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it is not so easy to stop, as to pre- will say to the parties on both sides, vent, the effusion of human blood. Happy are the peace-makers. Exasperation is easily increasca. Wc
In the last Number ;
In the present Number;
Memoirs of Mrs. Jebb. her countenance beaming with To preserve the memory of de- animation and benevolence was parted worth, and more especially strikingly characteristic of he to display the advantages of intel. heart. lectual and moral culture, and At a ball in Huntingdon she was their united in Auence in alleviat- introduced to Mr. Jebb, a young ing the pains of bodily sufering, clergyman, residing at Cambridge, and making age at once happy and as a private tutor in the University, venerable, is the object of these and a Fellow of Peterhouse. As brief Memoirs.
their hearts and understandings Ann, the eldest daughter of the were formed for each other,' a mů. Reverend James Torkington and tual attachment soon ensued, and Lady Dorothy Sherard, daughter they were married, December of Philip second Earl of Harbo. 291h, 1764, when Mr. Jebb had rough, was born November 9th, been recently presented to his 1735, at King's Rippon in Hun. first preferments in the church. tingdonshire, where her father, His connection with the Univerbeing rector, resided, before his sity, however, was not closed with removal to Little Stukely, in the the loss of his fellowship, and his vicinity of the county town.
As lectures on mathematics and the. her education was for the most ology were for several years most part private, and her early life respectably attended. Amongst passed chiefly in retirement, her his friends and pupils he was highmanners, when she was first intro- ly and deservedly esteemed, as duced into society, were unusual. well for the superiority of his ly timid and reserved. But, by talents and attainments, as for the cultivating a turn for reading and integrity of his principles, and the reflection, she had so sedulously manly independence of his mind. improved herself, as to display lo Mrs. Jebb he had chosen a even then the promise of a vigor. companion of sentiments and feelous and comprehensive mind. In ings congenial to his own, and reperson she was thin and small; garding her with the liveliest afher complexion was pale and wan, fection, he consulted her opinion indicating
a very delicate con. on every subject in which he was stitution; but her figure and her successively engaged. hand were elegantly formed, and Being in the habit of receiving VOL. VII.
their friends in tea parties, she soon boldest language the justice of their became the life of the company, claims to relief. And Mrs. Jebb, and was listened to with defer. who entered into all his feelings, ence and attention by some of the was equally strenuous in their supmost eminent characters in the port; by turns assailing the most University. Her conversation was formidable champions of subscripat the same time sprightly, argu- tion, whose productions appeared, mentative and profound, and whilst like her own, in the Newspapers, she expressed herself fluently on all or whose Sermons and Charges occasions, her language was equal. more openly provoked her attack. ly happy and correct. Her repu. Amongst others she addressed tation, therefore, was soon de- herself repeatedly to Dr. Ranservedly established, and in mat. dolph,* Dr. Hallifax,t and Dr. ters of the first importance, she Balguyt, in the London Chronicle, was frequently looked up to for under the signature of Priscilla, advice. Mr. Paley, indeed, who detecting the weak points of their when rising into eminence as a argument, and exposing the sopublic tutor, had been introduced phistry by which it was maintained. to their acquaintance, used some. But superior to the little arts of times to attack her boldest reason. controversy, she defended her ing, with his quaint and lively re. cause by reasoning alone. “Cal. partees. And yet Mrs. Jebb was umny," she observed, in her letter amongst the first to discover, in to Dr. Hallifax, March 24th, his conduct, the germ of that li. 1772, never gained a disciple, beral spirit, which afterwards ap- never satisfied a doubting mind; peared in his writings. But whilst invectives may harden the heart, her talents commanded admira. but can never enlighten the untion, the sweetness of her dispo. derstanding; no difficulty was sition conciliated a very general ever solved by abuse.". esteem; and in her it was soon “Are you, Dr. Hallifax," (continued discovered that superior powers of shc,)“ acquainted with the petitioners ? intellect were by no means incon. If you are, I think you must know them sistent with the liveliest sensibili. to be worthy of your esteem. If you
know them not, why call you them ties of a female heart.
perfidious ? Why talk of their maligAt length the great controversy Bity? Their ignorance of antiquity? on the propriety of requiring sub. Why think you that they have an overscription to articles of faith, as that they use undue arts to mislead the
weening fondness for novelties; and say practised by the Church of Eng- ising generation, and to bring in dam. land, led to a more general dis. nable heresies? Have they published play of those abilities, which had their opinions? If so, you should havedi. been hitherto confined to the inter. rected us to their works. Or have you
been intimately connected with them? course of her private life. Mr. Have you been indulged with their private Jebb, conceiving every attempt to thoughts, and under ibe mask of friendinterfere with the rights of con. ship dived into the secrets of cheir soul ? science in the interpretation of And do you thus requite their confi. Scripture to be an infringement of deace ! it cannot
be; the honest heart the true Protestant principle, was • President of C. Ç. C. and Archdeaone of the most active of the cleri. con of Oxford. cal petitioners, vindicating in the
† Afterwards Bishop of St. Asapbe | Archdeacon of Winchester.
shudders at the bare idea! The serpent called down fire from heaven upon the who beguiled Eve, would not be more Samaritans because they would not redangerous than such a man. No, it is ceive him, he rebuked them and said, impossible: it is report alone that has “Ye know not what manner of spirit ye raised the alarm of danger to religion; are of :' to establish his doctrine, he payou suddenly started up to combat an tiently bore the scorn, the derision and imagined foc; and perceived not, till opposition of men; he went about doing you had discharged your envenomed good.” darts, that you wasted them in air."
And to Dr. Balguy she says, In addressing Dr. Randolph, March 29, 1774, on the 28th of April following,
“ Unfetter the mind, and let it en
quire frcely, and the knowledge of the “ I have observed that in most Scriptures will increase ; and as scripcompositions where reason and argu- ture knowledge increaseth, truth will meni have failed, innuendos and invec- appear more plain, and must in the end tives have been called in to supply their prevail; and every error, whether Poplace ; and this, even in religious dis- pish or Protestant, which the darkness putes, although such conduct manifestly of ignorance hath occasioned, must vantends to destroy those seeds of humanity ish away, as the false conceptions raised which it is the grand design of all re- by the horrors of the night when the ligions to cultivate and improve; and day appeareth." more particularly the design of that benevolent religion, the religion of the
Dr. Hallifax felt the keenness gospel. Whetner persons are led into of Priscilla's pen so poignantly this way of writing, through a zeal for that he called on Wilkie, the pub. the cause chey support, or are provoked to ic by the abusi e language of an ad- lisher, to advise him to print no versary, it must be allowed that it is a more of her Letters : for it was deviation from that meekness and for- only Jebb's wife! Her success bearance, which ought to be the charac- against Dr. Randolph was afterter of a Christian divine. I would there. fore, willingly suppose, that the indu
wards more strikingly displayed, endos and invectives, which in various by the decided testimony of Mr. parts of your CHARGE are thrown out Paley, in his Defence of Bishop against those, whom you call reformers, Law's Considerations, where he escaped your pen without design, and cven ungoiced by yourself.
And if so, so quaintly and happily observed, when you see them gathered together,
66 See this whole charge answered you must be astonished at the seeming in the London Chronicle by Pris. want of justice as well as of Christian cilla.- The Lord hath sold Sisera charity, which you there have shewn into the hand of a woman!” to a set of men, with most of whom perhaps you are totally unacquainted, and Mr. Jebb, being convinced of whose characters, if known, might claim the necessity of some essential re. your approbation and regard.--You in- forms in the discipline of the Uni. sinuate that they wrest the Scriptures, versity, for providing, in the acwould purposely carry the wrong way, are deceivers, &c. Knowest thou not tive employment of students of that it belongeth only to the Searcher every order, against those early of Hearts to determine the sincerity or habits of dissipation which too insincerity of thy brother, to his own master he must stand or fall." And af. frequently arise from its neglect, ter rcferring to the persecuting spirit repeatedly proposed the estaba which had disgraced the advocates of lishment of public annual eramina. different systems, she continues, “ Not tions, where their proficiency, in so did the meek and humble Jesus, to establish his doctrine, he blessed and an enlarged course of study, might
In this cursed not; be prayed for his murder- be regularly ascertained. ers: and when his disciples would have laudable design he was supported by men of the first character and honourable resignation, had not respectability, who uninfluenced at once succeeded in defeating his by any personal consideration, great plan of academical improvewere anxious for the improvement ment, and in cutting off the sources of the youth committed to their of his support in the University. charge. A formidable opposition, Engaging, therefore, in the study however, was soon excited, in of medicine, he removed to Lon. which Dr. Powell, master of St. don, in September, 1776, and after John's College, whose own society two years probation, and a diwas distinguished by the advan- ploma from St. Andrews, com. tages of superior discipline, and menced practice as a physician. some other heads of houses, unfur, In the interim Mrs. Jebb had tunately took the lead. In the accompanied him in an excursion controversy which arose on this to Harrowgate, from whence they occasion also Mrs. Jebb engaged, visited the justly celebrated Arch. and after a few articles in the deacon Blackburne at Richniond Whitehall Evening Post, she pub. on the Swale. From their first lished separately a Letter to the establishment in the metropulis, Author of an Observation on the they had regularly frequented the Design of establishing Annual Ex. congregation formed by Mr. Lind. aminations at Cambridge. In this sey in Essex-street, for the exlittle tract, she ably repelled the press worship of one only God; objections of Dr. Powell, the associating also with this eminent supposed observer, and his adher- seceder, and with Dr. Priestley, ents, and demonstrated the im. his coadjutor in the cause of scripportant benefits which must arise tural enquiry, on the most friendly from the adoption of so salutary terms. And as in the midst of a scheme.
his professional engagements, Dr. As Mr. Jebb, in his Theological Jebb was still anxiously alive to Lectures, bad never disguised his all that might concern the public beliet in the Divine Unity, as op. welfare, Mrs. Jebb with equal posed to the received opinions, ardour seconded all his views. he grew uneasy under the dis- With him she reprobated the de. charge of his clerical duties, and sign of coercing the American was as lilile satisfied atthe thoughts colonies; with bim she rejoiced in of converting his benefices into a the failure of the unprincipled at. kind of lay estate. After suffering tempt. She also joined in his exmost sensibly in his health and ertions to procure a reform in the spirits, he resigned bis preferments, representation of the people in in September, 1775; and, in this Parliament, as the only effectual conscientious proceeding, he was safeguard of their sacred rights ; cheared with the hearty concur- and took a leading part with him rence of Mrs. Jebb, who deemed in the discussion of all the great no duty superior, in sucb delicate constitutional questions, which circumstances, to preserving the were agitated in the public prints. integrity of his own mind. He Amongst these tbe liberties of the would still, however, have con- Irish nation were pre-eminent, tinued at Cambridge, if his oppo. from the formidable'attitude which nents availing themselves of his that nation had of late assumed ;