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: This mode of defence seems to ous advocates” of Sir Samuel's concede to the Sussex member cause*. that there is something disrepuia I know the imperfectness and ble in a connexion with the Dis- frequent inaccuracy of the reports senters. Accordingly, Mr. Wils of Parliamentary debates, and liam Smith is reported to have therefore indulge the bope that been aroused to declare that he Sir Samuel Romilly has been frequented none but Dissenting misrepresented. To an enemy I worship.

would not repeat the misrepresen. The more consistent and gener- tation, for I adınire his character, ous answer to the member from and am devoted to the cause wbich Sussex, would surely have been, he sustains : but I have thought that his charge was unworthy of a it might be of service, by this representative of the People, so statement in your liberal work, to · many of whom are Dissenters ; give his friends an opportunity of that if the Dissenters were less nu, explaining the only part of his merous, virtuous, intelligent and conduct as a senator, that has important than they really are, it given uneasiness to one brought up · would become a member of the in the school of nonconformity and Commons' House to take up their of liberty, cause, as far as it was the cause

BRISTOLIENSIS. of justice and liberty; that for himself, instead of feeling it to be a reproach, he should ever esteem

Dr. Aikin's General Biographical

Dictionary. it an honour, to have the good opioion of a body of men, who Hampton, Sept. 1, 1812. have been, in all periods, the

Sir, warmest friends of the priciples of I perceive by your pages (493, freedom and of the House of 494) that a new General BiugraBrunswick; and that the respect phical Dictionary is publishing. Al. of the Dissenters, if indeed he had low me to ask, whether Dr. Aíkin's been so happy as to gain it, was be abandoned ? This is, withont the more flattering to him, as it exception, the best written and

was entirely disinterested on their most liberal General Biography part, and grounded wholly on his which I ever consulteu ; and your Parliamentary conduct, he not correspondent's account of the being of their religious profession. new work satisfies me that it is

Of this cast, though put in a likely to continue the best in these better form, I should have expect. respects. It will be mortifying to ed Sir Samuel Romilly's vindica. me and, I know, lo many others, tion of bimself to have been ; es- should it be left in its present in. pecially as it appears from the perfect state. speeches of the Rev. Dr. Estlin, Indeed, I must protest against the Rev. Mr. Rowe and the Rev. the unfairness of prevailing on one T. S. Brittan, Dissenting clergy. to subscribe to the first volumes of

men at Bristol, on the occasion - before referred to, that the Dis.

* See the pamphlet before quotedy benters in that city are strenuo pp. 25-27.

362

Deity of the Holy Spirit. an expensive work, which is then gine what reply could be givení dropped. It may not answer, it but in investigations of this nature, is true, but the publishers and the idea of a victory has never en. editor should satisfy themselves tered into my mind; both of us, I as to that matter before they begin trust have one sole object in view, the undertaking. In the present the discovery of truth; and if either instance, the truly respectable should perceive it in the arguments name of the Editor was both an of the other, I hope he will not inducement with me to become a submit unwillingly to receive it as subscriber, and a pledge that I from a conqueror, but joyfully should not be decoyed into the hail it as the most precious gift of middle of the work, and there be a friend and benefactor. left with it, on my hands, as waste The ground wbich H. M. takes paper.

in the first instance, is indeed such I do hope that the General Bio. as I could by no means anticipate; graphy will be resumed, not only he denies the universal appropri. from regard to those that have ateness of the Lord's prayer, and staked their money on the credit asserts that it was exclusively in. of the Editor, but also from re. tended for the use of Christians, spect to the interests of literature: during the few months that would for these literary bankruptcies intervene, between the time when it shake men's faith in writers and was given, and the complete ilpublishers, and may hereafter hin. lumination of the apostles, by the der the appearance of all impor. descent of the Holy Spirit: going tant, which are commonly very the full length of condemning its expensive, works.

present use, as ill suited to, and im. ROBERT BROOKE. proper for the disciples of Christ!

I will confess, Mr. Editor, that

I felt as much hurt as astonished, Deity of the Holy Spirit.

by this strange assertion! If there

aré, as I think every one must feel, August 20th, 1812.

some passages in the Holy volume SIR,

more sacred to his imagination, Your correspondent from Livere more dear and precious to his feelpool, [p. 435.] in answering my ing than the rest, this incompara, query, [p. 149.] respecting the ble prayer must surely stand total absence of any petition to the among the foremost of them! How Holy Spirit, amongst the numerous often has it called forth our affecprayers which were devoutly offer. tionate adoration of the Supreme ed by the holy Jesus, during his Being ! taught us to revere bis ministry on earth, doubts whether name! to long ardently for the I was “really ignorant what reply approach and extension of his Trinitarians would make ;' or blessed kingdom! to bow with abwhether, supposing no one should solute submission to his will! apd think it worth while to return anan. from our hearts to forgive our of. swer, I“expected to claim a victo. fending fellow-creatures! To seek ry, as though it was unanswerable.” his powerful help in all tempta. These doubts I will satisfy, by tions! to look to bim alone as our owning that I was at a loss to ima. rock of defence! and humbly ac.

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knowledging that all which we till they had received a portion
now possess, and all that we still of that illumination, which had
hope for, are his; to ascribe all been given without measure to
power, all glory, to the One God, their master, after his baptism by
and Father of all! who is above John. But after the resurrection
all ! and through all ! and in of Christ, when the apostles had
us all! Venerated as this most been fully informed of all things
perfect form of words has been by him, and on the day of Pente-
in every age of the Christian cost had received the promised
church, and endeared it gifts of the spirit, which were to
ought to be to every heart, by comfort them for this loss, and
its association with early devotion- enable them to carry on the great
al feelings, I cannot believe that work to which they were appointe
any sincere Christian could with. ed; when thus completely quali.
out deep regret and indignation, fied, what were the doctrines.
see it excluded from the worship which they taught? Did they tell
of his church. Why it is not to the Jews, that instead of the
be found in the gospels of Mark Lord their God” being
or John I do not pretend to say, Lord,” there were three persons
any more than to account for va- to be worshipped! one of whom.
rious other most important and was he whom they had so lately
instructive passages, which are put to death upon the cross! and
inserted by some of the evange- the other that heavenly inspiration
lists and omitted by others : on which God had poured out upon
these matters we are left to mere the prophets who had from time
conjecture ; but to me no part of to time been sent to instruct their
our Saviour's teaching more fully nation, and who, so inspired, had
proves that he was divinely gifted with one voice declared, that the
ihan this prayer.

Lord was One, and “his name
I am not less shocked with your One!" If this most astonishing
correspondent's next position, doctrine had been communicated
that our Lord. “acted as a Jew,” to them, would not their minds
and that he is not “in every thing” have been full of it; and would
a model for his followers ! To as- they not plainly and explicitly
sert this, seems to me to strike have declared it, in all their dis.
at the root of Christianity itself; courses? While the fact is, that
for it denies that he has set us a the whole of their preaching, as
perfect example, without which, recorded in the book of Acis, is
his blessed work upon earth, strictly Unitarian !!
would have been left incomplete. It would be intruding too far
But I would ask H. M. in what upon your valuable pages to insert
word or action of his life did Jesus here a short review, which with
act as a Jew? What word or deed regard to this question I have just
js recorded of him that is not wor. taken, of that invaluable book:
thy of all imitation? His preach. but on a future occasion I may
ing too, and his instructions, were perhaps request its insertion; 4
perfect, though the ignorance and passage however which is cired by
Jewish prejudices, even of his H. M. must not be silently pass.
apostles, prevented them in some ed over. Of Ananias and Sap-
instances from understanding them, phira it is said, they lied to the

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56.

Deity of the Holy Spirit. Holy Ghost, and that they had indiscriminate use of the word not lied to men, but to God:Elohim, jadges, magistrates, and which expressions appear to me to prophets are called Gods."+ Our mean, that they had attempted to Lord too says to the Jews, “ If deceive those who they knew were they are called Gods to whom the in possession of such miraculous word of the Lord came, and the gifts by the immediate favour of scripture cannot be broken;" maGod, as rendered it impossible in nifestly alluding to those who had any thing that concerned their received divine communications ; ministry, for them to be deceived: and in this limited sense the term therefore the attempt was as fu. was peculiarly applicable to Jesus, tile ard absurd, as it was daringly who by this expression seems to wicked. I will notice also an ex- sanction its being so applied, pression of Paul in his beautiful though with the humility su conoration on taking leave of the el. spicuous in his perfect character, ders of Ephesus, which as it stands he declined assuming so high a in our received translation, may title to himself. Wiih these corbe supposed to favour the doctrine responds the expression of Paul, of Christ's divinity. 6 Feed the “For though there be that are call. church of God, which he hath ed Gods whether in heaven or purchased with his own blood :” earth;" evidently meaning the but “ the word God rests upon deified men of the heathens, and the authority of no manuscript of the inspired prophets of the Jews, note or value, nor of any version, “as there be Gods many and but the modern copies of the vul. Lords many!" But with true gate ; while Lord is supported by Unitarian zeal he adds, " But to all the most ancient and valuable us there is but One God, the Fa. manuscripts, whether of the Ales. ther; of whom are all things, and andrine or the Western edition; we in him; and one Lord Jesus by the Coptic, Syriac, and other Christ, by whom are all things, ancient versions, and by citations and we by him.” from the early ecclesiastical wri With respect to the form of

But had it been other. baptism mentioned in Mark's goswise, it could have had little pel, and by some supposed to fa. weight; "For though by the vour the doctrine of the Trinity, word God we uniformly mean it is remarkable that it is not once either the Supreme Being, or one recorded to have been used by the who really possessed, or was sup- apostles, or any person mention. posed tu possess, the peculiar at. ed in holy writ; iherefore cannot tributes of his divinity, the Jews be a necessary form ; though no employed their word Elohim much Christian can scruple to profess more loosely ; as in Exodus, his belief in the Father as his God, “Behold I have appointed thee a in Jesus as the Christ, and in the God to Pharoah !"3in the same miraculous powers conveyed by book, xxii. 28, gods and rulers are the gift of the Holy Spirit ; and I used synonimously. In Psalm can perceive nothing farı her re82, is the Gods”

is synonymous quired or implied by the text in with “ the mighty,” and hy the question. Improved Version

+ Dr. Carpenter.

ters."*

H. M. is an advocate for the ment;" my reason tells me that literal interpretation of the scrip- he speaks figuratively; though tures; and so must every lover such plain expressions, recorded

of them be, when thry are not by three evangelists in acriy 'made by it to contradict them. the same terins, appear to me to

selves, or comm' n sense. When give more coiour to the strange our great teacher says, “ Of mine doctrine

of transubstantiation, own self I can do nothing,” “My than any thing that can be proFather is greater that 1,” “ail duced in favour of the limiy, power is given unto me,” “As and the former only requires a The Father hath life in himself, continued miracle, while ihe lat. so hath he given to ihe Son to ter includes an impossibility. have life in himself,” “I have not One text more out of very inany spoken of myself, but the Father that I could mention; "I and who seul me; he gave me a com. my Father are one." This would mandment what I should say, and certainly have been the strong what I should speak : whatsoever hold of Trinitarians, as proving I speak therefore, even as the the mystical union for u bich they Father said unto me, so I speak:” contenu, if our Lord had not in When we read these plain and a following discoure, used the

strong declarations, and many same mode of speaking with re. · more equally so may be cited, spect to himself and his disciples ;

how can we do otherwise than li. "At that day ye shall know that terally believe them, and acknow. I am in the Father, and you in ledge that the power of Christ was me and I in you ;" after this it a derived power; that he " came was necessary to concede that into the world to do the will of oneness of minil, and not of es. Him that sent him :" and when sence, was intended. in a colemn prayer to his heavenly There appears to be little reaFather; he says, " This is lile son for inquiring why the term eternal, to know Thee the only Father should be applied to the true God, and Jesus Christ whom infinitely benevolent Author of all

thou hast sent," upon what ground things! We might indeed bave • can we refuse our assent? What feared to address the Omnipotent

part of the sacred book tells us, under so endearing an appellation, that though he was' the Infinite but that we have been not only Jehovah, he could with truth de- permitted, but directed so to do. scribe himself as a man gifted and God the Father is a scriptural exdirected by him? And if this pression, and one that must be strange doctrine cannot be clear. precious to every heart'; but for ly pointed out, how are we au. God the Son, and God the Holy thorized to impute such jesuitical Ghost, however familiar they may language to him who was simpli- be to the eyes and ears of church.

city itself, and “came into the men, 'they are not to be found "world to bear witness to the in the sacred writings; which truth !"

they must allow gives us strong But when Jesus says, “Take grounds for asserting, that they eat, this is my body," and " this were invented together the word is my blood of the New Testa. Trinity, in the ages of ignorance TOL. VII.

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