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CII AP. V.
546 Penal Laws which aggriere the Catholics of Ireland.
Thus there appears to be a totalment local and limited to Ireland,
Now, the law of England rigidly
excludes all Catbolics from the of the Laws which disqualify and navy; nay, it inflicts penal
right of bearing offices in the army the Catholics from holding Ofices ties upon any Catholics, who shall in the Army and Navy, and ob. struct them in exercising their Res presume to hold them.
A similar law, but with still ligion therein,
heavier penalties, was enacted in Until the Act of Union, in 1800, Ireland, and remained in full force the military and naval establish: until 1793, when it was repealed ments of Ireland had remained by an Irish statute, as 10 all mili. distinct and separate from those of tary offices, except those of Master Great Britain. They are now in. or Lieutenant General of the Or. corporated into one; and the dnance, Commander in Chief of chief government and superinten. the Forces, and Generals on the dance of the united force are seated Staff. in Great Britain. It is manifest, But the disqualifying laws of therefore, that the laws and regu. Great Britain, upon this subject, lations, which affect its members, remain, still in full force, stera ought to be uniform, consistent and unmitigated. and general, not varying with
the Hence arises a palpable inconaccidents of place or service. The gruity in the military system of army and navy of the empire are this empire, and an effectual reliable, from their very nature, to pulsion against all Catholics, both frequent changes of station. The in the army and in the navy. order of distribution, which allots What avails the Irish statute of the British or foreign service to a 1793 to the Catholic ensign or regiment or a ship of war in one midshipman, if the removal of his year, may render Ireland the des. regiment or ship, from the Irish to tined station in the year following; the English station, renders him and vice versa.” Hence it must subject to the English Test Act,
and compels him to abandon the or connected with the army or profession of his choice? He has navy, they invariably reject the no protection or remedy. The Catholics. The Commissaries, law, upon which he relied, be. agents, contractors, prize masters, comes a dead letter. This diffi. pursers, clerks, treasurers, mediculty has been left unprovided for, cal assistants, purveyors, storethough certainly not unforeseen. keepers, barrack-masters, garrison
The number of offices, from officers, &c. &c.—(He almost uni. which the Catholics are thus ex. versally Protestants. cluded, appears pretty fully, from Not only are the Catholics the printed lists of the army and thus excluded from all offices in navy. The various regiments of the army or navy, but even they cavalry, infantry, marines, arril. who by chance or vice or neces. lery, invalids, the garrisons in sity, have been thrown into the Europe and in all the foreign lowest ranks, the common soldiers Colonies, the various ships of war and sailors-are obstructed in the of all rates and sizes, the dock- free exercise of their religion, and yards, store yards, &c. may be compelled to conform to an oppo. moderately estimated as compris. site worship. ing twenty thousand offices, of This grievance, however loudly power or emolument, from which complained of, is only the neces. the Catholics are utterly excluded sary consequence of the existing at this day (1811) by the existing laws, and of the general Autilaws of Great Britain.
Catholic system. The consequential operation of The law upon this subject is this exclusion of Catholics from precisely the same in Ireland as offices in the army and navy, has in England. It is comprized in been frequently dwelt upon in the annual mutiny act, the manual Parliament, but cannot be esag, of military regulation and governgerated. It must render many ment throughout this empire, inilitary and naval officers person. whence it appears that by law, all ally hostile to Catholics, partly officers and soldiers, including, from the want of opportunities of Catholics as well as others, are society or acquaintance with them, compellable to attend at and diliand partly from the very existence gently to frequent such places as of this exclusion. It inspires them may be appointed for the purposes with sentiments of habitual scoru of Divine service and sermon. The and contempt towards the Catho. places hitherto appointed, (except lics ; and influences their conduct in some instances confined to Ire. accordingly, when on duty. These land alone) have been places of impressions have been frequently Protestant worship. evinced by generals in command, (and particularly on foreign ser. vice) whose names can be mention.
Of the Laws which disqualify ed. It is quite natural that infe. the Catholics from holding various rior officers should adopt the tone other Offices of Trust, Honour and and imitate the practice of their Emolument, not already classed commanders. In all lucrative ap. or enumerated. pointments within their disposal, These laws nearly complete the
CH AP. VI.
548 Penal Laws which aggrieve the Catholics of Ireland. exclusion of Catholics from all offices, are consequently excluded desirable offices and situations. from all the subordinate situations l'hatever was not already com. dependant upon these offices : prehended by the laws stated in such as those of deputies, secreibe foregoing chapters, whether as taries, treasurers, agents, clerks, 10 power, patronage, profit or &c. &c. and all their lucrative honours, is carefully gleaned to- and valuable establishments. These gether and compiled in this class are all rigidly Protestant; and of proscription. Hence, it is so their respective preferences, pa. far from being true, as has been tronage, favour and assistance in. studiously propagated, that there cline, naturally, towards their flow remain besides seats in Par. Protestant friends and connections, liament, only 30 or 40 offices for Throughout the entire Post bidden to the Catholics, thal this Office establishment in Ireland, assertion may with perfect truth for instance, consisting of several be inverted; for, in fact, not more hundred persons, there is scarcely than 30 or forty offices (nay, not a single Catholic to be found in a so many) are really accessible to higher situation than that of a Catholics, under the present laws common letter-carrier; and few and spirit of government. of even this class. The like may
Weshall proceed to our enume. be affirmed concerning all the other ration of the offices not already public boards and establishments classed or specified, viz. of Ireland. Yet the far greater Lord Lieutenant, Lord Deputy, or
proportion of their salaries and other Governor of Ireland
emoluments is extracted from the Lord High Treasurer, or Lords of labours and contributions of the Treasury
8 Catholics, Custodes Rotulorum of Counties Governors of Counties (present
85 An Appeal to Reason and Feeling, Privy Counsellors (present number) yo
on behalf of the Irish Catholics. Postmasters General Chancellor of the Exchequer
If there be any candid man, Secretary of State
who may be inclined to question Vice Treasurer
i this statement as highly coloured, Teller or Cashier of the Exchequer 1 or to view this Anti-Catholic code Keeper of the Privy Seal Auditors General
with indifference, we invite him to Provost of Dublin University
the unerring test of reason and feel. Fellows of the University
22 ing: and we intreat him fora moment
to imagine the case of the Catholic Offices 248 to be his own.-Let him suppose
himself to be so branded and inThe foregoing list of offices and capacitated, as is here shewn; situations of trust, emolument or to be set aside and stigmatized by dignity, from which the Catholics the constitution as unworthy of are excluded by the express letter filling any office of trust, honour, of the law, comprises about 248 in number.
or emolument in his native coun
try: to be forced to distrust the The Catholics, being thus dis. protection of the law, in affairs of qualified from those remaining property, liberty and life : to be
peremptorily denied that share of readily be found. They are graven distributive justice, which appor. upon every true and honourable tions reward as well as punishment heart. according to the deserts of each So much for the present condimember of the community: to tion of the Catholics of Ireland. find closed against him every path, From this condition they seek 10 which his ambition, his courage, be fully extricated : not through his genius, or his industry might the wilderness of gradual emanci. prompt him to explore.—Let him pation, but by the broad avenues imagine himself io be so taxed, of right and justice: and upon the so teazed, so worried, and so great principle of religious liberty. contemned in his country, as to They build their hopes upon no feel his situation more vile, in narrow or jealous policy. –They many respects, than that of the would cheerfully concede the en. “ outcast Jew.” – Let him sec joyment of civil and religious freebimself shunned in private society dom to all mankind: they ask no as a degraded being, daily sinking more for themselves. To expunge in self-estimation, yet indignant from the Statute Book every line at the scorn attached to his lot, of angry feeling, every memorial and vainly looking around him for of rancour, and every remnant of the succour and smiles of those proscription: to efface every clause, laws and that constitution, which provision and phrase, that gives exalt his fellow.citizens upon his nerve to bigotry, sanction to inmortification and misery.' Then tolerance, or preference (in teme let him, indeed, consult those porals) to the professors of one eloquent panegyrists of the British faith over those of any other, in constitution, the Montesquieus, the any department of the state, or in Blackstones and De Lolmes, who any part of the empire:— These have pourtrayed its blessings in noble objects comprize the entire such fascinating colours ; and let policy of the Irisb Catholics-enhim ask them, whether he partakes gross their anxious thuughts, and of those inestimable blessings, or constitute the scope and purpose shares in that 66 Political of all their remonstrances and pe, LIBERTY,” which they have pro. titions to every branch of the legis. nounced to be the very end and Jalure. purpose of that admired constitu.
Ea enim presidia Libertatis petunt, rion? Let him interrogate his own Non licentiæ ad oppugnandos alios. heart: does be enjoy LIBERTY OF Conscience? Is he perfectly free
[We have received, through a friend,
the Second Part of this “Statement," to follow its pure and harmless from Ireland ; and intend to give an abdictates? Is he, or are his child. stract of it in our succeeding numbers. ren in a state of servitude or of
ED.) emancipation ? The answers will
( 650 ) MISCELLANEOUS COMMUNICATIONS.
Account of Zerah Collurn, an cyphering), was much surprised
American boy, a prodigy in one day to bear him repeating
the products of several vumbers. Lundon, Aug. 20, 1812. Struck with amazement at the cir. The attention of the philoso. cumstance, he proposed a variety phical world has been lately at- of arithmetical questions to him, tracted by the most singular phe. all of which the child solved with nomenon in the history of the hu. remarkable facility and correct. man mind that perhaps ever ex- ness. The news of this infant isted. It is the case of a child, prodigy soon circulated through under eight years of age, who, the neighbourhood; and many without any previous knowledge persons came from distant paris of the common rules of aritbmetic, to witness so singular a circum, or even of the use and power of the stance. The father, encouraged Arabic numerals, and without by the unanimous opinion of all having given any particular atten- wbo came to see him, was induced tion to the subject, possesses (as if to undertake', with this child, the by intuition) the singular facully lour of the United States. They of solving a great variety of arith- were every where received with metical questions by the mere ope. the most Balering expressions ; ration of the mind, and without and in the several towns which the usual assistance of any visible they visited, various plans were symbol or contrivance.
suggested to educate and bring up The name of this child is Zerah the child, free from all expense to Colburn, who was born at Cabut, his family. Yielding, however, (a town lying at the head of Onion to the pressing solicitations of his river, in Vermont, in the United friends, and urged by the most re, States of America) on the 1st of speciable and powerful recom. September 1804. About two mendations, as well as by a view years ago (August 1810) although to bis son's more complete edu. at that time not six years of age, cation, the father has brought the he first began to show those won- child to this country, where they derful powers of calculation which arrived on the 12th of May last; have since so much attracted the and the inhabitants of this metro. attention and excited the astonish. polis bave for these last three ment of every person who has wito months bad an opportunity of see. nessed his extravrdinary abilities. ing and examining this wonderful The discovery was made by acci- phenomenon; and of verifying dent, His father who had not the reports that have been circu. given him any other instruction lated respecting him. than such as was to be obtained Many persons of the first emi. at a small school established in nence for their knowledge in ma. that unfrequented and remote thematics, and well known for part of the country, (and which their philosophical inquiries, have did not include either writing or made a point of seeing and con