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very much exalt the joys and im- New Testament positively asserted provements of the good, and as that doctrine ; and that upon bemuch heighten the horror and rage ing assured that it did, he deof the wicked.”
clared himself incapable of assent. Another reputed unbeliever, in ing to a system of religion which conduct happily distinguished from maintained a tenet so repugnant Lord Rochester, is said to have to all his views of the benignity of entertained the same objection to the great Governor of the UniRevelation, on the ground of its verse.” I cannot forbear to 'add alledged doctrine of endless pun. the accompanying remark, which ishinent, The passage is in Biog. may justly rank the biographer Briit. (iv.) and introduced in the among the merciful Doctors. following manner.
“li," says Dr. Kippis, “his
his Mr. now Dr. Huntingford, the lordship had lived in the present learned Bishop of Gloucester, com. day, he would have found a nummunicated to Dr. Kippis, in 1789, ber of divines who would have for his Life of Lord Shaftesbury, given him quite a different answer. some “ anecdotes and observa. They would have informed him, tions.” In these, the Preface to that, in their opinion, Christianity Whichcui's Sermons is declared to holds out no doctrine of so dread. be undoubtedly the production of fula nature ; and that at the very of that nobleman, and a fair pre- utmost, it only denounces the final sumption of " what Bishop But• extinction of the impenitently Jer used to assert, that had Lord wicked ; so that such, if there be Shaftesbury lived in the present any such, who after all, shall re. century, when Christianity is more main incorrigibly corrupt and perfecily understood, he would abaudoned, will, at length, 10 have been a good Christian.” longer exist in the creation of Mention is made of some unavail. God.” ing, and now lost, “ letters, in One of Dr. Kippis's predeces. which Mr. Lucke recommended sors in the service of the congreChristianity to his lordship." These gation at Princes Street, appears had been a few years before “read to have occupied his mind with by iwo gentlemen, who were so painful anxiety, on the subject of affected by the strong and pressing the divine dispensations as they terms in which Mr. L. expressed respect the final condition of man. his sentiments that they could not I refer to a letter written by Mr. Say, abstain from tears.” To this com. of whose papers you have given a munication Dr. Kippis subjoins large account. [Vols. iv.& v.] This the following passage :
letter is in the collection generally “ There is a tradition, that, called Hughes's Correspondence. (ii. amidst other difficulties which oc. 150.) It is dated March, 1743. Mr. curred to the Earl of Shaftesbury, S. " endeavoured to persuade him. with regard to the truth of the self, that ibere never was a sensi. Christian revelation, he was star. ble or conscious being, wbo, upon tled at the idea of its containing the whole of his existence, should the doctrine of the eternity of hell not possess an overbalance of good torments ; that he consulted some to his evil, notwithstanding the eminent church men, whether the two different states of good and
492 Information concerning Lord Rochester and other. bad men, which we believe here. kind, at the consummation of all after.” Yet he was immediately things. With what raptures of perplexed with the case of Judas. devotion must every one, who This letter to an anonymous cor- cherishes this generous doctrine, respondent, is followed in the col. join with the apostle in the followlection (p. 156.) by remarks dated ing pathetic exclamation, the May 27, 1743, a very few weeks depth of the riches both of the after the writer's death, from the wisdom and knowledge of God.! pen of his friend, Mr. W. Dun- How unsearchable are his judgcombe, a man of letters, the corres. ments, and his ways past finding pondent of Lord Corke and Arch. out.” bishop Herring, and author of a
Mr. D. next sustains his opinion tragedy entitled Lucius Junius by quoting the well-known passage Brutus. Mr. D. has taken a from a Sermon by Tillotson, and liberal and comprehensive view of thus concludes a view of divine this most interesting subject, in the Providence towards man.-“They, following passages, which, I think, indeed, who obstinately refuse to you will deem worthy of being be converted, shall suffer punishtranscribed :
ment proportionable to their offen. “Perbaps all those natural evils, ces, and such as the rules of jus, or moral obliquities, of which we tice and equity dictate. And ihis so grievously complain, may be no the order of God's government, stronger an objection to the recti. the reverence due 10 bis laws, the tude of the whole system, than hills benefit and final conversion of the and mountains are to the rotundity offenders themselves, and the ima of the globe; and may answer provement of other moral agents, various excellent purposes, though manifestly require.” (P. 162.), we are too short-sighted to disco. I have quoted this writer so ver them. Vindictive justice in largely, not merely on account of the Deity, is, I own, no article in his literary reputation, but because, my creed. All punishment in the unfortunately, not a hint on the hands of an infinitely wise and subject is given by Dr. Kippis in good Being, I think, must be me- his life of Mr. Duncombe, (B. B. dicinal, and what we call chastise. V. 504.) compiled chiefly from the
communications of his son, the Mr. D. then quotes a pas, late Rev. John Duncombe, the sage in Milton's Mask of Comus," editor of Hughes’s Correspondence. Virtue may be assailed, &c. as There is a passage in that life (507, seeming “ to comprise the marrow Note M.) from a MS. letter to of theology,” and adds: Archbishop Herring, whicb, if
66 What St. Paul speaks more not already given, you may wish directly of the reconciliation both to add to your notices of Mr. Say. of Jews and Gentiles to God, by “ I never conversed,' says Mr. Jesus Christ, Romans xi. 32. For Duncombe, with a person of God hath concluded them all in more learning or modesty. He unbelief, that he might have mercy was an excellent critic, and liad upon all, I am willing to under- a fine talent for poetry. But it tand in a more extensive sense, was his misfortune to bave so of he general redemption of man. penetrating a judgment, that he
could never be satisfied with his Ainsworth's Annotations are reown performances, nor think them presented as containing only the correct enough.”
Pentateuch (p. 261.); whereas DISCURSOR. they contain all bis Annotations,
viz. on the Pentateuch, the Psalms
and Canticles. Chalmers's General Biographical Upon the whole, the work is Dictionary.
free from a party spirit. From
This praise, however, must be exa I am one of those who watch cepted the whole of the article the periodical and popular lite. Alembert, or, as it is more comrary productions of the day, with monly and properly given, D'Al. a particular view to the spirit and embert. How could Mr. Chal. character of the authors who are mers revile the authors of the likely to influence the times. With French Enryclopædia upon such soine eagerness, 1 lately procured authority as the Abbé Barruel ? the ist volume of the New Gene. A persuasion of the dangerousness ral Biographical Dictionary, ed. of discussion is no good qualifiiting by Alexander Chalmers, and cation for a general literary bio. a cursory examination of it has, I grapher. , confess, afforded me pleasure. It We may notice also two minor seems to be more extensive in its exceptions. Richard Adams, plan than any similar work in the one of the ejected ministers, is English language ; and it is a called (p. 141.) “ an Anabaptist great recommendation of it, that teacher." This term Anabaptist the works of authors are specified is not descriptive, but reproach. with ihe titles at length, in their ful. They who practice adult proper form and language, and baptism by immersion, hold every wiib their respective dates. The other mode of administering the omission of scripture biography ceremony to invalidate it as a is, also, an improvement. scriptural rite, and to make it
There is, however, one consi, nothing at all. The epithet is aban. derable blemish in the work: doned to the small remnant of when the lives of several persons theological bigots.-- In the ac. of the same name are given, they count of John Alexander, a dise are huddled together without chro. senting teacher, mention is made nological arrangement. I per- of his posthumous work on the ceive, indeed, that they are in the xv. chap. of Corinth. 1. published alphabetical order of their Chris- by John Palmer, and it is added tian or first names; but this is the (p. 415.) “ Mr. Palmer has be. poorest and meanest of all modes stowed high praise on the critical of classification.
sagacity and learning displayed in Some inaccuracies are retained this work. It is some deduction from the old edition. Bishop Alo from its merit, however, that in drich is said (p. 381.) to have the preliminary dissertation, he “ died March 25, 1555, at Horn. favours the opinion of there being castle, in Lincolnshire, which was no state of consciousness between a house belonging to the Bishops death and the resurrection. Of of Carlisle.” The folio editions of his talents, in another respect, a VOL. VII.
Mr. Fordham on Natural and Revealed Religion. much more favourable opinion may form no essential part of religion, be formed from the papers he properly so called, they are apwrote in “ The Library.” This pendages designed to answer the passage is bad enough for the obe purpose of extrinsic evidences. scurity of the last sentence, but Miracles have ceased, but the worse for the dogmatism and il. moral law is as immutable as God liberality which run through it. himself, and will continue the
I point out these faults in Mr. same " yesterday, to-day and for Chalmers's work, not with a view ever." of disparaging it, but in the hope I commence then, at once, with that if this letter should reach his the broad plain position, that eye, or that of any of the book. natural and revealed religion are sellers concerned in the publica. identical. God is one; and tion, there may be more care the religion which emanates from bestowed upon the suceeeding God is one. In all its features volumes. EPISCOPUS. and qualities it resembles its Divine
Parent. Like him, it is benevolent, Mr. Fordham on Natural and immortal and universal. Like
Rerealed Religion. him, it is just, tolerant, sublime Sandon, July sih, 1812.
and beneficent. Christianity is Sir,
adapted to the nature of man; Much has been written upon that which is suited to the nature the subject of natural and revealed of man must form a part of the religion, as if there were two parti- system of nature. This is the cular distinct religions, indepen. point at which I aimed. Can ang dent of each other. For my part, thing be more evident? The writ. I am of opinion, that there is but ten law of God forbids gluttony one simple, indivisible, eternal and drunkenness, so does the unreligion, which is founded in the written law of Nature. The immutable order of things, of drunkard and the glutton do not which God is the sublime author. act in compliance with the simple Natural and revealed religion dictates of Nature, which renders mean one and the same thing, it absolutely impossible for either God, who is the God of all things, of them, even to enjoy the physi. and ever consistent with him. cal and moral beauty of a healthy self, can never be the author of organization. It is as impossible two distinct religions, because, that they should experience the this would be to make him at sweet and noble tranquillity of pure variance with himself. The God and perfect health, the divinest of nature, is the God of Christi. blessing that can emanate from anity. Christianity is the religion the merey of God, as that water of Nature, or the religion of Na. should now from a lower to & ture is the religion of Jesus Christ, higher situation, or that we should I do not intend bere to include swallow poison and not destroy miraculous operations, but to ourselves. The written law of confine the interpretation of the God inculcates chastity, so does word religion or Christianity, to the unwritten law of Nature. It the Moral Code, which is religion, teaches us that it is necessary to properly so called. Miracles our health and strength, that it
contributes to our vigor of mind conception of the Virgin, or that and body ;--that libertinism un. she was born without the taint of dermines our moral energy, and original sin. qur ardour for the great and beau. Mr. Stone, as is well known, tiful, and surrenders the volup- controveried the supernatural, or tuary, in the prime of life, to all as it is generally nam.d, the mira, the infirmities aud miseries of a culous conceprion of Jesus Christ. premature old age. The written By thus publickly avowing his law of God teaches gratitude, jus. heresy, according to the judgment tice, mercy, humility; so does of his own church, he certainly the unuritten law of Nature. All " has fallen a victim to his hun. these virtues are modifications of esty,'' but I cannot so readily as. interior felicity.--Is it not agree. certain the ignorance and want able to our nature, to te happy ? of charity of his opponents.” I am are we not organized for this grand not able to forget that the preacher purpose ?
and his opponents alike held their I know, Sir, that this intereste ecclesiastical benefits on the faith ing subject admits of considerable of their adherence to the creeds expansion, but enough, I presume, and articles of the Church of Enghas already been produced to land. One of those creeds as. prove my point, which, at the serts that Jesus Christ was con. same time, is, I conceive, to sup- ceived by the Holy Ghost and port the honour of God, the unity born of the Virgin Mary. of his design, the harmony of his
VERBUM SAT. attributes, and to show that the scope of his operation, is not nar. row and confined, but grand, ex. Letter of the Reo. Theophilus pansive, universal and sublime, Browne to the Hereford Jour. I concluile, with repeating, what nal. I commenced with, that as God is
Congleton, July 220, 1812. one, so religion is one, and that Jesus Christ was the Son of God,
SIR, And the exalted interpreter of the
The inclosed address having
been refused admittance into the Jaws of Nature,
Hereford Journal, I bave to reG. G. FORDHAM.
quest that you will give it a place
in your Repository.
I am, Sir,
Your's respectfully, The benevolent person (p. 447.)
T.B. who has chosen lo advocate, in a mode so unusual, the opinion
To the Editor of the Hereford Journal, ably maintained by the late Rec. Sir, lor of Cold Norton, has not, very
Whenever the public mind is in accurately, stated that opinion. danger of being misled, whether He seems to have been thinking designedly or by accident, it is the on another question, long agitated, duty of every man to endeavour and still undecided, in the Papal to prevent it as far as lies in his whyrch, respecting the immaculate power. Error, though in many