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Art. I. An Eramination of Dr. to the Romish see. We do not
Mursh's Inquiry relative to the mean to iniimate that religious Brulish and Foreign Bible So. opinions are of trivial moment; ciety: In a Series of Letters but our wish is to furnish contend. to the Rev. E, D. Clarke, Pro. ing parties with a rason sus re. fessor of Mineralogy in the ciprocal justice and furbealance. University of Cambridge, By They wiw agree in acknowl: dging the Rev. W. Deultry, A. M. the sufficiency, the supreme auF.R.S. Tellow of Trinity Col. thority and value, of the word of lege, and examining Chaplain God, bring themselves under a to the Bishop of Bristol. Lon- solemn obligation to proiect and don: printed for Haichard and esteem each other in their appli. Co. 8vo. pp. 127. 1812. cation, severally, of their charac
teristic tenet. Nine of them Art. II. The Speech of Thomas
Lister, Esq. delivered in the being infallible, none are lo speak
claim. 8, 1812, as Chairman of a
Their duty is 10 abstain Meeting assembled for the Por. from injurious suspicions, from mation of an Auxiliary British calumnivus language, and to use and Foreign Bible Society, for
no weapons, in their contests, ex. the County of Stafford, Stafford : cept those of argument and love. printed for Longman and Co. Such is the tendency, such will, London. 810. pp. 23. 1812. probably be the effect, of the
unjon of different denominations We bave great satisfaction in of Christians in the British and witnessing the controversy be. Foreigo Bible Societs. We bail, tween Biblists and Antibiblists. in this view, its progress and its Of the issue no doubt can be en• triumphs : we rejoice in the distertained : while the infinite im- cussion which it excites; and we portance of the Scriptures to the are thankful that men of eminent happiness of man, both here and ability employ their pens in alhereafter, is placed in a stronger tacking it, and that others of the light, the most seasonable and es- same character are active in its sential service will be rendered, defence. If its expediency is at the same time, to the cause of
more than questioned by a Marsh, Protestantism. Protestants have its plan and object are vindicated long been inattentive to their grand by a Dealtry and a Lister, and common principle : they have Those of our readers wbo are been much more zealous for their acquainted with the labours of respective systems of discipline the former of these two gentlemen and doctrine, than in maintaining in this noble cause, will find that the consistency of their opposition, his preselit publication is not, on
the whole, unworthy of his fame. the poor in her catechism and They will here meet with consi. liturgy: but he speaks with high derable acuteness of reasoning, approbation of the mechanism of liveliness of style and felicity of Mr. Lancaster's system: he reillustration. Sometimes, indeed, presents the facility with which they will wish that the author churchmen may apply it to their had been less caustic in animado own wants and views, nor aims at verting on his opponent: and, depriving the very meretórious assuredly, they will condemn his framer of it of that public praise, communication to the world of a to which he is uncquivocally en. circular letter of Dr. Marsh's, titled. which has no relation to the to. Mr. Lister's speech is the ad. pics in dispute. Perhaps, too, they dress of a gentleman, a scholar will conjecture that the following and a Christian, and does the delectable sentence is the compo. greatest creilit to its au hor by the sition not of Mr. Dealtry but of liberality of ils spirit and the geBishop Horsley :
neral soundness of its reasonings. “ Any one may hold all the theologi. If we differ from bim as to the cal opinions of Calvin, harsh and ex- usefulness and expediency of civil travagant as some of them may seem, establishments of religion, if we and yet be a sound member of the Church of England and Ireland; cor
cannot deem , his arguments on tainly, a much sounder member than this point pertinent and valid, we one who, loudly declaiming agair stel oe heartily concur in bis sentiments opinions, which, if they be erroneous, and advice with reference to the are not errors that affect che essence of our common faith, runs into all the English hierarchy: Donsense, the impiety, the abominations, “It ill becomes that church which of the Arian, the Unitarian and the first set the noble example of asserting Pelagian heresies, denying in effect the its freedom, to come loaded with chains Lord who bought them."
and fetters to destroy the liberry of This decision is so much in the others. There is some hing in religious
opinion, that spurns at all human conmanner of the departed prelate troul, and perhaps for this reason, be that we suspect it to be his, and cause, when sincerc, it rises superior to conclude that the usual marks of all worldly considerations. It may be quotation have been inadvertently and conciliation ; but is never to be
it may be convcited by kindness omitted. We have even a faint overcome, either by the language of rcrecollection of having seen the seniment, or the frown of disdain. I passage in one of his Charges : but will moreover add that no man, or body as we have not his works before us, superiority, taey never so completely
of micn, ever so much evince their real we are unable to verify the cita. triumph, as when they make the first tion.
advances to friendship and cordiality: With the honest declaration of on a subject too where Christianity is Mr. Dealtry concerning the Ma- so deeply concerned, this maxim be. dras and the Lancasterian (or, as we feel surprised that one angıy or jealous
conres so inpe:ative upon us, that I would still call them, did fashion feeling should ever have existed on the permit us, the Lancast rian)schools, occasion. The question theu resolves we are extremely pleased. Being church, clothing itself in Fbarisaical
itself to this; shall the established a minister of the Church of Eng. pride, standing upon points of speculaland, he is decidedly a friend 10 tive doctrine, shut the door of Christian she instruction of the children of peace for ever against all who dissent VOL. VIT.
518 Review.--Freeston against "Socinians."
between will appear in the sequel) made a Ch, istian and Christian the bond of distinguished figure as one of Mr. perpetual peace ?" (17, 18).'
Gisburne's opposers. He inquirWithout introducing the name ed if I could not get a congregaof Dr. Marsh, Mr. Lister has re. tion for Mr. Gisburne some where plied satisfactorily to the chief of London side. Upon my asking, his objections. Two capital er. why he wished to get rid of a mi. rors pervade the writings of the nister whom he had once highly learned Professor on this subject : extolled, he said, Why, " would the one, that the churchman you believe it? When one asks alone, and not the dissenter, makes him, what are his sentiments? He a sacrifice in becoming a member says that he is not a Calcinist, nor of the Bible Society; the other, an Arminián, nor a Socinian, buc that Protestantism is a set of arti, a
Bible Christian. Bible. cles and doctrines, instead of be. Christian! There's a fool for ing the principle of separation you .!"* from churches 'assuming to them. Could we believe, as Cardinal selves infallibility and temporal Ximenes is said to have believed, authority.
It is owing to the that men may become Christians former of these mistakes that with. without reading the scriptures, in the United Kingdoms Dr. our zeal for the success of the Marsh will not act with non-cón, Bible Society would at least be formists as Fellow- Protestants; abated. Such, nevertheless, is though he is not averse from cu. not the fact; and such will not be operating with them in the distri. the consequence. Of the themes bution of the scriptures beyord which agitate the public mind our own shores! In consequence none is nearly so interesting to its of ibe latter of his false impres- as the merits of this 'society. sións, he brands generalized Pro. These will ultimately be establish. 'testantism ' as something absurd ed even by the hostile efforts of 'and dangerous, 'notwithstanding Dr. Marsh.
“The triumphant that Protestantism is always and food shall roll with more ample every where the same principle.
wave and swifter current for the The Professor's exclamations temporary delay occasioned by against generalized Protestantison, opposition."
N. have reminded us very forcibly of
'ART. III. A Serious Inquiry into * To the same effect are some ob
the Nature and Effects of Mo. séivations found in Six Brief* (and we "dern Socinianism ; being 'an "can add excellent) Letters, occasioned by the institution of an Auxiliary Bible Society at Chelmsford;
Bigotry and Intolerance defeated,
25 of the &c. By Robert Aspland, (The išt "second edition. Rev.
Ed. p. 6, wote). Rev.
Sec particularly, pp. Mach 3 1912.
Answer to the Question, Why Christian teacher, then, believe are you not a Socinian? By in the inspiration of King James's; J. Freeston. 8vo. pp. 56. translators? Has it not yet reached Longman & Co. Is. 60. 1812. Hinckley that I John v. 7, 8, is a, There is a'ludicrous solemnity forgery? Does Mr. Freeston. re. in this farrago of ignorance, folly ceive the Apocrypha as part of his and uncharitableness. Mr. Free. Bible? If he does not, it would ston, who is we understand a mi. be amusing to the Socinians to nister in a small and obscure sect,
learn bis reasons for its rejection. sometimes known under the de.
62. Because the Suciojans ap- . nomination of Free-Grace General pear to idolize human reason;" Baptists, assumes an air of infalli. the precise reason a Roman Ca. biliy; and, with a confidence tholic gives for not being a Proe that would become the papal
testant. Om what ground does chair, determines what is truth Mr. Freeston, against the letter and what is error, who are holy of scripture, deny transubstantia. and who are unholy. Knowing
tion? nothing, apparently, of Unitarians,
"3. Because they degrade the but through the medium of the person and character, of Jesus works of their adversaries, he does Christ.” This word degr ude is not besitate to accuse them of convenient to the untair adversa. every thing anti.christian ; retail. rics of the Unitarians: it signifies ing the calumnies of such histo. to put a person in a lower rank, rians as Messrs. Bogue and Ben- than he bas occupied or been supe. nett, as if he really knew not that posed to occupy, and in this those writers have by their intem. sense may undoubtedly be applied perateness and misrepresentations to those who protest againsi the, forfeited all claim to credit even
opinion that Christ is God; but with their own party,
it generally signifies also an un., With a vulgar illiberality, Mr. friendly, a hostile disposition on Freeston uses the term Socinian, the part of those wbo reduce a though he acknowledges (Note to person's rank, and in this sense is, Preface) that it is not perfectly. a foul calumny against the mis. , descriptive of the denominatie
They intend Christians to whom it is applied. to honour, Christ by representing It is however a reproachsul term,
him to be what he declared him.' and therefore suits the purpose of self to be; and if their scriptural that class of writers, who, incapa. arguments be good, their oppo. ble of reasoning, have no alterna- nents must acknowledge that ihey tive but silence or calumny.
do honour to Christ.–Did it ne. Mr. Freeston has numbered his ver occur to Mr. Freeston, that reasons for not being a Socinian;
there is a possibility of degradwe shall give them in their nume. ing and dishonouring the Holy ral order.
One of Israel, who is a jcalvus “1. Because the Socinians de. God, and whose glory he will not preciate the Bible;" j. e. they give to another?-Before our au. point out mistranslations and in thor assumed the office of accuser terpolations in the commonly re- and judge, he should have been ceived 'English text. Does this careful, to study the matter in
Review. — Freeston against " Socinians." question; but had he done so, he dering death as the great enemy would have found that all Unita- of mankind, and of ascribing the rians do not deny the miraculous victory over this enemy to God conception,' much less declare by Jesus Christ. He, the only Christ to have been fallible and begotten from the dead, by the peccable !
power of his resurrection, hath “4. Because they reject bis abolished death and brought life expiatory sacrifice, intercession, and immortality to light. This &c.” i. e. they reject Mr. Free. was the great salvation effected ston's interpretation of the word by Christ, of which the apostles sacrifice, but they presume to were witnesses and reporters. To think that ihey understand as well them the Unitarian feels his grati. as he ihe meaning of the word, as tude and reverence to be due, applied to Christ in the New 'but he does higher honour to their Testament, and in the true scrip- and bis Lord, to the glory of God tural meaning, they gladly ac- the Father. knowledge the sacrifice of Christ. “7. Because Jesus Christ is so Mr. Fireston betrays a strange is. Jitile the subject of their public norance of their sentiinents and preaching, in which they so es. writings in the assertion that they sentially differ from the practice deny that there was any merit in of the apostles.” . Whence does the shedding of his biood. His Mr. Freeston derive his knowet cetera they do in all probability ledge of the “public preaching”
of the Unitarians ? Assuredly, '5. Brcause the important they do not preach Christ in his doctrines of regeneration, justifi- way, if he preach as unscriptu. cation, divine influence, &c. are 'rally as he writes; but let bim rejecied by them as enthusiastic." know that they do preach Christ Here is another fc. which it is crucified, which Trinitarians do highly probable the Unitarians do not and cannot, and further that not believe; but as to the im. they make it their just boast that portant doctrines specified, they their mode of preaching Christ do hold them in the sense in which is as congenial, as that of the selfthey believe they are taught in named orthodox is repulsive, to scripture, though they deny Mr, the plan of apostolic.prcaching.-Frecston's sense of them as un. Hard fate of Socinians! If they scriptural, absurd and pernici. keep back their doctrine, they do
not preach Christ; if they bring “6. Because I cannot see in it forward, they degrade him. what respects Jesus Christ is a “8. Because they appear to saviour, upon their scheme, any 'lay another foundation for pardon more than the apostles' were." and eternal life than what the But ihough invisible to Mr. Free. scriptures recommend.” Where ston, it may yet be made clear 'does this appear? Unitarians lay that the Unitarians distinguish no other basis of salvation than Christ as honourably as they find the love and mercy of God, rehim distinguished in the scrip- vealed and confirmed by Christ, tures, The apostles have set They plead guilty indeed to the Unitarians the example of consi- charge of holding "repentance