased the governors of the soner declares “ihat he believ. Church, Vitæ aliqui integra et eth thai God the Father is only inculpalæ a suis dierbatur conter. God, and that Christ is not very

Utinum talis rita aut in God, is none heresy; and being eum non incidisset opinionem : aut by like interpretation declared to alit: r ea quam niorte illi poluisset him that it is a heresy; and being exi ni, vitamque divinæ gratiae re. asked wheiher he will retiact and linqui, si ita visum esset ecclesiæ abjure the same opinion, he saith, proceribus.

nu." After disputes and discusThe judicial proceedings against sions, disceplanunes et discussiones George Van Parris were held at with the pris ner, the cou missi. Lamberb, April 6, 1551, before onens, as in the case of Jivan Bo. Clanma, Ridley, Coverdale, bi. cher, invoking the name of Christ, shup of Exeter, and sis oller and enduring grief of heari, he is commissioners. (Wilkins C. M. at jengih declared an obstinate he. B. iv. 44.) The prisoner is called ratic according to the sentí nce a German of the parts of Flan. of the greater excommunication, ders, now residing in the city of delivered over to the secular power London, in the capacity of a sur. and committed to the custody of geon Chirurgicus, nalione Teu. Guy Wade, kerper of the prison thonicus, videlicet de partibus called the " Cuumpter in the Pul. Flandriæ infra civiratem Londi- try,” in the city of London. Then nensem commorans. Fox describes follows a prtition to the King, for him as quite illiterare, ignorant, the execution of the prisoner, I apprehend, of every language describing him as a child of the but his own, and therefore need- devil and enony of all righteous. ing an interpreter, an office sup- ness, qundam iniquitatis drabulice plied by Bishop Covrdale, one of alumnus et filius. They pray for his judges, who was a German. the king's protection of ihe church Rudis erat is prorsus literarum at. against the corruption of such an que doctrinæ expers. Porrò ne ser. infectious member, contra tam monis quidem illius gnarus, in quo putridum membrum. condemnatus est. Unde quum per

These inconsistent, misguided se non potuit, per interpretem res: Christians and professed reformers, pondere episcopum Exoniens, coge. who knew not what spirit they batur. That surgeons in that age were of, bad again afforded them were dirccily the reverse, in point space for repentance and motives of education, to what they are at to a review of their proceedings. present, may appear from a pas- Fox relates, thvugh he does not sage in Lurd Herbert's Henry the say whether before or after the Eighth. In 1531 it required a sentence, that a relation of George statute to raise such persons, Van Parris, a man of rank at

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