Imatges de pàgina

I allude only to remind you that And does your letter merely such expressions contain no argu. contain your view of the subject, ment, and are calculated to excite as a student at College? or is it unchristian feelings, both in the the result of your observations, writer and in the reader.

since you became a stated minisThe result of the comparison, ter of the gospel ? between your statement and that As I am sure my wish is to ob. of the gentleman whom I have had tain an accurate statement, if, now, the pleasure of meeting in Liver. on your return to Boston you will pool, is, in my own mind, a strong have the goodness to favour us confirmation of the opinion which with an account of the present forms the substance of the note state of Unitarianism, in its enlargyou have criticised ; that if “the ed sense; I think you will gratify minds of men were left unfettered, many readers of the' Repository, unawed by threats, unallured by and you wili confer an obligation temptations," the worship of the on One God the Father would be Your respectful greatly increased. That it has

and obedient Servant, greatly increased in Boston,

J. GRUNDY. though there may be various opinions, as to the extent of the increase,

Burning a Sinner. I cannot conclude without tak.

Hampton, July 1, 1812. ing the liberty of asking you one

SIR, or two questions. Am I mistaken in the opinion I have formed, that Travelling lately in Lincolnshire, you, in the sense so often referred I heard, upon unquestionable au10, are yourself an Unitarian? | thority, a story which I think ought ask this question, because it ap- to be known to the public. pears to me so astonishing that, if In that county a sect prevails, you are a Trinitarian you should known by the name of Baptists of not have preached Trinitarianism the New Connection : on enquiry, any of the times you officiated in I found that they were Arminians, the chapel, where the sermon, and differed from the Wesleyan which bas caused your aniinad. Methodists only in the article of versions, was delivered. When a Baptism, in the independence of division of the Deity, into differ. their churches, and in a more zeaent persons, is nerer taught in the lous concern for the doctrine of sermon ; when One Supreme everlasting torments. Undivided Being is the sole object A teacher of this sect, who is of prayer, that I call Unitarian also a farmer, had taken a pour preaching, this I cail Unitarian lad, a relative, into his house, worship.

as a scrvant. The lad committed Does your letter profess to give some fault, for which probably he an account of the present state of deserved chastisement. He was Uvitarianism in Boston? Or was brought before his master and it written after an absence of two mistress, and lectured upon the years, spent principally in travels wrath of God and endless burnings. on the cuntinent ?

Not seeming to enter into the sub. VOL. VII.

3 T


Lord Sidmouth and the Dissenters. ject readily, the following plan of Lord Sidmouth and the Dissenters. making him feel was adopied: a SIR, lighted candle was, procured, and

I congratulate you and your one of this religious couple held readers upon the passing of the down one of the boy's hands, New Toloration Act, which I re. whilst the other applied the flame gard as the most important legisto it! The experiment was con. lative measure, next to the Act tinued, I suppose, till it appeared for abulishing the traffic in slaves, to have answered the purpose. The that has been carried in the preboy was afterwards seen by his

sent century.

For this Act we neighbours with his hand tied up; are indebted to Lord Sidmouth ; this led to inquiry; the fact came he first united the Dissenters, and out; it even reached the neigh- next alarmed the magistrales, and bouring magistrates; no legal steps hurried them into constructions of were taken; but a general indig. the Acts of Toleration that could nation was excited in the neigh- not be maintained, consistently bourhood.

with the Dissenters' security, and This indignation is the best se. this again led them to united efforts curity against such atrocities; which have been crowned by a and therefore I venture to com. most wise and beneficent law. municate the story to you and luis now useless to discuss Lord your

readers. Unless the depraved Sidmouth's merits as a legislator perpetrators of such a deed were in religion, in any other ht than taught their error, by the express. as a question of history, but in ed abhorrence of society, who this view it is not unimportant to could tell how high the gloomy have the matter rightly under. spirit of fanaticism might arise, stood. and whether it might not become The Dissenters have been coma popular practice to burn the plained of and reproached for misbody for the good of the soul.

taking and misrepresenting Lord I am not disposed to charge Sidmouth's Bill; he meant, it is upon a sect the misdemeanour of said, to improve their condition, one of its teachers; but surely the Unfortunately for his advocates, leaders of the denomination should bis Lordship did not remain silent make some disavowal of such a in the discussions on the new Act, method of conversion. My in. but revealed what his apologists formant (whose name I can give have denied, that his original and up if required,) vold me that this still prevailing desire was to curb sect boast of a recent reviral, (as the Dissenters and 10 break down their phrase is); I replied that the constitution of their churches. I hoped, whatever might be the I find him in the Newspaper recase in another world, no prose- ports of the proceedings in the lyrists would be allowed in this llouse of Lords, July 2301, obworld to save mon so as by fire.

jecting to the repeal of the Con. Your's

venticle Act; and foretelling laROBERT BROOKE. mentable abuses from the pro

posed extension of civil immuni. ties. “ He lamcuted, particularly,

that by this Bill no qualification gard 10 settled teachers no alterawas required from preachers or tion would have been effected by teachers, but that all persons, this enactment; they who are now whatever might be their ignorance content to hear or support a minis. or their moral character, might, ter, would in that case have signed on their taking the oaths, be his test; the only good of the preachers and teachers. He regulation would have been its thought that some qualification troubling and puzzling the poorer ought to be required before they Dissenting congregations. were allowed to preach or teach,

The test for students, supernu. instead of their being self-elected merary preach: is, &c. must have and self-appointed, as they would been obtained (if obtained at all) be under this Bill."--His Lord. from ministers in the same con. ship, then, would have established nection as the applicants ; and it by law, (to use his own words,) would have depended upon a

some test of qualification,” as synod appointed by law, not by to the learning and the character the Christian people, whether of Dissenting teachers. Such a young men aspiring to the pulpit test would necessarily have thrown should be kept down or brought great powers into the hands of the forward. magistrates, that is, of the clergy, On this plan, a teacher of a doc. who swarm upon the bench and trine not already professed ainfluence all its decisions; and mongst the Dissenters could not under such a new power, what have risen up; and if a country would have been the condition of gentleman, led by his studies into Dissenters ? But suppose the Test a different faith from that of all not to have had this effect; it bis neighbours and acquaintance, must have been exercised by some should have established worship individuals or some body of india in his house, and invited more than viduals : and these, wlioever they five persons besides his family (the might have been, would have had regulation of Lord Sidmouth's tathe real nomination of Dissenting vourite Conventicle Aci,) to join ministers, in violation of the inde. his devotions, he might have been pendence of the nonconformist indicted for a misdemeanour: he churches. If a church should would have had nenher congre. have chosen a minister for whom gation nor connection to give him the ceruificate of qualification a passport to the pulpit and to could not bave been obiained, they save him from prosecution. must bave foregone their election Whether dissenting ministers or must have had a teacher sub- might not be improved in point of ject to direct legal penalties. Learning and character, is a ques . The certificato might, indeed, have lion which Lord Sidmouth inay been required only of the congre- fairly discuss, it he pleases; but gation choosing and appointing a it is the height of absardity to teacher, but this would not have think that an act of Parliament answered the professeul purpose of would have made them either securing his competent learning learred or moral. In point of and good character; for with re virtue, it is a fact notorious as the


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Lord Sidmouth and the Dissenters. egun at noon-day, that ministers preacher should be obliged to among the Dissenters yield 10 no procure testimonials. These are clergy whatever; and as to the not to satisfy his hearers, but the rest, it is the vital principle of state, which bestows upon him the the Dissenters to choose their boon of religious toleration, for teachers, of whose fitness they are religious liberty has not yet a the sole judges. To take this li- chapter among the laws of Eng. berty out of their hands is to un. land. make them,

This Noble Lord was If Lord Sidmouth bad prevail. Speaker of the House of Con. * ed, what would have been the mons. In that capacity he bad event with respect to uncertificat. few opportunities of discussing ed teachers, with whom the land legislative measures.

He has, would, judging fronı all history, however, recorded the true cha. bave still abounded? The goals racter of his professed liberality would have been filled with them! and regard for public morals, on a And yet we have been rebuked great occasion. I have now be. for asserting that the Toleration fore me “ The Debate ou a Mo. was in danger, and charged with tion for the Abolition of the Slave calumny in representing Lord Trade, in the House of Commons, Sidmouth's as a persecuting mea. 20 April 1792, reported in de. sure,

tail by Woodfall.” In that deThe first lesson of a good edu- bate the late Lord Melville pro. cation is to teach us to call things posed his scheme of gradual abo. by their right names; and I must lition. He was powerfully supever reckon it a strange and mis. ported by Nir. Addington, who, chievous blunder to rank in the like Mr. Dundas, professed absame class the Sidnouths (if more horrence of the Slave Trade, as than one of the species can be it was called, though,” he added, found) : nd the Erskines, Stan. “it certainly did not deserve that hopes and Hollands of the age. name.” Mr. A. then suggested


that this trade might be "per. mitted to exist for a few years

longer, possibly eigbi, ten, or Lord Sidmouth and the Dissoulers. twelve," and in the mean time

Sir, July 25, 1812. recommended a greater encuu. I perceive loy the report of the ragement to the importation of procecdings in the House of Lords females than males, by means of a yesterday, that a Noble Lord, lounty on the former, or by sub. whose lucubrations on the Tolera. jecting the latter to a heavier tion Acı, attracted no small po- duty. (P. 113.) rice during the last year, is again Thus humanely this curator of generously anxious for the repu- public morals would have legis. ration of non.conformist leachers; lated for the most helpless portion perhaps grateful for the complic of a race more powerless than even ments he has received from emi. the pig-drivers and chimney. nent individuals of ihat body, sweepers whom Lord Sidmouth His lordship still contends that a would have cunsigned to silence,


This proposal by Mr. Addington We are reminded, on the high. was thus well appreciated by Mr. est authority among Christians, Fox in the same debate.

that of thorns men do not gather "I will suppose, if you please, fius, nur of' ( bramblebush gather that the West India Islands are they grapes.

No more can they likely 10 want slaves, on account farly expect a legislative measure of the disproportion of the sexes. of unqualified justice or liberality How is this to be cured? A right from such a senator as my quota. honourable gentleman proposes a tions of his own language have bounty on an importation of fr. described. Er uno disce omnia. males, or, in other words, he 'The noble loid, I scarcely know proposes to make up this defici. why, bas bien sometimes named ency by otiering a premium to the Doctor. Depend upon it, any crew of unprincipled and sa. Mr. Editor, as we have observed vage ruffians, who will attack and in the composition of Mr. Addingсайту


any of the females of ton's specific for that desolating Africa! A bounty from the Par. plague ihe slave trade, so in bis liament of Britain that shall make lordship’s panacea for religious the fortune of any inan or set of ills, there will always be found men, who shall kidnap or steal some dele:erious ingredient to cor. any unfortunate females from that rupt its savour, like dead flies in continent! Who shall bring them the ointment of the apothecary. over as slaves, in order that they

GOGMAGOG JUNIOR. may be used for breeding slaves! Who shall kill their husbands, fa.

Letters to a Student, thers, or relations, or shall insti.

LETTER V. gate any oihers to kill them, in order that these femaks may be

DEAR EUGENIUS, procured! I should like to see the You have, probably, expected right honourable gentleman bring that before this I should have ufa up such a clause. I should like fered some remarks on a study to to see how his clause would be which you are professedly devotworded. I could like in know ed, I mean theology. But I have who wonld be the man who purposely waved to mention it would dare to pen such a clause.” with the other parts of learning, (P. 116.)

not only because it is an object of Our moral legislator, unatash. peculiar importance ani dignity, ed by so forcible an appeal to bis and is to engage your chief atten. justice and bemanity, appears to tion, but because the first years have adhered to his propoal, like of an academical life will be most Shakespeare's Jew to his pound of properly and advantageously ocflesh, for thus says Mr. Adding cupied in other branches of learnton to explain, I mentioned air. ing. Theological questions have tainly, that I thought a duty been so obscured by polemics, might be laid on imported negrors, inat it is expedient to postpone which should be lighter oil tite féo the investigation of them, till the malis than on the males. I a. faculties have been opened and mi! this must operate in office as enlarged, a habit of close aiten. a bounty on the women imported. tion has been formed, and matc. (P. 136.)

rials and principles, by which to

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