Imatges de pàgina

under the direction then of the the seat of learning which he had Rev. Mr. Thomas and the Rev. not long left, and took upon

bim Mr. afterwards Dr. Jenkins; this this new charge. No one who was in the year 1761. The writer knew Mr. Howell but also knew of this arucle has the pleasure of how well he was qualified for this knowing from one of his fellow. situation. However, bis health students, that his conduci during declining, and having received an his stay at this seminary of learn. invitation from Beckington, he re. ing, was highly critable to bim, signed his charge at Caermartben, not only as a scholar but also as 3 and settled there about the year Christian, who had bis mind in. 1766, and remained in that place ituenced and regulated by the na- till within a short time of his death. ture and insportance of his future It was after his setilement at office! Patience, ardour and per. Beckington, the writer of this severance attended all his literary account bad the happiness and and theological pursuits, whilst pleasure of his personal acquaintfriendship, benevolence and digni. tance, which has been of pretty fied candour, marked theinnocence, long standing; therefore it on. firmness and elevation of his mind, ables him to appreciate the chain his intercourse with all those racter of this worthy man. with whom he was connected. As From what has been said in the a scholar, as a man and as a Chris. preceding part of this account, you tian, he stood high in the estrem will be disposed to inferihat our of his tutors ; as a friend and com. friend's character was not a com. panion, he was deservedly respect. mon one.

His ardour in the pared by his fellow students.His suit of literature was gratified in classical and particularly bis ma. this place of retirement with a thematical studies, 10 which he small congregation who highly was ever partial, occupied a large valued him. Here he extended portion of bis time during his stay and improved his acquirements in at Caermarthen, and his profici. almost all the walks of science, ency was proportioned to his dili. and trưasured in himself a store of gence and genius. Hebrew and information in history, chronology, theology, as they claimed bis divinity, &c. and his memory was attention, in a high degree had so uncomminoly tenacious, tha the it.

accurately retained the most im. Having finished his studies, he portant transactions with which retired for some months to the his extensive ' reading furnished place of his nativity, and occa- him, so as to render bis society sionally preached in the pulpit and conversation equally edifying that had been so long and worthily and pleasant. But his thirst after occupied by his revered ancestor. knowledge, and especially the But he had not been long in this study of the Arabic and Persic state of retirement before he was languages at a late period in life, called to take the charge of the brought on a nervous debility from grammar school attached to the which he suffered great pain and Academy in Caermarthen, I be. anguish. But even this was not lieve on the resignation of Mr. able to repress his literary ardour, Thomas. He repaired again to for he continued to increase his

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store almost to the last. He has sive benevolence, unfeigned hu. left behind bim a very large col- mility and goodness adorned his lection of manuscript sermons, life and dignified his ministry. He which he composed during a peri. lived what he taught. od of 46 years at Beckington, and He was twice married, and has which he had delivered to bis peo. left behind him an only child, a ple from the pulpit, besides other daughter, by the first marriage, to manuscripts.

whom he was warmly attached, as In bis theological sentiments he he had been a widower many years was liberal but firm; ready to before his death. It was at his concede to others the right which daughter's house, at Coomb, near he also claimed for himself. For Bath, he finished his course, have many years past he had embraced ing the happiness of receiving the the doctrine of the Divine Unity, kindest attention from a daughter, and was well acquainted with the who revived in his mind all the controversy on that subject. This amiable virtues of her mother, probably stood in the way of his which had dwelt so near his heart! election as president in the Caer. He died on the 25th of May, 1812, marthen Academy. Metaphysics and was interred at his meeting. he had also studied with close at. house at Beckington, on the 30th tention, particularly the contro- of the same month.

His comversy betwixt Dr. Clarke and plaint was a disease of the liver, Leibnitz, and which of late years attended with excruciating pain, has been revived by Dr. Priestley which he bore with exemplary and his opponents. In his sentin patience, fortitude and resignation ments he was a libertarian. As a to the Divine will, cherished by preacher he was not popular; I the promises of a resurrection to mean that his elocution was not everlasting life, revealed by the that which secured the attention of gospel. The Divine mercy, good. the muliitude. But his discourses ness and love by Jesus Christ were always judicious, connected formed the basis of his trust and and practical; perhaps too much hope ; and on this rock be calmly so, to secure the attention of the resigned his breath, counselling crowd of negligent and superficial and blessing all those who were hearers. As a minister and Chris. around him. The funeral service tian, all who knew him will testify was performed and a sermón dethat his whole life was in perfect livered on the next Lord's day by harmony with his ministerial cha. his friend the Rev. Mr. Griffith, racter. Unsullied purity, exten.

J. D.


Anecdotes of Fenelon and his Fa. mily.

charge of his education. The [From “ The Life of Fenelon, Arch

marquis's character appears to bishop of Cambray. By Charles But have been truly respectable. The ler, Esq. 12mo. 1810.)

Great Condé used to say of him, The Marquis de Fenelon, that “ he was equally qualified his uncle, took on himself the for conversation, for the field, and for the cabinet.” An idea may be was admitted into it who had not formed of the openness of his dis. eminently distinguished himself in position and the austerity of his the service. On the Sunday of principles, by what he said to Pentecost, in the year 1651, in M. de Harlai, on his nomination the midst of an immense concourse, to the Archbishoprick of Paris; they assembled in the church of

there is a wide difference, my St. Sulpice, and put into the hands Right Reverend Lord, between of Mr. Olier, a solemn instrument, the day, when the nomination to expressing their firmandunalterable slich an office brings to the party resolution, never to be principals the compliments of the whole or seconds in a duel, and to diskingdom, and the day on which courage duelling to the utmost of he

appears before God, to render their power. The great Condé him an account of its administra. was struck with the proceeding; tion.” M, Olier, the founder of “ A person,” he said, to the Mar. the congregation of St. Sulpice, quis of Fenelon, “ must have the engaged the Marquis in an extra. opinion which I Lave of your val. ordinary project. The law of our, not to be alarmed at seeing duelling was once, in France, as you the first to break the ice on it was once in most other king- such an occasion.” Lewis the doms of Europe, a part of the Fourteenth seconded the views of civil jurisprudence of the country. the respectable pastor: be took a In 1547, a duel was fought by solemn oath not to pardona duel, the Count Guy Chabot and the and in the course of his reign pubCount of Chaterguer-ai, in the lished several severe laws against presence of Henry the Second duelling : by the last of them he and his court.. The Count of established a court composed of Chaterguer-ai was mortally wound- the marshals of France, to hear ed; his

death affected the monarch and determine all cases of honour. so much,, that he solemnly vowed They were invested withi ample not to permit another duel. Care powers, and the severest penalties dinal Richelieu repressed duelling, were inflicted on those, who should by some extraordinary examples give or accept a challenge or other. of severity ; after his death, it wise disobey their decrees. Still burst out with great fury. M, duelling, continued ; and the oru Olier conceived a plan of supply, dinance was eluded, by the disa ing the insufficiency of the law, tinction between duel and, rena by putting honour in opposition to contre; the latter

, was supposed itself. With this view he formed to be unpremeditated, and was an association of gentlemen of therefore held not to fall within tried valour, who, by a writing the laws against duelling, which signed with their hands, to whichi wasi supposed to be premed. the solemnity of an oath was to-itated, To prevent this eva. be added, were to oblige them. sion, Lewis the Fifteenth puba selves never to give or accept a lished his ordinance of 1723, which challenge, and never to serve as after confirming the laws of his seconds in a duel. The Marquis predecessors against duels, proof Penelon was placed at the head vided that though the rencontre of the association; and no one were quite sudden and unpremedi..

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tated, the aggressor should be pun. am; this some valet has told you ; ished with death. But this or- but you oblige me to tell you, that dinance had little effect. At I am greater than you. Birih, length good sense came to the aid here, is out of the question. You of law; so that towards the end of would pronounce a person inad, that monarch's reign a duel was who should give himself a prifo no longer essential to a character erence over his neighbour, because for personal honour and bravery. the dews of heaven had fertilized

his field and not fallen on his

neighbour's. You are not wiser Fenelon was appointed pre- than such a man ; if you are vain ceptor to the Duke of Burgundy, of your birth, it confers on you no the Duke of Anjou and the Duke personal merit. You must be of Berri, the three sons of the sensible that I am your superior Dauphin. As the Duke of Bur- in knowledge ; I have taught you gunay was the first of the three every thing you know; and what royal brothers, in succession to you know, is nothing in comparia the crown of France, he particu- son of what remains for me to larly engaged the attention of teach you. With respect to auFeneli n.-- In his general demean. thority, you have none over me. our towards him, Fenelon assumed I have full and absolute authority a conduct, by which though it over you. This you have been were full of condescension and af- often told by tbe king. You supe fection, he placed himself at an pose I consider myself very happy unmeasurable height above him. in the honour of being your preo On some occasion, Fenelon bad ceptor. Undeceive yourself ; I expressed himself to the Duke in undertook the charge of you at a tone of great authority: the the king's request; it could be no Duke was indignant : “ Not so, satisfaction to me to receive so faSir,” he said to Fenelon, “I know tiguing an employment. That you wbo I am, and who you are.". may have no doubt on this head, I Fenelon made no reply; he put shall now lead you to the king, on an air of recollection, and giv- and request him to appoint me a jng the Duke a serious and sor- successor, whose exertions about yowful look retired, and spake to you will be more successful than him no more in the course of the mine." day. The following morning, The Duke of Burgundy was Fenelon entered the Duke's bed- thunder-struck with this declaras chamber while he was asleep, or tion. Remorse, fear and shame dered the curtains of his bed to be for a time prevented him from opened, and the Deke to be awak. speaking; "I am confounded," ened; then assuming a cool and he cried, “ for my conduct of indifferent look, “ Šir," he said, yesterday. If you speak to the “gou yesterday told me you knew king, I am rtóned for ever. 16 who you were, and who I was. My you abandon me, what will be duty obliges me to inform you, ihought of me? I promise you, that you know neither. You ima- yes, I do promise you, that you gine That you are greater than I shall be satisfied with me in future.



But do you promise me.”-Fenc. character," says M. de Bausset,
lon would make no promise; it " from their general admiration of
was not till a long continuance of Telemachus, and possibly from
good conduct had convinced him a secret wish of revenging the
of the sincerity of bis pupil's re. Archbishop of Cambray, against
pentance, and after a formal inter. the injustice of Lewis the Four.
cession of Madame de Maintenon, teenth, the hostile armies permitted
that Fenelon received him into fa. Fenelon to visit every part of his

diocese. The English, Germans
and Dutch rivalled the inhabitants

of Cambray in veneration for the
It is among his flock, that Fen. Archbishop. All distinctions of
ELON appears to most advantage; religion and sect, all feelings of
in every sense of the word he was hatred or jealousy, which divide
their father. His establishment nations, disappeared in his pres-
and stile of living were suitable to
his public situation ; but far be. have recourse to artifice 10 avoid

He was often obliged to neath the scale of expence and the honours which the armies of shew, which even good, men the enemy intended bim. He re. would have thought justifiable

. fused the military escorts which This left him an ample income, were offered him, for his personal but it sunk under his acts of be security in the exercise of his funcneficence. His principal attention tions; and without any other ato was directed towards the labouring tendant, than a few ecclesiastics, peasantry; he appears to have he traversed the countries desolafelt strongly the hardship of their ied by war.

His lót. A curate complained to him, by his alms and benefactions, and that after the evening service of

by the suspense of the calamities Sunday, his parishioners, in spite which armies bring. In these of his remonstrances, would dance; short intervals, the people breathed * My dear friend,” replied Fene- in peace, so that his pastoral lon,'" neither you nor I should visits might be termed the truce dance; but let us leave these poor of God." people to dance as they please;

In one of those visits he met a their hours of happiness are not

peasant, still young, but plunged too numerous.” During the contest for the recently lost a cow, the only sup

in the deepest aftliction. He had Spanish succession, the Diocese of Cambray was often the theatre of port of bis indigent family. Fene. war, and of course experienced the cruel ravages of advancing and

* M. de Bausset, Bishop of Alais, at

the beginning of the French Revolution, retreating armies. Under these

and afterwards member of the Imperial circumstances, Fenelon frequently Chapter of the church of St Denis, at made visitations of every part of Paris, published a Life of Fenelon, in his diocese : and all the writers of 3 vols. 8vo. in the year 1808. He seems

to have had access to all the papers in his life mention a singular mark of the possession of the family of Fenelon. homage which was shewn on these From this work Mr. Butler acknow. occasions to his eminent virtue. leges that his account is principally ex" From their high respect for his tracted.

way was marked

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