Imatges de pÓgina

Surely they will not neglect the perusal their differences in a reasonable manner, of it in their own houses, and we will they now appeal to the mouth of the venture to say, ibat if the Bible is read cannon to decide them. They cannot, without nute or comment for half a it is evident meet us on the seas; they dozen years, by so large a community have no ships of the line to cope with as the Bible Society, it will have a ours. Their war can be only of a material influence on the whole king- prædatory nature. We are vulnerable dom What will then become of the in our commerce, and a ainst that its words Trinity, Transubstantiation and privateers are to be directed. Here the like, and the doctrines under them, temporary success will, it is to be which have occasioned so much dispute feared, attend their first efforts; but in the world? What will become of such a contest cannot last long. Their the creeds and catechisms, which the privateers will be cut off one after established and other sects of this another, by the superiority of our kingdom have made the rules of their maritime force. They are to try their faith? If the unsophisticated precepts strength upon land, and direct their of our Saviour are meditated upon, efforts against the Canadas. Here they no more will intolerance prevail, nor may produce the usual devastation and will priestcraft be known. Such are distress, and the disposition of our the effects to be expected from the colonies will be tried.' Our ambassaextension of the Bible Society, aud dour has quitted the country and left we hail the day, that witnessed the only a Charge des Affaires to conduct meeting in the Egyptian Mall, where the business that may still be transacted a Lord Mayor presided, and where a between the two powers, but the difChancellor of the Exchequer expati. ficulties of adjustment are increased, tiated on the Divine treasures, and and the loss to us in merely cutting the union of all parties in diffusing off our trade with so large a tract of them over the whole world. The city couptry will be very considerable. of Lundon, under its chief magistrate,

The war is not popular over the forms an Auxiliary Society, and seve. whole country, and one circumstance ral inferior, though similar societies, may soothe us in this melancholy posbave been formed in various parts of ture of affairs, that one province seems tlie kingdom. Thus the Bible Society to have viewed war in its true light, will be enabled to exert itself with and considered it as a sufficient causo every prospect of success, and we shall for fasting and humiliation before God. be glad to see it really giving to the If this, indeed, were really the case world a Bible without note or comnient; with all parties, if they were sufficiently that is, a Bible fairly translated from humbled in their own minds, and viewed the original scriptures, and without their fellow-creatures through the those notes and comments, which are proper medium, the relationship to one to be seen in King James's Bible, the common Savionr, bow could a war Bible which they now circulate, and exist? True Christians would find a which is far from being the Bible way to soften down existing animosities. that agrees with the priuciple laid War degrades man to the state of chil. down by their Society.

dren, who are crying and quarrelling The politics of this world have much with each other for trifes, but it ili in them of a mixed nature. War has becomes the manhood of reason. given its successes to differeut sides, We are not to be surprised at the at different parts of Enrope, but we war between the two emperors of Eu. look with more anxiety to the other rope: nor is it necessary to enquire side of the Atlantic. We had faltered closely into the cause of their differ, ourselves that the United States would ences. Buonaparte has by his skill have continued to preserve themselves placed himself advantageously on the free from those calamities and those frontiers of Russia. He has seized that Lorrors which war, however just or part of Poland which Russia, in so necessary, brings in its train. We will barbarous a manner, tore away from allow them causes of complaint, but its ancient rulers. He proclaims liberty what do they all amount to, compared and independence to the inhabitants; with the mischiefs of a single campaign freedom indeed of some consequence to The congress has, however, thought the lower classes, for he has broken otherwise, and not being able to adjust the shackles of vassalage, and the


State of Public Affairs. higher classes are flattered with being by the French against the Russians, ngain the heads of their own people. such a measure inay be expected. It They have made a confederacy of is singular that, in the last French which he is the patron, but he contiues Bulletin, there is a talk of the troops his services to a part of them only, for being leil into quarters for refresbment, in allowing them to legislate he does and if so, they may have to drea, the not adniit their deliberations to extend attacks of Russians, in which case the 10 the part belonging to Austria. That assistance of the Swedes will be of no he tellsthem very gravely, is guaranteed, small importance. and the arguments which the diet uses But the most material intelligence so forcibly are to have no weight beyond received since our last, is from our a certain lioe. What else indeed could army in Spaiu, where victory, in the be expected from the conqueror, whose com Istest manner, has crowned the chief obj ct is to distress bis enemy, efforts of Lord Wellington and the not to give live liberty to the world? allied army under his command. Eng.

The conquest of Buonaparte was lish valuur was here seen in its noblest made in a very short time, and gives attitude, and the French have no longer him the command of a population of reason to boast of their superior tactics. upwards of five millions of persons and Lord Wellington made but a sbort a very fertile soil. His army is posted stay at Salamanca, and to the ca-t of along the Dwina, and the country that city he gave the enemy battle, between it and the Boristhenes. His after they had exbaisted all their ulterior movements are not known, manoeuvres. A whole day was spent and there is reason to believe that the on buth sides ju displaying their forces resistance of the Russians is greater in various positions to each other, but than he expected, and may prevent in the evening Lord Wellington made his progress to any great disiance into a movement which decided at once the interior of the country. It is now the fate of the day. He marched his supposed to be his ubject to march to columos direct against the enemy, Moscow, and the liberty granted to the which broke through every thing bepeasants of Lithuania will be extended fore them, dispersed the opponeuts in to the boors of Russia. They are to every direction, and it was a complete be allured to his standard by a greater rout, till the darkness of the night boon, for they are slaves of the soil, prevented the assailants from following and by the number of slaves, not of up farther their rictory. The French acres, is wealth computed. Such a state general was severely wounded. In cannot have been intended for human ihis and the following days upwards beings, but whether the time is come of fifteen thousand men were killed, to destroy such a system time will wounded or taken prisoners. They shew. The Russian is ignorant, bar. could not rally. The English pursued barous, uncivilized, incapable perhaps as far as Valadolid, and the king, of appreciating the value of the gift Joseph, who had advanced near to the offered to him, and France may be scene of actiou, was obliged to make a foiled in her attempt.

precipitate retreat from it. Marmont's The emperor of Russia is at the army discomfited, cannot again for a head of an immense army. The depots long time make head, and Soult's is at of ammunition ane provisions destroyed too great a distance for affording any by him are immense, and by means of assistance. The interval between our ships, great quantities have been the armies is now open for the exerpreserved, that were laid np in the tions of the Spaniards, and if they are maritime towns on the Baltic The really in the cause of Ferdinand, they English and Russians now act amica- have now the opportunity of making bly together, and Sweden is joined in it triumphant. A very short time will a firm alliance with them. From the discover their dispositions, and shew latter a great diversion is expected, by how far they merit the valour and skill the landing of a large body of truops which have been exhibited in their bein what was called Swedish Pomerania, half. and if any thing efficacions is done

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Red. John Beverley,

the candour of his temper. Mr.

Beverley was happy, moreover, in The Rev. John BEVERLEY, the acquaintance and friendship of who lately died at Hull, aged several excellent young men who seventy-nine, was forty-two years were then at Glasgow, from South minister of the Unitarian chapel Britain. The late Mr. G. Walker, in that town.

Mr. Cappe, Mr. Urwick and He was born at York, of re- others were his collegiate associ. spectable, parents, and had his grammar learning under the Rev.

On completing his course of J. Root, minister of the chapel in education he was, in 1757, chosen St. Saviour's Gate in that city. assistant to the Rev. Mr. Cording

For the prosecution of academ- ley, of Hull, and, on his decease, ical studies, he went, in the eigh- the next year succeeded him in teenib year of his age, under the the pastoral office. čare of the Rev. Dr. Rutheram of

This office he diligently and Kendal. He was the last student faithfully executed, till a paralytic admitted into the institution there, seizure, 'in 1799, laid him aside which produced many learned and from public services, and conpious men, whose praise bas been fined him almost entir ly to his and will continue to be in the house, in a state of gradually in, nonconformist churches*.

creasing debility, both mental and After the death of Dr. Rotheram he removed to the College of Glasa corporeal, to the day of his death.

What he was “the day will gow. Here he had great advan- declare." In ibe mean time all tages of improvement in every who were acquainted with him branch of literature, which he did know that ibere was much in him not neglect. Dr. Leechman filled to admire and to imitate. at that time the theological chair, His heart appears to have been who was justly admired by all that early imbued with piety. In a knew him, for the extent and pro• letter written to bim whilst be was fundity of his scriptural knowledge, at Kendal, by his affectionate the liberality of his opinions and pastor and friend, Mr Root, on

the subject of extemporary prayer, * For an Account of Dr. Rotheram, the latter remarks that he would and his Pupils, see our sth Volume, p. be much aided in the service by 917, &c.


his acquaintance with scriptural VOL. VII,

3 z


Rev. John Beverley. phraseology, and particularly by perspicuity and energy that none his having committed to memory who sat under his ministry, even the whole Book of Psalms. the most stupid and inattentive of

Throughout every scene of life them, might have been at any loss his love to God and benevolence to know what be preached and to men were manifested in the tran. what they were to believe! He quillity of his temper, the mild. had, however, the honour of being ness and chearfulness of his aspect, one amongst a very few of the and the conciliating atřability of ministers belonging to the rational bis manners.

Dişsenters who had outstepped He was a Christian who might their cotemporaries in the ascent be adduced as an evidence of the to the temple of primitive Chris. efficacy of Unitarian principles in tianity. Half a century ago, be. forming a character of inoral ex. fore, according to the prediction cellency of the highest order, and of Dr. Lardner, “ the pride of in whom the superior and distin. Arianism had a fall,” there were guishing effects of those principles not, perhaps, more than ten minis. were decisively realized. Happily ters in the kingdom who were for him he had never embraced known to coincide in the senti. any other, and was thereby saved ments contained in “ the Letter the labour and perplexity of cor- on the Logos," written by this recting a creed taken up in early Prince of modern divines. life, that would not bear the test Mr. Beverley's name stands of marure and rational investiga. with those of that small but truly tion. This circumstance might respectable band, the Doctors probably contribute, together with Lardner, Fleming and Eaton, ihe peculiar cast of his

temper, to and the Messrs. Cardale, Çappe, prevent his making that open and Graham, Turner, &c. decided ayowal of his opinion re It is chiefly, however, as an specting the person of Christ, and exemplary Christian and a prac. the other ductrines connected with ical divine that he was known, and that article, which the friends of will be remembered. Few there truth could wish, and that would, ever were to whom the words of in all probability, have been of the apostle could be more strictly essential service in the promotion applied, “ He had a good report of that sacred cause, in the society of all men, and of the truth itself,' amongst whom he ministered, and His last days were, as might bave tbe town in which he resided. His beeu expected from his previous prayers and sermons were always habits and conduct, brightened by indeed consistent with his real the consolations of religion, and sentiments; and he did not use especially the hope of immortality, the varnish of ambiguous phrase. The strain of his conyersation in ology, to conceal his heretical the midst of intellectual wastes pravity. But yet how desirable was characteristic. The writer of was is that he should have pre, this account, knowing that he was sented those views of scriptural gratified by conversation relating truth, which he himself deemed, to his residence at Glasgow, and however unpopular, of very con. his tutors and friends who were siderable importance, with that there, one day having introduced

the subject, he eagerly enquired, tants port, and his memory is re.

“When did you see Leech- spected on account of bis piety,
man?” Soon recollecting that he learning and labours in the dis-
had been deceased many years, charge of the pastoral office. His'
he said, “ But I shall however intimate knowledge in the scrip-
meet him again, and I have no tures was so well known, that
doubt that his society will aug- he was often referred to as a living
ment my felicity in a future life.” concordance when in company and
He was buried near the pulpit, in aliusion had to any part of the
the new chapel, erected on the Bible! Doubtless bis memory
site of the old one which had was unusually strong, and in this
been the scene of his labours. The respect, as well as in many others,
Rev. C. Wellbeloved performed his grandson and namesake much
the service at the interment in the reş bled him.
morning of the Lord's day on Mr. Howell when he was about
which it took place, and delivered six years old sustained the loss of
a very suitable and impressive a most excellent mother, whose
discourse on the occasion in the memory he retained with grati.

tude and love not only as a dutiful
W. S. son, but also as a son who bad

received from her the first infor

mation of the nature and claims of Rev. Roger Howell.

religion. An endearing tie! It is SIR,

highly probable that his first idea I take the liberty of submitting, of devoting himself to the Chris. by your leave, a brief account of tian ministry was suggested by the the life of the late Rev. Roger esteem in which his relation had Howell, minister of the Pre-s- been beld, and by his useful and byterian congregation at Becking, successful labours, as a nonconton, in the county of Somerset. formist minister. Flis ardour

This worthy and respectable for learning appeared at an early man was born at a place called period; in a village school, and Nantmole, in the parish of Lon. the quickness of his intellecgufelach, in the county of Gla. tual powers were soon noticed. morgan, South Wales, on the 18th After spending some of his early day of March, in the year 1742. years in schools in the neighbour. His father was a respectable far- hood, he was removed to Brecon, mer residing on his own estate, and placed under the care of his had the character of a good man, maternal uncle, the Rev. D. Jones, and was the son of the venerable who officiated there as a Dissent. and respectable minister of Gelli. ing minister and kept a seminary Onnen and Cwm Lynfell, for a for the education of youth. And great number of years. His name here the subject of our memoir was Roger Howell, as was the pursued his classical studies, with name or his grandson, the subject of his usual diligence and success, this memoir. The name of Roger though not without some discouHowell is still familiar in ihe ragement and interruption, till the neighbourhood of Gelli.Onnen period of

Gelli.Onnen period of his commencing bis aca. amongst the more aged inhabi- demical studies in Caermarthen


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