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of the least of the Lord's mercies, and young friends just setting out in life, to dependant only on his compassion for beware of needless expence in the furni. our final acceptance. Seeing also that ture of their houses, and in their general no awakened mind can be without a domestic habits. Even those who think view to a better and an enduring state, their property may entitle them to abunand that no one knows how scon he may dance or to elegance, by indulging in be called to put off mutability; let us costly habits are setting but an ill exambear in perpecual recollection that, in ple to those of more contracted means; the state to which we aspire, there is and as we are but too apt to copy that nothing but eternal love, joy, and ado- which coincides with our natural disporation, in the presence of Him through sition, our want of circumspection may whose love we were first awakened. prove an excitement to extravagance in

Jo contemplating this copious sub. Others, and prompt them to use exerject, though we are not apprehensive tions for supporting an appearance, of more symptoms of deficiency than in which may divert them from the true former years, we feel disposed afresh to business of life-the daily study to be encourage friends to be prompt in un- approved in the sight of God. dertak ng, and prudent in executing, And, dear youth, in general, especi. the blessed office of peace-maker. And ally you whose period of life may not we believe the patient endeavours of be so advanced as that of those whom faithful friends will be generally crown d we have just addressed, even you who wish success, in proportion as their own have left, or are about to leave, the minds are seeking to Jesus, for assistance protection of a parent, and to enter into in performing an office on which he has the busy scenes of life; some of you, pronounced his blessing: and in endea. probably, in populous towns, far differvouring to le d the minds of any con- ent from the retirement of your paternal tending persons, to a sense of the abso- abodes : we beseech you to guard lute necessity for all true disciples to against the new temptations which may live in peace one with another, and to now assail you. Oppose the first incite forgive one another, even as God, for ment to any liberty inconsistent with Christ's sake, has forgiven them. your principles, and be willing to seek

Before we quit the subject of Chris- the society of experienced friends in the tian love, let us remind you that no limit places where you may be situated, and of name can bound its influence. In this to receive their admonition with meekinstance of almost unprecedented pres- ness and attention. Never forget that sure on some of the poorer classes of our the season of early youth is a season of countrymen, we deem it particularly peculiar danger; and if you grow up desirable, that our dear friends every under this sense, you will from time to where should not be backward in exam time be led to cry for preservation to iping into their distresses; but liberal in Him, who has said (and his words are contributing a due proportion of relief. Amen for ever,) “ Him that cometh to Many are allowed to have temporal pos- me I will in nu wise cast out.” sessions sufficient to do this with com

The usual accounts of sufferings, parative ease. Let these therefore re- brought in this year, chiefly for tithes member that they are but stewards, and and those called church rates, and for let them seek to be good and faithful military demands, amount to thirteen stewards. And it is probable that o:hers, thousand, six hundred and forty-five not equally abounding in the good pounds. Five young men have been things of this life, may find that in imprisoned for refusing to serve in the using moderation in their own e pen- local mil cia. Besides these and other diture, they may have wherewith to accounts which we have received from supply the wants of others, and to make our several Quarterly Meetings, we the heart of the poor man sing for joy, have an epistle from Ireland, and one O, the blessing of clothing the naked from each of the Yearly Meelings on and feeding the hungry! who would the American continent. The Yearly not desire to be entitled to a share in Meetings of our American brethien it?

seem vigilant in their attention to the Moderation in personal and domestic support of our testimonies, and to purexpense, every way becomes the follow. poses of general benevolence. The ducedu. ers of a lowly hearted Saviour. We are calion of our youth still forms a part of the therefore engaged to press it upon our concern of ihe Yearly Meeting of Penn

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Intelligence.--Catholic Aggregate Meeting. sylvania; which has also, together with prompt to lend a hand of help to such as those of Maryland and New York, conti. may stray from the path of safety; it nued to care for the na ve inhabi'ants of leads to universal benevolence : and as the wilderness; and those of Carolina, it is the origin of every good work, so V ruinia and Maryland, estily in ther through the grace of our Lord and Savi. e is les, their unremi :ing concern for our Jesus Christ, it will be the reward the sale of the enslaved Africans in of a life passed in his service, in its natheir land. Although in our country, tive region, the realm of unmixed love, as well as in theirs, ihe iniaisuus rabic with him for ever. Amen. wi h Afr ca in siaves has been abolished Sigued in and on behalf of the meet. by law, we desire friends not to forget ing, by that slavery still exists within the Brit.

JOHN WILKINSON, ish empire, and io suffer their sympa Clerk to the Meeting this year. thy still io flow towards iis on, ressed victinis

Thus, dear friends, we fru»t we may say that boi h abr ad and at home, the

Catholic Aggregate Meeting. Lord is influencing his servants to re

Dublin, July 2. main on the wa'ch. Though the sub

EARL Fingal in the Chair je. ts of our concern may be somewhat various, it is still leasan: to refleci, that The Aggregate Meeting of this day all are aiming at the same objects and all was more nu rerously attended than any lo: king to he same Lord for his graci- preceding assemblage of ihe depositaries ous assistance. Having the same faith, of ihe wealih and power of the Catho. and being baptized wiħ the same bap- lics of Ireland. At one o'clock the Earl tism, even those plunges into exercise of Fingal took the chair, amidst the ene and conflict which wash us from contis thusiastic applause of his countrymen. dence in our own exer ions; how can it

Mr. M'Donnell, seconded by Counselbe otherwise ihan that we should rely, lor O'Connell, proposed that the Petition as we have just hinted, on the same should be read-it was accordingly read, Lord ? May this unity of travail encou. and it appeared to be a transcript of the rage us all to abide steadfast in our alle. Petition mutatis mutandis of the Dissentgiance to him, thai in due season we may ers of England to Parliament for univer reap the unfading reward of his holy sal religious freedom. peace.

Dublin, July 2. Having touched on some of the sub We had just written to the close of jec's which have warned our hearts in the preceding article, when we received desire that we may be built up a spiri- information, from the best authority, tual house, we entreat you to consider that the Catholics of Ireland, with that that it is by means of individual excr- nobleness of mind and of action which tions, under the direction of the omnipo- has hitherto distinguished them, and tent Master-builder, that the work is to with all the liberality and wisdom worbe effected to his praise. Be vigilant, thy men acting for a great and generous therefore, we beseech you ; be consiant, people, had resolved to sink the question of when cases require it, in faithiul and Caiholic emancipation, and " to petiiion tender admonition. Neglect in this point upon the principle of the Dissenters for gives countenance to defects and in the removal of all disabilities !!- We creases them, whilst the faithsul admo. have not time or room now fully to nisher may hope to partake of the re- express our approbation of this enlighward of those who "iurn many to righ. tened policy on the part of our Cachoteousness;" who, saith the prophet, lic fellow-subjects; it goes to a sincere, « shall shine as the stars for ever and a complete union of all sects and parcies, ever.”

to that Christian and constitutional Now, dear friends, in conclusion, let us union, before which no intrigue no ca. observe, that love, Christian love, is the bal, no witchery can stand; belore which parent of every virtue : it restrains our Bigotry must melt into an "ary nothimmoderate gratification of personal in- ing,” and Intolerance become dunib for dulgence; it expands our hearts to every ever.-(Dublin Evening Post.) class of society, and to every modification of the human species; it makes us

( 473 ) MONTHLY RETROSPECT OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS ;

OR, The Christian's Survey of the Political World. The Bill of Earl Stanhope has re- who laid it down as a fundamental law, eeived the face we expected, but the that we should not do to our neighbour propo al of it has not been unartended what we do not wish to be done to curwith good. It could not be imagined, selves. that a bill of so extensive a nature, so

The introduction of this bill gave rise to contrary to the strange prejudices that an extraordinary correspondence between have been cherished for upwards of a Mr. Smith, one of the members for Norcentury, and one so agreeable to sound wich, and Earl Stanhope. The latter sense, true Christianity and liberal phi- had in his opening speech made some allosophy should be immediately enter. lusions to the conduct of the former, tained, and received with universal appro. who is connected with the body of Dise bation. Suffice it, that the opposers sen'ers, under the name of the Deputies could not bring any solid arguments of the Three Denoninations, and repreagainst it; that they could not deny, senting him as entertaining very imper. that the statute book contained laws on fect views of toleration. In consequence the subject of religion, which at this Mr. Smith wrote a letter in the public time of day no one could propose to the papers, representing this part of the legislature: The Earl also made such speech as deficient in decorum, and not an exposition of the absurdities in the giving him an opportunity of reply. To statute book, that it is not likely that this the Earl replied, by asking, Mr. any one hereafter will act upon them or Smith some questions, and he in his anspeak in their defence. This is the way swer stated, that a communication had in which truth gradually advances in been made with Mr. Perceval in the the world. She is persecuted by ances- spring, chiefly on the subject of the tors, goaded on by an interested priest. Conventicle Act, and in consequence, hond: this creates discussion : by degrees a bill was sketched to remedy the incona the points of contention lose their inter- veniences that had arisen from some est : at last the descendants wonder how late interpretations of that act and the their forefathers could suffer themselves Toleration Act in several counties : and to be worried, and worry each other on the bill would have left remaining on our accou at of some stupid nonsense, in- statute book those absurdities which it vented by stupid churchmen, and defend. was the intention of the Earl's bill to reed by the sophistry of those, who thought move. The Earl rejoined, and triumphed that the people ought to be kept in ig- on the acknowledgment that Mr. Smith's norance to be the more easily duped by attempts were so confined, and in the priest craft.

grand principles maintained in his bill : The rejection of the bill gave birth to namely, ist, Liberty of conscience is an the following admirable protest of en- unalienable right of all mankind, and lightened nobles who declare, that “ the which ought ever to be held most sacred. toleration hitherto granted to Dissenters and, A man can only enjoy a thing lawby law is incomplete, amounting to no- fully, when no man lawfully can hinder thing more than a partial and conditional his enjoying it. exemption from penalties and perse. Both parties, we are convinced, wish cutions; whereas the bill now rejected, equally well to religious liberty, but they by recognizing the rights of private may differ in the paths each choose to judgment in matters of conscience, would obtain it. We are inclined to prefer have placed relig,ous liberty on its only the mode pursued by Lord Stanhope, true and legitimate basis." "This admi. which comprehends and unites all bodies rable protest is signed by Lord Holland, dissenting from the church, and all in Earl Stanhope, Marquis of Lansdowne, the church, who are affected equally with and the Duke of Norfolk, and thus á Dissenters by its ridiculous cnactments. record is fixed in the House of Lords, Every day adds vigour to the general which may serve as a land-mark in fu- principle, but the parties, contending for ture attempts; and many more must be objects affecting only a few persons, made before men protessing to be Chris. have quite as much difficulty in obtaintians grant that liberty to their brethren, ing their petty advantages, as if they which cannot be denied but by the injury had aimed at more general good. If of those who deny it, and a forfeiture of instead of aiming each sect for itself, all their claim to be the disciples of him, will join in the general principle, deVOL. VII.

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Stute of Public Affairs. siring nothing for itself which it would this bill, which otherwis: might have not grant to others, religious liberty will, found their way into it. Every thing we believe, be obtained, after a few strug. now it was certain would be more ac. gles, to the general joy of all parties, in curately examined, and though there which we include a very great majority might be some solicitude not to grant of the established church.

too much, still the administration would But Lord Stanhope in his last letter not be willing to introduce any thing, questions Mr. Smith very closely upon which should expose it to the wellanother point, on which we have long merited censures of the thinking and enexpected some enquiry, though we hal lightened, whose eyes are now every not the least idea from what quarter it where opened to this subject. We shall would cone. It is generally understood be curious to see the changes introduced, that Lord Sidmouth complains of having but look forward to the advocates fur been misled by certain Disseniers, who Catholic emancipation and Mr.Wyvill's gave him, some of them spontaneously, Petition for some effeciucl good to be their advice upon the subject of his operated in ihe next sessions. The bill bill,' and led him to believe that they of administration has passed the Comcarried great weight with, and repre- mons. sented truly the feelings of the Dissene. The Catholic question stands upon

This report Lord S. anhope brings very good grounds, for the House of very pointedly home to Mr. Smith, ask. Commons has determined to tike it up ing him “ whether he does or does not early in the ne:t sessions, and to grant know that it is a current report that he, every thing which is not incompatible Mr. Smith, encouraged Lord Sidmouth with the Protestant interest. In the ro bring in his bill of the last session ? House of Lor is, the question against Whether the Dissenters and Methodists the Catholics as carried by a majority did not decline, positively, to meet Mr. of only one. The ministers were divided Smith afterwards, upon Lord Liverpool's upon this question, which is not to be invitation po' The fact is, that certain considered, according to the vulgar Dissenters were much too ofhcious upon phrase, as a government question, that chis occasion, and gave themselves a is in other words, each member of Parcredit, to which they were by no means liament is to exercise his own judgment entitled. They affected to speak for the upon the question, acting according to whole body of Dissenters, without con- his own views, and each men ber of the sidering how little weight they really Cabinet will do the same. This iniplies, possessed in that body. It is not easy, that in other questions the n-embers of we are happy to say, for any man to the House of Commons do not exercise earry great weight with the Dissenters: their own udgment, but are led by some for the body is not so manageable as the influence, whether of government or of church ; it will think for itself, and to any other person, and this distinction know their thoughts, an acquaintance ought to be clearly asce cained, and each with a few gentlemen is not sufficient. member marked by the character which The Dissenters are divided into bodies, belongs to him, and each question by of which that of the Methodists is now the support which it receives We should by far the most numerous : whilst that then form a true estimate of every diviof the Presbyterians is dwindling to no- sion. Thus if there were seven honest thing. The mixed class, consisting of and independent members on one side those who are Dissenters in town and and six on the other, we might be conChurchmen in the country, we ascrite vinced, that there was some ground for tu neither class : for inasmuch as they difference of opinion, which it would cannot bear their testimony to dissent become us to examine : but as to the among their country neighbours, we may numbers on either side, who are not generally look upon their connection to honest and independent, they should be be very slight with the meeting house; considered as nothing, though their and their children, naturally forgetting speeches may throw great light upon a it, will slide with ease into that body, subject, and be of use to the honest and which affords greater resources to the independent mind. fashionable and the opulent.

The honest and independent members The bill of Lord Stanhope, though of Parliament will in the recess have an not successful has been of use. Admi. opportu:nity of examining the Catholic nistration itself has brought in a bill, and question in all its bearings, and to ascer. we are credibly informed, that the man- tain precisely what is meant by the Pro. ner in which Lord Stanhope's speech testant interest. This is not confioed was received in the House of Lords, pre. to the established sects either in Engvented the insertion of many things into land or Scotland, which bolh together,

und including the members of the estaba sult to themselves or their children, by lished sect in Ireland, do not form a undermining the morality of the country. majority of the Protestants of this king. It is not a subject however for a duel: dom. Whether they deserve the name and commending the gentleman for exof Protestants, who belong to the sects pressing his abhorrence of this dance in called the Church or the Kirk, may proper terms, we lament his want of justly he doubted : and the Disseniers courage in suffering himself to be called will do well to examine what is their out into the field upon such an occasion. claim to this tiile. The word Protes- Death did not ensue to either party: bue tant is deri ed indeed from some prices dreadful must have been the reflections and no' les of Germany, pro'esting in a of the challenger, if he had added 10 the dict against the power of the Pope, but folly of vindicating an immodest dance, it is of Jittle consequence to protest the murder of a man for standing up in against the power of one man, in matters desence of true order and decorum. of religion, if they set up another power Duels are every day growing more and equally obnoxious, and equally contrary more out of fashion, and we congratulate to the allegiance we owe to our Lord and the age, that the character of the duelist Saviour Jesus Christ. Popery is bad ceases to be honoura' le. War, how. enough when adorned with all the mag- ever, stands its ground, and all eyes are nificence of St. Peter's ; it is worse when turned to the new theatre, where the it presses you down in a meeting house, match is unequal between the big Ben whose minister, differing from i he sects of Europe and his competiior. Buona. of Rome and England, has the insolence parte has been sutriciently often on the to call himself orthodox, and to send stage, to establish his character, and to every one to eternal perdition, who does give him a distinguished rank among the not subscribe to the traditions which he prize-fighters of the world. His talents received from his mother, nurse and in the art cannot be doubted, and the tutor.

Vistula and the Memel have witnessed We are concerned to state that the the activity and the vigour of his power, troubles of the manufacturing counties It is not necessary to examine in detail have not completely subsided, yet it may the reasons that have brought on this be doubted whether they called for any war. They are given in state-papers, new laws upon this subject. An inquiry published by Buonaparte at the he d of took place in both Houses by secret com- his armies. The Emperor of Russia mittees, who had the inspection of pa- would not be subservient to all his views, pers delivered to them by government in and he was to be humbled. For this sealed bags, and on their report, after purpose troops were marched from all some discussion, a bill was passed, in directions to the Vistula, and laws are creasing the power of the magistrates in to be divulged to the semi-barbarians of the disturbed counties. It is probable the north, by the mouth of the cannon. that the return of employment may set When his army had crossed the Vis. aside the necessity of using these powers, tula, Buonaparte, who had been feastand the tumults themselves must be con- ing on the road with his subject kings, sidered as a temporary effervescence, not was seen at the head of them. They as a settled system of disaffection to the were instantly marched on, and by one constitution and governnient of the coun. of his prompt and judicious measures try.

were passed over the Memel on three An extraordinary duel disgraces the bridges, the Russian Emperor being to account of our last month ; it is stated the right of him at the discance of only to have been between a general officer thirty leagues. The movements of the and another gentleman on the subject French have been given in three bulof a dance, called the Waltz, which letins, and curiosity is on float for the certain persons in the fashionable world arrival of the next, to confirm or conare endeavouring to introduce into this fute the plans of politicians on the camcountry. This is

common dance in paign. Ii will be seen, whether hundreds Germany, a dance that English travellers of leagues have been laid waste by the used to look on with disgust, and they Russians themselves to impede the prowould have been shocked at the idea of gress of Buonaparte, or, which is more their wives or sisters exhibiting them- probable, whether he has not got into selves in so indecent a manner. It is in the rear of the Russians, and compelled fact, a dance very improper for a modest them to a battle to their disadvantage. woman, and we trust that it will long An ambassador is gone from England to be considered so by the lower classes, Petersburg, but it is not clear that, if whatever countenance it receives from he arrives at that city, he will not have those in higher life, who do not suffici. to open his credentials before its conently reflect on the danger that will re- queror.

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