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(Lord Stanhope,) it would not he a tidy timents upon which this measure was way of go ng o work, to effec that jounded : a measure with which he was jurisdic ion by a de wind, i hrou h the perfectly satisfied. He had on a former medium of an an.endment in the present occasion presented a great number of Bili
petitions against a bill relative to this Earl Staahode contended for his a. subject, brought in by a noble viscount, mendment, but observed, that there but he had no doubt that the noble viswas no way of cidly amending the pre- count, in bringing forward the measure sent Bill.
to which he alluded, was actuated by The amendment was negatived. the best intentions. He was perfectly
The Bill pa sed through the Commit- satisfied with ihe present Bill, and should tee, and the House having resumed, the only now observe, that the established report was ordered to be received to- church, so far from being in any danmorrow.
ger, would stand as upon a rock by HOUSE OF LORDS, JULY 25.4 granting the most liberal toleration to On receiving the report of the Tole- all manner of persons. ration Bill
The amendments were agreed to. Lord Erokine expressed his satisfac- Adjourned till Monday. tion at the progress of those liberal sen
MONTHLY RETROSPECT OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS;
The Christian's Survey of the Political World.
To record the deeds of a day of bat. believe the first time that a Protestant tle, the intrigues of a cabinet, the bishop has received such a compliment, despotism of princes, the revolutions and particularly from any part of the of kingdoms, has been the favourite Catholic clergy. occupation of the writers of history, The address of the Catholics was and for such an employment the world warm, affectionate, and grateful, and has afforded them too many oppor- the bishop returned an appropriate tunities. To us the triumphs of bene. answer, expressing that devoted atvolence, the enlargements of mind, tachment to their just cause, which the conquest of reason over prejudice, no man in the United Kingdom felt and the advance of Christian philau- more strongly. I consider (said he) thropy, are topics of far higher impor- your cause as the cause of civil and tance: and we are happy in recording religious liberty, neither of which can one, which cannot but make a favour. be said to exist in perfection in any able impression on every sect in this country where thousands of individuals kingdom. The truly venerable Bishop are excluded, on account of their re. of Norwich has been upon a visit to ligious opinions, from those offices of Ireland, and his arrival in that island bonour and emolument, to which every naturally suggested to the Catholics one that gives an adequate security for the propriety of addressing him, and good conduct as a civil subject, ought expressing their thanks for the assist- to be equally eligible. lu a few nionths ance they had received in his truly I trust every clause, every line, every Christian exertions in their favour. syllable of these penal laws will be For this purpose a deputation was ap- repealed, of which with so much rea. pointed, of which Lord Fingal was the sun you complain-laws wbicb appear head, and in it were several other to me as unwise, as impoli.ic, and as peers, and titular archbishops and uncharitable, as they are unjust and bishops, and the procession consisted oppressive."' The sentiments of this of nearly sixty carriages. It is we venerable bishop have, we are happy to find, taken fast hold of the nation, tures, that one party exceeds the and it is said, that in the cabinet those other by having a number of objects who remained hostile to the emanci- of subordinate worship? A union of pation, no longer intend to oppose it: the two sects is not so difficult as might so that the next session of Parliament be expected: at present a popish will
remove from our statute-book .clergyman becomes an estahlished many of those disgracefui enactments, clergyman without fresh ordination, which proved that Protestants in part. if he makes a certain recantation, ing withi Popery, retained too much Let the popish bishops return the of its spirit. Happy would it be for compliment, and a low to English the kingdom if the legislature in re- orders a similar validity, The next vising these laws, would exainiue also step might be to let the livings and its own established religion, would see bishopricks be in common to both how far it is compatible with scripture; parties, the common prayer-book bea' buc if anti-scriptural tenets were ex. ing used in the places where it is now punged from the prayer-book and the used, and the mass-book in the popish articles of the established sect, may it districts; and it would be of great use not be dreaded that religion would he- tu trauslate the latter, that the concome still more a matter of form with formiiy between the two books might multitudes i han it is at present ? True be made striking. By degrees ihe Christianity, let it be impressed on mass-buok and the prayer-book would our minds, is the worship of God in be carried indiscriminately by both spirit and in truth, with the beart parties to their places of Worship, and and its affections. With this acts of their union would be complete. Parliament have no concern, nor can Flattering as this union may be, a any one found a claim to the heavenly sad cloud has burst over the clergy of citizenship upon terms prescribed by the established sect. At the assizes the state.
of York, a beneficed clergyman has At a dinner given to the bishop, at been attacked on the score of non-resiwhich were present the chief nobility dence at either of bis two livings or and gentry of Ireland, Catholic and his prebend. The jury found a verdict Protestant, the utmost cordiality pre- against him to the amount of between vailed, and every speech breathed the six and seven hundred pounds. It is spirit of conciliation. The master of the first trial under the late act for the Rolls of Ireland particularly dis regulating the residence of the clergy, tinguished himself. He thanked God, and is likely to produce important that he had lived to see the day “when effects on the value of ecclesiastical venerable prelates, the difference of property. Should the profane laity whose sects was lost in the identity of intrifere in this manner in prescribing their religion, assembled as the shep- residence to their ministers, the next herds of their respective flocks, obey- step may be to inquire farther into the ing tbe spirit of their respective mis- deties to be performed by them. Who sions, and giving the force of their kuows that in a short time it may not united authority in favour of social be required that every clergyman affection and benevolence.” Why, should be able to read his Bible in the indeed, should the bishops of the two original languages? And may not secis be kept at such a distance as they liviugs cease to bear a higher value have been from each other? We agree because they are in sporting countries ? with the Master of the Rolls, that the A subject cousilered as of far difference of their sects is lost in the greater importance has occupied the identity of their religion. They have public mind. This is a dissolution of exactly the same creeds; the same Parliament, a circumstance which clause of damning every one who is creates a lively sensation over the pot of their sect, forms a part of the whole kingdum. T'he parliaments most solemu services in their places were formerly called once a year; the of religious worship. And of what idea of prorogation was an innovation little consequence is it, when both introduced in the reign of Henry the parties have added to the worship of Eighth; and a fatal act in the reign The One only true God, that of the of George the First gave a permanent Trinity, a word uuknown to the Scrip- duration of seven years to the existing
Parliament, and since that time a vants only, will perform this duty not Parliament once met does not cease with eye-service, as looking merely to its functions tillthe expiration of seven the opinion of men, or their own peryears, unless it is dissolved by the sonal advantage or aggrandizement, sovereign. Few Parliaments have but as living under the all-seeing eye however reached this term, it being of God. They are called upon to perthought expedient on various causes form a duty to their country, a very to curtail it; but it niust be apparent important duty; and if they send to that representatives who return to their the House of Commons an unworthy constituents only once in seven years, representative the guilt is upon their will form a very different body from shoulders. If the electors do their those who meet them once in every duty, we may, under the blessing of year. This has been sensibly felt of God, entertain a hope that the repre. years,
and has given rise to the sentatives will also perform their duty, very frequent discussions we have and act as becomes those who are heard of a reform in Parliament, the chosen by a free people. wish of whose advocates is that the Russia is well known to adopt the duration of Parliaments should be faith of the Greek church, but the shortened, and that the people should debasement of the country in religious be better represented in them. At matters is scarcely exceeded by that present the number of persons sent by of our allies in Spain. An idea will boroughs with a small population, is be formed of it by the correspondence so great that a question may be carried that has lately taken plac?, and been in the House of Commons, though published, between the Emperor of wine tenths of the people should repro- Russia and the Archbisliop of Mosa bate the ineasive.
COW. The latter addresses hin in the It is the great object of parties to usual clerical stile, calls Duona parte secure a majority in tbe representation. à vainting, insulent Goliath, whose The existing administration naturally end is predicted by means of the "holy has considerable influence, and wherè faith, that sling of the holy Russian there is a real independence in the David, which will suddenly slit the voters, much will depend on the forehead of his blood-thirsty haughtiopinion formed of its wisdom. Success ness.” As a proof of the prediction, will indeed contribute greatly to their and certain guard to the empire in support, and they have lately had it jeopardy, the old prelate sends his in Spain; but still a reverse might sovereign a consecrated image. “This take place to dispirit their adherents, consecrated image,” he says, and consequently make the returns holy Sergius, the ancient champion less favourable to them. The borough- for the welfare of our native country, holders will be influenced by the va- is presented to your imperial Majesty." rions causes which operate on so large To this trash the emperor sends a *a body, and a dissolution is a matter most respectful answer, accepting the therefore of much deliberation and image with great veneration : he calculation. As the administration speaks of it in the following manner. only knows the precise time, when the “The sanctified image of the holy dissolution can take place, it has cer- protector of the Russian armies I have tainly the advantage over its oppo- commanded to be given to the armed nents, which would be lost if the Par- population of Moscow, which are liament were suffered to die a natural training for the defence of their native death.
All these different circum- country. May he obtain it through stances excite the usual conjectures, his intercession before the throne of when a dissolution is near: but we God, and may he by his prayers lengfear that the electors are not suffici. then the term of your years, which are ently attentive to the duties imposed ornamented with honour and renown.' on them at such a conjuncture. They Whether the emperor and archbishop have an office to perform in which placed any contidence or not in this the worldly-minded will be guided by image, we do not know; but it is evia variety of worldly motives, but they dent that they trusted in its acceptwho consider the apostolical precept, ance by the population of the country. which belongs to all men, not to ser. We read in the Holy Scriptures;
“ of the
“ Confounded be all they that put Emperor of Russia is distant from his their trusi in graven images :” and if armies, and lias been employed in au the time is come for the eyes of Russia interview with the Crown Prince of to be opened, however in a political Sweden at Abo in Finland. There, it
this country may deplore the is supposed, that they have been ad. success of its enemy, no one can hesi- justing matiris for a diversion, as it is tate in rejoicing, that the chains of so called, to be made by Sweden in the disgraceful and base a superstition rear of the French armies. In this should be broken.
they are to be assisted by the English The inluence of the holy image of fleet: but such a service will hardly be Sergius is likely to be tried. The rendered by the Swedes without a comgreat conqueror is advancing with ra- pensation, and this is to be made them pidity towards Moscow The last in the restoration uf Finlaud and ille bulleiin states that his arıny has recovery of Pumerania Time will reached Hasına, and is directing its discover the result of this interview, course to this ancient metropolis. In but in the mean while the French its way the town of Smolensko, has emperor will have obtained Moscow, been laid in ashes in the sight of the in spite of the holy image of Sergius, two armies, between which was a very and we may thence expect a manifesto sharp conflict, and the Russians were in grand pompons terms, displaying defeated. During the engagenient, the abuses in the guveroment of the the guns of the French were playing Autocrat, and proclaiming a new era upon the town, spreading five and des of liberty, and the breaking of the solation in every quarter, and the ra- chains of the slaves of Russia. vages of the flames were increased by But if the great covqiteror is 80 sucthe Russians themselves, when they cessful in the north, his pride must found that they were obliged to quit receive a check by events in the south, the place. We may judge of the bor. where the brother whom he establishia rors of this night by a passage in the ed on the throne of Spain, has been bulletin, describing the battle and the obliged to abandon his capital, and is siege; for the city is represented to now wandering in his provinces. After have exhibited to the armies a sight the decisive victory over the French similar to that of Vesuvius, during an at Salamanca, the fall of Madrid was irruption, to the inhabitants of Naples. inevitable, and the English marched Ye who have husbands, wives, parents, in with Lord Wellington at their head, children, friends and relations, con- and took possession of ile seat of goceive to yourselves a moment a city in vernment. In consequence, Ferdinand fames, and a shower of balls faling was announced as the sovereign, and in every direction upon the devoted in the authority of the cortez was estababitants. If the blood of Abel cried blished. Still the force of the French out to God for vengeance, is not the though mutilated was not overthrowu, blood of so many thousands to be ac- and we write this in considerable suscounted for? Little do the men of this pence on the fate of future events. world accustom themselves to contem- Suvit had a considerable army in the plate war in its true aspect. The south of Spain, which was increased proud trappings of an army dazzle the by the troops who were withdrawn sight, but we do not think of the from the camp before Cadiz, and Sushricks of the dying virgin, the wail- chet has an army in Valencia. Ano. ings of the orphan, the groans of the ther battle must be fought before the wounded. Vi hen will man contemplate British arnas have the complete asceu. himself as a reasonable beiug, an heir dancy, and the fate of Spain will proof God, joint heir of the promises ? balily be settled before the end of next
A fine town is erased from the cata. monih. The rejoicings at Cadiz may logue of cities. It is no longer of use be easily conceived on the withdrawing but in a military point of view. It of so troublesome a neighbour. serves as a depot for ammunition, and The intelligence from America fills its palaces are converted into hospitais. us with the deepes
concern. We How many towns and villages must have always lamented the disposition share the same fate, before the ambi- that has led to war on both sides of the tion of the conqueror is gratified. The water. We are willing to give to the Americans all the credit they deserve attack was anticipated, and several for their forbearance unter injuries, frienis of the paper were collected which, if this country had su tiered together to defend the house, and them in a similar manner, we fear from within they fired upon the would have ·xcited an earlier spirit assailants, of whom two were killed of revenge.
But war is so dreadful an and several wounded. This happened evil, so abhorrent to all the feelings during the night, and in the morning of human nature, when not overcome the party within surrendered to the by evil habits, and the prejudices of civil power, and were conveyed to a bad education, that we hoped the prison. Here they were attacked on inhabitants of the new world would the following night hy the mub, who bave prefered peace to the disgraceful broke into the prison; and of those state into which the nations of Europe confined seventeen only forced their are so ready, and seem so happy to way through and escaped, though plunge themselves, Little did we not without many wounds, whilst expect that the Americans would be- nine fell, beaten with clubs, stabbed tray a disposition in the parties of and left for dead on the gaol steps. Of either side which brings them on a these a General Lingam, about selevel with the savages of Europe ; venty years of age, expired, and the that they would tear to pieces their rest were lingering, expecting to die countrymen for differing in opinion, of the horrible wounds they had and make war against the liberty of received. the press with outrageons fury, and Such is the fruit of civil discord, shew as much malice against it as if of the unfettered passions of man. they had been brought up to detest The injury 10 the pre:s by such an it under the tyranny of a French or act is less than the usual attack upon a Spanish comt.
it by a sovereign prince or an inquiThe press indeed of America is not sition. Here universal indiguation on either side under that controal is excited, and we hope that the which good breeding requires. They United States not so lost to hu. give way to their passions, and ex. manity, that any numbers should be press their sentiments with a virulence found to abet the ativcious deed. highly disgraceful. In a political Let it be made of use also in the question, often certainly of great dif- courts of princes and of judges, of ficulty, the worthiest men may ente - all men who wish to make war with tain opposite opinons, and it is a the press. The prince wlio restrains great abuse of the press to load with the press hy cruel laws, and the contumelious language every one judge who corrects by too severe who does not agree with the writer, penalties any occasional excess must This is too much the custom, and is rank with the mob of Baltimore in too much encouraged in this country. baseness of heart. It is the same We do not wish to see it checked by influence that guides them, the same ex officio informations, but by a spirit want of a dispassionate and discriin the people, which will effectually minating spirit, which would teach controul the baseness of a licentious them to grant to others what they press. But in America they carry wish for themselves. Things still farther, and Baltimore has The Americans have begun their exhibited a scene unparalleled we war, by an attack on Canada, in believe in the annals of the civilized which nothing material has occurred. world. Presses have been destroyed Their general has issued a proclama. and printers executed, but none with tion in which he exhorts the natives such horrible circumstances as have to withdraw from their allegiance to attended the fury of the American this country, and promises them promob.
tection and liberty in a new a jance. A paper was published at Balti- The Americans have also fitted out more, called the Federal Republican, a great number of privateers to annoy which gave great offence to the op- our commerce. Hopes however are posite party, who raised a mob to still exiertained of conciliation, and destroy the house of the editor. The we wish they may be realised. But